Presentation on theme: "World History: The Earth and its Peoples"— Presentation transcript:
1 World History: The Earth and its Peoples Chapter 7Networks of Communication And Exchange,300 B.C.E C.E.
2 ObjectivesIdentify the locations and describe the participants of the Silk Road, the Indian Ocean, and the trans-Saharan trade routes..Define the term “Africanity” and explain the development of “Africanity” in terms of Bantu migrations..Analyze the relationship between environment, transportation technology,and trade along the Silk Road, Indian Ocean, and trans-Saharan trade routes..Discuss the causes and patterns of the spread of Buddhism and Christianity..
4 Overview Remember to give Students their quizzes Back Trade Routes agricultural goodsmanufactured goodsideassocial systemDid more for cultural inclusion than any emperor or king.
5 The Silk Road Silk Road Origins hybrid camels connects Middle East to China1st Period: 150 BCE CE2nd Period: 13th-17th cen. CEOriginsnomadic tradersChinese demand for western productsMesopotamian marketsParthianshybrid camelsexisted solely for trade route
6 The Silk Road Zhang Jian Chinese Exports Impact of Trade Ferghana horsesalfalfa and domestic grapesChinese Exportssilk, pottery, paperImpact of Tradesettling of Iranian nomadsimport of Turkic peoplesyurtsinterest in foreign religionsmilitarychariot, bowmenstirrupProsperity from trade = peace
8 The Indian Ocean Indian Ocean Maritime System monsoons colonies Indian Ocean / South China Seamultilingual / multiethnic seafarersE. Africa, Arabia, India, China, and SE Asiamonsoonslateen sails; long reachessail further from shorecolonieseconomic, not politicalwarfare rare
9 The Indian Ocean Origins of Contact and Trade Africa Impact SE Asian settling of Madagascar2000 years agocultures of homelandMozambique Channel1500 years agoImpactThe Periplus of the Erythraean Sea - 7th century CEextensive written record of tradeports of call from E to Wbilingual and bicultural familiescosmopolitan in nature
10 Routes Across the Sahara 2500 BCE BCEshift in cultural patterns southMediterranean - S. Africa barriersource of European explorationtrans-Saharan caravan routesCulturecave paintingscliffs and cavessouthern animalshunters, cattle breeders, horse herders, camel ridersTrans Saharan Trade Routescamel domestication
11 Camel Domestication Camels in Africa Trade Berber: trade for gold dust 1st century BCEto Egypt from Arabia; S to Nsaddle purposesTradeSouthsalt for forest productsSahel - ‘coast’Saharan southern borderNorthfood for Roman EmpireRoman N. African farmswild animals for Coliseumpost-Roman shift to Middle EastBerber: trade for gold dust
12 Sub-Saharan Africa Ghana - 600 - 1076 CE Sub-Saharan Africa “land of gold”1st documentable W. AfricaAfrican with Muslim tradersreligious tolerationSub-Saharan Africamost important cultural exchangegeographical obstacles
13 Sub-Saharan Africa Geography steppes savanna tropical rain forest Sahara, Atlantic, Indian, Red Sealimited navigation of riverssteppestreeless plains; coarse grasssavannalong grasses; scattered foreststropical rain forestCultural traditions as a result of long period of isolation
14 Sub-Saharan Culture Cultural Unity... … emanates from Sub-Sahara “great traditions”written language, legal system, ethical codes, intellectual traditions“small traditions”local customs and beliefsless-population densitydistance between tribeslack of accessibility to interiorCommon Elementsconcept of kingship - isolationfixed social categoriescommon agricultural cultivationcommon music rituals… emanates from Sub-Sahara
15 Bantu Migrations “Africanity” Bantu language distribution common African qualityBantufamily of 300 sub-Saharan languagesproto-Bantu as fishermen and agriculturalistsiron-smeltinglanguage distributionspread of agricultureuse of iron tools
16 The Spread of Ideas Where do ideas and beliefs start? Religion Iron-smelting and porkReligionroyal sponsorshipmonks, missionaries, and pilgrimsSilk Road and Indian OceanBuddhismEthiopian ChristianityConstantine’s missionariesPatriarch of Alexandriawriting systemArmenian Christianity