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Authored by Rich Simerson 01-Mar-2004 Updated 01-APR-2010 Modified by Lt Colonel Fred Blundell TX-129 Fort Worth Senior Squadron For Local Training Rev.

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Presentation on theme: "Authored by Rich Simerson 01-Mar-2004 Updated 01-APR-2010 Modified by Lt Colonel Fred Blundell TX-129 Fort Worth Senior Squadron For Local Training Rev."— Presentation transcript:

1 Authored by Rich Simerson 01-Mar-2004 Updated 01-APR-2010 Modified by Lt Colonel Fred Blundell TX-129 Fort Worth Senior Squadron For Local Training Rev Jan-2014

2 This Training Slide Show is a project undertaken by Lt Colonel Fred Blundell of the TX-129 Fort Worth Senior Squadron, Fort Worth, TX for local use to assist those CAP Members interested in advancing their skills. The information contained herein is for CAP Member’s personal use and is not intended to replace or be a substitute for any of the CAP National Training Programs. Users should review the presentation’s Revision Number at the end of each file name to ensure that they have the most current publication.

3 Objectives State MP duties & responsibilities.
Discuss safety matters related to CAP activities. Identify where to find the rules on transportation flights. Discuss special precautions needed for flying CAP missions at night. Discuss special precautions needed for flying CAP missions in IMC.

4 Objectives (Continued)
Discuss the special considerations for video imaging missions, and discuss the typical video imaging flight profile. Discuss proficiency. Discuss security and airspace restrictions. Describe the three phases of an aircraft interception, your actions when intercepted, and discuss visual intercepting/intercepted signals. Describe the types of items that should be kept in the aircraft glove box.

5 Objectives (Continued)
Discuss aircraft paperwork, documents and minimum equipment, loading, W&B fuel assumptions and reserve, and pre-start. Discuss startup checks, leaning the engine, and taxi. State crosswind limitations and discuss takeoff, climb and departure. Discuss transit to the search area, in the search area, and departing the search area. Discuss approach, descent and landing.

6 Objectives (Continued)
State MP duties & responsibilities. Discuss safety matters related to CAP activities. Concerning transportation flights: State where to find out if someone is authorized to fly in CAP aircraft State the pilot requirements needed to transport the typical non-CAP person in CAP aircraft Discuss special precautions needed for flying CAP missions at night. Discuss special precautions needed for flying CAP missions in IMC.

7 Objectives (Continued)
Discuss the special considerations for video imaging missions, and discuss the typical video imaging flight profile. Discuss proficiency. Discuss security and airspace restrictions. Describe the three phases of an aircraft interception, your actions when intercepted, and discuss visual intercepting/intercepted signals. Describe the types of items that should be kept in the aircraft glove box.

8 Objectives (Continued)
Discuss the importance of the Aircraft Flight Log and the Discrepancy Log. List the entries you should be able to locate in the aircraft log. Discuss startup checks, leaning the engine, and taxi. Discuss climb and departure, state crosswind limitations and describe how to determine crosswind. Discuss approach, descent and landing, and your after-landing actions.

9 Objectives (Continued)
Discuss those items you can control to affect POD. State the normal, assumed number of aircrew needed for a mission. Discuss how you must alter normal search patterns if you only have one scanner onboard. Discuss special considerations while flying CAP searches. Discuss "go/no go" decision-making.

10 Mission Pilot Duties & Responsibilities
Primary Responsibility: Be the Pilot-in-Command. That means fly the aircraft in a safe and proficient manner, following all FAA and CAP rules and regulations. Remember that you are a pilot, not a scanner. In addition to these duties, the pilot is responsible for the non-scanning duties if no qualified observer is on board (navigation, radio communication).

11 Mission Pilot Duties & Responsibilities (Continued)
Thoroughly brief the aircrew before flight, including a briefing on their responsibilities during all phases of the upcoming flight Responsible for obtaining complete briefings and for planning sorties Obtain a proper flight release Utilize CRM techniques and procedures

12 Mission Pilot Duties & Responsibilities (Continued)
Fly search patterns as completely and precisely as possible; report any deviations from the prescribed patterns during debriefing Monitor the observer and scanner; ensure all events, sightings and reports are recorded and reported Fill out all forms accurately, completely and legibly

13 Mission Pilot Duties & Responsibilities (Continued)
Sterile Cockpit Rules: all unnecessary talk is suspended and collision avoidance becomes the priority of each crewmember. Sterile cockpit rules focus each crewmember on the duties at hand, namely concentrating on looking outside the aircraft for obstacles and other aircraft. The rules will always be used during the taxi, takeoff, departure, approach, and landing phases of flight; but the pilot or any crew member may declare these rules in effect whenever they are needed to minimize distractions.

