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APWH REVIEW. Tell your neighbor everything you know about World History…

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1 APWH REVIEW

2 Tell your neighbor everything you know about World History…

3 AP EXAM FORMAT Question TypeNumber of Questions Timing Multiple- choice 70 questions55 minutes Document- based question 1 question50 minutes (includes a 10- minute reading period) Continuity and change-over- time essay 1 question40 minutes Comparative essay 1 question40 minutes

4 PeriodsPeriod Weights Technological and Environmental Transformations to c. 600.B.C.E.5% Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies c. 600.B.C.E. to c. 600 C.E. 15% Regional and Transregional Interactions c. 600 C.E. to c % Global Interactions c to c % Industrialization and Global Integration c to c % Accelerating Global Change and Realignments c to Present20% AP EXAM FORMAT Multiple Choice

5 AP EXAM FORMAT Multiple Choice: No more than 20% will focus on Europe Typically questions are in chronological order (1-35ish and 35ish-70) Can not lose points only gain points, ANSWER EVERYTHING! Essays: Three different formats covering 3 different time periods and places Wear a watch!!! Time remaining is announced, but you are not forced to move to the next essay question.

6 AP EXAM FORMAT DBQ

7 AP EXAM FORMAT CCOT

8 AP EXAM FORMAT CC

9 AP EXAM Scoring Worksheet

10 AP Scores Statistics

11 AP EXAM Results

12 Period: FOUNDATIONS-600 B.C.E. Main Ideas: Globalization of Mankind Revolution in Farming Development of Civilization

13 Period: FOUNDATIONS-600 B.C.E. Globalization of Mankind: Fire, Wider Range of Tools, Small Kinship Groups

14 Period: FOUNDATIONS-600 B.C.E. The transition from foraging to agriculture: -the transition occurred when foraging hunter- gathers returned to their favorite grazing areas The spread of agriculture: -developed independently, but spread rapidly from those independent points -slash and burn methods used

15 Period: FOUNDATIONS-600 B.C.E. Neolithic Revolution Characteristics of early agricultural societies: -population growth -constant food supply -settlement in villages -irrigation -specialization of labor

16 Period: FOUNDATIONS-600 B.C.E. Pastoralism: -contributed meat to the food supply Metallurgy: -copper, gold, and bronze Neolithic Culture: -accumulation of wealth with settlement -social stratification Development of calendars by observation of seasons, etc. -practice animism

17 Period: FOUNDATIONS-600 B.C.E. Development of cities: -population growth into cities -new roles emerged i.e. Administrators, tax collectors, religious leaders Civilization: -specialization -complex institutions -advanced cities -advanced technology -record keeping

18 Period: FOUNDATIONS-600 B.C.E. Mesopotamia: -cuneiform -ziggurats -patriarchical Unstable rule Polytheistics Egypt: -pharaoh -polytheistic -hieroglyphics

19 Period: FOUNDATIONS-600 B.C.E. Indus Civilization: -urban planning -advanced plumbing and sewage -writing is not deciphered to this day Aryan Civilization in India: -the Vedas -caste system

20 Period: FOUNDATIONS-600 B.C.E. Shang China: -oracle bones -mandate of heaven and the dynastic cycle Meso and Andean America: -Quetzalcoatl -Andean city states independent because of terrain and lack of pack animals The Hebrews: -monotheism -ten Commandments -diaspora

21 Period: FOUNDATIONS-600 B.C.E. Comparisons: -Agriculture in the eastern and western hemispheres -pastoralism versus settle lifestyles -political, social, and economic characteristics of the river valley civilizations -civilizations in the eastern and western hemispheres

22 Period: FOUNDATIONS-600 B.C.E. TURN TO YOUR NEIGHBOR AND TELL THEM…

23 Period: FOUNDATIONS-600 B.C.E. Which of the following was the major effect of the Neolithic Revolution? (A) The establishment of sedentary village communities (B) The spread of a migratory way of life (C) A decline in total population (D) An increase in the use of bronze tools A

24 Period: FOUNDATIONS-600 B.C.E. Which of the following occurred as a result of the development of agriculture in societies that previously relied on hunting and gathering? (A) Conditions for women improved. (B) The incidence of disease declined. (C) Population density increased. (D) Degradation of the environment lessened. C

25 Period: 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Main Ideas: Classical Civilizations Development of Religious and Cultural Tradition Development of Trans-regional Networks

