Presentation on theme: "S TANDARDS - BASED I NFORMATION S YSTEMS FOR ENHANCING L EARNER M OBILITY AND Q UALITY A SSURANCE IN E UROPEAN HE Oxford SYMPOSIUM 2014 Balliol College,"— Presentation transcript:
S TANDARDS - BASED I NFORMATION S YSTEMS FOR ENHANCING L EARNER M OBILITY AND Q UALITY A SSURANCE IN E UROPEAN HE Oxford SYMPOSIUM 2014 Balliol College, University of Oxford Aug , 2014 Cleo Sgouropoulou
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Cleo Sgouropoulou Assoc. Prof., Technological Educational Institute of Athens Head of Department of Informatics Scientific Director of Institute for Lifelong Education Project Leader European Learner Mobility (ELM) Vice-Chair of the European standardization committee CEN/TC 353 “ICT for Learning, Education, and Training” ISO JTC1 SC36 Project Leader “Learner Mobility Achievement Information” Convener TC48-WG3, Hellenic Mirror Committee – ICT for Learning, Education, and Training About the speaker
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Speech outline Technological Educational Institute of Athens, Greece New educational setting – the technology dimension Policy and standards Standards development process Case 1: Information Systems for European HE Learner Mobility Case 2: Information Systems for Quality Assurance in HEI Research Concluding Remarks
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, TEI of Athens The Technological Educational Institute (TEI) of Athens is the third largest HEI in Greece situated at Egaleo, a densely populated suburb of Athens. It has always been at the forefront of developments in technological education. Over students attend the four-year courses provided by its Departments and taught by teaching staff committed to maintaining the highest standards in education. It comprises five faculties which occupy a complex of buildings on the main campus, though several Departments are situated elsewhere due to the increasing number of students.
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, TEI of Athens and Quality TEI of Athens strives for quality and excellence responding to the requirements set by the Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation agency, in full compliance with the ENQA with special emphasis on supporting infrastructure, information systems and services for all dimensions of academic activity on the basis of national and European policy and technical standards Teaching and learning Research Knowledge transfer International orientation Regional engagement
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, TEI of Athens and Standards Applies process, quality, educational and technical standards Participates in national fora for academic quality is acting as the coordinating organisation of the “ICT for Learning, Education and Training” committee of the Hellenic Standardisation Organisation (ELOT) and represents Greece in the European (CEN) and International (ISO) standardisation activities in the field
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, About standards an agreed way of doing something design references for products and processes international consensus and instruments provide requirements, specifications, guidelines or characteristics that can be used consistently to ensure that materials, products, processes and services are fit for their purpose common specifications and/or procedures that respond to the needs of business and meet consumer expectations.
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Standardization areas
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, ICT for Learning, Education & Training Learning, education and training in Europe relies heavily on the growing use of information and communications technologies. Application sectors involved include: universities, schools and other educational establishments; education and training authorities, policy makers providers of professional and vocational education and training; employment providers software and system providers that support educational contexts; publishers and broadcasters of educational content.
