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Demonstrating the Relevance of SDGs to National and Sectoral Priorities Using Integrated Environmental Assessment (IEA) Tools Livia Bizikova and Laszlo.

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Presentation on theme: "Demonstrating the Relevance of SDGs to National and Sectoral Priorities Using Integrated Environmental Assessment (IEA) Tools Livia Bizikova and Laszlo."— Presentation transcript:

1 Demonstrating the Relevance of SDGs to National and Sectoral Priorities Using Integrated Environmental Assessment (IEA) Tools Livia Bizikova and Laszlo Pinter, IISD April 8, 2014 Sustainable Development Transition Forum Incheon, Korea

2 Session overview Introduction and opening slides (20 min)
Plenary discussion on linkages between SD priorities/goals and development strategies (20 min) DPSIR and SD goals (slides and plenary/group activity) (30 min) SD goals and indicators (slides and plenary activity) (30 min) Policies and communicating relevant for the SD goals (slides and group activity) (20 min)

3 Project overview Building on UNEP/IISD GEO/IEA training program started around 2000 Longer-term project started in 2009 and ended in July 2013; Training module; 4 capacity-building events for medium-level decision makers (approx. 145 people) in 2 countries and 2 regional events Training module and its revisions (2011 and 2013); review paper, submitted journal paper Future projects on TOT, national trainings, data support documents

4 Rationale for this session
Regarding National Development Plans ..... Tend to be driven by consultants rather than consultations Silo structure with sectoral goals and objectives → lost opportunities for synergies and integration Short term planning horizon, usually tied to the political business cycle Increasingly responsive to global sustainable development agendas → hence opportunities to build synergies with SD priorities and goals

5 Rationale for this session
Regarding implementation….. “Tendency not to take on a specific SD goal due to perception it belongs to a single Ministry and not relevant to others” “What is the national development plan and how does the goal fit into it. Need to show that the goal fits into the plan and is not additional work.” “They need to highlight what the national benefit is of the SD goals. The minister needs to see how and why it is good for the country”

6 Approaches to mainstreaming
Mainstreaming helps enhance the policy development targeting agreements, key issues by increasing policy coherence, addressing trade-offs and capturing the opportunities for synergistic results in terms of meeting social, economic and environmental priorities An informed inclusion of relevant concerns (adaptation, environment) into the decisions of institutions that drive national, local and sectoral development policy, rules, plans, investment and action. In this respect, the understanding of mainstreaming is close to “integration” or “reciprocal mainstreaming”, indicating that both the context and the development aims are considered as important as environmental/adaptation aims, and that all three aspects should closely interact (Dalal-Clayton & Bass, 2009).

7 Active policy-makers Surveys by Maiello et al. (2013) showed that managers and policy-makers rely on knowledge provided by external experts and collaboration with peers and other stakeholders. Limited capacity of policy-makers to bridge domains (Naylor et al., 2012) and integrate different types of knowledge and across different stakeholders’ group A critical process when focusing on mainstreaming is thus increasing the capacities of policy-makers to act as active “integrators” and transcend the boundaries of their sectors and agencies (Feldman and Kademian, 2007). Such active roles could be strengthened by improving the capacities and competences of integrators by recognizing and institutionalizing more flexible mechanisms in collaboration and interactions (van Buuren & Edelenbos, 2004; Cornell et al., 2013).

8 MEAs Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife to the Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region (SPAW) Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) The Convention on Wetlands -- "Ramsar Convention“

9 Examples of SD goal proposals
Theme Goal Subgoal Goal 8. Energy and climate change (Source: ASEF Small Planet report) Climate change is effectively addressed while access to clean and sustainable energy is significantly improved 8.1. Everyone has access to sufficient energy and consumption is efficient and sustainable 8.2. The generation of clean and sustainable renewables has increased. 8.3. The rate of GHG concentration increase in the atmosphere has been reduced Goal 6: Improve agriculture systems and raise rural prosperity (Source: SDSN) Improve farming practices, rural infrastructure, and access to resources for food production to increase the productivity of agriculture, livestock and fisheries, raise smallholder incomes, reduce environmental impacts, promote rural prosperity, and ensure resilience to climate change 6.a. Ensure sustainable food production systems with high yields and high efficiency of water, soil nutrients, and energy, supporting nutritious diets with low food losses and waste 6.b. Halt forest and wetland conversion to agriculture, protect soil resources, and ensure that farming systems are resilient to climate change and disasters 6.c. Ensure universal access in rural areas to basic resources and infrastructure services (land, water, sanitation, modern energy, transport, mobile and broadband communication, agricultural inputs and advisory services)

