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Gerencia Técnica © Copyright FNC año 2014 Programa de Medio Ambiente Gerencia Técnica Transformation of Coffee Cultivation and its Contribution to the Conservation of Biodiversity in the Colombian Andes
Programa de Medio Ambiente – Gerencia Técnica © Copyright FNC año 2014 The coffee zone Coffee in Colombia
Programa de Medio Ambiente – Gerencia Técnica © Copyright FNC año 2014 o Coffee is grown by 577,961 producers that cover 3.13 million hectares of land, of which 972,018 ha are planted with coffee. o Average coffee producer cultivates 1.68 ha of coffee and owns another 3.73 ha for other purposes. o April ‘13 – March ‘14: production of 11.4 million bags, of which 10.4 million were exported. o 27% of producers are women. o 28% of producers linked to some protocol of sustainability. The coffee growers * Coffee in Colombia * Information from February 2014
Programa de Medio Ambiente – Gerencia Técnica © Copyright FNC año 2014 Vision Consolidate the productive and social development of the coffee family, ensuring the sustainability of coffee cultivation and positioning Colombian Coffee as the world's best Ecological & Financial Sustainability Coffee in Colombia The coffee organisation
Programa de Medio Ambiente – Gerencia Técnica © Copyright FNC año 2014 Deforestation and loss of Environmental Services: Continues in Colombia, but the rate has diminished. What has incremented is natural forest degradation. The causes of deforestation in Colombia are animal husbandry, some cash-crops and agroindustry, illicit crops, large-scale projects of infrastructure, mining (V National Report to CBD, March 2014). There is no evidence that land is cleared to expand the area of coffee cultivation. Some Indicators
Programa de Medio Ambiente – Gerencia Técnica © Copyright FNC año 2014 Coffee and Shade: Important to make clear that the fact of less shade-grown coffee does not imply a loss of biodiversity. BD is not managed at the level of a coffee plantation or at the farm, but on a larger scale: the micro- watershed, an ecosystem, a region. In the northern coffee growing regions there is traditionally more shade than the centre of the country. 97% of the coffee grown in the indigenous territories of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta is shade- grown. 199720072009Febr. 2014 Total Coffee Area 869.000 ha877.000 ha887.000 ha972.018 ha w/shade or semi-shade 578.000 (67%) 468.000 (53%) 457.000 (51%) 427.688 (44%) Some Indicators
Programa de Medio Ambiente – Gerencia Técnica © Copyright FNC año 2014 Environmental Program (projects KfW, GEF) FNC promotes the incorporation of biodiversity as an element of development and sustainability INTEGRATED APPROACH (central element: H 2 O) Incentives & Investments that stimulate good practices of managing the landscape (in a changing climate), while at the same time maintaining / improving net income: Landscape Management ToolsLandscape Management Tools Improved infrastructure Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) Certification of coffee farms Payment for Environmental Services (carbon, H 2 O) Value chain of non-wood forest products (NWFP) Property tax exemption Food security and nutrition Technical assistance (participatory methods) Sensitization / Education / Training
Programa de Medio Ambiente – Gerencia Técnica © Copyright FNC año 2014
Programa de Medio Ambiente – Gerencia Técnica © Copyright FNC año 2014 Transforming the production systems in the coffee region, to make them more sustainable Strategic watersheds in the coffee region Landscape Management Tools
Programa de Medio Ambiente – Gerencia Técnica © Copyright FNC año 2014 Landscape Management Tools Five steps of activities to implement the LMT and integrate these in good agricultural practices system: Step 1: Baseline, with basic information about the state of: a) biodiversity in the watershed; b) performance of the farms, and c) knowledge and perceptions of farmers towards biodiversity and conservation. Step 2: Participatory planning for the construction of the corridor (which LMT and where). Step 3: Education program with main activities: a) training plan, and b) training workshops with researchers (monitoring). Step 4: Integrated system of GAP (waste management, water treatment, use of agrochemicals). Step 5: Evaluation of project results / impacts in the watershed (comparison against baseline).
Programa de Medio Ambiente – Gerencia Técnica © Copyright FNC año 2014 Conservación bosques Plantaciones con nativas Enriquecimiento bosques Sistemas agroforestales Plantaciones comerciales Implementing corridors for the conservation of biodiversity – Establishing Landscape Management Tools Minicorredores Landscape Management Tools
Programa de Medio Ambiente – Gerencia Técnica © Copyright FNC año 2014 Agrobiodiversidad 62 LMT connecting 58 ha Landscape Management Tools
Programa de Medio Ambiente – Gerencia Técnica © Copyright FNC año 2014 Landscape Man. Tools Agroforestry systems Forest conservation Enrichment planting * Avance a 31 de diciembre de 2013 Commercial wood plantations Bamboo plantations Execution in 1993-2013 (ha) 16,313 4,552 16,561 31,680 88 USD 35 million international co-financiers USD 8 million contribution of FNC 11,159 beneficiaries (families)USD 43 million executed 13,100 permanent jobs 71,132 ha Conservation corridors1,939 Results LMT
Programa de Medio Ambiente – Gerencia Técnica © Copyright FNC año 2014 Propagation and planting of more than 30 plant species in threatened category. New species detected or species detected again. Actions are being scaled-up and coverage is now in 11 of the 22 coffee producing departments. Revenue from biodiversity-friendly coffee cultivation, by certified or non- certified products and/or payment for ecosystem services (PES) increased 8% at the coffee farms participating in the project during its implementation in 2011, 2012 and 2013. Specifically, income certification / verification increased by 12% the net income of coffee, PES/Carbon revenues by 9%, income from property tax exemption by 7%, revenue by PES/Water 13%, and revenue from value chain by 5%. Diversification / new sources of income. Results
Programa de Medio Ambiente – Gerencia Técnica © Copyright FNC año 2014 Let's have coffee and talk about sustainable development
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