14 Mission Pilot Requirements
Trainee Qualified General Emergency Services (GES) Qualified as Mission Scanner Current and qualified CAP pilot IAW CAPR 60-1, with at least 175 hours PIC including 50 hours cross-country. At least 18 years of age (minimum; should be mature) 101T-MP familiarization and preparatory training NIMS / IS courses. Commanders authorization From 101T-MP Classroom training covering the applicable material outlined below is required prior to the issuance of a 101T for the Observer Specialty Visual Search Patterns and Procedures Electronic Search Patterns and Procedures Chart Reading / CAP Grid System Search Coverage Navigation and Position Determination Air Crew Coordination Weather High Altitude and Terrain Considerations Coordination with Ground Teams Flight Line Operations Communications Procedures Flight Plans and Mission Forms Reimbursement Procedures State/Local Agreements Survival and First Aid Procedures Safety Transport Mission Procedures Scanning Techniques and Sighting Characteristics

15 Mission Pilot Requirements (Continued)
Qualification All SQTR requirements Complete Basic Communications User Training Task L-001 Completion of CAPF 91 Check Ride Current and qualified CAP pilot IAW CAPR 60-1, with at least 200 hours PIC including 50 hours cross-country. Exercise participation (two separate missions) Unit certification and recommendation From 101T-MP Classroom training covering the applicable material outlined below is required prior to the issuance of a 101T for the Observer Specialty Visual Search Patterns and Procedures Electronic Search Patterns and Procedures Chart Reading / CAP Grid System Search Coverage Navigation and Position Determination Air Crew Coordination Weather High Altitude and Terrain Considerations Coordination with Ground Teams Flight Line Operations Communications Procedures Flight Plans and Mission Forms Reimbursement Procedures State/Local Agreements Survival and First Aid Procedures Safety Transport Mission Procedures Scanning Techniques and Sighting Characteristics

16 Flying Into & Taxiing on Unfamiliar Airports
Small, non-towered, unlighted airports Runways Taxiways Obstacles Services Local NOTAMS 12.2 Objective 12.2 – Demonstrate knowledge of safety matters related to CAP activities.

17 Flying Into & Taxiing on Unfamiliar Airports (Continued)
Larger, busy airports Airspace and obstacles Taxiways Local NOTAMS A/FD Download airport diagrams Taxiing around a large number of aircraft at mission base Taxi plan Marshallers If it looks too close or dangerous – STOP! 12.2 Objective 12.2 – Demonstrate knowledge of safety matters related to CAP activities.

18 Airport Runway Safety

19 Always Observe Airport Signs!
CRM – Observer and Scanner should back up pilot in looking for holding positions and mandatory signs. Brief the taxi plan. Observer backs up the pilot on ATC clearances, or vice-versa if Observer is operating the radio.

20 Always Observe Airport Markings!
CRM – Observer and Scanner should back up pilot in looking for holding positions and mandatory signs. Brief the taxi plan. Observer backs up the pilot on ATC clearances, or vice-versa if Observer is operating the radio.

21 SQUAWKS Use the Discrepancy Log, especially in unfamiliar aircraft
Were is it?? Electronic?? Not Located in the Aircraft ….?? Don’t let ‘minor’ squawks linger: Lights and bulbs Radios and navaids Keep aircraft windscreen and windows clean 12.2 Objective 12.2 – Demonstrate knowledge of safety matters related to CAP activities.

22 Fuel Management Maintain a sufficient fuel supply to ensure landing with one hour of fuel remaining (computed at normal POH/AFM cruise fuel consumption). If it becomes evident the aircraft will not have that amount of fuel at its intended destination, the PIC will divert the aircraft to an airport that will ensure this reserve is met. Have a plan, alternates that have fuel available. Accurate Weight & Balance, accurate fuel levels 12.2 Objective 12.2 – Demonstrate knowledge of safety matters related to CAP activities.

