Presentation on theme: "Renaissance and Reformation. Causes of the Renaissance Increased Trade because of the Crusades Growth of large wealthy city-states in Italy Renewed interest."— Presentation transcript:
Renaissance and Reformation
Causes of the Renaissance Increased Trade because of the Crusades Growth of large wealthy city-states in Italy Renewed interest in classical learning Rich merchants became patrons of the arts Scientific and Technical knowledge Desire for beautiful cities
What changes in society and in cities stimulated the beginning of the Renaissance?
Italian Renaissance Cities Merchants Bankers Traders Artists Architects Sailors
What Ideas formed the foundation of the Italian Renaissance? Boccachio Petrarch Da Vinici Anatomy, Philosophy, Astronomy, Medicine, Geography, History, Politics Castiglione- The Courtier Machiavelli- The Prince
Science Copernicus- Sun is the center of the universe Galileo- Earth orbits around the Sun
Renaissance Art Medici Family Perspective Subject matter
Leonardo Da Vinci
Quiz Choose 4 Key terms and people and 1 question to answer. Renaissance Humanism Secular Baldassare Castiglione Niccolo Machiavelli Lorenzo de Medici Leonardo Da Vinci Michelangelo Raphael What changes in society and in cities stimulated the beginning of the Renaissance? What ideas formed the foundation of the Italian Renaissance? What contributions did artists make to the Renaissance?
Desiderus Erasmus Christian Humanist Christianity stripped of rituals and politics
Sir Thomas More Utopia Society should be based upon Reason Critic of the English government
Christine de Pisan Poet Writer The City of Women Discussed roles of women in society
Jan van Eyck
Quiz Choose 4 Key terms and people and 1 question. Johannes Gutenberg Desiderus Erasmus Sir Thomas More William Shakespeare Christine de Pisan Albrecht Durer Jan van Eyck How did the Renaissance spread to Northern Europe? What contributions did writers and philosophers make to the northern Renaissance? How did the works of northern artists differ from those of the Italian Renaissance?
Essential Question What were the causes and effects of the Protestant Reformation?
John Wycliffe Church was too Worldly and Political
Jan Huss Immorality and Worldliness of the Church Excommunicated by Pope Gregory XII Arrested for heresy and burned at the stake
Martin Luther 95 Theses Faith alone Jesus alone head of the Church Bible translated into German
Edict of Worms Holy Roman Emperor Charles V Luther is an outlaw Writings of Luther condemned
Ulrich Zwingli Switzerland Theocracy
John Calvin Predestination Strict Rules of conduct Feasting, Dancing, Singing, Jewelry
John Knox Scotland Reformed Church Presbyterian
Anabaptists Baptism of Adults Punishable by death
Henry VIII Defender of the Faith Catherine- Mary Annulment Reformation Parliament- 1534/Act of Supremacy Anne Boleyn- Elizabeth Jane Seymour- Edward VI
Queen Mary Bloody Mary
Elizabeth I Act of Supremacy 1559
Quiz Protest Reformation Indulgences Martin Luther Theocracy John Calvin Predestination Henry VIII Annulled Elizabeth I What was the state of Catholicism in the 1400’s? How did Martin Luther challenge the Catholic Church? How did Protestantism spread? What were the effects of the Reformation in England?