Presentation on theme: "Presented by: GATEWAYDRUGS & CURRENT TRENDS. Our Mission To reduce the impact of alcohol, drugs and other addictions by To reduce the impact of alcohol,"— Presentation transcript:
Presented by: GATEWAYDRUGS & CURRENT TRENDS
Our Mission To reduce the impact of alcohol, drugs and other addictions by To reduce the impact of alcohol, drugs and other addictions by providing quality services to individuals, families and the community. providing quality services to individuals, families and the community. Our Services – Assessment & Referral – Family and Education Services – Prevention Contact Us –(816) 361-5900 or (913) 233-0747 – www.firstcallkc.org www.firstcallkc.org –“Help is Just a Phone Call Away”
Understanding Addiction 1,2,3 - 4,5,6 - 7,8,9
Addiction in Children Brain maturation Legal drinking age Addiction “window”
Quiz Time About one in ____ Missouri high school students is a cigarette smoker. On average, young people in Missouri begin drinking at ___.__ years of age. Teens who smoke cigarettes are ___ times more likely to use marijuana than those who don’t smoke cigarettes.
About 1 in 4 Missouri high school students is a cigarette smoker. On average, young people in Missouri 12.7 begin drinking at 12.7 years of age. 8 Teens who smoke cigarettes are 8 times more likely to use marijuana than those who don’t smoke cigarettes.
Drugs of Abuse StimulantsDepressantsHallucinogensInhalantsNarcotics
Quiz Time (again) Nicotine is a... Alcohol is a… Marijuana is a… Bonus point: ___________, _________ and __________ ___________, _________ and __________ are commonly referred to as GATEWAY drugs. are commonly referred to as GATEWAY drugs.
Symptoms/Effects Short Term –Increased heart rate –Alertness/ Restlessness/ Anxiety –Exhilaration/ Excess energy –Sleeplessness –Loss of Appetite –Shakiness –Sweating –Blurred vision –Poor focus or concentration –High fever Long Term –Weight Loss –Irregular heartbeat –Chest pain –Paranoia –Delusions –Hallucinations –Seizures –Coma –Stroke –Heart failure –Death Combining with alcohol or other drugs is especially dangerous. Combining with alcohol or other drugs is especially dangerous.
Nicotine 3,000 kids become regular smokers every day smokers every day The level of nicotine in U.S. cigarettes has risen about 10 percent in the past six years, making it easier to get hooked and harder to quit The three most popular cigarette brands with young smokers : Marlboro, Newport and Camel.
Remember this guy?
Camel No. 9 Today’s marketing tactics
Sex sells … & yes!: these ads appeal to youth
hookahs & hookah bars
Don’t Forget to Remind Kids… Cancer Heart Disease Bad breath Stained teeth Wrinkles Shortness of breath & It’s an expensive habit! Smoking causes:
Caffeine 6 ounces Traditionally, a cup of coffee has been 6 ounces A “Grande” at Starbuck’s is 16 ounces Starbuck's brewing instructions recommend “two tablespoons of ground coffee for each 6 ounces of water."
Energy Drinks ~ 88 mg of caffeine per can of Red Bull Beware of the danger (& trend) of mixing with alcohol Watch for alcohol content in energy drinks
Depressants Sedatives, Sedative-Hypnotics and Tranquilizers Today’s “downers” –Nembutal –Ambien, Ativan, Halcion, Lunesta, Restoril, Xanax –Benadryl & other antihistamines & other antihistamines –GHB –Rohypnol – Alcohol Old School Pills –Barbiturates –Benzodiazepines (Valium and Librium) –Phenobarbital –Quaaludes … among others
Short Term Effects/ Symptoms Sense of calm or well-being SleepinessLethargy Decreased Vital Signs Clumsiness Difficulty in concentrating Risk of overdose (in combination or alone) Long Term Effects ConfusionDisorientation Memory Problems ToleranceAddiction Weak Muscles Liver Problems
The effects of alcohol The most commonly used drug Produces intoxication – a sense of euphoria Depresses brain functioning (in “layers”) –Cognitive –Emotional –Fine Motor Skills –Gross Motor Skills –Reflexes Urination, vomiting, passing out - the body’s defenses against alcohol poisoning Tolerance develops and addiction can occur
Blood Alcohol Concentration and Behavior Blood Alcohol Concentration and Behavior Lowered inhibitions Some loss of motor coordination Decreased alertness Reduced social inhibition Impaired ability to drive Increased loss of coordination Slowed reaction time Clumsiness, exaggerated emotions Unsteadiness Hostile or aggressive behavior Slurred speech Severe Intoxication Inability to walk Confused Incapacitated, loss of feeling Difficult to arouse Unconsciousness Coma Death due to organ failure (heart, kidney) COGNTION EMOTION FINE MOTOR GROSS MOTOR REFLEXES 0.00% BAC 0.50% BAC ~.08% ___
Having a BAC of.08% means that a person has one drop of alcohol per 800 drops of blood in the body.
