Presentation on theme: "Toward applying effective 5 Star Safety Management System"— Presentation transcript:
1Toward applying effective 5 Star Safety Management System By :Eng. Khalid Saleh Al-AjajiSafety SpecialistISD-COA
2Contents Sec 5-STAR Safety and Health management system. Main steps to Apply 5 star safety management systemsContractor in Saudi Electricity Company.Hierarchy of process controlContractor on the site
3Section one 1 - Premises and Housekeeping 1.1 Buildings and Floors 1.2 Lighting: Natural and Artificial1.3 Ventilation1.4 Workplace Hygiene Facilities1.5 Pollution: Air, Ground and Water1.6 Aisles and Storage Demarcated1.7 Stacking and Storage1.8 Housekeeping1.9 Scrap and Refuse Bins1.10 Color Coding: Plant and Pipelines
4Section Two 2.11 Electrical Equipment Maintenance 2 - Mechanical, Electrical and Personal Safeguarding2.1 Machine Guarding2.2 Lock-Out System and Usage2.3 Labeling of Switches, Isolators and Valves2.4 Ladders (Registers), Stairs, Walkways and Scaffolding2.5 Lifting Gear and Records2.6 Compressed Gas Cylinders: Pressure Vessels and Records2.7 Hazardous Substances Control2.8 Risk Assessment (HIRA)2.9 Motorized Equipment: Checklist, Licensing2.10 Portable Electrical Equipment2.11 Electrical Equipment Maintenance2.12 General Electrical Installation and Flameproof2.13 Hand Tools2.14 Ergonomics2.15 Head Protectors2.16 Eye and Face Protection2.17 Footwear2.18 Protective Clothing2.19 Respiratory Equipment2.20 Hearing Conservation2.21 Safety Harness2.22 Hand Protection2.23 Control of Usage, Issue Maintenance and Record of Personal Protective Equipment2.24 Notices and Signs: Electrical, Mechanical, Protective Equipment, Symbolic Safety Signs
5Section three 3 - Fire Protection and Prevention Protection 3.1 Fire Extinguishing Equipment/System Risk Assessment.3.2 Locations Marked, Floor Clear3.3 Maintenance of Equipment3.4 Storage of Flammable and Explosive Material3.5 Alarm System3.6 Fire-Fighting Drill and Instruction3.7 Security System3.8 Emergency Planning3.9 Fire Prevention and Protection Coordinator
6Section four 4 - Accident Recording and Investigation 4.1 Occupation Injury, Disease and Properties Damage Records4.2 Internal Accident Reporting and Investigation (Occupational Injury and Near Miss Incident)4.3 Occupational Injury/ Disease Statistics4.4 Internal Accident Reporting and Investigation (Property Damage and Business Interruption)4.5 Accident Statistics Kept4.6 Insurance: Apportioning of Costs4.7 Accident / Near Miss Recall
7Section five 5 - Safety Organization 5.1 Manager/ Managers Designated as Responsible for Safety and Health5.2 Safety and/or Occupational Hygiene Coordination5.3 5-Star Safety Representatives5.4 Safety Committees5.5 Other Communication Systems5.6 First-aid/ Responder and Facilities5.7 First-aid Training5.8 Publicity, Bulletins, Newsletters, Safety Films and Internal Competitions, etc5.9 The 5-Star Safety System Board5.10 Suggestion Scheme5.11 Safety Reference Library5.12 Annual Report – Loss Control Achievements5.13 Orientation and Job Safety Training5.14 Approved Safety Training Courses5.15 Medical Examinations5.16 Workplace Inspections5.17 Management Self-AuditsSafety Performance Indicators (SPI's)5.18 Safety Specifications: Purchasing and Engineering Control, New Plant, and Contractors5.19 Written Safe Work Procedures5.20 Planned Job Observations5.21 Work Permits5.22 Off-The-Job Safety5.23 SEC Safety and Health Policy
95 Star Journey - Eating an Camel OHSAS 180015 Starsx100%Starsx80%Starsx60%Stars5 Star Safety System ScorexObjective2014x40%Star/Baseline20%GOAL5 STARSIN5 YEARS201320142015201620172018Years for Full Implementation
10SAFETY AND HEALTH SYSTEM CHECKLIST Do you have an active safety and health program in operation that deals with general safety and health program elements as well as the management of hazards specific to your worksite?Is one person clearly responsible for the overall activities of the safety and health program?Do you have a safety committee or group made up of management and labor representatives that meet regularly and report in writing on its activities?Do you have a working procedure for handling in-house employee complaints regarding safety and health?Are you keeping your employees advised of the successful effort and accomplishments you and/or your safety committee have made in assuring they will have a workplace that is safe and healthful?
