3INTERNET WHAT DO WE GET FROM THE INTERNET? Entertainment: video games, music, movies, Youtube, etc.Buy & sell goods on EBAY, AMAZON, etc.INTERNETResearch to gain more knowledge & information about a topicanyone in the worldOnline banking $$$$$$Meet people / online datingGoogle Earth / Mapquest
6#1 GLOBALIZATION-described as a process by which the people of the world are unified into a single society and functioning together.The internet promotes globalization in the world today.
7What do you see?How can we compare this to the internet of today?Why was this important to global history?
8#2 SILK ROAD - a 5,000 mile trade route that stretched from China to the Fertile Crescent in southwestern Asia (opened up by the Han Dynasty)
9THE HAN DYNASTY, LED BY A PEASANT NAMED GAO ZU, OVERTHREW THE QIN DYNASTY IN 206 B.C.
10THE CHINESE WANTED TO MAKE A PROFIT ($) FROM SELLING SILK. WHY DID THE HAN FAMILY OPENED UP THIS TRADE ROUTE?THE CHINESE WANTED TO MAKE A PROFIT ($) FROM SELLING SILK.
11OUDITEMS TRADED ALONG THE SILK ROADGLASSBACTRIAN CAMELSCARPETSPORCELAINMETAL WORKSILKJADESPICES
12CULTURAL DIFFUSION - the exchanging of goods and ideas from one culture to another usually done through trade and war.THE SILK ROAD IS AN EXCELLENT EXAMPLE OF CULTURAL DIFFUSION.WHY?
13#3 MERCHANT - a person whose job is to buy, sell & trade goods #3 MERCHANT - a person whose job is to buy, sell & trade goods. (salesman or businessman)
14WHAT WAS LIFE LIKE TRAVELING ON THE SILK ROAD? It was more than one road - actually a network of caravan routes that stretched across the continent.Developed over time by many traders and groups.Almost no one traveled the whole route. Most people bought and sold goods on either end of one segment of the route.
15The highest elevations are purple and dark gray. Pamir Mountains: Between Kashgar (#10) and Tashkent (#13), caravans climbed the “Trail of Bones” through the high, steep Pamirs.The highest elevations are purple and dark gray.Pamir Mountains: Elevations are above 10,000 feet. It is extremely cold, and there is no food.
16The highest elevations are purple and dark gray. Why cross the Pamirs?The highest elevations are purple and dark gray.
17Tyre (#27): Goods are loaded onto ships in this port city on theMediterranean Sea.In Baghdad (#24), ivory, gold, and spices from Africa and pearls from the Persian Gulf are exchanged for silk.In Byzantium (#28), few people know where China is, but wealthy people want the silk that has traveled along the Silk Roads.
20GOLD ROADSahara – the largest and most dry desert in the world that stretches from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean SeaTraders – people whoexchanged one goodor item for another- Fertile CrescentConnected the Silkand Gold Roads
21Silk and Gold Road Accomplishments 1. Dissemination of ideas, inventions, and technologies2. Trade of goods, rise of business(merchants)3. Spread of religion – Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism
24The Story of Nanivandak What type of journey is Nanivandak on?Who is he traveling with?What type of transportation does he use?What types of trade goods does he use and carry?What are some of the dangers he encounters?
25I am Nanivandak, a merchant from Samarkand I am Nanivandak, a merchant from Samarkand. I travel for many months from my hometown to Chang’an to buy and sell goods. Along the route I meet many different people. Yet, although we all come from various places, we all speak the language of the Silk Road - Arabic. Ever since I was a young man, I have traveled to Chang’an. I even remember my first trip with my uncle. We had to take the Northern Silk Road, rather than the Southern. Other merchants and travelers warned us about the Tibetan troops near Kashgar.
26The journey is dangerous The journey is dangerous. The mountains are full of pit falls and freezing temperatures. As we move closer into China, the terrain (land) and climate once again changes. In the spring the melting snows causes avalanches. The journey is not only hard for us, but also our animals. We need to collect fresh horses every so often. Soon we will be exchanging our horses for camels. Camels are the only animals that can carry the goods and us across the desert. Yet , they are expensive , and we need to provide for their care on top of paying 14 bolts of silk for each animal. We are held responsible for any injury or death that occurs to our camels. I have seen my uncle willing to sacrifice a man or woman if it meant saving a camel.
27My uncle and I whenever possible, travel with other merchants My uncle and I whenever possible, travel with other merchants. Safety is my uncle’s main concern. We hear enough horror stories about the lack of water, sudden windstorms and even sandstorms. Sometimes we come across bones of small groups who broke away or decided to take a less traveled road. The greatest threat is the bandits (thieves).The trip is worthwhile if we survive. We take home the profits and more goods to be sold back to our homeland. We brought with us glass, carpets and brass to sell in Chang’an. The Buddhists monks need the brass for their statues. Chang’an is a merchant’s paradise. The market place has 3000 stalls representing 200 merchant guilds in the city. The city is beautiful. Soon with the help of Allah, I will be there in the comfort and beauty of the city.
28Silk Road Map Activity Arabian Sea Black Sea Aegean Sea Caspian Sea Locate and Label each of the following locations on your Silk Road Trade Map – Utilize WH Atlas pages 30,42,43,44, andArabian SeaBlack SeaAegean SeaCaspian SeaIndian OceanPacific OceanMediterranean Sea8. Persian Gulf9. Bay of Bengal10. Himalayan Mountains11. Sahara Desert