10 Steps in the process SDG Outcome Planning IMPLEMENTATION AND REPORTING
#1 Clarify Focal SDG, Status and Linkages with Development Priorities Tool #1: Priorities Mapping using Ecosystem - Wellbeing Linkages [Day 1 am/pm] #6 Prepare Policy Planning Brief #2 Identify Synergies Among Focal SDGs Tool #6: Policy Planning Brief [Day 4 am] Tool #2: Synergy Mapping using DPSIR Analysis [Day 2 am] SDG Outcome Planning Tool #5: Policy Stress Testing using Existing Scenarios [Day 3 pm] #3 Articulate Desired Future Outcomes #5 Assess Risks and Opportunities and Improve and Adapt as Necessary Tool #3: Setting the Challenge Scenario [Day 2 pm] #4 Identify Portfolio of Policies for Achieving Future Outcomes Tool #4: Policy Mapping and Back-casting [Day 3am]

11 Tool #1 Priorities Mapping
SDG1 Sector priorities or SDG2 Map the connections between the subgoals of the SDGs and the elements of a selected national priority SDG Subgoal Water availability and access: Safe and affordable water is provided for all and the integrity of the water cycle is ensured 9.1. Water consumption of households and all economic sectors is efficient and sustainable 9.2. Infrastructure is available and well maintained to ensure a sufficient and safe water supply 9.3. The integrity of the water cycle has been achieved through widespread adoption of integrated water resources management Priority elements National / sector development priority Maternal health Human health Healthy lifestyles Universal access to sanitation ?

12 Tool #1 Priorities Mapping
Development Priority SDGs Map the connections between the subgoals of the SDGs and the elements of a selected national priority SDG Subgoal Priority elements National / sector development priority

13 Specific SDG Aspects: Biodiversity
Currently lot of illegal diving, plant, shell collection is going on(Food , fish) Marine protected areas sometimes too small and/or not well protected so it could have impacts of fish biodiversity and on commercial fishing (recent studies showed decline in some of the major fish species and drop in their size) Increasing number of invasive species are being observed on the coast line and in fish catches (from agriculture as well; new species were detected during the last few years) Agricultural runoff have negative impacts on water quality (land and around the coasts) (no statistics available; but increasing local pollution reports Coral bleaching is increasing (more then 45 per cent areas is bleached) National Development Priority - National Vision Plan Priorities Human Well-being Aspects Flourishing tourism sector Continues role of agriculture in ensuring food security Reducing fresh water use Increasing resilience against extreme weather events More than 45 per cent of the region is derive from tourism (and the country would like to increase it especially ecotourism) Tourist (foreign and domestic) come to the area because of beaches, biodiversity, diving/ snorkelling Fishing provides sources of income, healthy diet, restaurants for tourists Lot of traditional plants are used by communities Small-scale (and medium) agriculture depends on the water, soil (erosion control), pastures (30 per cent of all food is grown in the area – important to ensure food security) Vegetation provides flood protection, reduces severe impacts of droughts and fresh air in the area (increasing importance because of occurrence of severe weather events)

14 SDG Outcome Planning IMPLEMENTATION AND REPORTING
#1 Clarify Focal SDGs, Status and Linkages with Development Priorities Tool #1: Priorities Mapping using Ecosystem - Wellbeing Linkages [Day 1 am/pm] #6 Prepare Policy Planning Brief #2 Identify Synergies Among Focal SDGs Tool #6: Policy Planning Brief [Day 4 am] Tool #2: Synergy Mapping using DPSIR Analysis [Day 2 am] SDG Outcome Planning Tool #5: Policy Stress Testing using Existing Scenarios [Day 3 pm] #3 Articulate Desired Future Outcomes #5 Assess Risks and Opportunities and Improve and Adapt as Necessary Tool #3: Setting the Challenge Scenario [Day 2 pm] #4 Identify Portfolio of Policies for Achieving Future Outcomes Tool #4: Policy Mapping and Back-casting [Day 3am]

