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 Social workers help people tackle the problems they face in their daily lives. These problems could relate to mental or physical handicaps old age problems,

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Presentation on theme: " Social workers help people tackle the problems they face in their daily lives. These problems could relate to mental or physical handicaps old age problems,"— Presentation transcript:

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2  Social workers help people tackle the problems they face in their daily lives. These problems could relate to mental or physical handicaps old age problems, mental disharmony conflicts with law, unemployment, destitution etc Salary: 81 Thousand to 12.12 Lakhs per annum  Std XII Stream: Humanities/Arts Mandatory Subject: Sociology  Career Interest: Social, Outdoor

3 Social workers work at three major levels- individual, group level and community or organization level. Social workers job is outlined by the institution they are employed. School social workers Social workers in schools work with students, teachers and parents Establish a positive relationship between the school and the home in the interest of the child Educate and counsel for preventing drug and alcohol abuse, for sex related problems and diseases etc Manage students with disabilities, facing problems of addiction, emotional deprivation and abuse, truancy and maladjustment among children. Organize community outreach programs for students

4 Work with the critically ill patients and with bereaved families Provide counseling and practical assistance

5 Work with disturbed children and adolescents with behavior problems, maladjusted teenagers, withdrawal cases and children with learning problems Make an assessment of the factors contributing to the problem Conduct family therapy and other kinds of intervention. Liasioning with teachers, and educational psychologists. Meeting various client groups in a psychiatric hospital Helping psychiatrists assess new referrals Write case sheets Facilitate the treatment process

6 Community social workers work in urban and rural areas and with international or national organizations. They Identify community problems, e.g. problems of bad housing, unemployment, lack of local facilities, or minority group issues Initiate remedial action Influence social policy and mobilize resources

7 Community social workers work in urban and rural areas and with international or national organizations. They Identify community problems, e.g. problems of bad housing, unemployment, lack of local facilities, or minority group issues Initiate remedial action Influence social policy and mobilize resources

8 Work in day care centers and child care homes. Handle problems related to children from infancy to adulthood Handle problems related to different cultures and services for children with congenital disabilities

9 Deal with care of old people in old people's homes Work in centers handling cases of AIDS

10 Work in prisons, reformatories, remand homes, crime and delinquent prevention programs Create a positive social climate for prevention of antisocial behaviors

11 Form an integral part of the labor welfare section of personnel departments in industries and commercial organizations Research social workers Carry on social research

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13 Social workers specializing in: Criminology and correctional social workers work in prisons, and government welfare departments Medical and psychiatric social workers work in clinics, hospitals, sanatoria, child guidance clinics, counseling centers, mental hospitals, medical colleges, community public health centers etc Social workers in Community development are involved in field work with community groups, government and voluntary agencies and Non-Governmental Agencies (NGOs) Labor welfare and industrial relations social workers work in personnel department of Industrial and Corporate sectors Child care and family services social workers work in family planning and Aids awareness campaigns of the government. World organizations such as the United Nations, sponsors projects to facilitate developing countries in their social welfare and other developmental programs

14  Masters in Social Work is a two-year course open to graduates. This is a professional training necessary for social workers. While the course is open to all graduates candidates from Sociology/Social Work/Psychology background get preference. Admission to the postgraduate course is made through a written test and interview. The test assesses mental ability and general awareness and the interview is aimed to identify candidates with genuine interest in social work  Their job overlaps the work of anthropologists, sociologists and psychologists

15 Acharya Nagarjuna UniversityAcharya Nagarjuna University Bharathiar UniversityBharathiar University Jamia Millia IslamiaJamia Millia Islamia Amravati University Bangalore University Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya Gulbarga University Kurukshetra University Mangalore University Sri Venkateshwara University

16  An airhostess (woman) and steward (man) are hosts on an airplane who hospitably look after the passengers in flight and tend to their comfort and requirements.  Salary: 2.24 Lakhs to 12.82 Lakhs per annum  Std XII Stream: Science, Commerce, Humanities/Arts  Career Interest: Social, Outdoor

17 Air cabin crew look after the welfare, comfort and safety of passengers travelling in the aircraft. Preflight briefing - They are briefed by the captain on expected weather conditions, special passenger problems etc. They check emergency equipment in the aircraft. The aircraft and toilets are tidied and seat pocket information put in place. Meals and beverage for the number of passengers on board is checked. First-aid kits and other emergency equipment are checked. They greet passengers coming aboard, check their tickets, and assist them in storing carry-on luggage. When passengers are seated, they check that doors are closed and seat belts fastened. Before take-off they demonstrate the use of emergency equipment and point out exit doors and notify the pilot when they are ready for take- off.

