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Developing Entomological Skills and Techniques (how to be a bugdork)
Why Insects? Most numerous and diverse animals Live in all habitats Most important (good and bad) for humans They rock and it’s fun…
Kingdom ANIMAL Phylum ARTHROPODA
Orders Collembola Thysanura Ephemeroptera Odanata Phasmatodea Orthoptera Mantodea Blattodea Isoptera Dermaptera Plecoptera Psocoptera Phthiraptera Hemiptera Thysanoptera Neuroptera Coleoptera Mecoptera Siphonaptera Diptera Trichoptera Lepidoptera Hymenoptera
Orders Collembola Thysanura Ephemeroptera Odanata Phasmatodea Orthoptera Mantodea Blattodea Isoptera Dermaptera Plecoptera Psocoptera Phthiraptera Hemiptera Thysanoptera Neuroptera Coleoptera Mecoptera Siphonaptera Diptera Trichoptera Lepidoptera Hymenoptera NON-Insects
Types of Metamorphosis Ametabolous (most primitive) Hemimetabolous Paurometabolous Holometabolous (most advanced)
Ametabolous – no metamorphosis Insect Metamorphosis Young = nymphs
Ametabolous – no metamorphosis Insect Metamorphosis * The stages of immature insects are called instars 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
Hemimetabolous – incomplete metamorphosis Insect Metamorphosis 1 2 3 4
Hemimetabolous – incomplete metamorphosis Insect Metamorphosis Naiad – aquatic nymph
Paurametabolous – gradual metamorphosis Insect Metamorphosis instars 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5
Paurametabolous – gradual metamorphosis Insect Metamorphosis “Nymph” 1 2 3
Holometabolous – complete metamorphosis Insect Metamorphosis Adults and young look completely different instars 123
- maggot, worm-like shaped body - feeding apparatus either mouth hooks or mandibles - no legs Vermiform: e.g., flies Insect Metamorphosis
- Slightly flattened body - mandibulate feeding apparatus - 3 pairs of thoracic legs Elaterifom: e.g., mealworms Insect Metamorphosis
- caterpillar-like shaped body - mandibulate feeding apparatus - 3 pairs of thoracic legs and 5-7 pairs of abdominal prolegs Eruciform: e.g., butterflies Insect Metamorphosis
Important Questions Wings or no wings? – How many? Kind of Mouthparts? Where did I find it? Any special adaptations? – Raptorial legs, swimming legs – Camouflage?
Order Collembola: Springtails Coll = glue Embola= a bolt or wedge (collophore)
Springtails: Order Collembola
Order Thysanura: Silverfish Thysano= fringed ura= tail
Order Ephemeroptera: Mayflies ephemeros= short lived
Order Ephemeroptera: Mayflies
Order Odonata: Dragonfly and Damselfly dragonflies keep wings out when at rest… …while damselflies keep wings back over body at rest
Odonata = toothed jaw Order Odonata: Dragonfly and Damselfly
Order Phasmatodea: Walking sticks and Leaf Insects Phasm = phantom
Order Orthoptera: Grasshoppers, Crickets, Locusts & Katydids Ortho= straight Ptera= winged
Order Mantodea Praying mantids, soothsayers
Order Blattodea: Roaches Blatta - Greek word for roach
Order Isoptera: Termites Iso = even ptera = wing
Order Dermaptera: Earwigs Derm = leather Ptera = wing
Order Plecoptera: Stoneflies Pleco = folded or pleated Ptera = wing
Psoco= gnawing Ptera= wing Bad Name! Think of them as winged insects that gnaw. Order Psocoptera: Bark & Book lice
pthir = lice aptera = no wings Two Suborders – Mallophaga: The chewing lice – Anoplura: The sucking lice Order Pthiraptera: Lice
Anoplura: Sucking Lice
Order Hemiptera: True Bugs, Scales, Aphids, Hoppers Etymology: hemi = half ptera = winged Hemiptera: Order Name Suborder Heteroptera = true bugs Suborder Auchenorrhyncha = hoppers and cicadas Suborder Sternorrhyncha = aphids and allies Refers to the true bugs
Suborder Heteroptera Hemelytra - sclerotized basal portion of wings
Order Thysanoptera: Thrips Thysan= fringed Ptera= winged
Order Neuroptera Neuro = nerve Ptera = wing Tons of different insects lumped into this group…
Order Coleoptera: Beetles
Coleoptera koleos- sheath (from Aristotle) fore wings called elytra Serve to protect the membranous hind wings (used in flight)
Order Mecoptera: Scorpionflies
Order Siphonaptera: The Fleas Siphon: a tube Aptera: wingless
Order Diptera: True Flies Di= two Ptera= wings True flies have only one pair of wings The hind pair = flight stabilizers called halteres.
Order Trichoptera: Caddisflies Tricho= hair Ptera= wings
Order Lepidoptera: Butterflies & Moths
Lepid = scales Ptera = wings
Order Hymenoptera: Bees, Wasps and Ants
Hymenoptera (Bees, wasps, ants) hymen = membrane Ptera = wings Greek Goddess of Marriage: Hymeno Goddess of marriage – Named for the joining of the wings
Hamuli = Small row of hooks on hind wing
Tricksters: Assassin Bugs and Ambush Bugs Count the Beak Segments! 3 4 Does the beak fit into a groove???
Tricksters: Flesh Flies and House Flies Flesh FlyHouse Fly
Horn fly Stable fly
Class Arachnida Order Solifugae Camel Spiders!!!!!
Common Insect Orders Adapted from Berkeley Natural History Museums lesson A Quick Way to Identify Common Insect Orders.
