Presentation on theme: "Using Sources Ethically. Plagiarism UIS Academic Integrity Policy – Part I “Academic integrity is at the heart of the University's commitment to academic."— Presentation transcript:
Using Sources Ethically
UIS Academic Integrity Policy – Part I “Academic integrity is at the heart of the University's commitment to academic excellence. The UIS community strives to communicate and support clear standards of integrity, so that undergraduate and graduate students can internalize those standards and carry them forward in their personal and professional lives. Living a life with integrity prepares students to assume leadership roles in their communities as well as in their chosen profession. Alumni can be proud of their education and the larger society will benefit from the University's contribution to the development of ethical leaders.” “Violations of academic integrity demean the violator, degrade the learning process, deflate the meaning of grades, discredit the accomplishments of past and present students, and tarnish the reputation of the University for all its members.”
UIS Academic Integrity Policy – Part II Plagiarism Submitted work should be one's own work and it should properly acknowledge ideas, facts, the progression of thought or reasoning and words from others. Plagiarism is intellectual theft: the plagiarist presents work done by others as his or her own, in writing or orally. Plagiarism is the failure to properly and appropriately reference and acknowledge the ideas and words of others. This includes website material used in written, oral, or multi-media presentations. Examples of plagiarism include: – Using direct quotation without the quotation marks or citation – – Paraphrasing without proper citation – Making only minor changes to an author's words or style – Insufficient acknowledgment of sources (partial citation) – – Using the pattern, structure or organization of an author's argument or ideas without proper citation – – Failing to cite sources for uncommon facts or knowledge – Working with another student on a project but failing to put both names on the final product – Having someone else re-write or heavily edit a paper
UIS Academic Integrity Policy – Part III Sanctions permitted under informal resolution procedures include one or more of the following: – Formal warning – A reduction in grade for the assignment and/or reduction in the grade for the course – A failing grade for the assignment and/or reduction in the grade for the course – A failing grade in the course – A failing grade in the course with a transcript notation of academic dishonesty – Rescinding or changing a grade for a past course in which a violation occurred – Successfully completing a university sponsored non-credit seminar on academic integrity – Other sanction(s) as appropriate and agreed to in writing
UIS Academic Integrity Policy – Part IV Sanctions permitted under formal resolution procedures include one or more of the following: – Removal of the privilege of representing the university in any official function or leadership position. Sanctions that suspend a student's privileges shall have a set time of duration indicating when and under what conditions the student may regain the privilege. Examples include but are not limited to intercollegiate athletics, peer mentors, student organization leadership positions, student ambassadors, cheerleaders, committee membership or officer position, and residence assistants. – Disciplinary suspension from the University for one or two semesters, excluding summer terms. Students suspended for academic dishonesty must apply for readmission according to the Board of Academic Standards guidelines. Students suspended for academic dishonesty cannot transfer into UIS any credits earned during the suspension. Readmission applications by students suspended for academic dishonesty must be approved by the Academic Integrity Council. – Dismissal from the university.
Benefits of Academic Integrity Provides credibility to your work when you “name drop” Puts your work in context Shows when/who put an idea forth Allows reader to access your sources for further study
Plagiarism – Part I Plagiarism- writer’s deliberate misrepresentation of another’s writing or ideas as his/her own. Reproducing another’s work as your own Allowing another to alter substantially one’s written work Failing to acknowledge someone else’s ideas in your work Using other material without indicating where the material is found
Plagiarism – Part II Common Knowledge Dates of events in History – Independence Day: July 4, 1776 Well-known phrases – “To be or not to be” by Shakespeare Geographical information – Washington D.C. is the capitol of The United States of America Names of famous people – Mark Twain wrote Huckleberry Finn Information gathered through the senses – Snow is cold. Plagiarism Specific dates of events in History – The liberation of Mauthausen Concentration Camp was on May 5, 1945 by the US 11 th Infantry Division. Uncommon phrases – “The day is coming when a single carrot, freshly observed, will set of a revolution.” by Paul Cézanne Unique geographical information – The Amazon River starts in the Andes Mountains in Peru. Names of less known people – The name of bank robber and outlaw Jesse James’ wife was Zee.
Ways to Avoid Plagiarism Cite all quotations Include all source information in your notes Cite all summaries/instances of paraphrase Include a page number with all quotations before sentence ends Don’t place citation too early – Signals the end of another person’s point Cite experts, not friends Do not submit one work to multiple classes – Rethink/modify the work to fit each particular discipline
Summary- Part I Summary- concise restatement of main ideas of a source, written in your own words. When to Summarize: Quotation or paraphrase would give unneeded or distracting detail Several different kinds of information from same source/author are provided over several pages Two types of Summary: Descriptive: explains source from a reader’s perspective- “blow by blow” description Informative: provides content of source in highly condensed manner
Summary- Part II How to write a summary: – Read original for understanding – Identify major ideas – Write one sentence that captures main idea; add supporting sentences as needed – Check summary against source to ensure usage of your own words – DO NOT INCLUDE YOUR OPINION – Document summary with author’s name, title of work, publishing information (including page numbers of source) – MAIN GOAL: WRITE A SUMMARY THAT SOMEONE UNFAMILIAR WITH THE MATERIAL WILL UNDERSTAND!
Paraphrase – Part I Paraphrase- detailed restatement of source, written in your words. Unlike summary – Restates ideas in their entirety and reflects source’s order of ideas, emphasis, and tone When to paraphrase: – Need to discuss details from source – Author’s ideas/facts are more important than language used to describe them OR quotation might be distracting – When original text uses language that differs greatly in style, tone, or voice from your own writing
Paraphrase- Part II How to paraphrase: – Read source until you understand its ideas/tone/emphasis – Write ideas in own words – Compare your paraphrase with original – DO NOT USE YOUR OWN IDEAS – Cite the paraphrase
Quotation – Part I Quotation- direct use of a source’s words and punctuation, exactly as they appear in source Act as witness- testify precisely to validity of your writing When to quote: – Exact language will support your ideas better than summary/paraphrase – Language- striking/nuanced – Plan to spend time analyzing quotation – Demonstrate thoughts/feelings of others – Highly respected authorities support your view point
Quotation- Part II How to quote: – Read source carefully – Copy quotation exactly If already quoted, quote using single quotation marks Enclose entire quote in double quotation marks – Do not insert any words unless in brackets – Cite quotation
Quotation – Part III Explain every quote: – Explain what quote means to you and why is it important for your argument Provide at least one sentence of explanation for every sentence of quoted material Make relationships clear: – Introduce Relevance is clear Tone consistent with yours DON’T OVER QUOTE!
Ways to Avoid Plagiarism – A Reiteration DO NOT LET FRIENDS COPY YOUR WORK Protect your documents Encourage friends to discuss problems with instructors Cite ANY outside source material (summaries, paraphrases, & quotations) Refer friends to writing center – CTL – BROOKENS 460: M-Th 8:30am-7pm; F 8:30am-4:30 pm
Works Cited “ Academic Integrity Policy.” Uis.edu. University of Illinois at Springfield, Web. 24 Sept Blakesley, David, and Jeffrey L. Hoogeveen. “Using Sources Ethically.” Writing: A Manual for the Digital Age ed. Print.