Презентация к учебнику «English VI » (Афанасьева О.В., Михеева И.В.) Выполнила: учитель МАОУ «Гимназия №23» Михалева Н.Г.
James Cook, an Englishman, is known to be the first who opened Australia in 1770. But the Chinese had some knowledge of the continent as far back as the 13 th century. In 1931 Australia got independence from Great Britain.
Australia is the oldest, the flattest and the driest continent in the world. Australia is sometimes called “Kangarooland”, “The land of Wattle” (акация), “The lucky country” or “Down Under”
The main mountain chain is the Great Dividing Range (Большой Водораздельный хребет) which is known as “the Australian Alps”. The highest point is Kosciusko (2,000 metres high)
The capital of Australia is Canberra The largest and the oldest city is Sydney. A symbol of Sydney’s cultural life is Sydney Opera House
They are marsupial (сумчатые), endemic (свойственные данной местности): The kangaroo The koala The wombat The echidna The platypus The dingo The emu The kookaburra
When European explorers first saw these strange animals they asked a native Australian Aborigine about their name. He answered “kangaroo’ to say “I don’t understand your question.”
The name koala is the Aboriginal name for “no water” The koala is not a bear. It’s related to the wombat and the kangaroo.
Camel racing is a popular sport in the Northern Territory. The Camel Cup is a celebration with fun rides, great food and live music. The winning camel rider and camel’s owner get the trophy.
“The bush” for Australians is something opposite to town. “The bush” is the natural countryside of Australia.
The Australian National Flag was established in 1954. There is the Union Jack in the canton. There is a large seven-pointed star known as the Commonwealth Star under it. To the right there are 5 white stars. They depict the Southern Cross.
Symbols of 6 states are on the shield. The kangaroo and the emu are on it. The national floral emblem is the golden wattle (acacia). The platypus and the kookaburra are the symbols of New South Wales The koala is Queensland’s Symbol and the symbol of Western Australia is the black swan.
National colours are green (landscape, forests, eucalyptus trees) and gold (beaches, harvest, wool) Australia’s national day is on January, 26 in honour of Captain Arthur Phillip sailed into Port Jackson (Sydney) The Australian National Anthem is called “Advance Australia Fair” («Развивайся, прекрасная Австралия»)
An Aborigine means first inhabitant. Aborigines came to Australia over 40,000 years ago. They are good hunters, caring parents.
Children begin to attend school at the age of 6 up to 15. Australia’s four-term school year begins in February with a two-week holiday between terms. The Christmas holiday coincides with the end of school and the beginning of summer vacation.
1)What names of this country do you know? 2)Who is thought to be the first discoverer of Australia? 3)When was it? 4)How do they call the Great Dividing Range? 5)Which is the highest peak of it? 6)What does the word “Canberra” mean? 7)What is the centre of Sydney’s cultural life? 8)Name as many as you can Australian animals?
9)What does the word “kangaroo” mean? 10)What does the word “koala” mean? 11)What racing is the most important in Northern Territory? 12)Explain the word “the bush”. 13)Describe the Australian Flag and the Coat of Arms. 14)When do Australians celebrate the national day? 15)How do we call the native inhabitants of Australia? 16)When do Australian pupils have summer holidays?