2American Foreign Trade: 1870-1914 1. Economic InterestsAmerican Foreign Trade:U.S. wants to open up new markets that will import U.S. goods.U.S. wants to gain access to new raw materials to feed growing U.S. industries.
32. Military/Strategic Interests U.S. should build up its merchant fleetTo protect the merchant fleet, the U.S. needed refueling stations and bases throughout the world
43. Social Darwinist Thinking The White Man’s BurdenAs the greatest race, it is the white man’s burden (job) to educate, civilize, and uplift the “lesser” races of the world.The Hierarchy of RaceThere are superior and inferior races in the world.
54. Religious/Missionary Interests American Missionaries in China, 1905 Believed it was their Christian duty to spread the faith to “heathen” lands around the world.
65. Closing the American Frontier All land on the North American is claimed.America would have to look elsewhere to find new markets and sources of raw materials.
7Purchase of AlaskaIn 1867 William Seward bought Alaska from Russia for $7.2 millionCritics dubbed this “Seward’s folly”
9U. S. Missionaries in Hawaii Missionaries were the first Americans to establish a presence in Hawaii.Goal: Bring Christianity to the “savage” island people.Imiola Church – first built in the late 1820s
10Sugarcane in HawaiiOther Americans arrive in Hawaii to become sugar plantation owners.Hawaii’s economy flourishes with 1875 treaty that allows sale of Hawaiian sugar without a duty.White planters force Bayonet Constitution on HawaiiansOnly wealthy white planters can votePearl Harbor is given to U.S.
11Hawaiian Queen Liliuokalani Liliuokalani comes to power and states she will get rid of the Bayonet Constitution.Hawaii for Hawaiians!!!
12U. S. Business Interests In Hawaii McKinley Tariff hurts Sugarcane plantersDesire to become U.S. territory to avoid tariffs1893 – American businessmen led an uprising against Queen LiliuokalaniSanford Ballard Dole becomes the President of the Republic of Hawaii
13Bill Clinton signs a formal apology to the Hawaiians on November 23, 1993
31The Treaty of Paris: 1898 Cuba was freed from Spanish rule. Spain gave up Puerto Rico and the island of Guam to the U.S.The U. S. paid Spain $20 mil. for the Philippines.
32Cuban Independence? Platt Amendment (1903) Teller Amendment to war resolution promised Cuba would not become a colony, BUTCuba essentially becomes a U.S. colony in every way but in namePlatt Amendment (1903)Cuba was not to enter into any agreements with foreign powers that would endanger its independence.The U.S. could intervene in Cuban affairs if necessary to maintain an efficient, independent govt.Cuba must lease Guantanamo Bay to the U.S. for naval and coaling station.Cuba must not build up an excessive public debt.Senator Orville Platt
34Dewey in the Philippines Despite U.S. promises to Filipinos during the Spanish-American War, the island nation is not granted independence.Philippine resistance against U.S. begins.Dewey and U.S. adopt same methods of control as Spain had used (concentration camps).
35Emilio AguinaldoLeader of the Filipino Uprising.U.S. supported his independence movement against Spain, then declared him an outlaw.
36Aftermath of the WarU.S. appointed a governor, who would appoint the upper house of the legislatureFilipinos would select lower houseThe Philippines did not become an independent country until July 4th, 1946.