18 They serve meals and drinks. Meals are usually pre-packed and stored in hot cases. Sell duty-free goods such as alcohol, perfume and tobacco. Make announcements on behalf of the pilot, and before landing they check that safety belts are fastened. Deal with emergencies such as the ill health of passengers In case of flight emergencies they are trained to immediately apply the safety drills and help passengers vacate the aircraft before leaving themselves.

19 They check stocks of duty-free goods. Complete account sheets showing balance of cash and stock. Prepare reports on medications given to passengers, lost and found articles, and cabin equipment conditions. Senior flight attendants are working supervisors aboard planes- directing the work of junior attendants while performing some of the same duties.

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21  With airlines as cabin crew and at airports as ground staff.

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23 National and some international airlines recruit cabin crew by calling for applications through leading newspapers - Graduates in the age group of 19-25 years for training. International Airlines recruit airhostesses in the age group of 18- 35 years. Good language, ability and proficiency in English, Hindi, a regional language and at least one foreign language are essential requirements for inflight crew members working for National or International carriers. Physical requirements - Height for Air Hostesses - minimum of 157.5 cm and Flight Pursers 163 cm with proportionate weight. Normal eyesight without glasses or a minimum uncorrected distant vision of 6/40 is acceptable.

24  Selection National Carriers - Scrutinise applications and conduct written test comprising of general knowledge, mental ability and verbal ability for shortlisted candidates. This is followed by an interview and group discussion. International airlines conduct a preliminary interview during which the measurement of height and weight of the applicants is checked and candidates then take a written test which consists of general knowledge, mental ability, language ability (including vocabulary, listening, reading, speaking test for Hindi and English). This is followed by a main interview, during which the candidate's language fluency, diction, voice, communication skill, personality and reaction to adverse situations is assessed. Candidates are expected to have good knowledge of the aviation industry. Training - Selected candidates are trained by airlines. At various stages of training, practical and written tests are taken. After completion of the initial course, entrants have to go through a probationary period of on- the-job training with the airline under the supervision of experienced cabin crew for between six months to a year.

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26  Airports have a host of staff working in its different departments - security and rescue services, legal department, fire department, construction and maintenance department, warehouses, airport transport, retail outlets, restaurants, and custom and immigration departments at international airports.  Std XII Stream: Science, Commerce, Humanities/Arts  Career Interest: Social, Outdoor

27  Legal manager- is responsible for handling all legal formalities related to the airports. They are responsible for all legal matters concerning the airport they are assigned. Cargo managers oversee the team loading and unloading cargo and for ensuring safe delivery to carousels for collection by passengers. They are also in-charge of storage in warehouses, transportation, documentation and dispatch of air cargo. Job Profile Personnel managers are responsible for managing the recruitment and training of the task force under their charge.

28 Commercial manager is responsible for the commercial activity at airport terminals. Housekeeping manager oversees the team for maintenance of the airport, terminals, washrooms, lounges etc. Stores and purchase manager are in-charge for procurement and supply of materials required for services at the airport Airport manager Electronics and technical manager oversee the installation, maintenance of technical and electronic equipments

29 Provide passenger services at the airport. Issue boarding passes and check in passengers. Direct passengers, provide information, prepare passenger lists, complete luggage and cargo documentation etc. Welcome passengers, guide them through immigration terminals, custom checks and security clearances and attend to passenger needs till they are on the flight. Traffic assistants over see the loading and unloading of baggage issuing instructions to passengers while deplaning and arranging for trolleys for passenger baggage.

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31 Airport domestic International airports Cargo handling agencies Airlines Recruiting Companies Airport Authority of India Air India British Airways Singapore Airlines Emirates Thai Air

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34 Where to study?  Prestigious Institutes in Abroad  Prestigious Institutes Agra University College of Vocational Studies, Delhi University Sita Academy NIPS School of Hotel ManagementNIPS School of Hotel Management

35  Bodyguards are trained to provide personal security to politicians, eminent movie stars, business executives, eminent professionals or anyone who wants protection. They undertake responsibility to protect their clients from physical harm, injury, kidnapping, stalkers or any kind of aggravating situation.  Std XII Stream: Science, Commerce, Humanities/Arts  Career Interest: Social, Outdoor

36 Provides protection to the client Decides the number of additional people required for providing adequate security to the client Plans strategies to minimize the chances of a problem situation Keeps full information about the client's schedule and travel arrangements