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Standards for ICT for LET The European society, application sectors, markets, national and regional education and training systems are sufficiently mature in the usage of ICT for Learning, Education and Training (LET) National and European policies and strategies for the promotion and adoption of ICT for interoperable, quality products for LET Requirement: Development of European and international Standards for ICT for LET
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Constituents of Educational Practice Original diagram by C. Duncan
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, ICT in Educational Practice Learning object metadata Learning object repositories, OERs Learning design SCORM Social media collaborative environments Transcript record e-portfolio LOC definitions EML Learning opportunity metadata QTI VLEs MOOCs
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, … within institutions and beyond
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Specs for Learning Technology IS EN15983 CEF EN15982 MLO EN15981 EuroLMAI
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Example: Course related functions (1) Main area of course lifecycleFunctions requiring data and information Planning strategic planning portfolio analysis market research benchmarking employer engagement costing Design and Approval learning design validation approval quality assurance and enhancement (QA/QE) assessment design professional accreditation
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Course related functions (2) Main area of course lifecycleFunctions requiring data and information Delivery and Review admissions enrolment timetabling attendance monitoring formative assessment and feedback summative assessment and feedback records of achievement graduation/awards tuition fee administration major/minor modifications resource distribution performance indicators/business intelligence/Key Information Sets (KIS)
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Course related functions (3) Main area of course lifecycleFunctions requiring data and information Communicating marketing employer engagement student handbook/information transcripts/Higher Education Achievement Report Professional, Statutory and Regulatory Body requirements statutory reporting public information Student support access to resources/service learning analytics PDP mobility/credit transfer alumni relations/destinations
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, ICT LET Standardisation Priorities Interoperability and Frameworks Development of European LET vocabularies and frameworks around which software vendors, tool producers and content authors may work in order to provide a greater level of interoperability and application of tools. Provision of interoperability specs for the exchange of a range of European curriculum information initially aimed at formal education systems, but also applicable in a wider LLL context. Development of a practical approach towards interoperability between existing and future repositories for learning whose purpose is the safe storage or delivery, and also administration and configuration management for learning objects.
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, ICT LET Standardisation Priorities Interoperability and Frameworks Integration with systems e.g. knowledge management systems. Sharing of education related data, services, content and tools achieved through clearer technical agreements between all parties, without losing the value of expression typical of each European community’s language and culture.
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, ICT LET Standardisation Priorities European Policies Development of European standards for the realization, dissemination, implementation and exploitation of European key strategies such as European mobility and LLL (EU2020 and other communications by the EU) Development of European data models for the description of skills and competences Learning and employment opportunity exploration, management of individual learning pathways Quality Develop frameworks, specifications and guidelines to improve the quality and transparency of organisations, processes, products and services
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, European BodiesNational Bodies ICT LET Specs and Standards development Users R&D WSLT TC353 De jure standards Specifica- tions De facto standards
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, ICT LET Specs and Standards development
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Standards development lifecycle Original diagram by B. Olivier Specifications Standards
Case 1: European HE Learner Mobility
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, European Requirements The EU should become “the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion”. The achievement of this ambitious goal involves “not only a radical transformation of the European economy, but also a challenging programme for the modernization of social welfare and education systems”. European Council, Lisbon (Mar. 2000)
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, European Requirements Education and Training at European level involve the development of the European Higher Education Area (the “Bologna process”) the enhanced European co-operation in Vocational Education and Training (the “Copenhagen process”) synergies between both processes for the design of national frameworks of qualifications and an overarching European Qualifications Framework (EQF) for Lifelong Learning, taking into account the work done in the Bologna and Copenhagen context.
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, European Reqs revisited… Implementation of the 2006 Recommendation on Further European Cooperation in Quality Assurance will continue to be a major emphasis, as will the implementation of the European Qualifications Framework and strengthening its link to the Framework of Qualifications for the European Higher Education Area… The Lisbon Strategy and the Bologna process will continue to be the framework for the policy agenda for higher education… Student and teaching staff mobility play a key role in establishing the European Higher Education Area. EC DG Education and Culture – LLP Strategic Priorities (Dec.2008) EC DG Education and Culture – LLP Strategic Priorities (Dec.2008)
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Towards Europe 2020 Key role for Education Training and Youth in Europe 2020 Smart growth: developing an economy based on knowledge and innovation Sustainable growth: promoting a more efficient, greener and more competitive economy Inclusive growth: fostering a high-employment economy delivering social and territorial cohesion
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, The role of ET in EU2020
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Youth on the Move Framework strategy with four action lines: Modern education and training : actions to improve schools, VET, recognition of non-formal/informal learning etc. Higher education : specific actions to make higher education more attractive / effective Learning and employment mobility : actions to promote training & work abroad as a way to gain skills / experience Youth Employment Framework : active labour market policies and reform of labour market rules
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Agenda for New Skills and Jobs Actions linked to Education Training and Youth Implementation of ET 2020 (LLL principles, flexible learning pathways; attractiveness of VET) Ensure that competences are acquired and recognised throughout all levels and forms of learning Improvement of skills needs forecasting Partnerships and common language between the worlds of business, employment, education & training
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, EU instruments & frameworks EQF ECVETECTS validation of non- formal learning EQAVETEuropass Are bringing in a stronger European and international dimension to the development of national ET systems.
