2 “Necessary and Proper Clause”- Implied Powers – powers that are not directly stated in The Constitution“Necessary and Proper Clause”-Gives Congress implied powersaka Elastic ClauseGives Congress the power to make all “necessary and proper” laws for executing its powers
3 Expressed Power: Collect Taxes Implied Powers:Punish tax evadersRegulate the sale of certain items (alcohol) and outlaw the use of others (narcotics)
4 Expressed Power: Establish Naturalization Law Implied PowerRegulate and limit immigration
5 Expressed Power: Raise Armies and Navies Implied Power:Draft Americans into the military
6 Expressed Power: Regulate Commerce Implied PowerEstablish minimum wageBan discrimination in the workplacePass laws protecting disabledRegulate monopoliesInterstate highways
7 Expressed Power: Establish Post Offices Implied:Prohibit mail fraudBan shipping of certain items
8 Expressed Power: The War Powers Implied PowersEstablish the U.S. Air Force
9 Expressed Power: Spend money for the general welfare ImpliedCut federal highway funding to states that set the minimum drinking age below 21
11 Constitutional Amendments Congress may propose Amendments by a 2/3 vote in each houseCongress may call a national convention of delegates from each state to propose an amendment
12 Electoral DutiesHouse of Representatives elects the President if no candidate receives a majority of the electoral votes.The Senate chooses the Vice President if this happens.Both houses of Congress must approve a replacement VP if a vacancy occurs.
13 AppointmentsAll major presidential appointments must be confirmed by the Senate (Cabinet positions, Supreme Court Justice)
14 TreatiesThe President makes treaties “by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate”Usually consults members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee when negotiating a treaty
15 Investigatory PowerCongress can investigate any matter that falls within the scope of its legislative powers
17 ImpeachmentImpeachment: a charge brought against someone who holds a government office that has committed wrongdoingsDOES NOT MEAN REMOVAL FROM OFFICE!!!
18 Only 2 Presidents have ever been impeached: Andrew Johnson Bill ClintonNixon was not impeached!!!
19 ReasonsTreasonBriberyHigh crimes and misdemeanors
20 Impeachment ProcessThe House of Representatives Judiciary Committee makes sure there is enough proof to have a hearing and present their findings to the HouseThe House then holds hearings and listens to testimonies from witnesses.If most of the members vote for impeachment it moves to the Senate
21 The Senate has the sole power to try all impeachments. When the President is on trial, the Chief Justice presidesSenate votes; 2/3 votes (67) required in order to remove President from office.
22 Zero presidents have been removed from office following impeachment. Several federal judges have been.