37 Collects all the relevant information about the venue, people and safety measures taken by the organizers before the client's visit Travels overseas with the client Keeps an intense but calm watch to ensure safety Provides physical cover to the client in the event of danger Retaliates using physical encounter skills or weapons in case of an attack

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39  Employment Opportunities Government Political parties Large companies Celebrities

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42  Border Security Force is deployed all along the borders of our country, along mountainous terrains, deserts and long coastal stretches for keeping vigil against infiltrators, smugglers and terrorists. This is a paramilitary service run by the government for national security.  Std XII Stream: Science, Commerce, Humanities/Arts  Career Interest: Social, Outdoor

43 BSF troops are under the command of BSF officers. They patrol the borders on camel back, horse back, on foot, on speed boats or on helicopters. During peace BSF Provides intelligence reports from the border regions Protects vital installations Provides protection to people in the border areas. Assists in controlling riots, insurgencies, chaotic situations caused by natural disasters,

44 Durin g war BSF Provides intelligence reports Keeps vigil over major operational areas such as bridges, roads, airstrips etc. BSF has three branches General Duty branch- in charge of vigilance Technical branch - maintains equipment, telecommunication networks and is in charge of construction work. Medical branch- provides all kinds of medical facilities to BSF troops

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48 * Physical Standard - Height 165 cms. for men & 157 cms. for women, Chest 81 cms. with 5 cms minimum expansion, weight 50 kg. for men & 46 kg. for women. Physical/mental health should be good. Knock knees, flat foot and squint in eyes are not permitted. Perfect colour vision/corrected vision J-I/J-II permitted/corrected distant vision 6/6 (Better eye) and 6/12 (worse eye) or 6/9 and 6/9.

49  **The written paper has two parts - Paper I of 250 marks is a test of general awareness, basic intelligence and reasoning and numerical ability. Paper II of 150 marks is an assessment of ability to read and understand serious discursive prose and also the ability to express the ideas clearly and correctly. This comprises essay (in Hindi or English), precis writing and comprehension of a given passage, (in English only).  ***Physical efficiency test - This is a test to ensure physical fitness. It comprises of 100 meters (16 sec), 800 meters races (3 miin), long jump 3.5 meters men, high jump 1.05 meters men, shot-put (4.50 meters, 7.26 Kgs). Three chances are given for long and high jump.  ****Interview - Beginning with questions pertaining to the bio data, the interviewers move on to hobbies, subjects of study, general awareness and general intelligence. The candidates psyche, aptitude, mannerisms and etiquette along with the dedication to the cause of the nation are also assessed by the Board.  Preference in selection is given to outstanding sports men & NCC cadets who have outstanding record.

50  Journalism is the business of giving news. Journalists work for newspapers, magazines, regional dailies, the electronic medium, websites and for government & public sector publications. The print medium holds an important role in our lives, providing the latest news and acting as a forum for addressing public issues and grievances.  Salary: 92 Thousand to 9.27 Lakhs per annum  Std XII Stream: Science, Commerce, Humanities/Arts  Career Interest: Social, Outdoor

51  Newspaper journalism  Newspaper work is broadly divided into two streams: the field and the desk.  Field work Journalists are assigned to cover political issues, law and order, sports, education, local affairs and the like. Journalists may be assigned to specific ‘beats’ to cover all happenings in that area.

52 They cover news stories, national and local events to inform it’s readers what is happening where, why and how. The main job entails witnessing events and reporting in a style which influences people to react to the changing scene. The local reporter, the national affairs correspondent, the foreign correspondent, sports, travel and other specialist writers all go outside the office to collect information and file news reports.

53  Desk work This is an office job. Sub-editors or copy editors process these ‘stories’ for presentation with headlines. They are responsible to see that the ‘story’ is objective and has no personal bias. Reporting and subbing are complementary and are vital functions in the editorial department.

54  In the newspaper office  The team in a newspaper office is headed by the editor under him there are sub-editors, correspondents, special reporters, reporters and freelance journalists, photojournalists etc.  Editors Plan the contents of the publication and supervise its preparation. Administrative duties of editors include hiring writers, planning budgets, negotiating contracts with freelance writers, etc.

55  Associate or assistant editors Have responsibility for particular subjects, such as sports, international news, education, careers, family, etc.  Sub-editors Give final shape to the story submitted by a reporter. Acts almost like a ‘gate keeper’ editing, reformatting, objectively presenting each report keeping in mind the general policy of the newspaper.

56  Reporters and correspondents Prepare stories about local, state, national and international events  Present varied viewpoints on current issues Monitor the actions of public officials and others who exercise power through their columns.  Correspondents Are based in large cities and in other countries to prepare stories on major news events occurring in these locations.