23 Fuel Management (Continued)
Note your assumptions and brief crew: Power setting Wind direction and speed Leg and total flight distance Compare assumptions against actual conditions Modify plan and refuel, if necessary Check fuel status at least hourly When in doubt – land and refuel! 12.2 Objective 12.2 – Demonstrate knowledge of safety matters related to CAP activities.

24 Unfamiliar Aircraft Equipment
Audio Panel, FM Radio, DF, GPS – if you don’t know it, don’t fly it! Even simple differences can matter: If you’ve never flown an HSI, now isn’t the time to learn it! Sit in the aircraft and get up to speed Get another pilot to tutor you What does the equipment and gear in the baggage compartment weight? W&B. Don’t try to bluff 12.2 Objective 12.2 – Demonstrate knowledge of safety matters related to CAP activities.

25 Unfamiliar Terrain and Weather
Plan for terrain and weather: Enroute Area you’ll be operating in Clothing, equipment and survival gear 12.2 Objective 12.2 – Demonstrate knowledge of safety matters related to CAP activities.

26 Trainees & Inexperienced Crew
Extra time on briefing, duties & responsibilities When not to interrupt (sterile cockpit) Inexperienced crew (or not proficient): Extra time on briefing May have to assume some duties Check 101 cards Flight line marshallers may be on their first mission Be alert and have your crew stay alert 12.2 Objective 12.2 – Demonstrate knowledge of safety matters related to CAP activities.

27 Low and Slow Often flying at 1000 feet AGL Normally 90 knots
May be less than 90 knots (no less than Vx) Include in your proficiency flying Strictly enforce sterile cockpit rules May lose radar and communications coverage Climb to report “ops normal” Maintain situational awareness “If the engine quits now, where do I land” 12.2 Objective 12.2 – Demonstrate knowledge of safety matters related to CAP activities.

28 Low and Slow (Continued)
Maintain a minimum of 1000 feet AGL, water, or any obstruction within a 1000' radius during daylight hours, and a minimum of 2000' AGL at night (except for takeoff and landing or under ATC control). Pilots may descend below the designated search altitude to attempt to positively identify the target (but never below 500 AGL); once the target has been identified the pilot will return to 800' AGL or higher. Maintain airspeed above Vx 12.2 Objective 12.2 – Demonstrate knowledge of safety matters related to CAP activities.

29 Types of Flights

30 Transportation Flights
Always consult CAPR 60-1, Chapter 2 (Passenger Requirements) when you need to know who is authorized to fly as passengers in CAP aircraft and the conditions under which they are authorized to fly CAPR60-1 Section 2-3 b. All non-CAP members other than Military/Federal employees must execute a CAPF 9, Release, and leave the form in a secure location on the ground known to the flight release officer (FRO) or mission IC/CMD. 12.3.1 Objective 12.3 – Identify where to find the rules on transportation flights.

31 FAR Exemptions CAPR60-1 Section 2-3 f.
CAP has two exemptions granted by the FAA for flying non-CAP passengers. An exemption to 14 CFR allows our pilots to obtain reimbursement as a private pilot and an exemption to 14 CFR provides a tool for CAP to comply with specific FAA requirements regarding transportation flights. The exemptions are located on the NHQ CAP/DOV website and should be consulted prior to flying non-CAP passengers to ensure any special requirements and restrictions are adhered to. Details in CAPR 60-1 Attachment 2

32 Remember to Check Credentials of Non-CAP Passengers (Center)

33 Night Flight Typically are transport, route searches and ELT searches
CAPR 60-1 requires pilots to maintain a minimum of 2000' AGL at night (except for takeoff/landing or when under ATC control). Must be night current and its preferable to have an experienced crew aboard Extra attention to the pre-flight and other preparations Weather reports and advisories Dew point spread (fog predictor) Greatest threat is flying into weather you can’t see 12.3.2 Objective 12.4 – Discuss special precautions for flying CAP missions at night.

34 Night Flight (Continued)
Before you launch, ask yourself a few questions: Are you really night proficient, or did you last fly 89 nights ago? How long has it been since you’ve done a night cross-country? How long has it been since you’ve done a night ELT search? How long has it been since you’ve done night approaches?

35 Night Flight (Continued)
When was the last time you practiced a night landing without a landing light? How familiar are you with terrain and obstacles along the route? Did you include all your flashlights in the weight & balance? Include night flying (and DF) in your proficiency regimen!

