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The “Torino Process”: A systematic, holistic, participatory approach to evidence-based policy making in VET General Assembly EVTA, Budapest, June 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "The “Torino Process”: A systematic, holistic, participatory approach to evidence-based policy making in VET General Assembly EVTA, Budapest, June 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 The “Torino Process”: A systematic, holistic, participatory approach to evidence-based policy making in VET General Assembly EVTA, Budapest, June 2011

2 THE " TORINO PROCESS " 1. Overview 2. Methodology (process and content) 3. Results 4. Achievements 2010 and next steps

3 The " Torino Process" WHAT? a participatory analytical process of the whole VET system part of the ETF Work Program 2010 and inspired from the Copenhagen policy review process. & a participatory study on education and business cooperation WHAT FOR ? For Partner Countries to reinforce evidence-based policy making For ETF to serve as a basis for planning For ETF to support the delivery of Community assistance WHO? All key stakeholders of the VET system (policy makers from E&T, Labour and employment, social partners, practitioners, researchers) 1.OVERVIEW (1/3)

4 The " Torino Process" WHERE? in ETF/EU partner countries : 3 countries involved in the Bruges Review (Croatia, Turkey, fyroMacedonia) 3 countries involved in the HRD Reviews for DG Employment (Serbia, Montenegro, Albania) 22 participating countries No participation from Algeria WHEN? every 2 years (2010, 2012…) Main steps in 2010-2011: 1.OVERVIEW (2/3): Jan-March:desk research March-Mayinformation and data collection – field missions and focus group meetings May-Junefirst drafting of the country report(s) June-Octnational validation/discussion seminar on the report’s findings Decfinal country report(s) available March-April 2011 cross-country reports available May 2011international conference on the Torino process results

5 The " Torino Process" HOW? METHODOLOGY: 1.OVERVIEW (3/3): PROCESS: a tailor-made country-led, review process : - Broad participation/consultation of all stakeholders - (Guided) self-assessment in 7 countries CONTENT: common analytical framework Double dimension: - VET systems’ assessment - VET policy analysis

6 The " Torino Process" The common methodology is based on: Analytical framework – Covering the whole VET system (IVET, CVET, formal, informal, …) – Organized in 5 building blocks (closely linked to the themes of the Bruges questionnaire, see next) and guiding questions for each Use of various types and sources of evidence (statistical data, indicators, good practices, qualitative assessment, national and international studies) A tool for identifying policy priorities, for possible support(s) to be provided by ETF, EU or other donors 2. METHODOLOGY (1/4) Challenges VET policy measures Barriers to change Actions (to be) foreseen

7 The " Torino Process" Innovation & entrepreneurship External economic efficiency External social efficiency Internal efficiency Vision & state of art in VET 2. METHODOLOGY (2/4) Analytical framework Torino process

8 The " Torino Process" A. Executive summary B. Vision and state of art in VET C. External efficiency: addressing economy and labour market needs D. External efficiency: promoting equity and addressing social demand for E&T E. Internal efficiency, quality, governance, institutional arrangements and financing F. Innovation and entrepreneurship Annex Th 2 on socioeconomic challenges and priorities for VET policy development Th 5 on strengthening links between VET and the LM and Th 3 on economic crisis Th 6 on addressing equity, social inclusion and active citizenship Th 7 on quality and attractiveness and Th 9 on financing Th 8 on enhancing creativity and innovation Analytical frameworkBruges themes 2. METHODOLOGY (3/4): Comparability of the analytical framework and the Bruges questionnaire Th 4 on impact of EU principles and tools transversal to Torino priorities

9 The " Torino Process" External economic efficiency External social efficiency Internal efficiency Innovation & entrepreneurship Vision & state of art in VET Themes 3 & 5 Theme 2 Theme 8 Themes 7 & 9Theme 6 Analytical framework &Bruges themes (3’/4) Theme 4 transversal

10 The " Torino Process" One common political and policy agenda Member States’ systematic participation Established institutional arrangements, roles and resp. in VET Policy Review, reporting exercise Questionnaires No common policy agenda Diversity of contexts Invitation of partner countries to participate with not always obvious added value Diversity of institutional arrangements Policy learning, capacity building exercice for evidence based policy making Collective, face-to-face discussion /policy dialogue guided by ETF Copenhagen Torino 2. Methodology (4/4): from Copenhagen to Torino Process

11 The " Torino Process" 3. Results by building block (1/5) Vision & state of art in VET Analytical thread Expressed vision in national strategies Consistency with economic and industry policies or social policies? Links with general and HE policies ? With the architecture of the education and training system? Links with resourcing budget allocations? Links with the institutional setting, accountability framework Sources of evidence National strategy documents National budgets, finance laws Organigrams Focus groups with social partners (EBS) But limited evidence Key messages and policy priorities - VISION PC visions make VET a key vehicle for economic competitiveness and to a lesser extent social cohesion – not connected to sustainable development Vision hampered by a narrow scope for VET (too often IVET and formal), institutional fragmentation, rigid E&T architecture in some contexts, centralized governance, uneven budget allocation Need for more direct articulation with other eco, edu, social policies : Need for multi-level and inclusive governance supported by social partnership and institutional capacity

