Presentation on theme: "LXXXI Asamblea Nacional “La Globalización: Retos y oportunidades”"— Presentation transcript:
1LXXXI Asamblea Nacional “La Globalización: Retos y oportunidades” (Muchisima gracias para su introducción, muy amabile.) Thank you for your kind introduction.(Estimado convidados y amigos, perdona me, por favor, para hablar en Ingles － y para usar illustracion con texto in Ingles, Japones y Espanol.)Distinguished guests and friends. Please forgive me for making this presentation in English, using slides with texts that are mixtures of English, Japanese and Spanish.Today, I would like to talk to you about the “Risks and Opportunities” based on my experiences of wearing three hats.I would like to begin by addressing this theme from the perspective of the Japan Society of San Diego and Tijuana, talking about what “true globalization” has meant for Japan, focusing on its successes and mistakes that Japan has made throughout the history.Next, I would like to introduce Kyocera to you, how it developed from a very small venture business (PyMES), and the challenges it meet in achieving its vision of becoming a truly global corporation.Finally, allow me to wear my hat as an old university professor to theorize on the future of globalization and the important role that Mexico can play in this. I would like to aim this specifically at the four Objectives of this National Assembly.México Japón E. U. A.Michael S. Inoue, Ph.D.Presidente, Sociedad Japonesa de San Diego y Tijuana (JSSDT)Senior Advisor, Kyocera International, Inc. (KII)A Former Professor, Oregon State University
2Objetivo #1Identificar las oportunidades, los retos y las amenazas que la globalización plantea en particular a los empresarios (Kyocera Mexicana, SA de CV) y en general para el desarrollo de México (y Japón).Namely: Challenges and Risks of globalization on sub-contractors from Kyocera’s perspectives, and on the general development of a country, using the example of Japan.
3Objetivo #2Urgir a los responsables de las decisiones nacionales, a los políticos y en general a los mexicanos (japonés) a que unamos esfuerzos en pro de la competitividad como una fórmula indispensable para afrontar los retos y amenazas que plantea la globalización.#2: Challenges and Risks of globalization on sub-contractors from Kyocera’s perspectives, and on the general development of a country, using the example of Japan.
4Objetivo #3Proponer a la sociedad puntos de consenso indispensable en México (Japón y Kyocera) para hacer posible el incremento de la competitividad y en consecuencia abatir la pobreza en un mundo crecientemente globalizado.#3: How Japan and Kyocera had grown out of “poverty” and gain their competitiveness in an increasingly competitive global market.
5Objetivo #4Llamar a los empresarios mexicanos (Kyocera) para que se unan a los que ya están en Coparmex (e.g. JETRO) en la búsqueda de la economía competitiva y socialmente responsable que necesita el país (Japón) frente a la globalización.#4: The roles that an organization similar to COPARMEX (Jetro in the case of Japan) can play in economic competitiveness and social responsibility globalization of a country, Japan.
6¿Qué es precisamente la globalización? (Case of Japan) 1549Francisco de Javier 8/15/1549; a Mexican missionary included in 26 Martyrs of Nagasaki (2/5/1597)1650Isolation1817Commodore Matthew Perry visits Japan1882Japanese Navy visits San Diego, Acapulco1900Colonialization (Manchuria, Korea, Taiwan, …)1940Militarism1945End of WWII; survival (imitations); Protectionism1959Economic boom; Acquisition of foreign companies1998Bubble burstsIn the case of Japan, the country was first opened by trade and religious missions, notably Saint Francis of Xavier who came to Japan in As Christianity spread rapidly, alarmed Shogun began persecuting missionaries, crucifying 26 martyrs in 1957, including a Mexican friar.Then the country entered into isolation, closing all ports to foreign vessels, except Nagasaki, until Commodore Perry of the US Navy forced Japan to end its isolation.Japan built its armed forces and the first Japanese Navy Vessel, Tsukuba, visited San Diego in