11Main steps to Apply 5 star safety management systems Task assignedMinutes of meeting flow upSafety reps. reports5.4 safety committeeTrainingTasks identified5.2 safety coordinatorWork area identified and work assigned5.3 safety RepresentativesUnderstands and explained to workers5.23 safety policyTo define the Safety and Health responsibilities, accountabilities and authority to act from the CEO,5.1 Safety ResponsibilityManager / Managers Designated as Responsible for Safety and HealthSign SEC Safety and Health Policy Statement5-Star Safety Representatives assigned5-Star Safety coordinator assignedDepartment safety committee established , meeting conducted , Task assigned
125.4 safety committee Task assigned Minutes of meeting flow up Safety reps. reports5.4 safety committee
138. OS&H Committee (Department / Division) 8.1. Each (Department / Division) will establish OS&H committee and the following:Chairperson – Manager of Area (Department / Division)SecretaryDivisions Managers / Sections Heads in site.Safety RepresentativeContractor RepresentativeInvited specialist (if a specific discipline is needed e.g. fire, environment)Nominated Accident Investigator (NAI)
148.2. DUTIES OF OS&H COMMITTEES (Department / Division): To monitor the implementation of the 5-Star System Standards.To provide a forum for discussions on OS&H and 5-Star System matters.To review Departmental accidents, injuries, illnesses and near miss incidents.To monitor the progress of remedial measures proposed by accident investigations.To review the monthly, and 12-monthly Departmental / Area injury / damage statistics.To monitor outstanding near miss incident / accident investigation reports.To monitor outstanding Observation System actions.To review the schedule of personnel nominated for OS&H training courses.To review and promote the safety suggestion scheme.To provide a forum for recognising outstanding Divisions / Sections and individuals in OS&H activitiesTo facilitate the Safety audits.To monitor the achievement of SPI’s.Supporting Safety Seminars and Exhibitions.
165.2 safety coordinator2.1. To guide, educate, train and motivate all levels of Management, Contractors and the workforce in the techniques of risk reduction, accident prevention, occupational hygiene and environmental control. To advise on all aspects of safety and to coordinate safety, health and environmental activities in their area of responsibility, in an on-going effort to reduce risk to an acceptable level in order to prevent injury and illness to employees, damage to property, and environmental harm. ()2.2. To implement the SEC 5-Star Safety and Health Management System in their areas of responsibility and offer support to Management, Contractors and Workers concerning the SEC 5-Star Safety and Health Management System.
175.3 safety Representatives Work area identified and wok assigned5.3 safety Representatives
18Safety Representatives 2.1. Safety Representatives are appointed to identify hazards within their work area. Unsafe acts and conditions are the immediate causes of accidents and, if identified, reported and eliminated, can lead to a reduction of risk in the workplace.2.2. Safety Representatives also assist in maintaining the momentum of the safety program as a result of their on-going inspections, and co-operation with employees.
19Safety Representatives 3.1. Who are Safety Representatives? (Safety reps)Safety Representatives are Employees appointed to:Act as the eyes and ears for Management by identifying and reporting hazards.Assist and participate in the on-going SEC 5-Star Safety System.Assist in the promotion of safety to ensure a safer work area for all.
