4Nasim Yousaf (sitting center) with Mashriqi (standing)
5In 1930, Mashriqi resigned from Government service and laidthe foundation for the KhaksarTehrik (Khaksar Movement).
6“His movement was not the result of a landslide “His movement was not the result of a landslide. It was constructed painstakingly. Each entrant had to be persuaded…” - Muhammad Saeed’s (journalist) book, Lahore: A Memoir
7Mashriqi (front row, right) led the first batch of Khaksars; he made no distinction between himself and his fellow Khaksars.
8With the first batch of Khaksars, the foundation for the freedomof British India was laid.
9Additional batches of Khaksars were formed all across India to deliver Mashriqi’s message.
10Mashriqi’s message emphasized a soldierly life, equality, brotherhood, anda focus on self purification.
15"Long Live The Ideals of the Khaksars...Peace, Amity, Brotherhood, Service - Irrespective ofCaste or Creed, One God, One Humanity, OnePractical Religion, -- Yes, One Religion, WhichMeans Goodness In Action"- The Radiance (Aligarh), 1943
35Jinnah-Gandhi Meeting Mashriqi put in sincere efforts to bring aboutthe famous Jinnah-Gandhi meeting in order forthe two to settle their political issues and undothe “Divide and Rule” policy of the British;historians have thus far neglected this effort.
36Following the failure of the Jinnah-Gandhi meeting, Mashriqi presented The Constitutionof Free India, A.C. to keep India united.
37In 1946, Mashriqi took steps to bring about a forcible end to British rule and called the AzadHind Fauj Conference. Major General S.D. Khan,Col. Ihsan Qadir, and others also came to meetMashriqi.
38Major General S.D. Khan of the Indian National Army, with Mashriqi.
39Transfer of Power Announced Mashriqi and others’ efforts towardindependence did not go unnoticed. By1947, circumstances in India had reached aboiling point, and the British had no choicebut to announce a transfer of power.
40In March of 1947, Mashriqi asked 300,000 Khaksars to assemble in Delhi by June 30of the same year. This was to ensure thatthe British would follow through on thetransfer of power, and that India wouldremain undivided.
41Despite stern measures to prevent the Khaksar rally, 70,000 to 80,000Khaksars (according to media reports)assembled in Delhi at the end of June,1947. But it seemed that nothing couldnow stop the division of India.
42In 1947, Pakistan and India emerged on the world map as separatecountries, and the nation was dividedinto three parts.
43Mashriqi’s dream of an independent, united India did not materialize Mashriqi’s dream of an independent, united India did not materialize. It is important to note, however, that British India would not have been able to seek freedom without the efforts of people like Mashriqi.
44Allama Mashriqi Died in 1963 Dawn (Karachi), August 28, 1963
45Mashriqi’s FuneralNasim Yousaf (right side in circle) with Mashriqi’s body.
46Well over 100,000 people attended Mashriqi’s funeral. With his death, achapter in the history of the Indiansubcontinent came to a close.