26 Period: 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Continuities: No technological or economic breakthroughs Little change from one civilization to the next Changes: Rapid population growth Growth in size of empires Rise and fall of Empires Increase in innovations Distinct Religious and Cultural Traditions

27 Period: 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Classical China: Zhou -centralized government -expanded territory -Sons of Heaven -standardize language Qin -expanded territory -defensive wall -standardize weights, coins, written language, and measures -new roads -silk cloth produced

28 Period: 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Han: -bureaucracy grew stronger -expanded territory -civil service examinations -silk road trade -time of peace -iron production -further social stratification -ox drawn plow and collar -paper

29 Period: 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Classical India: Mauryan -Asoka Gupta -cultural flowering with Hindu influence -concept of zero, Arabic numerals, and decimal system -deterioration of status of women i.e. Loss of inheritance of property -Hindu temples constructed -plastic surgery and Inoculations -astronomy

30 Period: 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Classical Persia: -Zoroastrianism -tolerance of other peoples -Persian royal roads Classical Mediterranean: Greek City-States -polis -democracy -Aristotle Hellenistic Age -Alexander the Great -stoicism-reasoning -geocentric theory

31 Period: 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Rome -pax romana -public works i.e. Bridges, aqueducts, and roads -government-Twelve Tables: codification during republic -Roman Law i.e. Innocent until proven guilty -Roman Culture i.e. Alphabet, philosophy, and architecture -slaves from conquered peoples Classical American Civilizations: Mayan City-States -system of writing -Value of zero -astronomy -calendar development

32 Period: 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Hinduism: -Brahmins -reincarnation -spread through India Ocean to SE Asia Buddhism: -nirvana -acceptance of all ranks of society -spread along trade routes to SE and E Asia

33 Period: 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Confucianism: -respect for elders -civil service examinations Daoism: -yin and nag -the Way

34 Period: 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Judaism: -not a missionary religion Christianity: -messiah -edict of Milan -pope -appealing to poor

35 Period: 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Late Han China: -heavy taxes levied -poor harvest -disease lead to population decline -social unrest -moral decline -weak rulers -decline in trade -bordering nomadic tribes

36 Period: 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Late Rome: -ineffective rulers Decline in trade -high taxes -decrease of money flow in because of no new territory -Poor harvest -population decline because of decease -moral decay -barbarian invasions -vastness of empire

37 Period: 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Late Gupta India: -invading forces -local princes gained more power -Rajput regional states

38 Period: 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Silk Roads: -between China and Mesopotamia and the Mediterranean -trade goods, religious beliefs, technology, and disease Indian Ocean Trade: -China, India, and Africa -pottery, spices, and ivory -seasonal monsoons -dhow

39 Period: 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Trans-Saharan Trade: -camel saddle -salt and palm oil -olives, wheat, and wild animals

40 Period: 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Comparisons: -political, economic, and social characteristics of the classical civilizations -exchange in the India Ocean versus the Mediterranean -expansion and appeal of Buddhism, Hinduism, and Christianity -the decline and fall of Han China, Rome, and Gupta India -Trans-Saharan versus Silk Road trade

41 Period: 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E. TURN TO YOUR NEIGHBOR AND TELL THEM…

42 Period: 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Which of the following was an important reason for the fall of the Roman, Han, and Gupta empires? (A) A long period of drought that destroyed crops and livestock (B) The use of slaves in their armies (C) Intensified invasions and security issues along their frontiers (D) A refusal to tolerate Christianity C

43 Period: 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Before 500 C.E. Judaism and Hinduism were similar in that both (A) had written scriptures and an ethical code to live by (B) spread widely around the Mediterranean (C) promoted teachings about reincarnation (D) advocated a monastic life and a rejection of the world A

44 Period: 600 C.E C.E. Main Ideas: State formation and their Interactions Expansion of Communication and Exchange Increased Economic Productive and Capacity

45 Period: 600 C.E C.E. Continuities: Continuation of globalizing civilization Continuation of older traditions in West Changes: Increase interaction Reconstruction of old societies (i.e. China or Byzantium) New societies all together

46 Period: 600 C.E C.E. The World of Muhammad: -Ka'aba -Allah -hijrah i.e. The flight -umma -hajj Teachings: -five pillars -Quran -shariah The Split: -Sunni- chosen by the community -Shia- family member of Muhammed

