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World History: The Earth and its Peoples

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1 World History: The Earth and its Peoples
Chapter 7 Networks of Communication And Exchange, 300 B.C.E C.E.

2 Objectives Identify the locations and describe the participants of the Silk Road, the Indian Ocean, and the trans-Saharan trade routes.. Define the term “Africanity” and explain the development of “Africanity” in terms of Bantu migrations.. Analyze the relationship between environment, transportation technology,and trade along the Silk Road, Indian Ocean, and trans-Saharan trade routes.. Discuss the causes and patterns of the spread of Buddhism and Christianity..

3 Silk Road Map

4 Overview Remember to give Students their quizzes Back Trade Routes
agricultural goods manufactured goods ideas social system Did more for cultural inclusion than any emperor or king.

5 The Silk Road Silk Road Origins hybrid camels
connects Middle East to China 1st Period: 150 BCE CE 2nd Period: 13th-17th cen. CE Origins nomadic traders Chinese demand for western products Mesopotamian markets Parthians hybrid camels existed solely for trade route

6 The Silk Road Zhang Jian Chinese Exports Impact of Trade
Ferghana horses alfalfa and domestic grapes Chinese Exports silk, pottery, paper Impact of Trade settling of Iranian nomads import of Turkic peoples yurts interest in foreign religions military chariot, bowmen stirrup Prosperity from trade = peace

7 Silk Road Map

8 The Indian Ocean Indian Ocean Maritime System monsoons colonies
Indian Ocean / South China Sea multilingual / multiethnic seafarers E. Africa, Arabia, India, China, and SE Asia monsoons lateen sails; long reaches sail further from shore colonies economic, not political warfare rare

9 The Indian Ocean Origins of Contact and Trade Africa Impact
SE Asian settling of Madagascar 2000 years ago cultures of homeland Mozambique Channel 1500 years ago Impact The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea - 7th century CE extensive written record of trade ports of call from E to W bilingual and bicultural families cosmopolitan in nature

10 Routes Across the Sahara
2500 BCE BCE shift in cultural patterns south Mediterranean - S. Africa barrier source of European exploration trans-Saharan caravan routes Culture cave paintings cliffs and caves southern animals hunters, cattle breeders, horse herders, camel riders Trans Saharan Trade Routes camel domestication

11 Camel Domestication Camels in Africa Trade Berber: trade for gold dust
1st century BCE to Egypt from Arabia; S to N saddle purposes Trade South salt for forest products Sahel - ‘coast’ Saharan southern border North food for Roman Empire Roman N. African farms wild animals for Coliseum post-Roman shift to Middle East Berber: trade for gold dust

12 Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana - 600 - 1076 CE Sub-Saharan Africa
“land of gold” 1st documentable W. Africa African with Muslim traders religious toleration Sub-Saharan Africa most important cultural exchange geographical obstacles

13 Sub-Saharan Africa Geography steppes savanna tropical rain forest
Sahara, Atlantic, Indian, Red Sea limited navigation of rivers steppes treeless plains; coarse grass savanna long grasses; scattered forests tropical rain forest Cultural traditions as a result of long period of isolation

14 Sub-Saharan Culture Cultural Unity... … emanates from Sub-Sahara
“great traditions” written language, legal system, ethical codes, intellectual traditions “small traditions” local customs and beliefs less-population density distance between tribes lack of accessibility to interior Common Elements concept of kingship - isolation fixed social categories common agricultural cultivation common music rituals … emanates from Sub-Sahara

15 Bantu Migrations “Africanity” Bantu language distribution
common African quality Bantu family of 300 sub-Saharan languages proto-Bantu as fishermen and agriculturalists iron-smelting language distribution spread of agriculture use of iron tools

16 The Spread of Ideas Where do ideas and beliefs start? Religion
Iron-smelting and pork Religion royal sponsorship monks, missionaries, and pilgrims Silk Road and Indian Ocean Buddhism Ethiopian Christianity Constantine’s missionaries Patriarch of Alexandria writing system Armenian Christianity

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