2Social WorkerSocial workers help people tackle the problems they face in their daily lives. These problems could relate to mental or physical handicaps old age problems, mental disharmony conflicts with law, unemployment, destitution etcSalary: 81 Thousand to Lakhs per annumStd XII Stream: Humanities/Arts Mandatory Subject: SociologyCareer Interest: Social, Outdoor
3Job ProfileSocial workers work at three major levels- individual, group level and community or organization level. Social workers job is outlined by the institution they are employed. School social workers Social workers in schools work with students, teachers and parentsEstablish a positive relationship between the school and the home in the interest of the childEducate and counsel for preventing drug and alcohol abuse, for sex related problems and diseases etcManage students with disabilities, facing problems of addiction, emotional deprivation and abuse, truancy and maladjustment among children.Organize community outreach programs for students
4Medical social workers Work with the critically ill patients and with bereaved familiesProvide counseling and practical assistance
5Psychiatric social workers Work with disturbed children and adolescents with behavior problems, maladjusted teenagers, withdrawal cases and children with learning problemsMake an assessment of the factors contributing to the problemConduct family therapy and other kinds of intervention.Liasioning with teachers, and educational psychologists.Meeting various client groups in a psychiatric hospitalHelping psychiatrists assess new referralsWrite case sheetsFacilitate the treatment process
6Community social workCommunity social workers work in urban and rural areas and with international or national organizations. TheyIdentify community problems, e.g. problems of bad housing, unemployment, lack of local facilities, or minority group issuesInitiate remedial actionInfluence social policy and mobilize resources
7Community social workCommunity social workers work in urban and rural areas and with international or national organizations. TheyIdentify community problems, e.g. problems of bad housing, unemployment, lack of local facilities, or minority group issuesInitiate remedial actionInfluence social policy and mobilize resources
8Child care and family services social workers Work in day care centers and child care homes.Handle problems related to children from infancy to adulthoodHandle problems related to different cultures and services for children with congenital disabilities
9Gerontological social workers Deal with care of old people in old people's homesWork in centers handling cases of AIDS
10Criminology and correctional social workers Work in prisons, reformatories, remand homes, crime and delinquent prevention programsCreate a positive social climate for prevention of antisocial behaviors
11Labor welfare social workers Form an integral part of the labor welfare section of personnel departments in industries and commercial organizationsResearch social workers Carry on social research
13Employment Opportunities Social workers specializing in: Criminology and correctional social workers work in prisons, and government welfare departmentsMedical and psychiatric social workers work in clinics, hospitals, sanatoria, child guidance clinics, counseling centers, mental hospitals, medical colleges, community public health centers etcSocial workers in Community development are involved in field work with community groups, government and voluntary agencies and Non-Governmental Agencies (NGOs)Labor welfare and industrial relations social workers work in personnel department of Industrial and Corporate sectorsChild care and family services social workers work in family planning and Aids awareness campaigns of the government. World organizations such as the United Nations, sponsors projects to facilitate developing countries in their social welfare and other developmental programs
14Masters in Social Work is a two-year course open to graduates Masters in Social Work is a two-year course open to graduates. This is a professional training necessary for social workers. While the course is open to all graduates candidates from Sociology/Social Work/Psychology background get preference. Admission to the postgraduate course is made through a written test and interview. The test assesses mental ability and general awareness and the interview is aimed to identify candidates with genuine interest in social workTheir job overlaps the work of anthropologists, sociologists and psychologists
15Acharya Nagarjuna University Bharathiar UniversityJamia Millia IslamiaAmravati UniversityBangalore UniversityDevi Ahilya VishwavidyalayaGulbarga UniversityKurukshetra UniversityMangalore UniversitySri Venkateshwara University
16Air HostessAn airhostess (woman) and steward (man) are hosts on an airplane who hospitably look after the passengers in flight and tend to their comfort and requirements.Salary: 2.24 Lakhs to Lakhs per annumStd XII Stream: Science, Commerce, Humanities/ArtsCareer Interest: Social, Outdoor
17Job ProfileAir cabin crew look after the welfare, comfort and safety of passengers travelling in the aircraft. Preflight briefing - They are briefed by the captain on expected weather conditions, special passenger problems etc.They check emergency equipment in the aircraft.The aircraft and toilets are tidied and seat pocket information put in place.Meals and beverage for the number of passengers on board is checked.First-aid kits and other emergency equipment are checked.They greet passengers coming aboard, check their tickets, and assist them in storing carry-on luggage.When passengers are seated, they check that doors are closed and seat belts fastened.Before take-off they demonstrate the use of emergency equipment and point out exit doors and notify the pilot when they are ready for take- off.