36 Illusions of the Night Some lead to spatial disorientation while others lead to landing errors Illusions are the most common Entering a bank too slowly to stimulate the motion-sensing system of the inner ear (“The Leans”) Coriolis Graveyard spin or spiral Inversion False horizon Auto kinesis

37 Illusions of the Night (Continued)
Surface conditions and atmospheric conditions can create illusions of incorrect height above and distance away from the runway Prevent these illusions by pre-planning and by flying a standard approach to all landings: Runway width Runway and terrain slopes Featureless terrain Atmospheric Ground lighting

38 Instrument (IFR) Flight
CAP missions are seldom conducted in IMC Most likely is a transport flight (not to minimums) Can do a route search, but ground teams are preferable under these circumstances Can DF in IMC, but dangerous Per CAPR 60-1, IFR flights will not depart unless weather is at or above the landing minimums at the departure airport. 12.3.3 Objective 12.5 – Discuss special precautions for flying CAP missions in IMC.

39 Instrument (IFR) Flight (Continued)
Other requirements and recommendations: PIC has, Instrument Proficiency, signed off on CAPF 91 and validated in eServices PIC meets FAA instrument proficiency requirements PIC is proficient in the type of CAP aircraft she’ll be flying For any flight other than a simple transport flight, its highly recommended that another instrument-proficient pilot fly in the right seat Never fly a search in IMC alone, Never Fly Any Search Alone! Consider not flying an IMC search if ground teams are available

40 Video Imaging An increasing important CAP mission
Real-time and near real-time images are invaluable to emergency response personnel Primarily: Digital still photos (some 35mm) Video (analog and digital) with or without audio comments Satellite Phone video Video Imaging is expected to become a new specialty rating.

41 Video Imaging (Continued)
Essentials for a successful video imaging sortie: Ensure everyone knows what the target is and what types of images are needed Ensure you know how to find the target, and brief the route and video flight patterns to be used Ensure frequencies are understood and agreed upon Define the duties of the crewmembers and how you will transition “mission command”; Note: the photographer will actually be in charge during the shoot Ensure video equipment is working and that you have plenty of fresh batteries and film (media) Clean the windows, even if you plan to open them for the shoot 12.3.4 Objective 12.6 – Discuss the special considerations for video imaging missions, and discuss the typical video imaging flight profile.

42 Typical Video Imaging Profile

43 Typical Video Imaging Profile (Continued)
1000’ AGL ½ NM This profile is for photographing from the right side of the aircraft; if shooting from the left side, reverse the profile.

44 Proficiency CAPR 60-1 Self conducted proficiency flight guidelines are available for use by all CAP pilots (and aircrews) to maintain currency and improve pilot confidence. These recommended guidelines are located on the NHQ CAP/DOV website. Practice search patterns with and without GPS Practice at night In-flight emergencies and maneuvers will be conducted in daylight VMC … 12.3.5 Objective 12.7 – Discuss proficiency. Each mission pilot is allowed four hours of B12 each month; use them (especially instead of C1).

45 Proficiency (Continued)
With the GPS, practice: Maintaining a constant track over ground Select/display destinations Determine heading, time and distance to a waypoint Save lat/long coordinates as a User Waypoint Save your present position as a waypoint, call it up & rename Enter and use flight plans Exercise the nearest airport and VOR features Practice navigating with ‘present position’ (lat/long) displayed Added (recommended) proficiency tasks

46 Proficiency (Continued)
Pilots, remember to take a crew with you! Good for everyone and it’s more fun! CAPR 60-1 Profiles Practice search patterns, with and without GPS Practice at night Get current & proficient at IFR flight 12.3.5 Objective 12.7 – Discuss proficiency. Each mission pilot is allowed four hours of B12 each month; use them (especially instead of C1).

