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 Framing Youth: Ten Myths About the Next Generation  Smoked: Why Joe Camel is Still Smiling  The Scapegoat Generation: America’s War on Adolescents.

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Presentation on theme: " Framing Youth: Ten Myths About the Next Generation  Smoked: Why Joe Camel is Still Smiling  The Scapegoat Generation: America’s War on Adolescents."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Framing Youth: Ten Myths About the Next Generation  Smoked: Why Joe Camel is Still Smiling  The Scapegoat Generation: America’s War on Adolescents  Kids and Guns: How Politicians, Experts, and the Press Fabricate Fear of Youth

3  37 states require parental involvement in a minor’s decision to have an abortion.  21 states require parental consent only, 3 of which require both parents to consent.  11 states require parental notification only, 1 of which requires that both parents be notified.  5 states require both parental consent and notification.  7 states require the parental consent documentation to be notarized.

4  36 states that require parental involvement have an alternative process for minors seeking an abortion  36 states include a judicial bypass procedure, which allows a minor to obtain approval from a court  5 states require judges to use specific criteria, such as a minor’s intelligence or emotional stability, when deciding whether to waive a parental involvement requirement  13 states require judges to use the “clear and convincing evidence” standard that the minor is mature and the abortion is in her best interest when deciding whether to waive parental involvement requirement

5  6 states also permit a minor to obtain an abortion if a grandparent or other adult relative is involved in the decision.  Most states that require parental involvement make exceptions under certain circumstances  33 states permit a minor to obtain an abortion in a medical emergency  15 states permit a minor to obtain an abortion in cases of abuse, assault, incest or neglect. (GUTTMACHER INSTITUTE)

6  1990 Supreme Court ruling in Hodgson v. Minnesota allowed new curbs on abortion  Those who are most affected are the young and the poor  Parental involvement laws do not promote parental involvement  No requirement that the male partner seek parental consent (most males involved in teenage pregnancies are adults)

7  Testified in Connecticut on behalf of his daughter, Becky, who died when she sought an illegal abortion  The choice was not hers; it was made by lawmakers  She did not want to disappoint her parents (like many teens)  She did not want to go before a pro-life judge

8  You cannot legislate that families communicate  Legislators, judges, and parents are making the decisions, not the young women who facing an unplanned pregnancy  Raised Bill #5447: No accommodation for a situation like Becky’s; no safe and reasonable option

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10  Culture, Society, and Menstruation  Women's Healthcare in Advanced Practice Nursing  Human Sexuality in Health and Illness  Nursing Research: Theory and Practice

11  Sex and gender disparities in health: Biological sex Social, cultural, environmental conditions  Poverty  Social and socioeconomic status  Racism  Sexism  Heterosexism  Environmental exposures  Sociocultural and political stressors  Personal behavior patterns

12  Gender preference: as many as 60 million and up to 100 million females are missing in the world’s population owing to gender preference (Coale, 1991; United Nations, 1994)  The female biological advantage may be eroded by the social disadvantage of being female (children competing for scare resources)

13  Prostitution  Sex trafficking  Genital mutilation  Nutritional Disparity  Lack of access to health care  Lack of education  Reproductive roles and marriage  Employment opportunities  Exposure to violence

14  70% of people living in poverty are women and girls  Women perform 2/3 of world’s working hours but earn only 10% of the world’s income (PLAN 2008)  2/3 of the out-of-school children in the world are girls  1 in 7 girls in developing countries marries before age 15  Half of sexual assaults are perpetrated on 15 – 19 year old girls

15  Malnutrition  Birth trauma – obstructed labor – fistulae  Complications of pregnancy are the leading cause of death in women 15-19 in the poorest countries (Mayor 2004)  Approximately 70,000 adolescents die each year in childbirth  Genital mutilation (1.3 million women)  HIV/AIDS  Exposure to war (abduction/rape)  Occupational and environmental factors

16  Family planning  Prenatal care  Immunizations  HIV/AIDS prevention  Physical environment (including food and water)  Eliminating rape as an atrocity of war  Eradicating poverty  Investing in education


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