18Inflight:They serve meals and drinks. Meals are usually pre-packed and stored in hot cases.Sell duty-free goods such as alcohol, perfume and tobacco.Make announcements on behalf of the pilot, and before landing they check that safety belts are fastened.Deal with emergencies such as the ill health of passengersIn case of flight emergencies they are trained to immediately apply the safety drills and help passengers vacate the aircraft before leaving themselves.
19On landing: They check stocks of duty-free goods. Complete account sheets showing balance of cash and stock.Prepare reports on medications given to passengers, lost and found articles, and cabin equipment conditions.Senior flight attendants are working supervisors aboard planes- directing the work of junior attendants while performing some of the same duties.
23National and some international airlines recruit cabin crew by calling for applications through leading newspapers - Graduates in the age group of years for training. International Airlines recruit airhostesses in the age group of years. Good language, ability and proficiency in English, Hindi, a regional language and at least one foreign language are essential requirements for inflight crew members working for National or International carriers. Physical requirements - Height for Air Hostesses - minimum of cm and Flight Pursers 163 cm with proportionate weight. Normal eyesight without glasses or a minimum uncorrected distant vision of 6/40 is acceptable.
24Selection National Carriers - Scrutinise applications and conduct written test comprising of general knowledge, mental ability and verbal ability for shortlisted candidates. This is followed by an interview and group discussion.International airlines conduct a preliminary interview during which the measurement of height and weight of the applicants is checked and candidates then take a written test which consists of general knowledge, mental ability, language ability (including vocabulary, listening, reading, speaking test for Hindi and English). This is followed by a main interview, during which the candidate's language fluency, diction, voice, communication skill, personality and reaction to adverse situations is assessed. Candidates are expected to have good knowledge of the aviation industry.Training - Selected candidates are trained by airlines. At various stages of training, practical and written tests are taken. After completion of the initial course, entrants have to go through a probationary period of on- the-job training with the airline under the supervision of experienced cabin crew for between six months to a year.
26Airport Ground Duty Personnel Airports have a host of staff working in its different departments - security and rescue services, legal department, fire department, construction and maintenance department, warehouses, airport transport, retail outlets, restaurants, and custom and immigration departments at international airports.Std XII Stream: Science, Commerce, Humanities/ArtsCareer Interest: Social, Outdoor
27Legal manager- is responsible for handling all legal formalities related to the airports. They are responsible for all legal matters concerning the airport they are assigned.Cargo managers oversee the team loading and unloading cargo and for ensuring safe delivery to carousels for collection by passengers. They are also in-charge of storage in warehouses, transportation, documentation and dispatch of air cargo.Job ProfilePersonnel managers are responsible for managing the recruitment and training of the task force under their charge.
28Commercial manager is responsible for the commercial activity at airport terminals. Housekeeping manager oversees the team for maintenance of the airport, terminals, washrooms, lounges etc.Stores and purchase manager are in-charge for procurement and supply of materials required for services at the airportAirport managerElectronics and technical manager oversee the installation, maintenance of technical and electronic equipments
29Airlines staff on ground duty Provide passenger services at the airport. Issue boarding passes and check in passengers. Direct passengers, provide information, prepare passenger lists, complete luggage and cargo documentation etc.Welcome passengers, guide them through immigration terminals, custom checks and security clearances and attend to passenger needs till they are on the flight.Traffic assistants over see the loading and unloading of baggage issuing instructions to passengers while deplaning and arranging for trolleys for passenger baggage.