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Shift to Learning Outcomes Learning outcomes “what a learner knows, understands or is able to do at the end of a learning process” Emphasis on ability to do irrespective of routes of acquisition Supports better matching between education and training provisions and labour market needs Associated with a learner-centered approach Increases transparency of qualifications Facilitates validation of non- formal and informal learning Promotes mobility, employability, adaptability
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, EU instruments & frameworks Labour Market Education & Training SystemSystem IndividualIndividual
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Supporting Information Systems The European instruments and the related support services should rely upon a suitable information system, allowing to link in a coordinated way the completed documents and to make them available to their holders through the Internet expected to facilitate submission and exchange of information among the interoperating parts, and shall be developed taking into account the opportunity of future developments, with particular reference to the integration of information services on job and learning opportunities Decision on Europass (Dec.2004) Decision on Europass (Dec.2004)
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, The need for technical interoperability The enhancement of learner mobility and employability is undoubtedly a high priority action item within the European Education Area. The establishment of EU instruments and frameworks for the transparent description of qualifications and competences provides the common basis for the well- structured recording of all opportunities for life-long learning including European education and training structures and learners' private / institution-owned information. Recording and exchange of Learner Mobility information needs to be efficiently supported by technical interoperability standards.
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Main issues Lack of interoperable tools, impeding the recording and/or reuse of data in existing learning management systems for the production of electronic transparency documents and the exchange of information among interested parties Need for development and consolidation of technical interoperability standards as the basis of supporting IS Harmonization is deemed necessary towards a European solution, in order to provide viable support for emerging European learner information systems and dissuade service providers from developing proprietary services and platforms.
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Course and Learner Info Landscape Original diagram by M. Stubbs
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Specs for Learning Technology Systems EN15983 CEF EN15982 MLO EN15981 EuroLMAI
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, European and International Standards EN (EuroLMAI): European Learner Mobility - Achievement Information (EuroLMAI) EN (MLO-AD): Metadata on learning opportunities (MLO) - Advertising EN (CEF): Curriculum Exchange Format (CEF)
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, European and International Standards ISO/IEC 19796‐1: RFDQ – unique Quality Standard worldwide, other parts: Methods & metrics (2009), Quality Model (soon) ISO/IEC 19788: MLR – Metadata for Learning Resources, also Multi‐part standard, compliant with DC
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, European and International Standards ISO/IEC 20006: Information Model for Competency – 3 Parts with General framework & information model for competency ISO/IEC (SCORM): Combination (4 Parts) of several specifications for Learning Management Systems & Objects ISO/IEC (CP): Content Packaging (3 Parts) – Aggregation of Learning Objects
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, EuroLMAI – EN 15981
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, EuroLMAI – EN 15981
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, EuroLMAI – EN 15981
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Applications of EuroLMAI Norwegian and Nordic Learner Mobility Information Systems
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Applications of EuroLMAI UK HE Course Information and Mobility Systems
Case 2: Quality Assurance in HEI Research
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Setting a Research Landscape for HEIs Increased demand for HEIs to strengthen their capacities for research and innovation and perform a catalytic role in modern, knowledge-based societies. Process involving identification and establishment of working relationships among universities, their stakeholders in society and external systems of knowledge production (e.g. industry) Need for evaluation and well-design policies providing a clear vision and setting the research landscape for institutions
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Developing Institutional Research Policy Universities need to have a clear research mission and objectives reflected in informed institutional policies designed in relevance to the key aspects of overarching trends and strategies: Quality aspects set by the national and European quality agencies Key research areas that address society and economy requirements and priorities at national and European levels Financial autonomy through the optimized exploitation of available funds for contribution to important fields Intra and inter-institutional collaboration with diverse knowledge production communities and entities.