7¿Qué es precisamente la globalización? Stage 0Isolation and ProtectionismStage 1Regional and inter-state commerceStage 2Colonialization (Foreign capital, technology)Stage 3Bilateral commerceStage 4International companiesLocal production by foreign subsidiariesStage 5Multinational corporationLocal R&D, product designStage 6Global corporationA group of multinational companiesSo, what is “Globalization”? I think that globalization is a dynamic concept that continues to evolve, even today.Stage 0 is a complete isolation and protectionism, trying to safeguard what we now have, avoiding any competition. Today, even countries North Korea and Cuba recognize that they cannot continue to exist in isolation. However, companies use isolation and protection to safeguard R&D and new business ideas to incubate.Stage 1 is for regional and inter-state commerce within a country. This is where most small to medium size companies start.Stage 2 is what I call colonialization, where capitals and technolgies are imported and products are exported.Stage 3 is where we have two-way trades that benefit both countries and their companies. Trading companies are established.Stage 4 is where international companies are established with local production in addition to sales. Technologies are transferred from the parent.Stage 5 is a truly Global Corporation with
8¿Qué es precisamente la globalización? (Case of Kyocera) 1959Dr. Kazuo Inamori establishes Kyocera in Kyoto with 27 employees, US$10,000 in capital. Sales: $5K/mos.1965Texas Instruments (‘65), IBM(‘66) place orders.1969Kyocera International, Inc. established in Sunnyvale, CA.1972KII Production in San Diego, (1st Japanese Mfg in CA)1976ADR listed on NYSE1984Established KDDI (then DDI)1990Merged AVX, the first stock swap merger of a Japanese company with a foreign company199520% listed AVX on NYSE $1B sales, Profit grew x52000Established Kyocera Wireless Corp.(from QUALCOMM)1959: 27 employees and US$10,000 in capital, dreamed to be:First in the neighborhoodFirst in KyotoFirst in JapanFirst in global “technical ceramic” business1965: Used a Japanese trade company to market overseas.1969: Established Kyocera International, Inc., in Sunnyvale, CA, USA as a sales company.1972: Become the first Japanese Manufacturing Plant in California1976: ADR listing on NYSE1984: Established Kyocera Chairs at MIT, CWRU, University of Washington1984: Established DDI Corporation (now KDDI) and Inamori Foundation1990: Effected merger of AVX1995: Published “Passion for Success” from McGraw Hill; DDI enters cell phone business;Re-list AVX on NYSE with sales doubled to US$1B; profit grew over 500%)2000: Established Kyocera Wireless Corp. (formerly QUALCOMM Handset Division)
9Introducing Kyocera Corporation (1) Founded : April 1959Headquarters : Kyoto, JapanFY00 Sales : Trillion Yen (about $10.2 Billion)General Facts : >80% of sales derived from telecom, information processing and Internet-related businessesLeading Products : Telecom & information equipment (wireless phones, copiers, printers, faxes); advanced ceramics; electronic components; semiconductor packages; solar power systems; cameras
10Introducing Kyocera Corporation (2) Workforce: Approximately 42,000 worldwideResearch and Development Centers:Central Research Center, KagoshimaYokohama Research Center, YokohamaKeihanna Research Center, KyotoKyocera Mita R&D Center, OsakaAdvanced Ceramics Technology Center, Vancouver, WA, U.S.A.Advanced Products Technical Center, Myrtle Beach, SC, U.S.A.Israel Research Center, Jerusalem, IsraelManufacturing Plants: 61Japan: 18ROW: 43Named by IndustryWeek among “The World’s 100 Best-Managed Companies”
12Fine Ceramic Group Share of Kyocera Group’s FY01 Net Sales: 28.3% FY01 sales: ¥363 billion($2.881 billion)up 34.0%Fine Ceramic PartsSemiconductor PartsConsumer-related Products
13Electronic Device Group Share of Kyocera Group’s FY01 Net Sales: 30.6% FY01 sales: ¥393 billion($3.116 billion)up 46.6%Electronic Components
14Share of Kyocera Group’s FY01 Net Sales: 36.3% Equipment GroupShare of Kyocera Group’s FY01 Net Sales: 36.3%FY01 sales: ¥467 billion($3.709 billion)up 117.3%Telecommunications EquipmentInformation EquipmentOptical Instruments
15Business Segment Information Semi34.0%Fine CerConsumer30.6%36.3%TelcomInfoOptical
16Global Manufacturing THE AMERICAS 20 Manufacturing Plants San Diego, CA CDMA wireless phonesSan Diego, CA Semiconductor packagesBeaverton, OR Semiconductor packagesMountain Home, NC Structural ceramic partsVancouver, WA Structural ceramic partsScottsdale, AZ Solar energy productsIrvine, CA Carbide Cutting ToolsBiddeford, ME (AVX) Electronic componentsColorado Springs, CO (AVX) Electronic componentsConway, SC (AVX) Electronic componentsMyrtle Beach, SC (AVX) Electronic componentsRaleigh, NC (AVX) Electronic componentsOlean, NY (AVX) Electronic componentsSun Valley, CA (AVX) Electronic componentsTijuana, Mexico Semiconductor packagesChihuahua, Mexico (AVX) Electronic componentsJuarez, Mexico (AVX) Electronic componentsSan Salvador, El Salvador (AVX) Electronic componentsSao Paulo, Brazil Optical instrumentsManaus, Brazil (AVX) Electronic ComponentsProvincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina Solar energy products
