Presentation on theme: "Industrial Pollution Control - Harmonization and Implementation in Bulgaria Slavitza Dobreva Ministry of Environment and Water Bulgaria Final Seminar."— Presentation transcript:
Industrial Pollution Control - Harmonization and Implementation in Bulgaria Slavitza Dobreva Ministry of Environment and Water Bulgaria Final Seminar on Project LIFE CY98/CY/167 Nicosia, 7-8 June 2001
Directive 96/61/EC on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control §Transposition into the Bulgarian legislation §Compliance Analysis §Implementation Challenges
Directive 96/61/EC on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Aim and objectives of the Directive §To achieve integrated prevention and control of pollution arising from certain activities by means of measures to prevent or to reduce emissions from industrial facilities into air, water and land. §To establish a permit-issuing system for all the activities covered by the Directive. Transposition into the Bulgarian legislation §Environmental Protection Act and its Amendments; §Regulation 4 on Environmental Impact Assessment.
Directive 96/61/EC on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Compliance Analysis The existing legislative acts: §Partly transpose also the requirements of Regulation 1836/93/EEC on Eco- management and Audit Schemes (EMAS). §Consider the existing state of environment for certain industrial plants. §Identify the principle emissions and sources of pollution. §Establish programmes for complying with the requirements of the European environmental legislation. §Establish plans for self-monitoring. §Elaborate action plans in case of major accident hazards. §Set up conditions for keeping the activities of certain industrial plants and for control of these conditions.
Directive 96/61/EC on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Lack of Compliance §With the mandatory character of the environmental audit. §With the procedure of permits-issuing. §The major industrial sites are not registered. §Best Available Techniques (BAT) are not applied in all appropriate preventive measures against pollution.
Directive 96/61/EC on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Implementation Challenges §Need of adequate technical equipment. §Need of training for the competent specialists in order to improve their qualification.
Industrial Pollution Control Harmonization of Legislation/ Implementation of Regulations §Directive 91/61/EC §Regulation 1836/93/EEC on EMAS §Regulation 880/92/EEC on eco-labeling §New Environmental Protection Act - 2001 §Regulation on registration of sites with systems for eco-management and audit - 2002 §Regulation on establishing a system to identify the compliance of certain industrial products with certain eco-requirements - 2002
Industrial Pollution Control Future Priorities
Industrial Pollution Control PHARE Assistance §PHARE 1999 - Twinning Project BG99EN01B – Transposition of the environmental legislation and introduction and facilitation of the implementation of the IPPC Directives - Ireland §PHARE 2000 - Twinning Project BG2000EN01D – Training and application of the IPPC Directive on a regional level for specialists from the Regional Inspectorates and from the industrial sector - Germany
Industrial Pollution Control PHARE Assistance - Main Objectives §Twinning Project 99 §Preparation of pilot integrated permits of two Bulgarian plants (Solvey Sodi and Agropolychim - Devnia) ; §Preparation of guidelines for determination of BATs; §Preparation of an inventory of IPPC sites in Bulgaria; §Further development of the IPPC permit template.
Industrial Pollution Control PHARE Assistance - Main Objectives Twinning Project 2000 §Establishment of real working procedures including procedures for public accession to the whole process of issuing of a integrated permit; §Preparation of technical documents for specific industrial sectors (petrol refinery, non ferrous industries, landfill, iron & steel, cement & lime and pharmacy); §Set up of the procedures for preparation and issuing of integrated permits for the biggest industrial enterprises in the selected sectors; §Improvement of information exchange among stakeholders including the publishing of information bulletins for public participation, access to information, and information for main industries; §Definition of the financial resources needed to introduce BAT in Bulgaria.
Industrial Pollution Control Pilot Permits Issuing Pilot Permits Issued Funded by World Bank §Sevko Tannery - Sevlievo §Power Station - Pernik
Industrial Pollution Control Pilot Permits Issuing Pilot Permits in Process of Preparation Funded by Phare -Twinning §Solvey Sodi Soda Ash Plant - Devnia §Agropolychim Fertilizers Plant - Devnia Funded by DEPA §Sviloza Synthetic Fibres Plant - Svishtov §Union Minier Copper Smelter Plant - Pirdop §Non Ferrous Metals Plant - Plovdiv §Non Ferrous Metals Plant - Kardjali §Chimko Fertilizers Plant - Vratza