47 Period: 600 C.E C.E. Expansion of Islam: -not missionary conversion, but military expansion Umayyads -emphasize Arab ethnicity over Islam -respect for people of the book -ruling family lived in luxury and led to riots Abbasids -trade was heightened i.e. Arabic numerals -learnings of the Greeks, Romans, and Persians influenced Muslim thought -mathematics, calligraphy, and science was further refined -architectural styles i.e. Minarets and mosques -seclusion of women -Sufis began missionary work for Islam -Seljuk Turks, the Mongols, and the Persian Sultanates led to their decline

48 Period: 600 C.E C.E. Islam in India and Southeast Asia: Delhi Sultanate -not widely accepted Southeast Asia -spread through trade mainly on the islands and Indonesia Islam in Africa: -Sudanic states had elite converts through the gold and salt trade -Swahili Coast had converts through Indian Ocean trade -Ibn Battuta

49 Period: 600 C.E C.E. China: Tang -scholared gentry -trade along the Silk Roads was protected -Chinese junks allow Chinese to dominate the Indian Ocean -paper money and credit was introduced -urbanization, irrigation, and agricultural productivity increased -Land was redistributed -gunpowder was invented -tea and faster growing rice was imported -population growth in the south -internal rebellion and nomadic invasions led to their decline

50 Period: 600 C.E C.E. Song -Neo-Confucianism i.e. blend with Buddhism -emphasis of scholared gentry over military that leads to decline -overseas trade continued -landscape paintings -movable type -foot binding

51 Period: 600 C.E C.E. Japan: -Adoption of Chinese culture -emperors power fell to local elite -samurai and serfs -military government "shogunate" emerged in response to gempei wars against the samurai

52 Period: 600 C.E C.E. Europe: -feudalism -Manoralism -emergence of regional governments i.e. Holy Roman Empire and England -Magna Carta and parliament -the Crusades -conflicts between the church and state i.e. Investiture between pope Gregory and Holy Roman Emperor Henry -women held traditional roles as homemakers with declining status

53 Period: 600 C.E C.E. High Middle Ages -gothic architecture -urbanization -universities -centralized monarchs emerge i.e. Hundred Years War -banking grows -technology of warfare like gunpowder and cannons

54 Period: 600 C.E C.E. Interregional Trade and Exchange The Mongols -Genghis khan, Kublai khan -horsemanship, shortbow, and good strategists allow for expansion -Golden Horde, Yuan Dynasty, and Ilkhanate -the Mongol Peace promoted exchange -black death The Bantu Migrations -migrated south and east -spread language and knowledge of ironworking -stateless society

55 Period: 600 C.E C.E. Renaissance -perspective -secularism/ humanism Exploration: -Zheng He -europeans along the west coast of Africa

56 Period: 600 C.E C.E. Empires in America: Aztecs -Tenochtitlan without wheel or large animals -conquered neighboring people -pyramids -human sacrifice and religious calendar -social stratification Incas -polytheistic -Quipu -parallel descent for inheritance -theocracy -roads

57 Period: 600 C.E C.E. Comparisons: -feudalism in Japan and western Europe -Mongols in Russia and China -Spread of Islam and Buddhism -acceptance of Islam in Africa and Europe

58 Period: 600 C.E C.E. TURN TO YOUR NEIGHBOR AND TELL THEM…

59 Period: 600 C.E C.E. The photograph above of a mosque (first erected in the fourteenth century) in the modern-day West African country of Mali best exemplifies which of the following historical processes? (A) Imposition of religion through military conquest (B) Spread of religion along trade routes (C) Abandonment of indigenous cultural styles in the face of colonization (D) Conflict between local and universalizing religions B

60 Period: 600 C.E C.E. The spread of Bantu-speaking peoples over southern Africa before 1400 C.E. can be best explained by their (A) conversion to Islam (B) use of cavalry (C) centralized political systems (D) knowledge of agriculture D

61 Period: 600 C.E C.E. Inca and Aztec societies were similar in that both (A) developed from Mayan civilization (B) acquired empires by means of military conquest (C) independently developed iron technology (D) depended entirely on oral record keeping B

62 Period: 600 C.E C.E. Which of the following factors represents the most significant cause of the growth of cities in Afro-Eurasia in the period 1000–1450? (A) Climate change (B) Increased interregional trade (C) Decreased agricultural productivity (D) Increased invasions B

63 Period: 1450 C.E C.E. Main Ideas: State Consolidation and Imperial Expansion Global Networks of Communication and Exchange New Forms of Social Organization and Modes of Production

