Presentation on theme: "Direct / Indirect Idioms"— Presentation transcript:
1Direct / Indirect Idioms مهمة شاقةA hard task: special phraseA tall order: fixed phraseFixed phrases: idioms, and proverbs in particular.A special phrase is a phrase with a special meaning which cannot be understood from the direct meaning of its words, nor from their total meaning when taken together.A fixed phrase, on the other hand, is a phrase which always has one single grammatical and lexical form and word order that cannot be changed, interrupted or reversed. In this sense, both idioms and proverbs are special and fixed phrases.
2Direct idioms/fixed metaphors Passing the exam is not a bed of roses.A true friend does not stab in the back.You scratch my back and I scratch yours.He killed his neighbor in cold blood.You make my blood boil by your bad manners.It was the straw that broke the camel’s back.High prices are a daylight robbery.Our dear aunt is at death’s door.They needed the job, so they signed on the dotted line.She cannot believe her eyes/ears.Their company is on the black list.
3Here is the intended meaning: Passing exams is difficultA true friend does not betrayServe me, so I serve youHe killed his neighbor intentionally and insensitivelyYou agitate meIt was the light knockout strokeHigh prices are public, legal robberyOur dear aunt is dyingThey signed unconditionallyShe is astonishedTheir company should not be dealt with/boycotted
4They have metaphorical meaning saying something to mean something else Why do you wash your dirty linen in public?Some people put the cart before the horse.That man is rolling in money.People were driven to war like lambs to the slaughter.They apply the law of the jungle.Ladies and gentlemen, lend me your ears.He serves two masters.Let us turn a new page.His name was on the tip of my tongue.
5Here is the intended meaning: Why do you make your own secrets openSome people do things the opposite wayThe man is very richPeople were driven by force, unaware of the consequencesThey apply the law of might is rightListen to me carefullyHe is a hypocrateLet us have a new startI was about to say his name