12 The " Torino Process" 3. Results by building block (2/5) External economic efficiency Analytical thread GDP/Sector > Employment/Sector > VET provision/sector Involvement of social partners in the present and future skills needs identification? ‘Relevance assurance’ mechanisms of skills per target groups (IVET, CVET, ALMP training components)? Sources of evidence National economic/industry/PRS/growth strategies Int. economic data sources (IMF, UNDP/HDI, WEF Competitiveness reports) Employers surveys, WB/EBRD-BEEPS, WB Doing Business Employability reports, HRD reviews Tracer studies But limited evidence Key messages - Main policy gaps and priorities type here Key messages - Main policy gaps and priorities Common challenge of employt/employability – esp. of youth, women (eg: ENP S) Awareness on the need to shift from supply-driven to demand-driven VET systems Role of social partners for increased relevance, quality and responsiveness recognized but not fully operational Lack of data, information system, method, instruments to ensure matching National qualifications systems/frameworks opted for as a key reform expected to improve external efficiency (both eco and social) Skills needs identification, anticipation and matching : a policy priority

13 The " Torino Process" 3. Results by building block (3/5) External social efficiency Analytical thread VET as a response to the social demand for education and training VET capacity to respond to groups with special needs and ensure equal training opportunities Sources of evidence - Systems architecture - Gender gap report (WEF) - M&E requirements of national action plans - Dropout rates and other educ data - Public employmt services data Key messages - Main policy gaps and priorities type here Key messages - Main policy gaps and priorities High demand for HE vs Low attractiveness of the VET system (absence of job prospects, of ET pathways in some countries) Unequal access of women to labour market Reaching out strategies for specific, vulnerable groups exist but not mainstreamed Promising Developments in post-secondary and tertiary education Adult education (including CVET) still needs a proper strategy

14 The " Torino Process" 3. Results by building block (4/5) Internal efficiency Analytical thread Quality assurance and management Quality and pedagogical elements Qualifications system Teaching profession state of the art Governance Financing Sources of evidence Finance law, public expenditure review, public expenditure tracking surveys Key messages - Main policy gaps and priorities type here Key messages - Main policy gaps and priorities Quality usually remains to be addressed in a systematic, holistic way Financing of VET, especially CVET deserves shared efforts from ministries Interesting practices of decentralization of VET management (eg:ENP East)

15 The " Torino Process" 3. Results by building block (5/5) Innovation, entrepreneurship & policy cycle Analytical thread -Innovation potential of VET policies -Management of the policy cycle in general (leadership, donor pilots’ mainstreaming, policy design…) Sources of evidence - Small Business Act / Charter for enterprise - Entrepreneurial learning project policy index - Curricula documents Key messages - Main policy gaps and priorities type here Key messages - Main policy gaps and priorities INNOVATION : a highly relative notion - Little consideration for the innovation potential, forward looking dimension of VET policies Growing attention to entrepreneurial learning as part of key competencies Evidence based policy making : a new concept - Need to reinforce evidence collection, use and communication Need to foster an evaluation and accountability culture Institutional capacity building around the policy cycle is a must in most countries EU: a strong driver for change

16 The " Torino Process" In terms of Content : TOP 5 of priority policy areas 3. Results 1. Multi-level Governance, Social Partnerships and Education and Business Cooperation 2. Qualifications 3. Education and training architecture & Pathways 4. Matching LM skills needs and VET provision 5. Adult learning -CVET

17 The " Torino Process" In terms of Process: - Political momentum and commitment to assessment exercise - Ownership (leadership) already in some countries – guided self assessts - New/reinforced space for sector-wide and multi-stakeholder dialogue in VET - Driver for greater donor coordination - Enhanced interest for EU VET framework In terms of Content: Policy priorities in line with EU E&T 2020 strategic objectives Shortage of evidence in most countries (availability and/or use for policy making) 4. Achievements (1/3)

18 The " Torino Process" As Analyst, Facilitator, Mediator, Broker of policy debate, Catalyst… 4. Achievements (2/3) Competitive advantage of ETF within the Torino Process 1. Specific, unique expertise on VET and employment policies 2. Country intelligence and presence in 29 PC - Comparability 3. Long-term engagement – trust and continuity over time 4. Recognition as a technical (public) partner -Neutrality and non- commercial approach 5. Analytical support for identifying policy gaps and assistance needs – key step of programming cycle (SPSP) 6. Capacity building support for increasing absorption capacity for further EU assistance 7. Networking between PC and MS 8. A way for the EU to shape the global education and training agenda

19 The " Torino Process" In 2011: ETF WP based on the findings of the Torino Process (country and regional projects) Lessons learnt exercice of the first round, involving Partner countries and ETF staff Flagship publication Corporate conference 10-11 May Torino Refinement of the methodology based on the lessons learnt Preparation and Launching of the TRP 2012 Gradual institutional capacity building for evidence-based policy making (Torinet) 4. Achievements and next steps (3/3)

20 The " Torino Process" For further information: Thank you!

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