47 Don’t forget to periodically review sections of the FAR and AIM

48 Security Concerns And Airspace Restrictions
& Objective 12.8 – Discuss security and airspace restrictions.

49 Security Concerns and Airspace Restrictions
Heightened security concerns and the potential for flight restrictions are now part of our world CAP’s role in Homeland Defense will require greater attention to aircraft, aircrew and airport security

50 Security Concerns CAP resources should be considered national security assets Special security precautions must be taken to protect aircraft and other resources: hangar the aircraft whenever possible. May place small pieces of clear tape (that will break) on fuel caps, the cowling and/or doors to detect tampering. Pay extra attention during pre-flight inspections and look for signs of fuel contamination Be as “low-key” as possible; don’t draw unnecessary attention to yourself or discuss CAP business in public Be aware of your surroundings at all times

51 Airspace Restrictions
FAA may issue Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs) at any time. May establish an ADIZ (see AIM Section 6). Ask for FDC NOTAMS before each flight; if security is heightened, check them before each leg. Even without heightened security, avoid loitering or circling sensitive areas: Power plants (especially nuclear) Reservoirs and dams Government installations Large stadiums or gatherings of people, air shows If you need to circle one of these structures for training, coordinate with the facility and ATC first. Monitor MHz

52 In-Flight Interception
Know how to respond (AIM 5-6-2) An intercept has three phases: Approach Identification Post-intercept If intercepted you should immediately: Follow the instructions of the intercepting aircraft Notify ATC, if possible Attempt to communicate (121.5 MHz) Squawk 7700 unless told otherwise 12.4.3 Objective 12.9 – Describe the three phases of an aircraft interception, your actions when intercepted, and discuss visual intercepting/intercepted signals. [Table 12-1.]

53 Phases of Flight

54 Phases Of Flight from a Mission Pilot Perspective
Checklist in Operational Mission Flight Guide Always follow the aircraft checklists; right-seat should read each item and you acknowledge First, an often overlooked asset – the glove box: Small laminated sheets for crew and passenger briefings, crosswind chart, PA card (like CD), FM frequencies and callsigns, ELT deactivation stickers, and GPS cheat sheet Small cleaning cloth (like for glasses) to clean instrument faces Pencil/pen/grease pencil Backup flashlight Check periodically and purge non-essential stuff 12.5 Objective – Describe the types of items that should be kept in the aircraft glove box. Habit – it serves a purpose. Always use the checklists. When someone rides with you, have them read the checklist while you confirm and acknowledge.

55 Prior to Startup Familiarize yourself with the aircraft paperwork:
Engine, prop, airframe, and avionics logbooks Can you tell when the oil change is due? Next 100 hour/Annual? When the 24-month instrument certifications are due? Other checks: Due date on CO monitor and Fire Extinguisher inspection ELT battery due date Last VOR check (within 30 days of instrument flight) Fill out the flight log; double-check Hobbs & Tach times – and confirm OIL and 100 Times 12.5.1 Objective – Discuss aircraft paperwork, documents and minimum equipment, W&B fuel assumptions and reserve, loading and pre-start.

56 Documents and Minimum Equipment
Certificates and documents: Airworthiness and Registration certificates Operating limitations Passengers’ credentials Minimum Operable Equipment VFR Day, VFR Night, IFR FAR to determine if you can take off with inoperable equipment Other CAP requirements (CAPR 66-1 & CAPF 71): Review of logbooks, W&B data Restrictive placards Pulselite, Avionics/Control Lock, Fire extinguisher, CO detector, cargo net, chocks and tie-downs, survival kit 12.5.1 Objective – Discuss aircraft paperwork, documents and minimum equipment, W&B fuel assumptions and reserve, loading and pre-start. Minimum equipment is listed in the MART,

57 Weight & Balance and Loading
Use accurate weights of passengers and all equipment Note all fuel assumptions (fuel burn, winds aloft, etc.) Ensure adequate fuel reserve (one hour at normal cruise) Loading: Ensure equipment, crew weights and supplies correspond to your W&B assumptions Charts and maps Windows clean (modify for video imaging mission) Check and test special equipment Parking area clear of obstacles 12.5.1 Objective – Discuss aircraft paperwork, documents and minimum equipment, W&B fuel assumptions and reserve, loading and pre-start.

58 Prior to Startup Pre-start
Passenger briefing, emergency egress procedure Brief fuel management and taxi plan/diagram Enter settings into GPS Fill out the flight log; double-check Hobbs & Tach times Can you tell when the oil change is due? Next 100 hour/Annual? Other checks: Due date on CO monitor Due date for fire extinguisher inspection ELT battery due date Last VOR check (within 30 days of instrument flight) 12.5.1 Objective – Discuss the importance of the aircraft flight log and the discrepancy log. List the entries you should be able to locate in the aircraft logs.

