2 How to use comparatives ? How to use superlatives ? Do you remember…How to use comparatives ?How to use superlatives ?
3 1.Comparatives Comparison of a quality between two people or things AndyKateAndy is tall. He is taller than Kate.Kate is short. She is shorter than Andy.
4 Comparatives: Short adjectives Short adjectives Spelling rules ExamplesUsually+ erslow slowerfast fastertall tallerlarge largernice nicerEnding in -e+ rEnding in a consonant + y–y -i+ erhungry hungrierhappy happierfunny funnierEnding in a vowel a consonantdouble the consonant + erbig biggerfat fatterfit fitter
5 Practice 1 hot noisier hotter fitter 2 fit longer e.g. noisy 1 hot 2 fit 3 long 4 strong 5 pretty 6 wise 7 heavy 8 large hotterfitterlongerstrongerprettierwiserheavierlarger
6 comparative (adjective + er) ComparativesComparatives are used in sentences with than.PollyHenryJennyAn appletallerheavierfittersmallerMay.Sam.Helen.a melon.thanisverbcomparative (adjective + er)than
7 Practice (1) The camel is larger than the bee. large smallbeeThe camel is larger than the bee.The bee is smaller than the camel.
8 Practice (2) The ruler is longer than the pin. long shortpinThe ruler is longer than the pin.The pin is shorter than the ruler.
9 Practice (3) Tina is fatter than Bob. Bob is thinner than Tina. fat thinBobTina is fatter than Bob.Bob is thinner than Tina.
10 SuperlativesComparison of a quality among three or more people / thingsheavy light2 kg kg kgpineapplewatermelonmelonThe watermelon is the heaviest fruit.The pineapple is the lightest fruit.
11 superlative (adjective + est) Superlatives: Short adjectivesAlways use the before superlatives.The elephantThe sharkThe giraffethe biggest animalthe largest fishthe tallest animalin the jungle.in the sea.in the world.isthesuperlative (adjective + est)noun
12 Superlatives: Short adjectives Short adjectives Spelling rules Examples+ estslow the slowestfast the fastesttall the tallestUsuallyEnding in -e+ stlarge the largestnice the nicest–y -i+ estEnding in a consonant+ yhungry the hungriesthappy the happiestfunny the funniestEnding in a vowel+ a consonantdouble the consonant + estbig the biggestfat the fattestfit the fittest
13 Practice 1 big 2 noisy 3 fine 4 long 5 scary 6 tiny e.g. pretty the prettiest young the youngest1 big 2 noisy 3 fine 4 long 5 scary 6 tiny the biggestthe noisiestthe finestthe longestthe scariestthe tiniest
14 Practice (1) The elephant, the lion and the hippo are large. The hippo is larger than the lion.The elephant is the largest.
15 Practice (2) The rabbit, the frog and the rat are small. The frog is smaller than the rabbit.The rat is the smallest.
16 Practice (3) The dog, the horse and the cheetah are fast. The horse is faster than the dog.The cheetah is the fastest.
17 Practice (4) Mrs Chan, Mr Wong and Mr Tam are tall. Mrs Chan Mr Wong Mr TamMrs Chan, Mr Wong and Mr Tam are tall.Mr Wong is taller than Mrs Chan.Mr Tam is the tallest.
18 Practice (5) The socks, the shorts and the T-shirt are cheap. $ $ $50The socks, the shorts and the T-shirt are cheap.The shorts are cheaper than the T-shirt.The socks are the cheapest.
27 Comparatives: Long adjectives Use the word more to make the comparative form.Long adjectives ExamplesMary is more polite than Cindy.Tom is more helpful than Peter.Most two-syllable adjectives which do not end in -yCandy is more hard-working than Maggie.Joe is more good-looking than Tom.All adjectives of three syllables or more
28 Warm Up Exercise : more helpful busy busier more polite 1 polite e.g. helpful busy more helpfulbusier1 polite 2 careful 3 naughty 4 beautiful 5 dangerous 6 interesting more politemore carefulnaughtiermore beautifulmore dangerousmore interesting
29 Superlatives: Long adjectives Use the + most before long adjectives to make the superlative form.$ $ $ 30expensivemangomeloncoconutThe melon is the most expensive fruit.
30 Comparatives & Superlatives Some adjectives have special forms.Adjective Comparative Superlativegoodbetterthe bestbadworsethe worstPauline is a good student.Mary is a better student than her.Cherry is the best student in her class.Cherry
31 Practice (1) fat fatter the fattest 1 hot hotter 2 long e.g. big bigger the biggestfat fatter the fattest1 hot 2 long 3 nice 4 heavy 5 strong 6 hungry hotter the hottestlonger the longestnicer the nicestheavier the heavieststronger the strongesthungrier the hungriest
32 Practice (2) 7 bad worse 8 good 9 enjoyable better 10 exciting 11 noisy 12 beautiful worse the worstbetter the bestmore enjoyable the most enjoyablemore exciting the most excitingnoisier the noisiest the most beautifulmore beautiful
34 Read : I visited some interesting places. Mount Fuji,JapanGolden Gate Bridge,USATemple of Dawn,ThailandI visited some interesting places.The Golden Gate Bridge was more interesting than Mount Fuji.The Temple of Dawn was the most interesting.
35 Read : rose lily bauhinia I saw some beautiful flowers. The lily was more beautiful than the rose.The bauhinia was the most beautiful.
36 Read : Amy watched some exciting matches. table tennis match tennis match football matchAmy watched some exciting matches.The tennis match was more exciting than the table tennis match.The football match was the most exciting.
37 Read : Miss Lam visited some interesting places in Beijing. the Temple the Forbidden City the Great Wallof HeavenMiss Lam visited some interesting places in Beijing.The Forbidden City was more interesting than the Temple of Heaven.The Great Wall was the most interesting.
38 Read : I did some interesting activities. playing badminton swimming horse-ridingI did some interesting activities.Swimming was more interesting than playing badminton.Horse-riding was the most interesting.
39 Sample of postcard writing : Kenny wrote a postcard by using ‘comparatives’ & ‘superlatives’. Dear grandma and grandpa,We are having a wonderful holiday in France.We are staying on the smallest island, but it has the highest hill and the largest castle.Yesterday we went to a big castle. We saw two Italian gardens there. They were the most beautiful gardens in that region. We enjoy travelling by bicycle. It is more interesting than taking a coach.Wish you were here!Love from,KennyMr and Mrs HanFlat 4, 12/F,Clear water Building,Clear Water Road,Sai Kung, N.T.Hong Kong
40 Hi boys and girls,Please read Chapter 5 & 6 of your textbook :1. Practise the usage of ‘comparatives’ and ‘superlatives’.2. Write a postcard to introduce some places you visited before with the help of the sample shown.
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