203.2. Who should be appointed as Safety Representatives? Any employee, excluding managers and supervisors, (dependent on the discretion of the Manager) can be appointed as a Safety Representative. They are selected from a work area, and represent that area. They are the people most familiar with the equipment and the processes of their particular area, and are therefore ideal candidates to identify hazards within that work place.
213.2. Who should be appointed as Safety Representatives? The person appointed as a Safety Representative should ideally come from within a work area and he should be thoroughly familiar with the following in that area:Machinery / equipment.Processes and procedures.Office layout.Hazards.People within the area.
222. Start work in Accident causal model LossImmediate causesBasic CausesControlRisk AssessmentHumanMaterialOperation productivityReputation73 : 5 star control program elements Applied and effectiveHazards identificationRisk analysisRisk AssessmentRisk control effectiveDiscover Unsafe actDiscover Unsafe condition-Personal factors treatment-Job factors treatmentApply Workplace Inspections , 5.3 safety Representatives ,section 4Apply section 4Apply section 4Apply sections 1,2,3Workplace Inspections , 5.3 safety Representatives
23CONTRACTOR’SSAFETY, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT RULEBOOK AND CHECKLISTS
24SAFETY AND HEALTH POLICY We are dedicated, to making risk-based occupational safety and health management a core value that drives performance, to holding managers accountable for occupational safety and health in all of our facilities, to providing the practices, tools and resources via the Saudi Electricity Company 5-Star Safety and Health Management System.
26KEEP A SAFETY ATTITUDEKeeping a safety attitude means always thinking about what could go wrong so you can predict what could happen under slightly different circumstances. The key to proactive safety is not what happened, but what COULD happen!
27SAFETY MEETINGSprovide the time for all to focus on safety and to discuss any safety concerns that have not been previously addressed. We expect all Contractors to hold and to participate in these meetings.These meetings are opportunities to discuss safety issues and problems, as well as to propose possible solutions to these problems.A safety meeting is an ideal opportunity to ask for clarity on an issue of safety that you are unsure of.Recall accidents and near miss incidents at these meeting so that others can learn about what happened, or could have happened.
28ACCIDENT, NEAR MISS INCIDENT REPORTING AND INVESTIGATING Notify your Contracts Manager and the SEC Contract Manager immediately. Seek medical attention as directed. Follow all the instructions issued by the medical attendant concerning ongoing treatment. Investigate the accident so those steps to prevent a recurrence can be taken.
29A SAFE WORK ENVIRONMENT A safe work area is where certain safety items and safety standards are in order and under control. Control of the following items will provide for a safer environment. The SEC Safety and Health Management System (5-STAR) lists safety standards that are the basics for control. Here are a few of them: Housekeeping – Element (1.8). Personal Protective Equipment - Element ( ). Machine Guarding – Element (2.1). Hazard Communication – Element (5.5). Lock out, tag out, try out – Element (2.2). Work permit – Element ( ). Ladders – Element (2.4). Electrical safety – Element (2.12). Hand tools – Element (2.13). Compressed gasses – Element (2.6). Cranes and lifting safety – Element (2.5). Forklifts and motorized vehicles – Element (2.5 / 2.9).
30BE AWARE OF THESE COMMON HAZARDS IN YOUR AREA Uneven floors Moving machinery Vehicles Chemicals Electricity Heavy Loads Elevated work platforms (working at height) Confined spaces Fall hazards Fire and explosion hazards Noise, dusts, fumes Loose ground and in surface Floor openings Damaged equipment Suspended loads Repetitive motion tasks Dusts containing, silica or other hazardous substance
31Hierarchy of process control Hazards EliminationIsolate the total system systemHazards Reduction or substitute with less hazardsMore effectiveisolate part of system , substitute in Material , operations or equipment.Engineering control ( hazard Isolation )Protection Relay ,interlock devicesManagement controlWarning Signs , Training , job planning , scheduling and worker rotation ,change work procedure , protection of work area (warning tape )Personal Protective Equipments P.P.E , Personal Protective Cloths P.P.C