Presentation on theme: "MISC LIVESTOCK THE LAST POWERPOINT. Breeder: Someone who raises a certain breed or number of breeds seeking to match the to the Standard of Perfection."— Presentation transcript:
Breeder: Someone who raises a certain breed or number of breeds seeking to match the to the Standard of Perfection for the given breed Breeding Certificate: A certificate written by the owner of a stud buck that includes its pedigree and the date of breeding to a certain doe. This is used as half of a pedigree for the anticipated offspring Buck: Boy Rabbit - An intact male rabbit Dam: The mother of a rabbit Doe: Girl Rabbit An unaltered female rabbit. Kindling: refers to the birth and raising of babies. RABBIT VOCABULARY
Kit: The proper name for a baby rabbit. Nest box: A box in the doe's cage where the kits are born and live in for the first few weeks. Sire: The father of a rabbit Trio: 1 buck and 2 does bought or sold together for breeding purposes. Type: refers to the body conformation of a rabbit. The general description of the physical makeup of the rabbit Tattoo/Earn Number: A permanent method of identification in the rabbit's left ear. This is required for a rabbit to compete in an ARBA sanctioned show. RABBIT VOCABULARY
TOP 5 RABBIT FACTS Newborn rabbits have no fur, are blind, and helpless at birth The only 2 animals that can see behind it without turning its head are the rabbit and the parrot. Each eye of a rabbit sees more than half a circle, together seeing in every direction. Rabbits generally live between four and twenty years. Rabbits have six incisors, or front teeth, four on the top and two on the bottom. Rabbits are herbivores who feed by grazing on grass, forbs, and leafy weeds.
RABBIT REPRODUCTION Gestation period: 30 days Doe’s are ready to breed at about 6 months. Bucks are ready to breed at about 7 months. They have between 4 and 12 kits each time. You put the female into the male’s cage because female’s are very territorial. Females nest to protect their babies when they are born.
RABBIT USES Companion animals Meat animals Fur production
Banana Ears: A term used to refer to a particular ear set in llamas where the ears come up and curve inwards similar to the shape and size of a banana. Dung Pile: A designated area (usually decided upon by the llamas) where llamas urinate and defecate. There are usually several dung piles within any one field or pasture. Dust Pile: A bare area on the ground which llamas use for rolling. Gait: A type of movement or locomotion. The gaits used by llamas are walk, pace, trot, gallop and pronk. Kush: The term for the act of a llama laying down sternally or the actual position a llama is in when it is laying down. It may also be used as a command to get a llama to attain this position. Maiden Female: A female who has not been bred to a male yet, usually because she is too young. LLAMA VOCABULARY
Open Female: A female who is not pregnant. Packer: A llama who packs seriously with large loads for longer distances. These llamas usually have light wool coverage and are bigger in size. Woolies: A term sometimes used to refer to llamas who have heavy wool coverage. Three-in-One: A common term used to refer to a pregnant female llama who is sold along with her unweaned cria. You are purchasing three llamas for one price: the female, the cria, and the unborn baby. Weanling: A llama who has been weaned from the mother but is under one year of age. LLAMA VOCABULARY
TOP 5 LLAMA FACTS Life span: About 20 years, Average height: 45" at shoulder, 5-6' at the head. Llamas are hardy and well suited to harsh environments. Llamas are smart and easy to train. Llamas are vegetarians and have efficient digestive systems. Llamas don't bite. They spit when they're agitated, but that's mostly at each other.
LLAMA REPRODUCTION Average gestation: 350 days Females are first bred at 14-18 months of age. Llamas do not have a heat cycle but are induced ovulators (ovulation) occurs 24-36 hours after breeding). Thus they can be bred at any time of the year. Average birth weight is 18-35 lbs. Babies are normally up and nursing within 90 minutes. They are weaned at about 5-6 months.
LLAMA HISTORY Llamas were first domesticated and used as pack animals 4,000 to 5,000 years ago by Indians in the Peruvian highlands. Llamas started to become popular in the United States when an Oregon couple decided to promote them as domestic livestock and made them available to the general public. Little was known at the time of the many functions that we would later find they served.
brightness [of fleece]: the quality of alpaca fiber that reflects light camelid: mammal family to which the alpaca belongs; also includes camel, llama, vicuna, and guanaco cria: an unweaned camelid baby; from old Spanish word for "create." crimp: the wavy crinkle of fiber strands from a Huacaya alpaca fiber: the product of shearing an alpaca; interchangeable with 'fleece;' never referred to as 'fur' or 'wool. guard hair: the longer, medulated single hairs interspersed with the finer fiber on a huacaya alpaca or llama ALPACA VOCABULARY
hembra: adult female alpaca herdsire: adult male alpaca used for breeding huacaya (wah-KI-yah): one of two types of alpaca, with thick, fluffy fleece suggesting the 'teddy bear' look humming: the most common audio communication between alpacas; a melodic, purring sound that indicates nervous attention, as a mom calling to her cria, or an adult separated from the herd. junior herdsire: intact young adult male alpaca, not yet mature for breeding macho: adult male alpaca
maiden: young adult female, not yet bred micron: one-millionth of a meter; referring to the width of single fiber of alpaca fleece micron count: the average of measurements within a fiber sample roving: fiber that has been cleaned, carded and rolled (much like a clay 'snake'), ready for spinning sire: male parent Suri: one of two types of alpaca. Fiber is silky, no crimp, clings together, "pencil like' locks.
TOP 5 ALPACA FACTS Alpacas are camelids, related to the even rarer vicuna, the llama and the camel. They are modified ruminants. They come in 22 natural colors. Alpacas are the environmentally-friendly livestock investment you don't have to kill for income. But they ARE livestock, not pets! Although some are quite "huggable." They come with the tax benefits of other livestock. Alpacas are shown for their fiber, body conformation, ability, and in costume.
Huacaya ('wah-KI- yah') — dense, crimped, wooly, water-resistant fleece. About 90% of all alpacas in the North America are "teddy-bear" huacayas. Suri ('SUR-ree') — very fine and lustrous fiber which grows parallel to the body in long, separate locks. Only 10% of the alpaca population in the US are suris. ALPACA TYPES
ALPACA REPRDUCTION Females are "induced ovulators"; the act of mating and the presence of semen causes them to ovulate. Females usually conceive after just one breeding, but occasionally do have troubles conceiving. The gestation period is 345, and usually results in a single offspring, or cria.cria Twins are rare, occurring about once per 1000 deliveries. After a female gives birth, she is generally receptive to breeding again after about two weeks.