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By Sam Smith March 18, 2014. Overview Introduction History & Sub-genres The Grand Ole Opry Canadian Country Related Themes.

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Presentation on theme: "By Sam Smith March 18, 2014. Overview Introduction History & Sub-genres The Grand Ole Opry Canadian Country Related Themes."— Presentation transcript:

1 By Sam Smith March 18, 2014

2 Overview Introduction History & Sub-genres The Grand Ole Opry Canadian Country Related Themes

3 "Country music is the combination of African and European folk songs coming together and doing a little waltz right here in the American south. They came together at some cotillion, and somebody snuck a black person into the room, and he danced with a white lady, and music was born." – Ketch Secor, Old Crow Medicine Show

4 Introduction Origins: 1920’s “Old-Time Music” & “Hillbilly Music” Roots in Southeastern American folk music, Western, Blues Influences from European Americans & African Americans Instruments: banjos, fiddles, harmonicas, & guitars (steel guitar & drums later) Southern United States – The Southern Appalachians Area (Kentucky, Georgia, North & South Carolina, Maryland, Virginia, Tennessee) First commercial recording in 1922 by A.C. (Eck) Robertson

5 Sub-genres of Country Early Country: The 1920s – the beginnings of Country “Sallie Gooden” by Eck Robertson – Victor Records 1927: James Charles “Jimmie” Rodgers “Father of Country Music” and the Carter Family “The First Family of Country” signed by Victor Records – Both inducted in to the Country Music Hall of Fame Blue Yodel #1 (T is for Texas) sold over 1 million copies The Carters – One of the most prominent musical acts

6 Sub-genres of Country Western Swing: 1930/40s Popularized in dance halls in the Lower Great Plains A blend of big band, blues, dixieland, and jazz Introduced drums and the steel guitar (by way of Hawaii) to country music Considered Western until the hit “It don’t mean a thing (If it ain’t got that swing)” by Duke Ellington Bob Wills ("King of Western Swing") and Milton Brown (“Founder of Western Swing”) – Founded the Crust Light Doughboys (Sponsored by Light Crust Flour)

7 "Western Swing is nothing more than a group of talented country boys, unschooled in music, but playing the music they feel, beating a solid two-four rhythm to the harmonies that buzz around their brains. When it escapes in all it’s musical glory, my friend, you have Western Swing." – Merle Travis

8 Sub-genres of Country Cowboy Music: 1940-60s Popularized through Hollywood and cowboy films Roy Rogers “King of the Cowboys” – Singer/Actor – Formed the Sons of the Pioneers – Longest surviving country music groups – Gene Autry – Singer/Actor – Only real competitor of Roy Rogers – Put the Western in Country & Western Music

9 Sub-genres of Country Honky Tonk: 1950s Huge influence on today’s artists The spirit of dancing and drinking, and of loving and then losing the one you love Guitar, fiddle, string bass, steel guitar with rough & nasally vocals which developed a clear & sharp sound later Hank Williams – One of the most significant country artists – Died at age 29 from heart failure exacerbated by alcohol and drug abuse –

10 Sub-genres of Country The Nashville Sound: 1950s Blend of pop and country Combination of big band jazz & swing with folk & country Jim Reeves – Biggest hit “He’ll have to go” brought him instant stardom Patsy Cline – Greatest female vocalists – Both had their careers cut short from tragic plane crashes

11 The Generations of Country Outlaw Country: 1960/70s Resurgence of traditional country Nashville Sound losing popularity Conway Twitty & other artists emerged breaking the mold Willie Nelson – 1975: defied country conventions with concept album – the story of fugitive preacher on the law after killing his wife – Major role in the crossover movement – Major influence on today’s country artists

12 Sub-genres of Country Urban Country: 1980s Move away from Country’s roots – Towards pop culture – “Urban Cowboy” Attempt to crossover into easy-listening – Pop music of 60s & 70s with a hip rock beat Most songs and artists were forgettable, with few being memorable John Conlee Reba McEntire

13 Sub-genres of Country New Country: 1990s Radio helped popularize Country Alan Jackson, Travis Tritt, Brooks & Dunn, Toby Keith, George Strait, Dixie Chicks, Faith Hill, Martina McBride, Shania Twain Garth Brooks – Most popular country artist of all time – World wide success

14 The Grand Ole Opry 1925 Synonymous with Country Music WSM Radio’s Grand Ole Opry Nashville, Tennessee Live Country Music acts every Saturday night Used to promote artists’ live performances Moved around to account for growing audience Still around today close to downtown Nashville – Has a 6-foot circular piece of wood from Ryman Auditorium – heart of the stage



17 Canadian Country Artists Canada has the 2 nd largest country music base The Prairies, Ontario, & Atlantic Spread from radio The prairies are Canada’s heartland for country music – Cowboy and agrarian nature Shania Twain, Gordon Lightfoot, George Canyon, Stompin’ Tom Connors, Paul Brandt, Dean Brody, Doc Walker, Dallas Smith, Emerson Drive, Corb Lund and the Hurtin’ Albertans, Gord Bamford, Chad Brownlee

18 Related Themes Cultural Hearths Adaptation/Innovation Urban vs Rural Instruments & Recording technology Commercialization Cross Fertilization

19 Sources rst_generation_.281920s.29 rst_generation_.281920s.29

20 Thank You!

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