34Where to study?Prestigious Institutes in AbroadPrestigious InstitutesAgra UniversityCollege of Vocational Studies, Delhi UniversitySita AcademyNIPS School of Hotel Management
35BodyguardBodyguards are trained to provide personal security to politicians, eminent movie stars, business executives, eminent professionals or anyone who wants protection. They undertake responsibility to protect their clients from physical harm, injury, kidnapping, stalkers or any kind of aggravating situation.Std XII Stream: Science, Commerce, Humanities/ArtsCareer Interest: Social, Outdoor
36Job Profile Provides protection to the client Decides the number of additional people required for providing adequate security to the clientPlans strategies to minimize the chances of a problem situationKeeps full information about the client's schedule and travel arrangements
37Collects all the relevant information about the venue, people and safety measures taken by the organizers before the client's visitTravels overseas with the clientKeeps an intense but calm watch to ensure safetyProvides physical cover to the client in the event of dangerRetaliates using physical encounter skills or weapons in case of an attack
42Border Security Force officer Border Security Force is deployed all along the borders of our country, along mountainous terrains, deserts and long coastal stretches for keeping vigil against infiltrators, smugglers and terrorists. This is a paramilitary service run by the government for national security.Std XII Stream: Science, Commerce, Humanities/ArtsCareer Interest: Social, Outdoor
43Job ProfileBSF troops are under the command of BSF officers. They patrol the borders on camel back, horse back, on foot, on speed boats or on helicopters.During peace BSF Provides intelligence reports from the border regionsProtects vital installationsProvides protection to people in the border areas.Assists in controlling riots, insurgencies, chaotic situations caused by natural disasters,
44Durin g war BSF Provides intelligence reports Keeps vigil over major operational areas such as bridges, roads, airstrips etc.BSF has three branchesGeneral Duty branch- in charge of vigilanceTechnical branch - maintains equipment, telecommunication networks and is in charge of construction work.Medical branch- provides all kinds of medical facilities to BSF troops
48Physical Standard - Height 165 cms. for men & 157 cms * Physical Standard - Height 165 cms. for men & 157 cms. for women, Chest 81 cms. with 5 cms minimum expansion, weight 50 kg. for men & 46 kg. for women.Physical/mental health should be good. Knock knees, flat foot and squint in eyes are not permitted. Perfect colour vision/corrected vision J-I/J-II permitted/corrected distant vision 6/6 (Better eye) and 6/12 (worse eye) or 6/9 and 6/9.
49**The written paper has two parts - Paper I of 250 marks is a test of general awareness, basic intelligence and reasoning and numerical ability. Paper II of 150 marks is an assessment of ability to read and understand serious discursive prose and also the ability to express the ideas clearly and correctly. This comprises essay (in Hindi or English), precis writing and comprehension of a given passage, (in English only).***Physical efficiency test - This is a test to ensure physical fitness. It comprises of 100 meters (16 sec), 800 meters races (3 miin), long jump 3.5 meters men, high jump 1.05 meters men, shot-put (4.50 meters, 7.26 Kgs). Three chances are given for long and high jump.****Interview - Beginning with questions pertaining to the bio data, the interviewers move on to hobbies, subjects of study, general awareness and general intelligence. The candidates psyche, aptitude, mannerisms and etiquette along with the dedication to the cause of the nation are also assessed by the Board.Preference in selection is given to outstanding sports men & NCC cadets who have outstanding record.
50JournalistJournalism is the business of giving news. Journalists work for newspapers, magazines, regional dailies, the electronic medium, websites and for government & public sector publications. The print medium holds an important role in our lives, providing the latest news and acting as a forum for addressing public issues and grievances.Salary: 92 Thousand to 9.27 Lakhs per annumStd XII Stream: Science, Commerce, Humanities/ArtsCareer Interest: Social, Outdoor
51Job Profile Newspaper journalism Newspaper work is broadly divided into two streams: the field and the desk.Field workJournalists are assigned to cover political issues, law and order, sports, education, local affairs and the like. Journalists may be assigned to specific ‘beats’ to cover all happenings in that area.
52They cover news stories, national and local events to inform it’s readers what is happening where, why and how.The main job entails witnessing events and reporting in a style which influences people to react to the changing scene.The local reporter, the national affairs correspondent, the foreign correspondent, sports, travel and other specialist writers all go outside the office to collect information and file news reports.
53Desk workThis is an office job. Sub-editors or copy editors process these ‘stories’ for presentation with headlines.They are responsible to see that the ‘story’ is objective and has no personal bias.Reporting and subbing are complementary and are vital functions in the editorial department.
54In the newspaper office The team in a newspaper office is headed by the editor under him there are sub-editors, correspondents, special reporters, reporters and freelance journalists, photojournalists etc.EditorsPlan the contents of the publication and supervise its preparation.Administrative duties of editors include hiring writers, planning budgets, negotiating contracts with freelance writers, etc.
55Associate or assistant editors Have responsibility for particular subjects, such as sports, international news, education, careers, family, etc.Sub-editorsGive final shape to the story submitted by a reporter.Acts almost like a ‘gate keeper’ editing, reformatting, objectively presenting each report keeping in mind the general policy of the newspaper.
56Reporters and correspondents Prepare stories about local, state, national and international events Present varied viewpoints on current issuesMonitor the actions of public officials and others who exercise power through their columns.CorrespondentsAre based in large cities and in other countries to prepare stories on major news events occurring in these locations.
57Freelance journalists Write independently and get paid for each piece or article they write.ColumnistAre appointed by newspapers & periodicals as specialists for regular columns.Contribute to the column on a regular basis for which they receive a fixed amount.CommentatorsEminent personalities, an authority in a field, are invited by the newspapers & periodicals to write on topical issues or leading articles on a selected subject.