15 Knowledge gained from data is fundamental to our understanding of environmental/socio-economic issues as well as for communicating information to policy-makers and other groups in society. Without good quality, relevant data and indicators, assessments/recomendations loses not only valuable communication tools, but also credibility and the ability to measure progress towards sustainability goals and objectives. UNEP (2008); IEA, Module 4

16 Small Planet SDG indicators: Health and Population

17 SDG Outcome Planning IMPLEMENTATION AND REPORTING
#1 Clarify Focal SDGs, Status and Linkages with Development Priorities Tool #1: Priorities Mapping using Ecosystem - Wellbeing Linkages [Day 1 am/pm] #6 Prepare Policy Planning Brief #2 Identify Synergies Among Focal SDGs Tool #6: Policy Planning Brief [Day 4 am] Tool #2: Synergy Mapping using DPSIR Analysis [Day 2 am] SDG Outcome Planning Tool #5: Policy Stress Testing using Existing Scenarios [Day 3 pm] #3 Articulate Desired Future Outcomes #5 Assess Risks and Opportunities and Improve and Adapt as Necessary Tool #3: Setting the Challenge Scenario [Day 2 pm] #4 Identify Portfolio of Policies for Achieving Future Outcomes Tool #4: Policy Mapping and Back-casting [Day 3am]

18 Example – Telling an Integrated Story
HUMAN SOCIETY DRIVERS Population growth PRESSURES Agriculture Sewage Discharge Erosion IMPACTS well-being - Access to clean water - Nourishment - health Services - Fresh water - Food - Recreation Direct influence through human interventions RESPONSES N and P regulation Infrastructure Bottle water STATE AND TRENDS River water quality–declining ENVIRONMENT Step 1 What is happening to the environment and why? Step 2 What are the consequences for the environment and humanity? Step 3 What is being done and how effective is it?

19 Creating a Policy Map – A System Perspective
DRIVERS Indirect influence through human development PRESSURES Anthropogenic and natural Sectors Human influences Natural processes IMPACTS Aspects of human wellbeing Policy 1 Policy 2 Policy 3 SDGs Policy Map Policy 8 Policy 4 Policy 7 Ecosystem services impacted Policy 5 Policy 6 STATE and TRENDS What is the key environment state addressed by the SDGs?

20 Creating a Policy Map – Example
DRIVERS Urban Growth PRESSURES Sewage Discharge Sectors Human influences Natural processes Job creation incentives IMPACTS Nutrition and hydration Livelihoods Recreational and Cultural enjoyment Spatial development regulations Food imports Infrastructure expenditures SDGs Policy Map Water imports Decreased fish catches Less drinking water Sewer charges Water quality standards In-situ treatment STATE and TRENDS River Water Quality

21 Developed by: Lisa Benjamin (Bahamas), Samuel Carrette (Dominica), Michelle Walters (St. Kitts and Nevis), Laverne Walker (St. Lucia), Christopher Roberts (CEHI) and Jason Williams (Antigua and Barbuda)

22 Creating a Policy Map – A System Perspective
DRIVERS Indirect influence through human development PRESSURES Anthropogenic and natural Sectors Human influences Natural processes IMPACTS Aspects of human wellbeing SDGs Policy Map Ecosystem services impacted STATE and TRENDS What is the key environment state addressed by the SDGs?

23 SDG Outcome Planning IMPLEMENTATION AND REPORTING
#1 Clarify Focal SDGs, Status and Linkages with Development Priorities Tool #1: Priorities Mapping using Ecosystem - Wellbeing Linkages [Day 1 am/pm] #6 Prepare Policy Planning Brief #2 Identify Synergies Among Focal SDGs Tool #6: Policy Planning Brief [Day 4 am] Tool #2: Synergy Mapping using DPSIR Analysis [Day 2 am] SDG Outcome Planning Tool #5: Policy Stress Testing using Existing Scenarios [Day 3 pm] #3 Articulate Desired Future Outcomes #5 Assess Risks and Opportunities and Improve and Adapt as Necessary Tool #3: Setting the Challenge Scenario [Day 2 pm] #4 Identify Portfolio of Policies for Achieving Future Outcomes Tool #4: Policy Mapping and Back-casting [Day 3am]

