Presentation on theme: "Early History of Monasticism 1.Ascetics in the Bible. 2.Ascetics in early Judaism: Essenes. 3.The rise of monasticism. 4.St.Antony of Egypt. 5.Communal."— Presentation transcript:
Early History of Monasticism 1.Ascetics in the Bible. 2.Ascetics in early Judaism: Essenes. 3.The rise of monasticism. 4.St.Antony of Egypt. 5.Communal monasticism. 6.Spiritual warfare. 7.Functions of the holy man. Temptation of Christ in the desert
Nazarites in the OT Consecrated to God and made the following vows: –Abstained from wine –Did not cut their hair –Avoided contact with the dead body Example: Samson
Essene settlement in Qumran (second c. BC-first c. AD) Lived in an isolated community founded by the “Teacher of Righteousness” Rejected Temple worship Massacred by Romans in 68 AD.
John the Baptist “Now John was clothed with camel's hair, with a leather belt around his waist, and he ate locusts and wild honey.” Mk 1: 6.
NT call to perfection Matthew 19:21: If you wish to be perfect, go, sell your possessions, and give the money to the poor and you will have treasure in heaven; then come, follow me." (cf. Evagrius, Praktikos 97) 1 Corinthians 7:1-2, 7: ‘It is well for a man not to touch a woman, but because of cases of sexual immorality, each man should have his own wife and each woman her own husband... This I say by way of concession, not of command. I wish that all were as I myself am.’
Stark contrast between the cultivated land and the desert
Communal Monasticism 1.St Pachomius. 2.Pachomian monasteries 3.Pachomian Rules. Apa Menos is a friend of God
St. Pachomius (290-346) Founded a monastery at Tabenninsi in Egypt about 320 AD Wrote the first monastic rule At death presided over 9 monasteries for men and 2 for women Pachomius & David of Thessalonica (right)
Goals of monastic life 1.Purity of heart 2.Ceaseless prayer 3.Life according to the Beatitudes 4.Self-mastery. 5.Imitation of Christ 6.Final goal: eternal life Ladder of Divine Assent: John Climachus
The function of the holy man in Late Antiquity Miracle-worker Patron and protector Mediator between heaven and earth Intercessor who stands outside social relations