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Developing Institutional Research Policy Supporting each of the facets of this ambitious goal encompasses a wide variety of initiatives, frameworks and entities, established at Micro level: individual scientist, team of researchers, research projects; Meso-level: research institutes, universities, research programs, scientific disciplines Macro-level: national and European policies
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Research Quality Criteria in Greece A list of criteria regarding the academic research quality are set by Hellenic Quality Assurance Agency (HQAA) These criteria are The research programs the academic staff takes part in The effectiveness of research activities The degree of acceptance and recognition of research by society The degree of collaboration with the industry, the inter- departmental and inter-institutional collaboration (with specific emphasis to international networking) The number of scientific publications and The involvement of students in research.
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Management functionsKey featuresTypes of network Individual productivity assessment Identify the collaborative roles an individual researcher plays in the collaboration network Analyze a researcher's collaboration patterns Co-authorship network Parallel Coordinators Collaboration group analysis Identify the most active research topics/areas Identify the most cohesive collaboration research groups within the department/university Co-authorship network Topic network Map of Science Researcher-theme path analysis Determine a core group of researchers to connect different research topics Discover new collaboration opportunities by connecting researchers with the same research theme and by recommending promising themes to key group of researchers Author–topic network Research Management functions
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Enhancing Quality of HEI services Capture the related activities & their key indicators Measure their change/growth over time Discover the cause of the change Make decisions based on the captured data Drive quality assurance, strategic planning, dissemination of academic results, etc. Management and manipulation of academic information for evaluation and quality assurance of academic institutions should be based on standards
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Research and Education Ontology Specs VIVO ontology includes research information includes information about education in HEIs AcademIS ontology extension to the VIVO ontology includes info on educational activity connections between research & education information about the quality management of academic setting
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Institutional Research Management IS: The TEI of Athens Case
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Data Collection Aggregate data from sources Extract titles, keywords, affiliation and citation number Data Cleaning Parse author names and affiliations Index articles, researchers, topics,… Data Analysis Co-authorship network analysis Topic Network analysis Collaboration analysis Visualization Co-authorship networks Map of Science Parallel Coordinator Institutional Research Management IS: The TEI of Athens Case
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Data Visualization Co-authorship networks Research projects map Course collaboration networks
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Data Visualization Research activity in specific scientific fields
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Research Management functions Observe which authors satisfy specific criteria Discover new collaboration opportunities, by executing short path queries Outline of the research publications and the most active areas Examine the impact of collaborating patterns on the R&D performance, based on the co-authorship data and data envelopment analysis
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Enhancing HEI Research Capturing academic activity Measuring the impact of one’s research and educational work Visualizing the academic information interactively Deriving meaningful insights for quality assurance Assist decision and policy making processes for institutional research development
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, European Standards Role Form part of the knowledge economy that underpins European industry and society Facilitate innovation and promote the adoption of new technologies Key instruments for the consolidation of the Single Market and for strengthening the competitiveness of European organizations and industry, thereby creating the conditions for economic growth Valuable tools for facilitating cross-border trade – both within Europe’s single market and also with the rest of the world
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, European Standards Role Standards can be used to increase productivity, improve performance and efficiency They complement European and national policies in these areas, and make it easier for industry, public organizations and other entities to respect relevant legislation. At a time when Europe needs more innovation in order to remain competitive on the global stage, standardization can be a bridge between research, innovation and the market, which will in turn bring significant economic benefits.
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Learning technology standards New technologies and digital media have made significant progress and generated impact and improvement on the conditions for learning in education, training and Lifelong Learning. Information and Communications Technology (ICT) is more widespread than ever before. EU education and training policy is giving added impetus for envisioning future learning in a digital, networked society that is more efficient, responsive, qualitative, equitable, innovative and meaningful
Oxford Symposium 2014 Balliol College, Learning technology standards Standardization in ICT for LET contributes to this vision by promoting Research in the field Innovation Technological advances Sharing of information Development of interoperable products, information systems and services for educational practice and management fostering the enhancement of quality, and facilitating the implementation of policies for mobility and globalization