64 Period: 1450 C.E C.E. Continuities Kings rule Europe landowners are elites Islam remains in the east Changes Expansion of exchange European presence in world affairs Elements of modern societies emerge Stronger states-military empires

65 Period: 1450 C.E C.E. Empires Spain and Portugal -Reconquista -voyage of Columbus -colonize the Carribean -conquest of Aztec and Incan Empires -smallpox introduced -Jesuits -Treaty of Tordesilla -encomiendas to repartamiento -casta i.e. Creoles, mestizo, mulattos, and peninsulares -Portugals plantation colony in Brazil

66 Period: 1450 C.E C.E. Ottoman Empire: -Hagia Sophia -conquest of Constantinople -janissaries and the devshirme system -women secluded and hadijah little rights -decline attributed to taxation, inflation, corruption, and their fall behind in technology

67 Period: 1450 C.E C.E. Mughal India: -use of gunpowder technology -Muslim rule over Hindu population, but tolerant -give women more freedoms -art and architecture blend with Indian styles i.e. Taj Mahal -central government declined and foreign rule entered, northern borders felt pressure as well

68 Period: 1450 C.E C.E. Monarchy in France and England: -absolute monarchy, estates general, divine right -mercantilism- export more than you import -parliamentary monarchy, English Civil War, Glorious Revolution

69 Period: 1450 C.E C.E. The Russian Empire: -Cossacks pioneers -boyars nobles -Peter the Great and Westernization -Catherine the Great restricted serfs, but enlightened

70 Period: 1450 C.E C.E. Ming China: -return to tradition from Mongol rule -civil service exams reinstated -censorship -decline attributed to weak rule Japan: -Tokugawa Shogunate -resistance to outsiders with Chinese and Dutch expceptions

71 Period: 1450 C.E C.E. Hemispheric Exchange: -Columbian exchange -Atlantic Slave tease Cultural Change: -protestant reformation -Catholic reformation -scientific revolution -the Enlightenment

72 Period: 1450 C.E C.E. TURN TO YOUR NEIGHBOR AND TELL THEM…

73 Period: 1450 C.E C.E. Comparisons -European versus Asian monarchs or economics -Slavery versus serfdom -gender roles in China and western Europe

74 Period: 1450 C.E C.E. The map above shows what significant economic developments? (A) Trade connections that linked the Hellenistic and Maurya empires to African cities from 300 through 150 B.C.E. (B) Trading networks that promoted the growth of new cities from 600 C.E. through 1450 C.E. (C) Chinese dominance of Indian Ocean trading networks because of the voyages of Zheng He in the 1400s C.E. (D) Changes in Indian Ocean trading networks that resulted from technological innovations from 1450 C.E. through 1750 B

75 Period: 1450 C.E C.E. Which of the following changes best justifies the claim that the late 1400s mark the beginning of a new period in world history? (A) The rise of the Aztec and Inca empires (B) The economic recovery in Afro-Eurasia after the Black Death (C) The incorporation of the Americas into a broader global network of exchange (D) The emergence of new religious movements in various parts of the world C

76 Period: 1450 C.E C.E. The Columbian Exchange involved which of the following new connections in the era 1450–1750? (A) European food to the Western Hemisphere; Western Hemisphere diseases to Europe; African population to Europe (B) Western Hemisphere technology to Africa; African food to Europe; European population to the Western Hemisphere (C) European technology to Africa; Western Hemisphere population to Africa; African food to the Western Hemisphere (D) African population to the Western Hemisphere; Western Hemisphere food to Europe and Africa; African and European diseases to the Western Hemisphere D

77 Period: 1450 C.E C.E. In the period 1450–1750, which of the following, produced on large plantations by slave labor, were significant commodities in the growing world market? (A) Grains such as wheat and barley (B) Tropical fruits such as bananas and oranges (C) Animal products such as wool and beef (D) Cash crops such as sugar and tobacco D

78 Period: 1450 C.E C.E. Which of the following is most likely to have influenced eighteenth-century population trends in both Europe and China? (A) A sharp decline in average global temperatures (B) Introduction of Western Hemisphere crops (C) Innovation in birth control measures (D) Improvement in surgical procedures B

79 Period: 1450 C.E C.E. Which of the following factors best explains why the Portuguese did not engage in direct trading relations with West African states until the fifteenth century? (A) Lack of the necessary navigational and maritime technology (B) Lack of European interest in African goods (C) Directives from the pope to limit trade between Christians and Africans (D) Fear of death from tropical diseases A