59 Startup and Taxi Aircraft checklists:
Always use them (habit) and keep them close at hand Seat belts, and shoulder harness at or below 1000 AGL Startup: Try to include DF self-test in your scan when applying power Ensure FM radio properly set up (radio and audio panel) When >3000 MSL, lean the engine after starting Set up GPS; enter first waypoint if applicable Taxi: Collision avoidance! Review crew assignments for taxi Sterile cockpit rules are now in effect 12.5.2 Objective – Discuss startup checks, leaning the engine, and taxi. Always wear your shoulder harness. You must set the example.

60 Startup Aircraft checklists:
Always use them (habit) and keep them close at hand Seat belts, and shoulder harness at or below 1000 AGL Startup: Ensure DF, FM radio & Audio Panel properly set up Rotating Beacon ON and signal marshaller Lean the engine after starting (> 3000 DA) Set up radio and navigation instruments 12.5.2 Objective – Discuss startup checks, leaning the engine, and taxi. Always wear your shoulder harness. You must set the example.

61 Taxi Collision avoidance! Follow CAPR 60-1 requirements for taxi operations. Read back taxi/hold-short instructions. Review crew assignments for taxi, takeoff, & departure Sterile cockpit rules are now in effect Remind crew that most midair collisions occur: Daylight VFR Within five miles of an airport (especially un-controlled) At or below 3000 AGL Signal marshaller before taxi, test brakes Exterior lights on (be considerate at night) 12.5.2 Objective – Discuss startup checks, leaning the engine, and taxi. Always wear your shoulder harness. You must set the example.

62 Taxi Mishaps Becoming a bigger problem each year (#1 trend in CAP)
Pilots are: straying from designated taxi routes not allowing adequate clearance and not considering the tail and wings during turns taxiing too fast for conditions and taxiing with obscured visibility distracted by cockpit duties not using other crewmembers to ensure clearance 12.5.2 Objective – Discuss startup checks, leaning the engine, and taxi. Always wear your shoulder harness. You must set the example.

63 Taxi Mishaps (Continued)
Strategies: Thorough planning and preparation eliminates distractions Crew assignments for taxi If within ten feet of an obstacle, stop, and then taxi at a pace not to exceed a “slow walk” until clear Do not follow other taxiing aircraft too closely (e.g., 50 feet behind light aircraft; 100 feet behind small multi-engine and jet aircraft; 500 feet behind helicopters and heavies) Use proper tailwind/headwind/crosswind control inputs Treat taxiing with the seriousness it deserves Use exterior lights (be considerate of others) Sterile cockpit rules 12.5.2 Objective – Discuss startup checks, leaning the engine, and taxi. Always wear your shoulder harness. You must set the example.

64 Takeoff and Climb Takeoff:
Collision avoidance! Check for landing traffic; turn on landing light when you begin rolling Cross-wind limits (POH or 15 knots, whichever is less) High density altitude – lean for full power before takeoff Climb: Collision avoidance! Lean (burn gas; not valves) Use shallow S-turns and lift wing before turns to check traffic 12.5.3 Objective – State crosswind limitations and discuss takeoff, climb and departure.

65 … and Departure Departure:
Collision avoidance! Keep crew apprised of conflicts. Sterile cockpit rules can be relaxed when clear Organize the cockpit, review assignments, set up for next task Check fuel status and altimeter setting hourly 12.5.3 Objective – State crosswind limitations and discuss takeoff, climb and departure.

66 The Search Area Transit:
In none assigned, use odd altitudes during transit to minimize chance for midair collision Cross military training routes perpendicular. If you see one fighter, look for the wingman Double-check settings and review methods to reduce crew fatigue or high altitude effects Update weather, file PIREP, review procedures Approaching the search area: Review assignments Check navigational instruments against each other Stabilize aircraft at least two miles out Exterior lights on 12.5.4 Objective – Discuss transit to the search area, in the search area, and departing the search area. Minimize time spent below 800 AGL; never below 500 AGL or speed less than Vx

67 The Search Area (Continued)
In the search area: Log and report “In the Search Area” Log deviations from assigned search parameters Altitude 1000’ AGL, Airspeed > Vx Monitor yourself and crew for fatigue and high altitude effects Departing the search area: Log and report “Leaving the Search Area;” reorganize cockpit Double-check heading and altitude assigned to transit to next search area or return to base Reorganize the cockpit 12.5.4 Objective – Discuss transit to the search area, in the search area, and departing the search area. Minimize time spent below 800 AGL; never below 500 AGL or speed less than Vx

68 Approach, Descent and … Approach:
Get ATIS/AWOS, review airport/airspace diagram, taxi plan Sterile cockpit rules are now in effect Collision avoidance! Lights on within 10 miles of airport. Decent: Collision avoidance! Shallow S-turns and lift wings before turns Richen mixture as you reduce power 12.5.5 Objective – Discuss approach, descent and landing.

