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Nick & his Polyatomic Ions Nick the Camel had a Clam for Supper in Phoenix.

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Presentation on theme: "Nick & his Polyatomic Ions Nick the Camel had a Clam for Supper in Phoenix."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions Nick the Camel had a Clam for Supper in Phoenix

2 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions Nick the Camel had a Clam for Supper in Phoenix Name of the Ion = First consonants e.g. N from Nick stands for:

3 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions Nick the Camel had a Clam for Supper in Phoenix Name of the Ion = First consonants e.g. N from Nick stands for: Nitrate

4 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions Nick the Camel had a Clam for Supper in Phoenix Name of the Ion = First consonants # of vowels = valence e.g. Nick has 1 vowel so it has:

5 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions Nick the Camel had a Clam for Supper in Phoenix Name of the Ion = First consonants # of vowels = valence e.g. Nick has 1 vowel so it has: a charge of 1-

6 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions Nick the Camel had a Clam for Supper in Phoenix Name of the Ion = First consonants # of vowels = valence # of consonants = # of oxygens e.g. Nick has 3 consonants so it has:

7 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions Nick the Camel had a Clam for Supper in Phoenix Name of the Ion = First consonants # of vowels = valence # of consonants = # of oxygens e.g. Nick has 3 consonants so it has: 3 oxygens

8 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions Nick the Camel had a Clam for Supper in Phoenix Write the formulae for the corresponding ions Nick = Camel = Clam = Supper = Phoenix =

9 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions Nick the Camel had a Clam for Supper in Phoenix Write the formulae for the corresponding ions Nick =nitrateNO 3 1- Camel = Clam = Supper = Phoenix =

10 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions Nick the Camel had a Clam for Supper in Phoenix Write the formulae for the corresponding ions Nick =nitrateNO 3 1- Camel =carbonateCO 3 2- Clam = Supper = Phoenix =

11 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions Nick the Camel had a Clam for Supper in Phoenix Write the formulae for the corresponding ions Nick =nitrateNO 3 1- Camel =carbonateCO 3 2- Clam =chlorateClO 3 1- Supper = Phoenix =

12 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions Nick the Camel had a Clam for Supper in Phoenix Write the formulae for the corresponding ions Nick =nitrateNO 3 1- Camel =carbonateCO 3 2- Clam =chlorateClO 3 1- Supper =sulfateSO 4 2- Phoenix =

13 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions Nick the Camel had a Clam for Supper in Phoenix Write the formulae for the corresponding ions Nick =nitrateNO 3 1- Camel =carbonateCO 3 2- Clam =chlorateClO 3 1- Supper =sulfateSO 4 2- Phoenix =phosphatePO 4 3-

14 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions One extra oxygenNormalOne less oxygenTwo less oxygens Nick nitrate NO 3 1- Camel carbonate CO 3 2- Clam chlorate ClO 3 1- Supper sulfate SO 4 2- Phoenix phosphate PO 4 3-

15 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions One extra oxygenNormalOne less oxygen "ite" Two less oxygens Nick nitrate NO 3 1- Camel carbonate CO 3 2- Clam chlorate ClO 3 1- Supper sulfate SO 4 2- Phoenix phosphate PO 4 3-

16 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions One extra oxygenNormalOne less oxygen "ite" Two less oxygens Nick nitrate NO 3 1- NO 2 1- nitrite Camel carbonate CO 3 2- Clam chlorate ClO 3 1- ClO 2 1- chlorite Supper sulfate SO 4 2- SO 3 2- sulfite Phoenix phosphate PO 4 3- PO 3 3- phosphite

17 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions One extra oxygen "per-ate" NormalOne less oxygen "ite" Two less oxygens Nick nitrate NO 3 1- NO 2 1- nitrite Camel carbonate CO 3 2- Clam chlorate ClO 3 1- ClO 2 1- chlorite Supper sulfate SO 4 2- SO 3 2- sulfite Phoenix phosphate PO 4 3- PO 3 3- phosphite

18 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions One extra oxygen "per-ate" NormalOne less oxygen "ite" Two less oxygens Nick nitrate NO 3 1- NO 2 1- nitrite Camel carbonate CO 3 2- ClO 4 1- perchlorate Clam chlorate ClO 3 1- ClO 2 1- chlorite Supper sulfate SO 4 2- SO 3 2- sulfite Phoenix phosphate PO 4 3- PO 3 3- phosphite

19 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions One extra oxygen "per-ate" NormalOne less oxygen "ite" Two less oxygens "hypo-ite" Nick nitrate NO 3 1- NO 2 1- nitrite Camel carbonate CO 3 2- ClO 4 1- perchlorate Clam chlorate ClO 3 1- ClO 2 1- chlorite Supper sulfate SO 4 2- SO 3 2- sulfite Phoenix phosphate PO 4 3- PO 3 3- phosphite

20 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions One extra oxygen "per-ate" NormalOne less oxygen "ite" Two less oxygens "hypo-ite" Nick nitrate NO 3 1- NO 2 1- nitrite Camel carbonate CO 3 2- ClO 4 1- perchlorate Clam chlorate ClO 3 1- ClO 2 1- chlorite ClO 1- hypochlorite Supper sulfate SO 4 2- SO 3 2- sulfite Phoenix phosphate PO 4 3- PO 3 3- phosphite

21 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions just memorize this structure... One extra oxygen "per-ate" NormalOne less oxygen "ite" Two less oxygens "hypo-ite" Nick nitrate NO 3 1- Camel carbonate CO 3 2- Clam chlorate ClO 3 1- Supper sulfate SO 4 2- Phoenix phosphate PO 4 3-

22 Oxy-Acids You can name the acids made from each of these oxyanions by changing the ate endings to ic and the ite endings to ous and adding the word acid. Occasionally other minor changes in the name are involved. See the next slide. The formula of the acid will have as many H’s as there were negative charges on the anion.

23 Nick & his Polyatomic Ions One extra oxygen "per-ate" NormalOne less oxygen "ite" Two less oxygens "hypo-ite" nitric acid HNO 3 nitrous acid HNO 2 carbonic acid H 2 CO 3 perchloric acid HClO 4 chloric acid HClO 3 chlorous acid HClO 2 hypochlorous acid HClO sulfuric acid H 2 SO 4 sulfurous acid H 2 SO 3 phosphoric acid H 3 PO 4 phosphorous acid H 3 PO 3


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