80 Period: 1450 C.E C.E. In recent decades, many world historians have challenged the commonly held view that Europeans controlled the largest share of world trade in the seventeenth through the eighteenth centuries. Which of the following evidence from the period would best support this historical reinterpretation? (A) Prices for Chinese goods were much higher in Europe than in China. (B) European trading companies often backed their long-distance trading ventures with the threat of military force. (C) Asian trading companies dominated trade in the Indian Ocean region. (D) European merchants transported only a fraction of the goods shipped globally. D

81 Period: 1450 C.E C.E. Which of the following would be the most useful source of evidence for research about the profits of Portuguese and British slave traders in the period 1600–1800? (A) Portuguese and British tax records (B) Narratives of slaves transported to the Americas (C) European slave traders’ account books (D) Journals of African slave traders C

82 Period: 1450 C.E C.E. Which of the following statements is true about both the Mughal and Ottoman empires in the sixteenth century? (A) In both empires the majority of the people were Muslims. (B) Both empires had powerful navies that engaged European navies. (C) Both empires expanded through the use of gunpowder weapons and extensive bureaucracies. (D) Both empires gave little monetary support to artistic and cultural endeavors. C

83 Period: 1750 C.E C.E. Main Ideas Imperialism and Nation-State Formation Industrialization and Global Capitalism Nationalism, Revolution, and Reform Global Migration

84 Period: 1750 C.E C.E. Changes Modern Society emerges from the Scientific, French, and Industrial Revolutions Ability of societies to exercise enormous amounts of control

85 Period: 1750 C.E C.E. Industrial Revolution and Social Change: -improved method in farming, scientific breeding livestock, and fertilizers, steam engine Financial Institutions -Promote industrial investments through the Stock market, gold standard -laissez faire economics

86 Period: 1750 C.E C.E. Social Change: -change in workers pace, hours, setting, and social status measured by wealth instead of family position -cities were crowded and unsanitary -after 1850s more leisure time, mass production, and mass consumption Spread to Russia and Japan: -government support for industry i.e. Trans-Siberian Railroad -Meiji Restoration

87 Period: 1750 C.E C.E. Population Revolution: -migration to cities, drop in birth rates, and death rates -environmental problems arise...industrial waste and human sewage Changes in Art: -romanticism, natural selection, and theory of relativity

88 Period: 1750 C.E C.E. Latin American Trade: -independence movements and Monroe Doctrine -export cash crops Trade with the Islamic World: -Tanzimat reforms open the Ottomans to western trade Qing China: -Opium War, Boxer Rebellion, Taiping Rebellion, western spheres of influence

89 Period: 1750 C.E C.E. Political Revolutions: -American-seven years war, declaration of independence, bill of rights -French-estates general, declaration of rights of man, reign of terror, Napoleon, congress of Vienna -Haitian Revolution-Toussaint L'Overture -Mexican Independence-Hildalgo, Creoles recruited by Iturbide, becomes republic -South America-Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin -Brazil was bloodless Feminist and Marxist movements

90 Period: 1750 C.E C.E. Imperialism: -scramble for colonies in Asia and Africa -Raj in India, Sepoy Munity, Indian National Congress -Berlin conference for Africa, only Liberia and Ethiopia remain untouched -economic Imperialism in Hawaii and Latin America

91 Period: 1750 C.E C.E. Comparisons: -Industrial Revolutions in Europe, Japan, and Russia -Revolutions in America, France and the Caribbean -responses to Western Influence -Imperialism in Africa and India

92 Period: 1750 C.E C.E. TURN TO YOUR NEIGHBOR AND TELL THEM…

93 Period: 1750 C.E C.E. Most world historians would agree that the key to European predominance in the world economy during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was (A) the Industrial Revolution (B) European medical technology (C) Spanish control of New World silver (D) the Enlightenment A

94 Period: 1750 C.E C.E. Which of the following developments in the period 1878–1922 best explains the change in Japanese trade patterns shown in the graphs above? (A) Japanese manufacturing output decreased because Japanese leaders restricted commercial ties. (B) Export of manufactured goods declined because United States tariffs on Japanese goods increased. (C) Japanese manufacturing output rose as a consequence of industrialization. (D) Japanese imports of raw materials increased C

95 Period: 1750 C.E C.E. In contrast to initial industrialization, the second Industrial Revolution in the last half of the nineteenth century was particularly associated with the mass production of which of the following? (A) Textiles, iron, and coal (B) Textiles, automobiles, and plastics (C) Airplanes, ships, and radios (D) Electricity, steel, and chemicals D

