Presentation on theme: " Sudan Caravans A region of northern Africa south of the Sahara Desert and north of the equator, stretching from the Atlantic coast to Ethiopia "— Presentation transcript:
Sudan Caravans A region of northern Africa south of the Sahara Desert and north of the equator, stretching from the Atlantic coast to Ethiopia Files of vehicles or pack animals traveling together
Medieval Vicinity Flourishing Floodplain The period in history from about a.d. 500 to a.d The region within close range of a place Growing extremely well Flat land along a river made up of soil left by floods
Bartering The trading of goods without the exchange of money
Why did the authors explain that ordinary people wore golden jewelry? Why did Wangaran miners keep the location of their mines a secret The authors explained that ordinary people wore jewelry to show that gold was plentiful in Ghana. Wangaran miners kept the location of their mines a secret so outsiders would not steal their wealth.
Ladened Goods Thicket Primary Livestock Weighed down with heavy things Items 4 sale A dense growth of shrubs Main; basic Animals raised and kept on a farm
Why did the authors call the Wangaran miners shy? Were you surprised to learn that dumb bartering usually worked quickly and smoothly? Explain. The authors called Wangaran miners shy because they hid from view. I was surprised the dumb bartering usually worked quickly and smoothly because it seems as if communicating without speaking would have been difficult.
Endure Entourage To carry on despite hardships A group of followers
Why do you think the authors described a camel caravan as colorful? Tell what the authors mean by this analogy: the camel was to the Berbers what the bison was to the native American. The authors use the word colorful because the camel caravan had colorful dress, colorful goods, and an interesting variety of people. This analogy means that each kind of animal was vitally important to the lives of the people in each group.
Oasis Caravanserai A green spot in the desert where water can be found An inn with a large outdoor area where caravans would stay
Why did the caravans move so slowly across the desert? In what ways do you think caravanserai might have been similar to modern-day road side rest stops? The caravans moved slowly because of the shifting sands, heat, the required prayer periods, and for the camels. Caravanserai may have been similar to modern- day rest stops in that travelers were resting and talking, refreshments were available, and resting camels might have looked like parked cars
Compounds Allocated Grievance Groups of houses or other buildings, enclosed by a wall or fence Set aside for a particular purpose. A complaint based on a real or imagined wrong
What can you infer from the detail that most small towns were surrounded by walls with moats or pits in front of them? Why do you think the authors give more details about life in Ghana's villages than in its cities? From the detail that most small towns were surrounded with moats or pits in front of them I can infer that they probably needed to defend themselves against attackers. The authors give more details about life in Ghana’s villages than in its cities because most people lived in farming villages.
Adequate Game Meager Paternal Maternal Dissent Belligerence Enough Wild animals, birds monkeys ect. Lacking in amount or richness Related through one’s father Related through one’s mother Disagreement A warlike, unfriendly attitude
What does the Soninke proverb mean? What does the proverb show about the Soninke? The Soninke proverb means family ties are stronger and last longer than a relationship with a king. The proverb shows that family life is very important to the Soninke.