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The Progressive Era 1890-1920 Mrs. Hauber Academic.

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Presentation on theme: "The Progressive Era 1890-1920 Mrs. Hauber Academic."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Progressive Era 1890-1920 Mrs. Hauber Academic

2 Origins of Reform Industrialization Problems Urbanization Problems Corruption among Government Officials Abuses of Big Businesses

3 Who are the Progressives? Emerging Middle Class Believed in the idea of Progress—growth and advancement of the U.S. Wanted Reforms that included: Better working conditions Better Pay Less Corruption More government involvement to end abuses

4 Problems that were Tackled Political Reform Party bosses Political machines Women’s Suffrage Living Conditions Working Conditions Breaking Up Big Trusts

5 Muckrakers Definition Teddy Roosevelt Famous Journalists: Lincoln Steffens Jacob Riis Ida Tarbell

6 Famous Novelists Upton Sinclair—The Jungle Frank Norris—The Octopus

7 Societal Reforms Social Gospel Settlement Houses Jane Adams—Hull House Child Labor Florence Kelley 1938 Education

8 Protection for Industrial Workers Poor ventilation, hazardous fumes, and unsafe machinery 30,000 lives lost a year Triangle Shirtwaist Fire Laws were later passed Shorter hours Worker’s compensation laws

9 Reforming the Government City managers curbed the power of party bosses Government purchase of utilities Election Rules Direct primary—citizens elect the nominees Referendum—public votes on a law Recall—public can reject laws 17 th Amendment—direct election of senators

10 Progressive Governors Robert La Follette (Battling Bob) Wisconsin was called “laboratory for democracy” Improved education Lowered fees for railroads Made factories safer

11 Section 2: Women Make Progress Goals: Limit number of hours worked Fair prices for goods Temperance Movement Education Voting Rights

12 Limiting Hours for Women Muller vs. Oregon— ruled that long hours for women hurt the family This later hurt women because it became a justification for paying women less

13 Safety of Goods Florence Kelly—found the NCL (National Consumer’s League) which demanded labels to ensure quality and safety of products

14 Family Life WCTU—Women’s Christian Temperance Movement—wanted to outlaw alcohol 18 th Amendment Margaret Sanger— opened birth control clinics Ida Wells—African American who wanted to help educate young black women

15 Right to Vote Suffrage—right to vote 1860s—Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton Failed at the federal level However, got 4 states to allow women to vote

16 New Suffragists 1890—Carrie Chapman Catt-started the NAWSA (National American Women’s Association) Lobbied Congress for a constitutional amendment Alice Paul—radical that used marches, protests, and hunger strikes 19 th Amendment: 1920—gave women the right to vote

17 Section 3: The Struggle Against Discrimination Progressive era left out African Americans African American’s demand Reform Booker T. Washington WEB DuBois Niagara Movement NAACP

18 Reducing Prejudice Anti-Defamation League—to defend Jews against verbal and physical attacks Mutualists—groups that gave loans to Mexican Americans Society of American Indians—preservation of culture and resistance to federal Native American policies

19 Section 4: Roosevelt Death of McKinley Characteristics of Roosevelt Trustbusting Conservation Taft Election of 1912

20 Death of McKinley In the 1900 election, McKinley won again. Assassinated early in his presidency at the Pan-American Conference Leon Czolgosz— anarchist who murdered McKinley TR becomes President

21 Characteristics of Roosevelt Dynamic personality; lots of energy Well-to-do family Poor health Became blind in one eye from boxing Became champion of the everyday man despite his wealth Square Deal Known as the “trustbuster”

22 Trustbuster Coal Mine Strike ICC Sherman Anti-Trust Act Northern Securities Company (most famous case) Broke up four railroads Difference Between a good trust and a bad trust

23 Food and Drug Industries The Jungle Meat Inspection Act Pure Food and Drug Act Banned spoiled food from crossing state lines Banned mislabeling of food and drugs FDA still enforces laws

24 Conservation Preservation of National Forests Gifford Pinchot National parks Newlands Reclamation Act—built and managed dams

25 Howard Taft Promised to keep up with the Progressive Movement Disappointed reformers Payne Aldrich Tariff Mann-Elkins Act Ballinger-Pinchot Affair

26 Election of 1912 TR runs again under a new party called “Progressive Party” Republicans Chose Taft again Democrats chose Wilson Wilson wins because the Republican vote was split.

27 Section 5: Wilson’s New Freedom New Freedom— Wilson’s program that incorporated many progressive ideas. Underwood Simmons Bill—gives the progressives a real tariff reform. 16 th Amendment— graduated income tax

28 Economy Run on banks Federal Reserve Act Federal Trade Commission Clayton Anti-trust Act—actually spelled out what companies could not do.

29 Legacy of Progressivism Expanded the voter’s influence Protected banks Expanded the role of government

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