96 Period: 1750 C.E C.E. All of the following factors contributed to significant growth in worldwide population from 1750 through 1900 EXCEPT (A) decline of epidemic disease (B) introduction of Western Hemisphere food crops to new areas (C) expansion of land under cultivation (D) new grain crops developed in the Green Revolution D

97 Period: 1750 C.E C.E. Between 1750 and 1900, which of the following industrializing states created an empire? (A) Japan (B) China (C) Brazil (D) Argentina A

98 Period: 1750 C.E C.E. In the late nineteenth century, European involvement in both Africa and China was characterized primarily by (A) the encouragement of slavery (B) extensive intermarriage with local peoples (C) small military enclaves along coastlines (D) competition among imperialist powers D

99 Period: 1750 C.E C.E. Which of the following European developments is most closely associated with the revolution in Haiti? (A) The Protestant Reformation (B) The Russian Revolution (C) The French Revolution (D) The Industrial Revolution C

100 Period: 1750 C.E C.E. The North and South American independence movements of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries shared which of the following? (A) Revolutionary demands based on Enlightenment political ideas (B) Reliance on Christian teachings to define revolutionary demands (C) Industrial economies that permitted both areas to break free of European control (D) Political instability caused by constant warfare among the new states A

101 Period: 1900 C.E.- PRESENT Main Ideas Science and the Environment Global Conflicts and their Consequences New Conceptions of the Global Economy, Society, and Culture

102 Period: 1900 C.E.- PRESENT What was the leading cause of the unprecedented increase in global population in the twentieth century? (A) The end of international epidemics (B) Global warming and other types of climate change (C) The impact of medical innovations and public health measures (D) The reduction of world hunger C

103 Period: 1900 C.E.- PRESENT “We shall not repeat the past. We shall eradicate it by restoring our rights in the Suez Canal. This money is ours. The canal is the property of Egypt.” This quotation by Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser (in power 1952–1970) best expresses support for (A) communism (B) liberalism (C) nationalism (D) imperialism C

104 Period: 1900 C.E.- PRESENT Which of the following describes a major change in international relations in the 1980s and 1990s? (A) The rapid establishment of large overseas colonial empires by European powers (B) The disbanding of most regional political organizations (C) The decline in power of multinational corporations (D) The reduction of confrontations between communist and noncommunist countries D

105 Foundations-600 B.C.E. -Neolithic Revolution- Building the Egyptian pyramids -Stonehenge 600 B.C.E.-600 C.E. -Development of the Silk Road- Foundation of Christianity -Gupta India - Roman Empire -Alexander the Great- Han China - Beginning of the Bantu migrations 600 C.E C.E.- Byzantine Empire flourished- Foundation of Islam - Genghis Khan- Mayan Empire rises and falls - Feudalism in Europe- The Shogun appears in Japan - The Crusades- Mansa Musa crosses the Sahara - The Black Plague marches to Europe - Printing is introduced in China 1450 C.E C.E. -Renaissance- Reformation - The Columbian Exchange -Tokugawa Shogunate in Japan - Scientific Revolution -The Americas are colonized - Qing take control of China -Collapse of Constantinople/est. Ottoman Empire - The Kongo is introduced to Christianity- Triangular Trade 1750 C.E C.E. - The American Revolution- The French Revolution - The Boer War -The Haitian Revolution- Industrial Revolution - Opium War -Meiji Restoration - Boxer Rebellion - Imperialism - Simon Bolivar 1900 C.E.- present-Mao assumes power in China - WWII - Russian Revolution -Eva Peron and Argentina - Great Depression - Cold War - Women gain the right to vote in the U.S.- Vietnam War - Establishment of the U.N.- Armenian massacre

106 AP EXAM WRITING ers/exam/exam_information/ html ers/exam/exam_information/ html

107 AP EXAM WRITING Using the documents, analyze African actions and reactions in response to the European Scramble for Africa. Identify an additional type of document and explain how it would help in assessing African actions and reactions.

108 AP EXAM WRITING

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111 Analyze similarities and differences in methods of political control in TWO of the following empires in the Classical period. Han China (206 B.C.E.–220 C.E.) Mauryan/Gupta India (320 B.C.E.–550 C.E.) Imperial Rome (31 B.C.E.– 476 C.E.)

112 AP EXAM WRITING


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