58Magazine journalismThe structure in magazine publishing is almost the same as that of a newspaper. There is the editor, associate editors and journalists who write specific stories assigned to them.The work involves researching, interviewing and stimulating writing.There are freelance contributions, columnists and special commentators involved even in magazine journalism.
59Other people in the profession CartoonistPrepares comical or satirical sketch on political, cultural eventsWhile established cartoonists are working for some big groups, others are generally free lancers.ArtistsIllustrators and cartographers specialize in maps and charts to illustrate data work in this medium.PhotojournalistProvides photographs which cover or tell a story or illustrating an event.
61Employment Opportunities Newspaper groups of the English/Vernacular medium, News agencies, News Bureaus, Press Trust of India, English/Vernacular magazines and journals, Indian Information Service (Group A) of the government, Directorates of publicity employ trained journalists. The electronic medium Radio/TV news service, Video magazines, Advertising and Visual Communication agencies to offer jobs to journalists.
62Employers in Print medium (indicative list): Times of IndiaPioneerHindustan TimesManoramaIndia TodayOutlookDainik JagranHindu
64AJK Mass Communication Research Centre Amity School of Communication (ASCO)Asian College of JournalismGarware Institute of Career Education and DevelopmentIndian Institute of Mass CommunicationM I C APDN College of Communications Mgmt
65Border Security Force Officer Border Security Force is deployed all along the borders of our country, along mountainous terrains, deserts and long coastal stretches for keeping vigil against infiltrators, smugglers and terrorists. This is a paramilitary service run by the government for national security.Std XII Stream: Science, Commerce, Humanities/ArtsCareer Interest: Social, Outdoor
66Job ProfileBSF troops are under the command of BSF officers. They patrol the borders on camel back, horse back, on foot, on speed boats or on helicopters. During peace BSF Provides intelligence reports from the border regionsProtects vital installationsProvides protection to people in the border areas.Assists in controlling riots, insurgencies, chaotic situations caused by natural disasters.During war BSF Provides intelligence reportsKeeps vigil over major operational areas such as bridges, roads, airstrips etc.
67BSF has three branches General Duty branch- in charge of vigilance Technical branch - maintains equipment, telecommunication networks and is in charge of construction work.Medical branch- provides all kinds of medical facilities to BSF troops
68Skills required Dedication to serve the nation Physically robust Team playerAbility to work odd hoursDisciplinedLeadership traitsCourageousGood administrative skill
69Employment Opportunities Deputy Director(Personnel, BSF HQ, Block 10, CGO Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi Officers also go on deputation to work for special groups like National Security Guards and Special Protection Group.
71Physical Standard - Height 165 cms. for men & 157 cms * Physical Standard - Height 165 cms. for men & 157 cms. for women, Chest 81 cms. with 5 cms minimum expansion, weight 50 kg. for men & 46 kg. for women.Physical/mental health should be good. Knock knees, flat foot and squint in eyes are not permitted. Perfect colour vision/corrected vision J-I/J-II permitted/corrected distant vision 6/6 (Better eye) and 6/12 (worse eye) or 6/9 and 6/9.
72The written paper has two parts - Paper I of 250 marks is a test of general awareness, basic intelligence and reasoning and numerical ability. Paper II of 150 marks is an assessment of ability to read and understand serious discursive prose and also the ability to express the ideas clearly and correctly. This comprises essay (in Hindi or English), precis writing and comprehension of a given passage, (in English only).***Physical efficiency test - This is a test to ensure physical fitness. It comprises of 100 meters (16 sec), 800 meters races (3 miin), long jump 3.5 meters men, high jump 1.05 meters men, shot-put (4.50 meters, 7.26 Kgs). Three chances are given for long and high jump.****Interview - Beginning with questions pertaining to the bio data, the interviewers move on to hobbies, subjects of study, general awareness and general intelligence. The candidates psyche, aptitude, mannerisms and etiquette along with the dedication to the cause of the nation are also assessed by the Board.Preference in selection is given to outstanding sports men & NCC cadets who have outstanding record.
