2Abolishing Slavery The 13th Amendment “Neither slave nor involuntary servitude…shall exist within the US”Outlawed slavery in the USThe Dred Scott DecisionSupreme Court declared that he was property because he was a slaveAmendment was ratified in 1865Overturned the Dred Scott decision
3Citizenship, Due Process, and Equal Protection The 14th Amendment(1868)Citizenship meaning“All persons born or naturalized in the US, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the US”Provides citizenship for all people born or naturalized in the USDue Process“…nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law”Prevents states from denying life, liberty, or property without due processEqual Protection“…nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”Ensures all people are treated equally under the law
4Voting Rights for African American Men The 15th Amendment, 1870“The right of citizens in the US to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the US or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”Voting rights for African American MenStates set rules for votingRules can’t exclude on racial groundsPoll taxes and literacy tests
5Women’s Suffrage The 19th Amendment,1920 Women’s Suffrage Movement “The right of citizens of the US to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the US or any State on account of sex.”Gave women rights to voteWomen’s Suffrage MovementSeneca Falls, 18481st women’s rights conventionDeclaration of SentimentsLeaders included many women
6Old Enough to Fight, Old Enough to Vote The 26th Amendment, 1970“The right of citizens of the US, who are 18 years old or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the US or by any State on account of age.”Lowered the voting age from 21 to 18The Vietnam WarThe military draftExtending the Voting Right Act of 1965Oregon appealded to the Supreme CourtAn issue of fairnessFast Approval
8Voting Rights in Washington, DC The 23rd Amendment“The District constituting the seat of Government of the US shall appoint…a number of electors of President and Vice President”Granted residents in the District of Columbia the right to vote for president and vice presidentOriginally in the ConstitutionVoter eligibility required that residents had to live in statesThe amendment also capped the number of electors at 3 to match that of the smallest state
9Poll Taxes 24th Amendment “The right of citizens of the US to vote…for President or Vice President…for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the US or any State by reason of failure to pay poll tax or other tax.”Prohibits the requirement of poll taxes to vote in elections1. Those who contribute to society should have a say in governmentIdea behind the Poll Tax1. Used in the South to prevent African Americans from votingThe poll tax after the Civil War
10Income Taxes The 16th Amendment “The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on income, from whatever source derived”Congress can enact a federal income taxThe Constitution sets limits on how Congress can levy taxesDirect taxes are tied to populationExpense of war and a growing populationGovernment needed more money
11Prohibition and Repeal The 18th AmendmentAllowed Congress to outlaw the production, sale, and transportation of liquorRatified 18th Amendment as a result of the prohibition movementLife during prohibitionBootleggersSupport of the Prohibition movement declinedAnti-prohibitionists and the election of 1932The 21st AmendmentRepealed the 18th Amendment
12Review23rd AmendmentVoting rights for residents in the District of Columbia24th AmendmentPoll taxes16th AmendmentIncome taxes18th AmendmentProhibition21st AmendmentRepeal of Prohibition
13The Political SystemThe 11th AmendmentProhibits individuals from one-state from suing another statePreserves state’s independenceThe 12th AmendmentAltered processes of how president/vice president were electedChanged the Electoral College procedure17th AmendmentAllows citizens to vote for senators directlyPrevious selection by state legislatures led to problemNot accountable to the people, which led corruptionBetter representation of direct democracyAnd it's because of the Electoral College snafu, based on the election of In 1800, Thomas Jefferson was running for president. And he found a man from New York, named Aaron Burr(vp). Now, in the old days, the way the Constitution was set up--all the names went on the ballot.
14Lame Ducks and Term Limits The 20th Amendment“The terms of the President and the Vice President shall end noon on the 20th of January, & the terms of the Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3rd of January.”Set January 3rd as opening of congressional sessionSet January 20th as inauguration day for the PresidentThe Lame Duck AmendmentWaited for the New Deal
15Term Limits for Presidents The 22nd Amendment“No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice.”Set a 2-term limit for the presidentNo term limits in the Constitution2-term tradition began by George WashingtonFDR was elected president 4 timesGreat Depression and World War 2
16Presidential Succession 25th Amendment“In case of the removal of the President from office or his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.”Set rules for succession of the president and replacement of vice presidentClarifies the roles of the vice PresidentIf president can’t fulfill dutiesThe roles of the vice president and the cabinetThe order of successionPresidential succession Act of 1947
17Congressional Pay 27th Amendment “No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.”Prevents congressional members from voting for a pay raise for themselves and then collecting it immediatelyMust wait until after the following electionProposed with the Bill of RightsAmendment was added to the Constitution as a result of citizen actionThis was initially proposed way back in the 1780s-1790s, as we were working on the Bill of Rights.
18Review11th AmendmentProhibits individuals from 1 state from suing another12th AmendmentAltered processes of how president and vice president are elected17th AmendmentAllows citizens to vote for senators directly20th AmendmentSet January 3 and20th as opening of congressional session and inauguration day for the president22nd AmendmentSet a 2-term limit for the president25th AmendmentSet rules for succession of the president and replacement of vice president27th AmendmentPrevents congressional members from voting for a pay raise for themselves and then collect it immediately
19Q and A’s What was prohibited by the 18th Amendment? A. the production, sale, and transportation of liquor
20Which amendment defines citizenship, prevents states from denying due process, and provides equal protection to all people? B.14th Amendment
21During the Vietnam War, what voting rights were changed by the 26th Amendment? It lowered the voting age from 21 to 18 so those going to war could vote on the politicians deciding their future.
22What does the 17th Amendment say? People vote directly for senators.
23Which amendment gave African American men the right to vote? C. 15th Amendment
24A. 19th Amendment ,which gives women the right to vote Which amendment is credited to Susan B. Anthony and the suffragists?A. 19th Amendment ,which gives women the right to vote
25When the 23rd Amendment was passed, it gave voting rights to residents of Washington, DC. Why were they excluded from all of the previous amendments that gave voting rights?B.Washington, DC is not a part of a state; the original Constitution says that only the residents of states were eligible to vote for president.
26The 13th Amendment overturned the Dred Scott Supreme Court decision The 13th Amendment overturned the Dred Scott Supreme Court decision. Which right did this amendment grant? D.It abolished slavery in all states.
27How long was it from the time African American men were given the right to vote until women were given the right to vote?C.almost 50 years
28Which US citizens were the last to be given the right to vote for president and vice president? D. residents of Washington, DC