Presentation on theme: "Amendment 11-27. Abolishing Slavery The 13 th Amendment – “Neither slave nor involuntary servitude…shall exist within the US” Outlawed slavery in the."— Presentation transcript:
Abolishing Slavery The 13 th Amendment – “Neither slave nor involuntary servitude…shall exist within the US” Outlawed slavery in the US – The Dred Scott Decision Supreme Court declared that he was property because he was a slave – Amendment was ratified in 1865 Overturned the Dred Scott decision
Citizenship, Due Process, and Equal Protection The 14 th Amendment(1868) Citizenship meaning “All persons born or naturalized in the US, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the US” Provides citizenship for all people born or naturalized in the US Due Process “…nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law” Prevents states from denying life, liberty, or property without due process Equal Protection “…nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” Ensures all people are treated equally under the law
Voting Rights for African American Men The 15 th Amendment, 1870 – “The right of citizens in the US to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the US or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” Voting rights for African American Men – States set rules for voting Rules can’t exclude on racial grounds Poll taxes and literacy tests
Women’s Suffrage The 19 th Amendment,1920 – “The right of citizens of the US to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the US or any State on account of sex.” Gave women rights to vote Women’s Suffrage Movement Seneca Falls, 1848 – 1 st women’s rights convention Declaration of Sentiments – Leaders included many women
Old Enough to Fight, Old Enough to Vote The 26 th Amendment, 1970 – “The right of citizens of the US, who are 18 years old or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the US or by any State on account of age.” Lowered the voting age from 21 to 18 The Vietnam War – The military draft Extending the Voting Right Act of 1965 – Oregon appealded to the Supreme Court An issue of fairness – Fast Approval
Voting Rights in Washington, DC The 23 rd Amendment – “The District constituting the seat of Government of the US shall appoint…a number of electors of President and Vice President” Granted residents in the District of Columbia the right to vote for president and vice president – Originally in the Constitution Voter eligibility required that residents had to live in states – The amendment also capped the number of electors at 3 to match that of the smallest state
Poll Taxes 24 th Amendment “The right of citizens of the US to vote…for President or Vice President…for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the US or any State by reason of failure to pay poll tax or other tax.” Prohibits the requirement of poll taxes to vote in elections Idea behind the Poll Tax 1. Those who contribute to society should have a say in government The poll tax after the Civil War 1. Used in the South to prevent African Americans from voting
Income Taxes The 16 th Amendment – “The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on income, from whatever source derived” Congress can enact a federal income tax – The Constitution sets limits on how Congress can levy taxes – Direct taxes are tied to population – Expense of war and a growing population – Government needed more money
Prohibition and Repeal The 18 th Amendment – Allowed Congress to outlaw the production, sale, and transportation of liquor Ratified 18 th Amendment as a result of the prohibition movement – Life during prohibition Bootleggers – Support of the Prohibition movement declined Anti-prohibitionists and the election of 1932 The 21 st Amendment – Repealed the 18 th Amendment
The Political System Prohibits individuals from one-state from suing another state Preserves state’s independence The 11 th Amendment Altered processes of how president/vice president were elected Changed the Electoral College procedure The 12 th Amendment Allows citizens to vote for senators directly Previous selection by state legislatures led to problem Not accountable to the people, which led corruption Better representation of direct democracy 17 th Amendment
Lame Ducks and Term Limits The 20 th Amendment – “The terms of the President and the Vice President shall end noon on the 20 th of January, & the terms of the Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3 rd of January.” Set January 3 rd as opening of congressional session Set January 20 th as inauguration day for the President – The Lame Duck Amendment – Waited for the New Deal
Term Limits for Presidents The 22 nd Amendment – “No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice.” Set a 2-term limit for the president – No term limits in the Constitution 2-term tradition began by George Washington – FDR was elected president 4 times Great Depression and World War 2
Presidential Succession 25 th Amendment – “In case of the removal of the President from office or his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.” Set rules for succession of the president and replacement of vice president – Clarifies the roles of the vice President – If president can’t fulfill duties The roles of the vice president and the cabinet – The order of succession Presidential succession Act of 1947
Congressional Pay 27 th Amendment – “No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.” Prevents congressional members from voting for a pay raise for themselves and then collecting it immediately Must wait until after the following election – Proposed with the Bill of Rights Amendment was added to the Constitution as a result of citizen action
Q and A’s What was prohibited by the 18th Amendment? A. the production, sale, and transportation of liquor
Which amendment defines citizenship, prevents states from denying due process, and provides equal protection to all people? B. 14th Amendment
During the Vietnam War, what voting rights were changed by the 26th Amendment? A. It lowered the voting age from 21 to 18 so those going to war could vote on the politicians deciding their future.
What does the 17th Amendment say? D. People vote directly for senators.
Which amendment gave African American men the right to vote? C. 15th Amendment
Which amendment is credited to Susan B. Anthony and the suffragists? A. 19 th Amendment,which gives women the right to vote
When the 23rd Amendment was passed, it gave voting rights to residents of Washington, DC. Why were they excluded from all of the previous amendments that gave voting rights? B. Washington, DC is not a part of a state; the original Constitution says that only the residents of states were eligible to vote for president.
The 13th Amendment overturned the Dred Scott Supreme Court decision. Which right did this amendment grant? D. It abolished slavery in all states.
How long was it from the time African American men were given the right to vote until women were given the right to vote? C. almost 50 years
Which US citizens were the last to be given the right to vote for president and vice president? D. residents of Washington, DC