Important Insect Orders. Depending upon which textbook you use, there are Insect Orders A few less common Orders are not listed A few more common.
Insect Taxonomic Diversity BY : JASMINE CORBITT. Insect Orders Ephemeroptera Odonata Blattaria Isoptera Dermatptera Orthoptera Phasmida.
2014 Entomology (B&C) 2014 Entomology (B&C) KAREN LANCOUR National Rules Committee Chairman- Life Sciences.
Common Insect Orders Insect Collection. What are Insects??? 0 Common Features of Insects : 0 Three main body parts—head, thorax, abdomen 0 Three pairs.
1- Order Thysanura Species: North America – 50 World – 700 Families: North America - 4 Thysanura: refers to bristletails. (thysan, bristle or fringe; ura,
368.T1 Model Agricultural Core Curriculum: Supplement University of California, Davis Biology of Insects Parts of an Insect.
Entomology 462 Orders of Insects David J. Shetlar, Ph.D. The BugDoc The Ohio State University, OARDC & OSU Extension Columbus, OH Revised: September, 2007.
Orders of Insects David J. Shetlar, Ph.D. The “BugDoc” The Ohio State University, OARDC & OSU Extension Columbus, OH Revised: September, DJS.
Order Ephemeroptera: Elongated abdomen with two or three tail filaments. Two pair of membrane wings bristle-like antennae Mayflies Order Odonata:
Common Insect Orders Adapted from Berkeley Natural History Museums lesson “A Quick Way to Identify Common Insect Orders”
Common insect orders. Insects are the most species- rich group of organisms on earth as indicated in this species-scape. The size of the organism reflects.
United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant Protection and Quarantine External Anatomy Adult insects are known.
The insects abound in all habitats – water land and air. Most of them are free-living, but some are parasites on animals and plants. A few are colonial.
By Vincent Mannino County Extension Director – Fort Bend.
Insect Taxonomic By: Martavious Jennings. Insect orders Ephemeroptera Odonata Blattaria Isoptera Dermatptera Orthoptera Phasmida Hemiptera.
Oklahoma Master Gardeners Basic Entomology for the Home and Landscape Eric J. Rebek Dept. of Entomology and Plant Pathology.
Phylum Arthropoda Subphylum Uniramia End show Jenna Hellack Fall 2000 Subphylum Uniramia Class: Diplopoda (dip-lop-o-da)Diplopoda Millipedes Class: Chilopoda.
Major Orders of Insects. Coleoptera “Sheath – winged” 2 pairs of wings (front pair covers transparent back pair) Heavy armored exoskeleton Biting and.
Miscellaneous Insect Groups FFA Entomology CDE. Flea Scorpionfly Caddisfly Hog Louse Earwig Mayfly Praying mantid Stonefly Termite Walking stick.
Major Orders of Insects. 1. Grasshopper, cricket, roach, mantid 2. true bug 3. cicadas or leaf or plant hopper 4. beetle 5. fly 6. ant, bee or wasp 7.
Insect Taxonomic Diversity BY: HANNAH SUTTON ZOOLOGY 5 TH PERIOD.
(arthro = joint) + (poda = leg). Phylum Arthropoda Bilaterally symmetrical, triploblastic Tagmatization Paired, jointed appendages Compound eyes.
Insect Taxonomic Diversity Austin Speigner 2 nd. Insect Orders Odonata Ephemoroptera Blattaria Isoptera Dermatptera Orthoptera Phasmidia Hemiptera Coleoptera.
Presented By. 2 Thysanura (Silverfish / Firebrats / Bristle tail) Greek "thysano-" meaning fringed "ura" meaning tail. Body relatively flat, tapered.
Entomology 101 Orders of Insects David J. Shetlar, Ph.D. The “BugDoc” The Ohio State University, OARDC & OSU Extension Columbus, OH © Sept, 2009, D.J.
INSECT CLASSIFICATION KIND PHILLIP CAME OVER FOR GOOD SPAGHETTI !!!
Entomology Deer Fly Common Name: Deer Fly Order: Diptera Metamorphosis: Holometebolous Mouth Part: Cutting Sponging Significance: Pest.
Welcome to “Bug” Week Test scores, not terrible Snack Bar reminder Bug Day is Friday! Use the laptops to get vocabulary and chart done Lab (sketches) and.
Common Insect Orders.
Common Insects - Identification by Order. Order - Anoplura Simple Sucking Only Hog Louse Can attack deer, moose, elk, wild hogs.
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Leafhopper Hemiptera – Simple - Suck All Insects ID.
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ORDER DIPTERA Reduced hind wings Suction mouths Larvae called maggots.
Challenge #3 Can you identify the orders into which insects are classified? T. Trimpe 2008
ENTOMOLOGY CONTEST. ORDER - Blattodea Metamorphosis: Hemimetabolous Mouthparts: Chewing Key characteristics: Flattened body, head concealed by pronotum.
LABORATORIO Phylum Arthropoda Subphylum Hexapoda.
Insect Classification. Insects are members of the Phylum Arthropoda (jointed foot) Five important extant Classes of Arthropods are arachnids, chilopods,
Phylum Arthropoda Subphylum 4 Uniramia ‘DIC’ or ‘CID’ Class Chilopoda Class Diplopoda Class Insecta Which one has most legs per segment?
Insects Around Us Science Unit 4 Ms. Medina's 5 th Grade Class.
Entomology #076 Jumping Spider Common Name: Jumping Spider Order Name: Non- insect Metamorphosis: Omit Mouth Part: Omit Significance to People:
Insect classification If present, number and type.
Entomology Insects in Kansas Probably between 15 and 20 thousand species.
1 Steven staggs Silverfish Thysanura Ametabolous Chewing pest.
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