73Career as Protective Services Personnel The Protective services are responsible for defending and preserving the security of the country. They are also responsible for helping in the event of civil unrest or natural disasters. Protective services include the Armed Forces - Army, Navy, Air Force and the Paramilitary Forces. Paramilitary forces are organizations which maintain internal law and order, guard our frontiers, enforce excise and custom regulations and ensure security for people and property . These are - the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), the Border Security Force (BSF), the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Coast Guards, State Police Forces and Home guards, Railway Protection Forces, Fire Services.Std XII Stream: Science, Commerce, Humanities/ArtsCareer Interest: Social, Outdoor
74Job ProfileArmy Consists of armed personnel (troops), their equipment, weapons and military bases. The Army is made up of regiments and corps, each of which has a specific military functionNavy Consists of a nation's combat fleet, its supporting ships, their personnel, the training establishments and the land bases. Warships as aircraft carriers, cruisers, destroyers, frigates and submarines operate in deep seas. Support ships, also known as auxiliary ships, provide them with fuel, rations, armament repair facilities and various other services
75The Indian Air ForceGuards the country's sky against external aggression from air and with active participation of Army and Navy it supplements and complements their defense and offence endeavorsCRPF is responsible for maintenance of internal security and enforcement of law and order. CRPF often assists and supports other protective agenciesDuring floods, riots and terrorist activities CRPF personnel provide relief and rescue services
76Border Security Force (BSF) Has the task of keeping vigil on our borders which have mountainous terrains, deserts and long coastal stretchesBorder Road organization Carries out construction and development works comprising air fields building projects, cantonments, defense works etc. BRO is popularly known as General Reserve Engineer Force and it commenced its work with Army Engineer Groups
77Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) Patrol the Himalayan ranges which border India and China as well as to provide security to sensitive installations, banks etcCentral Industrial Security Force (CISF) Is responsible for providing security to industrial establishmentsPolice Force Every State appoints and maintains a Police Force for prevention of crime, maintenance and enforcement of law and order in the State
78Territorial Army Carries out operational tasks, internal security duties and assists civil authoritiesHome Guard Serve as a standby force during emergencies and to assist in maintaining law and order, manage traffic in citiesFire Brigade Force Are stationed at all towns/cities/public sector industrial townships, airports, ports etc.The major task is of fire fightingThey also help during floods, earthquakes and other emergencies in rescue operations.
79Government intelligence agencies Are categorized into the Indian Police Service. Crime Branch, Criminal Investigation Department (CID), Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), Intelligence Bureau (IB), Research Analysis Wing (RAW) and some others.Intelligence agencies are responsible for collection, assimilation, and analysis of information
80Coast Guard is responsible for Protecting the maritime and other national interests in the Maritime Zonesof IndiaEnsuring the safety and protection of artificial islands, off-shore terminals,installations andother structures and devices in the Maritime ZonesProviding protectionto fishermen including assistance to them at seawhile in distressProviding measures in order to preserve and protect the maritime environmentand to prevent and control marine pollutionAssisting the Customs and other authorities in anti-smuggling operationsEnforcing the provisions of legislation enacted for application in the Maritime ZonesProviding measures for the safety of life and property at sea and collection of scientific data
81Skills required Good health Persevering bent of mind Ability to take challengeDisciplinedCommitmentAbility to work in harsh conditions
83Recruiting Companies Air Force Armya Navy BSF Coast Guard Central Reserve Police OrganisationCBIRAWIBDetective Agencies
84Students from the humanities, commerce and science streams can enter the services at several points. After 10+2, graduation, post- graduation and professional qualification, promotions to a certain position are time bound. Selection to senior positions is made on the basis of performance and annual confidential reports of each officer.
85Where to study? Prestigious Institutes in India National Defence Academy, KhadakwaslaIndian Military Academy, DehradunNaval Academy
86SociologistSociologists study human social behavior through group formations and social, political, economic and religious institutions in the society. They specialize in studying the impact of sociological studies on education, media, race and ethnicity, revolution, war and peace, gender roles, family, urban, rural, political and comparative sociology.Std XII Stream: Science, Commerce, Humanities/Arts Mandatory Subject: SociologyCareer Interest: Social, Outdoor
87Job ProfileSociologists Observe how individuals interact with each other in specific groups and situationsAnalyze, define, test and explain human behavior.Study the origin and development of social groupsConduct sociological research and draw conclusionsMake evaluations which are relevant for social institutions and programs.Conduct research for marketing organizations
88Skills required Interest in people and society Curiosity Meticulous approachCounselling and interviewing skillsKeen sense of observationAnalytical mindPatience
89Employment Opportunities Sociologist find jobs in: Advertising agenciesJournalism and mediaMedia researchInternational studiesGender studiesCriminology and criminal justiceSocial WorkConsultingHospitalGovernment & Political action groupsIndustryRural & child welfareMedical Aid InstitutionsMarket Research
90Recruiting CompaniesSchools, Colleges, Universities, NGO's, Government organizations working in child and rural development.