57  Freelance journalists Write independently and get paid for each piece or article they write.  Columnist Are appointed by newspapers & periodicals as specialists for regular columns. Contribute to the column on a regular basis for which they receive a fixed amount.  Commentators Eminent personalities, an authority in a field, are invited by the newspapers & periodicals to write on topical issues or leading articles on a selected subject.

58  Magazine journalism  The structure in magazine publishing is almost the same as that of a newspaper. There is the editor, associate editors and journalists who write specific stories assigned to them. The work involves researching, interviewing and stimulating writing. There are freelance contributions, columnists and special commentators involved even in magazine journalism.

59  Other people in the profession  Cartoonist Prepares comical or satirical sketch on political, cultural events While established cartoonists are working for some big groups, others are generally free lancers.  Artists Illustrators and cartographers specialize in maps and charts to illustrate data work in this medium.  Photojournalist Provides photographs which cover or tell a story or illustrating an event.

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61  Newspaper groups of the English/Vernacular medium, News agencies, News Bureaus, Press Trust of India, English/Vernacular magazines and journals, Indian Information Service (Group A) of the government, Directorates of publicity employ trained journalists. The electronic medium Radio/TV news service, Video magazines, Advertising and Visual Communication agencies to offer jobs to journalists.

62 Employers in Print medium (indicative list): Times of India Pioneer Hindustan Times Manorama India Today Outlook Dainik Jagran Hindu

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64 AJK Mass Communication Research Centre Amity School of Communication (ASCO) Asian College of Journalism Garware Institute of Career Education and Development Indian Institute of Mass Communication M I C A PDN College of Communications Mgmt

65 Border Security Force is deployed all along the borders of our country, along mountainous terrains, deserts and long coastal stretches for keeping vigil against infiltrators, smugglers and terrorists. This is a paramilitary service run by the government for national security. Std XII Stream: Science, Commerce, Humanities/Arts Career Interest: Social, Outdoor

66 BSF troops are under the command of BSF officers. They patrol the borders on camel back, horse back, on foot, on speed boats or on helicopters. During peace BSF Provides intelligence reports from the border regions Protects vital installations Provides protection to people in the border areas. Assists in controlling riots, insurgencies, chaotic situations caused by natural disasters. During war BSF Provides intelligence reports Keeps vigil over major operational areas such as bridges, roads, airstrips etc.

67 General Duty branch- in charge of vigilance Technical branch - maintains equipment, telecommunication networks and is in charge of construction work. Medical branch- provides all kinds of medical facilities to BSF troops

68  Dedication to serve the nation  Physically robust  Team player  Ability to work odd hours  Disciplined  Leadership traits  Courageous  Good administrative skill

69  Deputy Director(Personnel, BSF HQ, Block 10, CGO Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi- 110003. Officers also go on deputation to work for special groups like National Security Guards and Special Protection Group.

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71 * Physical Standard - Height 165 cms. for men & 157 cms. for women, Chest 81 cms. with 5 cms minimum expansion, weight 50 kg. for men & 46 kg. for women. Physical/mental health should be good. Knock knees, flat foot and squint in eyes are not permitted. Perfect colour vision/corrected vision J-I/J-II permitted/corrected distant vision 6/6 (Better eye) and 6/12 (worse eye) or 6/9 and 6/9.

72  The written paper has two parts - Paper I of 250 marks is a test of general awareness, basic intelligence and reasoning and numerical ability. Paper II of 150 marks is an assessment of ability to read and understand serious discursive prose and also the ability to express the ideas clearly and correctly. This comprises essay (in Hindi or English), precis writing and comprehension of a given passage, (in English only).  ***Physical efficiency test - This is a test to ensure physical fitness. It comprises of 100 meters (16 sec), 800 meters races (3 miin), long jump 3.5 meters men, high jump 1.05 meters men, shot-put (4.50 meters, 7.26 Kgs). Three chances are given for long and high jump.  ****Interview - Beginning with questions pertaining to the bio data, the interviewers move on to hobbies, subjects of study, general awareness and general intelligence. The candidates psyche, aptitude, mannerisms and etiquette along with the dedication to the cause of the nation are also assessed by the Board.  Preference in selection is given to outstanding sports men & NCC cadets who have outstanding record.

