Presentation on theme: "The Trans-Saharan Trade Routes, Mansa Musa, and Ibn Battuta. Josephine Gong, Victor Shtanko, Cristina DeSantis, Ryan Coffey, Felix Yang, Terry Zhao."— Presentation transcript:
The Trans-Saharan Trade Routes, Mansa Musa, and Ibn Battuta. Josephine Gong, Victor Shtanko, Cristina DeSantis, Ryan Coffey, Felix Yang, Terry Zhao.
Trans-Saharan Trade Routes Ibn-Battuta Mansa Musa
Trans-Saharan Trade Route linked trade between Mediterranean countries and West Africa. It was an important trade route from the eighth century until the late sixteenth century. Trade was conducted by caravans driven by Arabian camels. It was used primarily to trade gold, ivory, spices, wheat, animals, and plants. West Africa's main trade items were gold and salt. The north had salt and needed gold. The south had gold, and needed salt.
Camels came to north Africa from Arabia around 7 th century BC. A caravan took 70 to 90 days to cross the Sahara, so the camel's ability to travel long distances without water made it very useful. *Dromedary is the name for one-hump camels.
Controlled the gold and salt trade. Provided ivory and slaves. Adopted Islam in 985 AD. Prosperous. Conquered by Berbers and Tuaregs. Benefited more than Ghana. From 13-15 th century, Mali controlled and taxed almost all the trade passing through the west. Most strongest point was under the reign of Mansa Musa from 1312-1337. GHANA MALI
Mansa Musa Ruled Mali from 1312 to 1337. Participated in Hajj from the capital of Niani to Mecca in 1314. Brought 300 lbs of gold, 80-100 camels, and 60,000 men. gave away huge sums of gold throughout the Trans-Saharan route that its value declined. Spread Islam in the Mali empire.
Mansa Musa, most famous for his Hajj. Mali Empire Mali
Ibn Battuta Born into a rich Muslim family. In 1325-1326, he attempted the hajj to Mecca twice. A local rebellion attacked him which caused him to turn back the first time. He traveled by way of camels, horses, and sailed across the Red Sea. Didn’t like the way West Africa didn’t veil their women. Became a Delhi teacher and judge for a Sultan in India but didn't like how they didn't focus on Muslim. Became an ambassador in China but he did not like China very much because they were Buddhist, instead of Muslim.
- Mansa Musa affected the Trans-Saharan trade by lowering the value of gold after he distributed his own gold randomly throughout his journey. - Mansa Musa and Ibn-Battuta were very strong believers of the Muslim religion. They caused a huge spread of the religion across regions that were on the Trans-Saharan trade routes because of their Hajj’s - The trans-Saharan desert was an example of cultural diffusion, not only of products but of intangible goods as well.