69 … Landing Landing: Read back all clearances and hold-short instructions Defer after-landing check until off the active Remember to “fly the plane ‘till you shut off the engine” Taxi back per taxi plan, watch for Marshallers At engine shutdown, show Marshaller the keys, install chocks 12.5.5 Objective – Discuss approach, descent and landing.

70 Shutdown and Post-Flight
Fill out logs Report any discrepancies (be specific and complete) Secure aircraft Post-flight - If this was the last flight of the day: Install chocks, tie-downs, avionics/control lock, Pitot cover and engine plugs Check Master Switch and Parking Brake OFF Remove trash, personal and special equipment Lock windows, doors and baggage compartment Inspect aircraft; check oil and refuel Clean the aircraft Sign off any SQTR tasks that were accomplished Objective – Discuss after-landing, shutdown and post-flight.

71 Flying the Mission

72 Flying the Mission Mechanics of planning and executing search patterns
Number of scanners: Most planning (and tables) assume there are at least two scanners on board, one looking out each side of the aircraft (MO should be scanning in grid!) Remember – you (the pilot) are not a scanner! If there is only one scanner: Will only be scanning out one side, usually the right You must plan and fly so as to keep the right side of the aircraft facing the search area at all times, on each leg Increases the time needed to search a given area Reduces search effectiveness (less double coverage) Parallel track or creeping line patterns not recommended 12.7 & Objective – State the normal, assumed number of aircrew needed for a mission. Objective – Discuss how you must alter normal search patterns if you only have one scanner onboard. Draw and discuss flying at least two legs of a grid search with only one scanner aboard.

73 Flying a Search Pattern
Your primary contribution to the success of the mission is to fly assigned search patterns completely and precisely This must be done while fulfilling the duties of a PIC; primarily “see and avoid” obstacles and other aircraft Must consider the possibility of engine trouble or failure at low altitudes; always have an ‘out’ Low and slow and the engine quits. Where do you land? 12.7.2 Objective – Discuss special considerations while flying CAP searches.

74 Flying a Search Pattern (Continued)
Always be honest and forthright with yourself and crew: Not at the right airspeed or altitude when you enter the pattern? Exit and re-enter when you’re set up. Made the last turn a tad wide? Redo the leg, if necessary. Scanner complaining that he can’t see anything? Slow to something less than 120 knots.

75 Go or Not Go? That is the Question!
Let’s see…..Mission Pilot has a weather brief, gotten releases, preflight is done and … Mission Observer has planned the sortie and the entire crew is briefed… A mission pilot may accomplish all of this and still not be safe to fly the mission How can this be? 12.7.3 Objective – Discuss “go/no go” decision making.

76 Go Or Not Go? That is the Question! (Continued)
It all comes down to the individual and the circumstances: How long has it been since you’ve taken off with a 14 knot cross-wind? Have you ever taken off and landed on an icy runway? When did you last fly cross-country at night? When was the last time you flew in actual IMC? Two primary stupid (mission) pilot traits: Overconfidence (Who? Me?? No!!!) The need to accomplish the mission no matter what

77 Go Or Not Go? That is the Question! (Continued)
The most effective way to prevent you from becoming the weak link in an accident chain: Be brutally honest about your abilities, given the present (or predicted) circumstances A mission pilot must have the courage and integrity to decline a mission you don’t feel comfortable doing Always remember that others are putting their lives in your hands! Elicit other situations from the students.

78 How Can I Improve POD? Pay attention and ask questions during briefings Plan thoroughly so you can concentrate on the mission at hand Hit your numbers! Altitude, airspeed, position Use the GPS – very accurate, especially with no landmarks Be mindful of your crew – no unnecessary steep turns; look for less turbulence or cooler air if possible; ensure sufficient breaks; ensure sufficient fluid consumption; watch for the crewmember who’s obviously not feeling well but doesn’t want to complain. Give a thorough debriefing and be totally honest Stay proficient! 12.6 Objective – Discuss those items you can control to improve POD.