Particular Issues of Concern for Youth Binge Drinking Tolerance & Addiction Drunk Driving Date Rape
Stats to consider Alcohol kills many more teenagers than all illicit drugs combined. Alcohol is a factor in the 4 leading causes of death among persons ages 10 to 24. People who begin drinking before age 15 are 4 Xs more likely to develop alcohol dependence than those who begin drinking at age 21. More than 67% of people who start drinking before 15 will try an illicit drug.
Don’t Forget to Remind Kids… Liver, heart and brain damage Loss of appetite Vitamin deficiencies Stomach ailments Skin problems Bad breath Sexual problems Memory loss Alcohol causes:
Kiddie cocktails “Pass Out” Zippers Alcopops Mixing with Red Bull & other energy drinks “Peels” Party Games “Sip & Strip” Jello shots “B-to-the-E” Mike’s Hard Lemonade
College consumptions Hpnotiq (new mixer of choice) hookahs 21 birthday shots Alcohol Without Liquor Bacardi Silvers Beer bong Flavored Vodkas
Effects Short Term –Euphoria or Dysphoria –Feeling connection with others –Altered consciousness –Disconnected from reality –Unpredictable behavior Long Term –Danger of latent psychological problems being exacerbated –Flashbacks EmotionalSomaticPerceptual
Marijuana Signs & Symptoms Signs & SymptomsRelaxation“Munchies” Dry Mouth Red Eyes Thought Interruption AnxietyParanoia
Marijuana Effects Distorted perceptions Increased heart rate Slower Reflexes Interference in the brain –Memory –Concentration –Coordination –Learning –Ability to problem solve Panic Attacks Reproductive organ changes Respiratory problems Addiction? Amotivational syndrome Cancer ?
Inhalants “Anything that Paints, Polishes or Propels” –Spray Paint, Vanish, Glue –Wite-Out, Markers –Nail Polish Remover, Acetone, Ether –Gasoline, Aerosol Cans, Mineral Spirits, Freon “Huffers” generally concentrate the vapors for inhaling in a plastic bag or can Popular with young drug users
Physical Effects –Loss of appetite –Muscle or joint pain –Headache –Drowsiness or fatigue –Insomnia –Indigestion or stomach problems –Severe brain damage –Death (a possibility with every use!) There is no safe use of inhalants
Signs of use –Appearance of intoxication –Anxiousness or irritability –Changes in eating and/or sleeping habits –Slurred speech –Spots or sores around nose and mouth –Red or runny eyes or nose –Chemical odors on clothing –Paint on hands or face Again: There is no safe use of inhalants
Chronic abuse can result in: Diminished memory & reasoning abilities Heart malfunction Deterioration of certain parts of the brain Loss of IQ points Permanent damage to kidneys, lungs and bone marrow Finally… There is no safe use of inhalants
Video head cleaner Brief head rush Skin flushing Muscle relaxation Liver damage Laughing Gas Analgesia, euphoria, mild sedation Numbing of nerve endings due to B12 depletion (fingers & and toes) B12 depletion (fingers & and toes)
the new generation gap: current drug use trends
Know what these are … ? … ‘ how ‘bout this one?