24 Policy Stress Testing To identify key policy performance risks and uncertainties that could prevent achievement of SDGs To identify key opportunities To improve and adapt the portfolio of policies as necessary to ensure maintain progress toward SDGs Idea of policy stress testing is to identify key factors that impact on policy performance Then examine policy performance under plausible future conditions that consider the most important and uncertain factors Can use existing scenario information to do this

25 GEO LAC 3 Scenarios:

26 GEO LAC 3 Scenarios Overview of the scenarios
Relegated Sustainability Sustainability Reforms Unsustainability and Increased Conflicts Transition to Sustainability Overview of the scenarios A) Relegated Sustainability (RS) –economic growth takes the priority. There is a strong emphasis on market forces which permits rapid economic growth; however at the cost of placing greater pressure on the environment and less advancements in social areas. There is a strong emphasis on continued consumption of natural resources to maintain economic activity, and natural resources are all exposed to market forces. B) Sustainability Reforms (SR)- strong emphasis on developing new policies and regulations to ease the adverse effects of the past preference placed on unregulated markets. While environmental and social problems are eased there is still a strong emphasis on pursuing the market approach to development which prevents significant advancements to be made. Science and technological capacities are strengthened and institutions however only in the identified prioritized areas. Similarly advancements are made in some environmental areas (controlling air pollution) while others persist (land management). More investments in health, education, environment and development assistance provided and new approaches to credit policies there is more rapid progress in achieving social goals without sacrificing economic development. C) Unsustainability and Increased Conflicts (UIC)- this scenario is characterized by a marked socioeconomic and political fragmentation with growing disparities between the rich and poor. Growing inequality and social fragmentation due to low investments in environmental issues and social services is prominent. The control of natural resources remains in the hands of the powerful elite and large corporations and only those that are of their interests are well-preserved. Violence and socio-political conflicts are considerable with strong migratory pressures. D) Transition to Sustainability- this scenario places sustainability first, that is emphasizing the integration of the combination of economic, social and environmental factors, and a greater emphasis on human development. Regional economic integration increases and there is less consumption in materials and natural resources. Migratory pressures are reduced and basic needs are met without growing threats to natural resources. Decision making processes are more transparent and balanced. Economic growth and equal distribution of the wealth is greatest in this scenario and is due to increased investments in health, education, and environmentally sustainable technologies.

27 Stress Test Questtions
Risks: Is achievement of your desired SDG target(s) at risk given the plausible future conditions outlined in the scenario? If so, what factors are likely to have the most impact, and how? What adaptations for the portfolio of SDG policies are necessary to mitigate against the potential risks? Opportunities: What opportunities does the scenario present for achieving your desired SDGs target(s) that have not yet been considered? What actions are necessary for the portfolio of SDG policies to be able to leverage the opportunities that may present themselves in the future?

28 SDG Outcome Planning IMPLEMENTATION AND REPORTING
#1 Clarify Focal SDGs, Status and Linkages with Development Priorities Tool #1: Priorities Mapping using Ecosystem - Wellbeing Linkages [Day 1 am/pm] #6 Prepare Policy Planning Brief #2 Identify Synergies Among Focal SDGs Tool #6: Policy Planning Brief [Day 4 am] Tool #2: Synergy Mapping using DPSIR Analysis [Day 2 am] SDG Outcome Planning Tool #5: Policy Stress Testing using Existing Scenarios [Day 3 pm] #3 Articulate Desired Future Outcomes #5 Assess Risks and Opportunities and Improve and Adapt as Necessary Tool #3: Setting the Challenge Scenario [Day 2 pm] #4 Identify Portfolio of Policies for Achieving Future Outcomes Tool #4: Policy Mapping and Back-casting [Day 3am]

29 Policy Brief Template (max 2 pages) 1. Key SDG commitments and their relevance to national development priorities: ...[summarize results from Tool #1 Priorities Mapping]… 2. Synergies and Important Stakeholders within and outside of government: … [summarize the results of Tool #2 Synergies Mapping]… 3. Possible future SDG outcome targets: …[summarize the results of Tool #3 Policy Mapping]… 4. Existing Policy Inventory and Recommendations: …[summarize the results of Tool #4 5. Risks and Opportunities for Achieving Outcomes: ….[summarize the results of Tool #5 Policy Stress Testing]…


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