79 Pilot Records and the Form 91 Review

80 Introduction The purpose of this section is to review the CAPF 91 (CAP Mission Pilot Checkout) First, a look at what records should be in your Pilot File

81 Pilot Records CAPR60-1 section 3-8. Pilot Records.
a. All pilot data must be entered into the CAP OPS Quals system by the member or authorized unit Stan/Eval and validated by the unit commander or designee. Data entered shall include all relevant FAA pilot qualifications, CAPFs 5, aircraft questionnaire(s), commander written designations, and other items needed to establish CAP aircraft operating privileges under this regulation. b. All CAP pilots must sign a one time copy of the CAP Statement of Understanding, which will be maintained on file with the authorized unit Stan/Eval. The latest copy of this document is located on the NHQ CAP/DOV website. Ensure you have a checklist containing this and the next slide’s records, completed and on top of the referenced records

82 CAPF 91 Mission Pilot Checkout
This section reviews the CAP Mission Pilot Checkout CAPR 60-1, describes what to expect before, during and after your CAPF 91 checkout Remember, to use the proficiency guideline for the CAPF 91 check ride that is available on the NHQ CAP/DOV website.

83 Oral Discussion Ensure current CAPF 116 Exam Passed (CAPT 116 Parts 1 & 2) Mission Base Procedures Air-to-ground signals Mission safety procedures (as required) CAP Radio Procedures (as required) Individual & Crew Equipment/Clothing Search Procedures Map and Chart Reading

84 Oral Discussion (Continued)
Mission flight planning, including CAPF 104 Search patterns and procedures Observer/Scanner briefing and utilization Use of the standardized chart grid system Debriefing procedures Procedures for completing and submitting CAPF 108

85 Pre-Flight Planning Determine Performance Limitations
Obtain Mission Briefing Gridded Sectional Observer Briefing Fuel Planning & Reserve Ground Team Coordination

86 Visual Search Patterns and Procedures
Locate Grid or Area (without electronic aids) Establish Search Altitude and Speed Parallel Search Procedures Creeping Line Search Procedures Expanding Square Search Procedures Ground Team Coordination

87 Electronic Search Patterns & Procedures
Locate Starting Point (with & without electronic aids) Establish Appropriate Search Altitude VHF-DF Procedures Wing Null Procedures Aural (build-fade) Procedures

88 Mountainous Terrain Procedures
Locate Grid/Area (with & without electronic nav) Establish Search Altitude Contour Search Procedures Canyon Search Procedures Ridge Crossing procedures Communications Procedures Wing/Updrafts/Downdrafts Mountain Wave Effect If applicable

89 Emergency Procedures Low Altitude Engine Failure Ditching
Landing on Unprepared Surface Deteriorating Weather

90 Mission Flight Maneuvers
720° Steep Turns Turns About a Point Message Drop Procedure (verbal) Airspeed Control Low Speed Maneuvering Low Level Navigation (without electronic navaids) Judgment

91 Safety Awareness Clearing Turns and Collision Avoidance Vigilance
Cockpit Resource Management Risk Management

92 Proficiency CAPR 60-1 gives considerable attention to proficiency:
Self-Conducted Proficiency Flight Guidelines Mission Flight Profiles (use with B12): 1: Visual Search 2: Video Imaging 3: Electronic Search 4: Transportation 5: CAPF 91 Practice 6: Mountain Search 7: Proficiency Flight 8: Archer

93 Questions? ALWAYS THINK SAFETY! From 101T-MS
Classroom training covering the applicable material outlined below is required prior to the issuance of a 101T for the Observer Specialty Visual Search Patterns and Procedures Electronic Search Patterns and Procedures Chart Reading / CAP Grid System Search Coverage Navigation and Position Determination Air Crew Coordination Weather High Altitude and Terrain Considerations Coordination with Ground Teams Flightline Operations Communications Procedures Flight Plans and Mission Forms Reimbursement Procedures State/Local Agreements Survival and First Aid Procedures Safety Transport Mission Procedures Scanning Techniques and Sighting Characteristics


Download ppt "Authored by Rich Simerson 01-Mar-2004 Updated 01-APR-2010 Modified by Lt Colonel Fred Blundell TX-129 Fort Worth Senior Squadron For Local Training Rev."

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