Prescription Meds and OTCs Commonly abused meds Ritalin/Adderoll Cough syrup (with DXM) Cold meds like NyQuil Pain meds Anything in the medicine cabinet “Generation Rx” 2.3 million 12-17 year olds took meds illegally in ’03 … that’s 3 Xs the number who did so in ’92. 1 in 3 teens … 1 in 4 …. 1 in 5 … 1 in 10 … 1 in 3 teens … 1 in 4 …. 1 in 5 … 1 in 10 …Why? They’re easy to access They’re cheap (or free) They’re “everywhere”
“ RoboTripping ” Overdosing on Dextromethoprhan (DXM) Active drug found in OTC cough medicines Slang terms: RobotrippingCCCSmurfingRobofizzSkittles Triple Cs Triple Cs
Effects Short Term Pain Relief Euphoria Respiratory depression Potential for overdose Long Term Addiction Detox is Painful
“Pharming” Every kid contributes to the “grab bag” Everybody pops one, or a hand-full, randomly Kids hoard prescribed meds for the next party Swipe "left overs" in the family medicine cabinets Take precautions
“Bath Salts” A synthetic CNS stimulant containing 4-MMC (mephedrone) & MDPV ( methylenedioxypryovalerone) w/ potential for addiction “Not for human consumption” (neither is K2/K3) Snorted, swallowed, injected w/ 3-4 hour high Increase heart rate & blood pressure … and agitation, hallucinations, extreme paranoia, delusions, seizures, depressed mood & suicidal thoughts when coming down 292 Nat’l Poison Control Calls in all of 2010; 469 in the 1 st 2 mos. of 2011; 34 exposures reported in MO this year so far. aka: “Ocean Snow”, “Lunar Wave”, “Vanilla Sky”
Not Cool Whip Canisters of Cream is 30 proof while Whipped Lightning is 36 proof - and is cheaper than most liquor.
“Cheese” Moving in from the South Low grade heroin + Tylenol PM Tylenol PM = Cheese Cheese
Fruit-flavored cocaine Full potency Flavor is chemically infused $1K – 1400 per oz. street value Market appeal targets kids
Ecstasy (MDMA) Taken orally: aspirin-like pill w/ cartoons Popular club drug (aka ‘X’, Skittles) Symptoms include –Grinding Teeth –Hyperthermia (to 110°) –Sleeplessness –Hyponatremia (swelling of the brain) “Party favors” –glow toys, jewelry & retainers –candy necklaces –surgery masks & menthol Methy-lene-Dioxy-Meth-Ampehtamine
“Extreme Ecstasy” Meth-laced MDMA Moving in from the North Potential for life-threatening overdose increases when combined with alcohol.
Methamphetamine A synthetic stimulant Ingested orally, smoked, snorted, injected Made with chemicals available at local stores. High lasts several hours, releases dopamine Highly addictive
How Old Are Meth Users
Meth amphetamine Symptoms –Restlessness –Eating sugary junkfood –Weight Loss –Hair Loss –Acne –Cheek streaks –Crank Bugs –Meth mouth –Tinkering –Tweaking –Chemical odor Effects –Euphoria –Increased energy –Decreased appetite –Sexual arousal –Increased heart rate –Increased blood pressure –Anxiety –Paranoia –Hyperthermia –Damage to blood vessels in the brain –Seizure
Children living with meth What to watch for: Changes in habit Exhibits lack of boundaries Anger/ emotional outbursts/ fighting or … Flat affect/ withdrawl/ detachment or … Flat affect/ withdrawl/ detachment or … Clinging and attention seeking Clinging and attention seeking Changes in appearance: Deficit in personal grooming Deficit in personal grooming Wearing same clothes Wearing same clothes Skin sores or irritations Skin sores or irritations Poor attendance Falling grades Fatigue/ sleeping in class Repeated complaints of not feeling well Respiratory problems Strong odors of chemicals Knowledgeable of drug processes Knowledge about sex/ pornography
A recent phone call “I overheard my nephew talking to a friend and I think he’s using drugs. What do thizz and mac mean?” Access this website for street names. http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/stree tterms/ http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/stree tterms/ http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/stree tterms/