17Global Manufacturing JAPAN 18 Manufacturing Plants Hokkaido Kitami Optical ceramics, telecom equipment,electronic componentsFukushima Tanagura Telecom equipmentChiba Sakura Solar systemsNagano Okaya Optical instruments, electronic componentsTokyo Ohme Optical lensesMie Ise Solar power systemsMie Tamaki Laser printersShiga Semiconductor packages, electronic components,structural ceramic components, solar productsKagoshima Sendai Semiconductor packages, electronic components,structural ceramic partsKagoshima Kokubu Semiconductor packages, electronic components,Kagoshima Hayato Electronic componentsKyocera Elco Corp. Electronic connectorsKyocera Optec Co. Ltd. Optical instrumentsKyocera Mita (5 plants) Copiers and facsimile equipment
18Global Manufacturing EUROPE / MIDDLE EAST 12 Manufacturing Plants Paignton, England (AVX) Electronic componentsNewmarket, England (AVX) Electronic componentsBiggleswade, England (AVX) Electronic componentsColeraine, N. Ireland (AVX) Electronic componentsLarne, N. Ireland (AVX) Electronic componentsBetzdorf, Germany (AVX) Electronic componentsSeurre, France (AVX) Electronic componentsBeaune, France (AVX) Electronic componentsSaint Appolinaire, France (AVX) Electronic componentsLanskroun, Czech Rep. (AVX) Electronic componentsUherske Hradiste, Czech Rep. (AVX) Electronic componentsJerusalem, Israel (AVX) Electronic components
19Major Operating Subsidiaries and Affiliates PRODUCT / SERVICETelecommunications common carrierMobile and portable telephone servicesPHS communication servicesAmusement and leisureMultimedia servicesLeasing servicesTelecom & information systems servicesElectronic ComponentsElectronics ConnectorsCDMA wireless phonesCopiers, faxesElectronic componentsCOMPANYDDI CorporationCellular Telephone CompaniesDDI Pocket Telephone CompaniesTaito CorporationKyocera Multimedia CorporationKyocera Leasing Co., Ltd.Kyocera Communication Systems Co., Ltd.Kinseki, Ltd.Kyocera Elco CorporationKyocera Wireless Corp.S.K. Teletech Co., Ltd.Kyocera Mita Corp.AVX Corporation
20Necesidades Fisiológicas Triángulo de Braham H. Maslow ( ) sobre las necessidades humanas (Inoue, Murray y Blanco, p.28)Crea-tividadAutoEstimaPertenenciaSegridadNecesidades FisiológicasSo how do we tie these together? The common thread that would tie Mexico, Japan, and the world in our discussion of Globalization?As the basis, I would like to use Braham H. Maslow’s model of human needs.
21National Development Arts, sciences Sovereignty Autonomy Education, social developmentSecurity (Laws and Order)Food, Clothing, Shelter, EnergyA nation follows a same path.
22Maslow’s Triangle for a Global Corporation MoralityMissionCo. StructureInspired LeadershipDedicated WorkforceSafety, security, compensations
23Maslow’s Triangle for Kyocera “Respect the Divine Co.And Love People” MottoPhilosophy Kyocera PhilosophyAmoebas Co. StructureInspired Leadership “Formula forDedicated Workforce Success”Safety, security, profit, compensations
24Maslow’s Triangle for a Corporate Location Tech-nologyLogisticsInfrastructureQuality labor costProspect for profitability,Safety, security, water, food, housing
25Kyocera Formula for Success The Result of our workOr of our life=Ability (0~100%)xEffort (0~100%)XAttitude (-100%~100%)
26Kyocera Philosophy P. A. S. S. I. O. N. Dr Kyocera Philosophy P.A.S.S.I.O.N. Dr. Kazuo Inamori, Founder Kyocera & KDDIPurpose/ProfitAmbitionSincerityStrengthInnovationOptimismNever Give Up
27Global Prosperity and Happiness Mexico, Japan and EUA can lead the world
28Consolidated BUSINESS OVERVIEW For the year ended March 31, 2001 Kyocera CorporationConsolidatedBUSINESS OVERVIEWFor the year ended March 31, 2001
29Presentation Outline 1. Introducing Kyocera Corporation 2. Strategic Market Directions3. Business Segment Information4. Global Manufacturing5. Organization6. The “Inamori Group”7. North American Operations8. Fiscal 2000 Sales by Product Line9. Major Operating Subsidiaries & Affiliates
30Telecommunication Environment Quality of Life Kyocera StrategyProducts forTelecommunication Environment Quality of Life