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DR. Sutopo Purwo Nugroho Head of Data, Information, and Public Relations National Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB) The Advantage of Geospatial Information.

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Presentation on theme: "DR. Sutopo Purwo Nugroho Head of Data, Information, and Public Relations National Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB) The Advantage of Geospatial Information."— Presentation transcript:

1 DR. Sutopo Purwo Nugroho Head of Data, Information, and Public Relations National Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB) The Advantage of Geospatial Information in Disaster Management Asia Geospatial Forum Jakarta, October 2011

2 Phase of Disaster Management

3 Advantage of Geospatial Information in Disaster Management Phase Planning and Mitigation Indonesia Earthquake Hazard Zone, 2011 Indonesia Disaster Prone Area Index, 2011 Using Geospatial Information, officials can pinpoint hazards and begin to evaluate the risk and consequences of potential emergencies or disasters As potential emergency situations are identified, mitigation needs can be determined and prioritized, In the case of an earthquake, what developments are within the primary impact zone of earthquake faults? Based on the expected magnitude of an earthquake, soils, and other geologic data, what damage may occur Values at risk can be displayed quickly and efficiently through a GIS. Utilizing existing databases linked to geographic features in GIS makes this possible

4 Preparedness Advantage of Geospatial Information in Disaster Management Phase Distribution of Search and Rescue Equipment in Indonesia, 2011 Preparedness includes those activities that prepare for actual emergencies. GIS can provide answers to questions such as How many paramedic, logistics units are required, and where should they be located? GIS can display "real-time" monitoring for emergency early warning, Earth movements (earthquake), reservoir level at dam sights, radiation monitors, and so forth, can all be monitored and displayed by location in GIS Geospatial BNPB’s Indonesia Disaster Watch

5 Advantage of Geospatial Information in Disaster Management Phase Response Geo Information can assist immediately by helping decision makers understand the scope of the damage and identify locations where people may be trapped or injured or require medical support and rescue. Analyzing critical infrastructure (facilities essential for the operation and sustainability of health services, food services, and government operations) that is or could be damaged or destroyed is essential to restoring vital services and government operations. Merapi Volcano Eruption Affected Area, 2010 Number of Casualties, Wes Sumatera Earthquake 2009 Decision makers can assign response resources to the highest life safety and facility repair priorities. Another critical mission that geospatial technology supports is emergency supply chain management

6 Advantage of Geospatial Information in Disaster Management Phase Recovery A GIS can work in concert with GPS to locate each damaged facility, identify the type and amount of damage, and begin to establish priorities for action (triage). Building/Housing Damaged Identification, Java Earthquake 2006 A GIS can display areas where services have been restored in order to quickly reallocate recovery work to priority tasks. Number of T-shelter required, planned, and constructed, Java Earthquake 2006 Long-term plans and progress can be displayed and tracked utilizing a GIS. Prioritization for major restoration investments can be made with the assistance of GIS

7 Geospatial Information in National Agency For Disaster Management (BNPB) Geospatial Data Structure in BNPB SPATIAL DATABASE ENGINE Vektor Raster  Basemap (25K, 50K, 250K)  Administrative Boundary (Bakosurtanal, BPS 2009) Road (Bakosurtanal, OSM, Tele Atlas, Navigasi.net), River (Bakosurtanal), Contour Line and Height Point (Bakosurtanal), Landuse and Settlement area (Bakosurtanal, OSM, Navigasi.net )  Thematics  Hazard and Risk Map  Daily of Disaster events in Indonesia  Statistical Maps of Disaster Digital Elevation Model (DEM) SRTM 90 m Digital Elevation Model (DEM) ASTER 30 m IKONOS Quick Bird Landsat SPOT

8 Geospatial Information in National Agency For Disaster Management (BNPB) BNPB’s Geospatial Information Website (Http ://geospasial.bnpb.go.id)

9 Maps Gallery  Download over 1000 maps related with disaster in Indonesia in pdf format  Daily update maps, publish regularly

10 Topography Maps Scale 1 : 250K Available to Download  Download the topography maps Scale 1 : 250K based on the index maps.  257 maps coverage for the whole Indonesia

11 Indonesia Disaster Watch Indonesia Disaster events real time and daily updated

12 Preparedness and Disaster Risk Reduction Web GIS  Layer available : Basemap (Village Level), Topography Hazard Maps, Risk Maps  Feature Function : Identify Object, Find a location, Searching, Dynamic Legend, Draw and Measure, Print Out Maps

13 Web GIS for Emergency Response  Activated in Emergency Response Phase  Layer will available: Hazard zone, affected area, IDP’s location, etc.

14 Geospatial Information Map Services Geospatial Online Data Layer with WMS, WFS Capability

15 BNPB Geospatial Information Via Mobile Download application for Android:

16 BNPB is developing its capacity to simply but realistically model natural disaster scenarios These scenarios are then underpinning both response and preparedness planning Based on best available science, data and engineering Modelling Natural Disaster Scenarios

17 Impact Function HazardExposure Simple Impact Scenarios

18 Hazard - ShakeMapExposure - Population Fatalities 0% 100% MMI Fatality Function Simple Impact Scenarios Earthquake Example

19

20 THANK YOU


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