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Leçon 12 notes Pg 172-179. More about adjectives!  Don’t forget: They go normally AFTER the noun they describe They normally take endings depending on.

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Presentation on theme: "Leçon 12 notes Pg 172-179. More about adjectives!  Don’t forget: They go normally AFTER the noun they describe They normally take endings depending on."— Presentation transcript:

1 Leçon 12 notes Pg

2 More about adjectives!  Don’t forget: They go normally AFTER the noun they describe They normally take endings depending on number and gender  Most feminine will gain an - e at the end  Most plural will gain an – s at the end

3 Les Couleurs sont les adjectifs! These colors gain an –e at the end of the feminine version: Noir  Noire Bleu  Bleue Vert  verte Gris (grey)  grise “White” is a little different: Blanc (white)  Blanche NOTES

4 Les Couleurs These colors do not change from masc. to fem.: Rouge jaune marron Orange rose NOTES

5 All colors gain an “s” if the items they describe are plural… Nous avons des bicyclettes bleues. EXCEPT: marron Orange They are considered invariable. This means they do not change for gender or number. Nous avons des bicyclettes marron. NOTES

6 On your own paper for a grade: Page 173 dans le livre. Il y a un chien blanc.

7 Of course, there are exceptions…  Some adjective go BEFORE the noun they describe.  Think of the acronym B.A.N.G.S. to help you remember

8 B.A.N.G.S.  Beauty beau,belle, jolie  Age jeune, vieux, vielle  Number trois, onze, etc  Goodness bon (good), bonne mauvais (bad), mauvaise  Size grand, grande, petit, petite NOTESLet the “B” also remind you that these go “b”efore the noun Don’t think TOO HARD about this one… sure being “nice” is good, but is doesn’t mean “good” specifically….

9 Also,  In MOST cases: Des becomes de before an ADJECTIVE Nous avons des voitures. Nous avons de petites voitures. NOTES ADJECTIVE

10 When describing a person or thing, French speaker use:  C’est… It is; that is; he is; she is  Il est… It is; that is; he is  Elle est… It is; that is; she is  But, how do I know which one???

11 If there is ONLY an adjective after it, use il est (or elle est).  Remember, il/elle can also mean “it”… let’s see a few examples: Voici un scooter! Il est rouge.  Here’s a scooter! It is red. Regarde la voiture là-bas. Elle est petite!  Look at the car over there. It is little.  Obviously, you can also use il/elle to talk about a person: Est-ce qu’il est canadien? (Is he Canadian?)  Non, il est américain. No, he is american. NOTES

12 The plural (more than one version):  Il est  Ils sont Voici mes stylos. Ils sont bleus.  Here are my pens. They are blue.  Elle est  Elles sont Voici mes soeurs. Elles sont jolies.  Here are my sisters. They are pretty.

13 If there is an article (le, la, les, un, une, des, ma, mon, mes, ta, ton, tes) after, use C’est.  C’est is used for masculine or feminine: People items  Examples: Tiens! C’est un copain. Il s’appelle Roger.  Hey look! He’s (it’s) a friend. His name is Roger. Voilà! C’est ma mére. Elle m’aime beaucoup.  Here. She’s (It’s) my mom. She loves me a lot. C’est un scooter français.  It’s a French scooter. NOTES

14 C’est can also be used with names.  Instead of “… s’appelle …” you could use “C’est …”. Voici mon copain qui s’appelle Jean  C’est Jean, mon copain. (Here’s my friend whose name is John  It’s John, my friend.) NOTES

15 The plural (more than one version):  C’est  Ce sont Ce sont des copains.  They’re some friends. Ce sont les chats de mon voisin.  Those are (They are) the cats of my neighbor.  BETTER TRANSLATION: They’re my neighbor’s cats.

16 Ne + VERB + pas Elle est américaine. She is American. 1. Find the conjugated verb n’pas 2. place a “ne” before the verb (oops, there’s a vowel… use n’) 3. place a “pas” after the verb not Making them negative: It is American. not

17 Ne + VERB + pas Ils sont timides. They are shy. 1. Find the conjugated verb ne 2. place a “ne” before the verb (no vowel, good to go) 3. place a “pas” after the verb not Making them negative: pas

18 Ne + VERB + pas Ce sont des chiens. They are dogs 1. Find the conjugated verb ne pas 2. place a “ne” before the verb (no vowel, good to go) 3. place a “pas” after the verb not Making them negative:

19 Ne + VERB + pas Ce est la fille. That is the girl. 1. Find the conjugated verb n’pas 2. place a “ne” before the verb (oops, there’s a vowel… use n’) 3. place a “pas” after the verb not Making them negative:

20 C’est can also be used in general statements/ opinions. C’est…or Ce n’est pas… Vrai = true Faux = false Facile [fah seel] = easy Difficile [dif fee seel] = difficult Choutte [shoe ette] = cool, neat Super [sou pair] = super, great Génial [zjehn ee yal]= terrific Pénible [pen ee bluh] = a pain, annoying Drôle [drole] = funny Bien = good Mal = bad

21 On your own –I am watching…:


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