2“Necessary and Proper Clause”- Implied Powers – powers that are not directly stated in The Constitution“Necessary and Proper Clause”-Gives Congress implied powersaka Elastic ClauseGives Congress the power to make all “necessary and proper” laws for executing its powers
3Expressed Power: Collect Taxes Implied Powers:Punish tax evadersRegulate the sale of certain items (alcohol) and outlaw the use of others (narcotics)
4Expressed Power: Establish Naturalization Law Implied PowerRegulate and limit immigration
5Expressed Power: Raise Armies and Navies Implied Power:Draft Americans into the military
6Expressed Power: Regulate Commerce Implied PowerEstablish minimum wageBan discrimination in the workplacePass laws protecting disabledRegulate monopoliesInterstate highways
7Expressed Power: Establish Post Offices Implied:Prohibit mail fraudBan shipping of certain items
8Expressed Power: The War Powers Implied PowersEstablish the U.S. Air Force
9Expressed Power: Spend money for the general welfare ImpliedCut federal highway funding to states that set the minimum drinking age below 21
11Constitutional Amendments Congress may propose Amendments by a 2/3 vote in each houseCongress may call a national convention of delegates from each state to propose an amendment
12Electoral DutiesHouse of Representatives elects the President if no candidate receives a majority of the electoral votes.The Senate chooses the Vice President if this happens.Both houses of Congress must approve a replacement VP if a vacancy occurs.
13AppointmentsAll major presidential appointments must be confirmed by the Senate (Cabinet positions, Supreme Court Justice)
14TreatiesThe President makes treaties “by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate”Usually consults members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee when negotiating a treaty
15Investigatory PowerCongress can investigate any matter that falls within the scope of its legislative powers
17ImpeachmentImpeachment: a charge brought against someone who holds a government office that has committed wrongdoingsDOES NOT MEAN REMOVAL FROM OFFICE!!!
18Only 2 Presidents have ever been impeached: Andrew Johnson Bill ClintonNixon was not impeached!!!
19ReasonsTreasonBriberyHigh crimes and misdemeanors
20Impeachment ProcessThe House of Representatives Judiciary Committee makes sure there is enough proof to have a hearing and present their findings to the HouseThe House then holds hearings and listens to testimonies from witnesses.If most of the members vote for impeachment it moves to the Senate
21The Senate has the sole power to try all impeachments. When the President is on trial, the Chief Justice presidesSenate votes; 2/3 votes (67) required in order to remove President from office.
22Zero presidents have been removed from office following impeachment. Several federal judges have been.