What tense is used in the sentences below: Many teenagers like reading adventure stories. I have read about an adventure in Africa. Toby and Colin will live with the local people in their villages. They will be walking everyday for two weeks. present perfect simple future future continuous simple present
They will be walking everyday for two weeks. You were having a meeting at this time yesterday. They held a party on the campus last weekend. He is now living an interesting life in Africa. Future continuous Past continuous Simple past Present continuous
They set off at 9 a.m. and would reach the airport an hour later. ——————— Simple past —————————————— Future in the past
e.g. They were sure that they would win the final victory. (‘be sure’ happened in the past, the action ‘win the final victory’ happened in the future compared with the action of ‘be sure’) (A) to report an action in the past from a time when it was still in the future.
e.g. He told me he was going to learn another foreign language. e.g. I was meeting him in town the next day. (B) to indicate a past intention (C) to indicate a past arrangement.
e.g. Toby said goodbye to his friend, not knowing that they were never to meet again. (D) to mean that the future action actually happened.
The form of future in the past: (A) would + do e.g. I told you Colin and I would spend a few weeks traveling. (B) was/were going to e.g. We were going to see the wild animals, but then we didn’t have time.
(C) was/were to e.g. It was his last day at school, and he was to leave the next morning. (D) was/were about to e.g. The bus was about to start. Colin was about to get off the camel when a child ran towards him. be about to 表示即将要发生的动作, 不与表示 时间段的 状语连用。
(E) was/were + doing (come, go, arrive, leave, meet…) e.g. I didn’t know when they were coming again. I was meeting him in America the next year.
would/should + do was/were going to + do was/were to + do was/were about to + do was/were doing
A. Tick the sentences which express future in the past. Colin told me he would be in Africa. John was always going to the beach when he was a kid. Jennifer mentioned that she was going to Hawaii on holiday. I was having dinner with some friends between 8 and 10 yesterday evening. Toby and Colin were to fly to Morocco the next day.
B. Colin wrote in his diary about the sunrise he and Toby saw in the desert. Complete his diary entry with expressions from the box. were going to watch wouldn’t see wouldn’t give was to remember were about to turn would blow would stop would fall
① were going to watch ② were about to turn ③ would blow ④ wouldn’t see ⑤ wouldn’t give ⑥ would stop ⑦ would fall ⑧ was to remember Check your answers!
Finish the passage according to Para 2 on Page 22. Dear Karen, How are you? I’m going to tell you something about Toby’s adventure in Africa. He said they __________ London on 15th July and they ________ to Morocco, in North Africa. They _________________ on camels through the Sahara Desert. It is the biggest desert in the world---about the size of the US! would leave would fly were going to travel
He expected it _________ very hot, dry and dusty there. They _______________ by camel, with local guides, camping in tents and sleeping on the ground in their big, thick sleeping bags. He had heard that could see beautiful stars on clear nights. He ______________ a torch with him so that he ______________ see in the dark. The whole trip ____________ six days. That meant he ______________ to sit on a camel for almost a week. would be would be traveling would bring would be able to would take would have
He said how uncomfortable it was. He hoped his camel liked him! I will send you some post cards from Toby. Love, Aihua
Multiple choices 1.----Alice, why didn’t you come yesterday? ----I___, but I had an unexpected visitor. A. had B. would C. was going to D. did 2.I first met Lisa three years ago. She ____at a radio shop at the time. A. has worked B. was working C. had just started D. had worked
3. We were all surprised when he made it clear that he_____ office soon. A leaves B. would leave C. left D. had left 4. ----Come in, Peter. I want to show you something. ----Oh, how nice of you! I____ you____ to bring me a gift. A. never think; are going B. never thought; were going C. didn’t think; were going D. hadn’t thought; were going
5. He____ anyone the minute he ______ they needed help. A. would help; saw B. helped; saw C. will help: sees D. helps; sees 6. As I ____ the next day, I went to bed early on Thursday evening. A. was leaving B. had left C. will leave D. left
7. I had no idea if he _____ the meeting. A. will attend B. attends C. will have attended D. would attend 8. I ____ to start off when it began to rain. A. was B. was able C. wanted D. was about 9. They wanted to know what ______next. A. would happen B. has happened C. will happen D. is going to happen
Homework for today Review the future continuous tense and the future in the past tense. Finish ExxC2 & D1 in the workbook on Pages 96-97.