73  The Protective services are responsible for defending and preserving the security of the country. They are also responsible for helping in the event of civil unrest or natural disasters. Protective services include the Armed Forces - Army, Navy, Air Force and the Paramilitary Forces. Paramilitary forces are organizations which maintain internal law and order, guard our frontiers, enforce excise and custom regulations and ensure security for people and property. These are - the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), the Border Security Force (BSF), the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Coast Guards, State Police Forces and Home guards, Railway Protection Forces, Fire Services.  Std XII Stream: Science, Commerce, Humanities/Arts  Career Interest: Social, Outdoor

74 Army Consists of armed personnel (troops), their equipment, weapons and military bases. The Army is made up of regiments and corps, each of which has a specific military function Navy Consists of a nation's combat fleet, its supporting ships, their personnel, the training establishments and the land bases. Warships as aircraft carriers, cruisers, destroyers, frigates and submarines operate in deep seas. Support ships, also known as auxiliary ships, provide them with fuel, rations, armament repair facilities and various other services

75  Guards the country's sky against external aggression from air and with active participation of Army and Navy it supplements and complements their defense and offence endeavors CRPF is responsible for maintenance of internal security and enforcement of law and order. CRPF often assists and supports other protective agencies During floods, riots and terrorist activities CRPF personnel provide relief and rescue services

76 Border Security Force (BSF) Has the task of keeping vigil on our borders which have mountainous terrains, deserts and long coastal stretches Border Road organization Carries out construction and development works comprising air fields building projects, cantonments, defense works etc. BRO is popularly known as General Reserve Engineer Force and it commenced its work with Army Engineer Groups

77 Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) Patrol the Himalayan ranges which border India and China as well as to provide security to sensitive installations, banks etc Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) Is responsible for providing security to industrial establishments Police Force Every State appoints and maintains a Police Force for prevention of crime, maintenance and enforcement of law and order in the State

78 Territorial Army Carries out operational tasks, internal security duties and assists civil authorities Home Guard Serve as a standby force during emergencies and to assist in maintaining law and order, manage traffic in cities Fire Brigade Force Are stationed at all towns/cities/public sector industrial townships, airports, ports etc. The major task is of fire fighting They also help during floods, earthquakes and other emergencies in rescue operations.

79 Government intelligence agencies Are categorized into the Indian Police Service. Crime Branch, Criminal Investigation Department (CID), Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), Intelligence Bureau (IB), Research Analysis Wing (RAW) and some others. Intelligence agencies are responsible for collection, assimilation, and analysis of information

80 Protecting the maritime and other national interests in the Maritime Zonesof India Ensuring the safety and protection of artificial islands, off-shore terminals,installations andother structures and devices in the Maritime Zones Providing protectionto fishermen including assistance to them at seawhile in distress Providing measures in order to preserve and protect the maritime environmentand to prevent and control marine pollution Assisting the Customs and other authorities in anti-smuggling operations Enforcing the provisions of legislation enacted for application in the Maritime Zones Providing measures for the safety of life and property at sea and collection of scientific data

81  Good health  Persevering bent of mind  Ability to take challenge  Disciplined  Commitment  Ability to work in harsh conditions

82 Armed forces Paramilitary organizations Intelligence Agencies

83 Air Force Armya Navy BSF Coast Guard Central Reserve Police Organisation CBI RAW IB Detective Agencies

84  Students from the humanities, commerce and science streams can enter the services at several points. After 10+2, graduation, post- graduation and professional qualification, promotions to a certain position are time bound. Selection to senior positions is made on the basis of performance and annual confidential reports of each officer.

85  Prestigious Institutes in India National Defence Academy, Khadakwasla Indian Military Academy, Dehradun Naval Academy

86  Sociologists study human social behavior through group formations and social, political, economic and religious institutions in the society. They specialize in studying the impact of sociological studies on education, media, race and ethnicity, revolution, war and peace, gender roles, family, urban, rural, political and comparative sociology.  Std XII Stream: Science, Commerce, Humanities/Arts Mandatory Subject: Sociology  Career Interest: Social, Outdoor

87 Sociologists Observe how individuals interact with each other in specific groups and situations Analyze, define, test and explain human behavior. Study the origin and development of social groups Conduct sociological research and draw conclusions Make evaluations which are relevant for social institutions and programs. Conduct research for marketing organizations

88  Interest in people and society  Curiosity  Meticulous approach  Counselling and interviewing skills  Keen sense of observation  Analytical mind  Patience

89 Sociologist find jobs in: Advertising agencies Journalism and media Media research International studies Gender studies Criminology and criminal justice Social Work Consulting Hospital Government & Political action groups Industry Rural & child welfare Medical Aid Institutions Market Research

90  Recruiting Companies  Schools, Colleges, Universities, NGO's, Government organizations working in child and rural development.

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92  Thanks


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