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5,000 year old ancient civilization

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Presentation on theme: "5,000 year old ancient civilization"— Presentation transcript:


2 5,000 year old ancient civilization
325 languages spoken – 1,652 dialects 17 official languages 29 states, 5 union territories 1.3 Billion population. Parliamentary form of Government Worlds 4th largest economy. World-class recognition in IT, bio-technology and space. Largest English speaking nation in the world. 2nd largest pool of scientists and engineers in the World.

3 The Indian flag The Indian flag has three horizontal bands of color: orange for courage and sacrifice, white for truth and peace, and green for faith, fertility, and chivalry. An emblem in the centre of white band means a wheel of life.

4 The emblem of India The four lions (one hidden from view) - symbolizing power, courage, pride and confidence - rest on a circular abacus. The abacus is girded by four smaller animals - guardians of the four directions: the lion of the north, the elephant of the east, the horse of the south and the bull of the west.

5 The anthem of India January 24, 1950 the first President of the Republic of India declared the song of Tagore's "Soul People" national anthem of the Republic of India.

6 National symbols of India
Tiger is the national animal of India. Tiger is also called the lord of Jungles. As the national animal of India, tiger symbolizes India's wildlife wealth. Peacock, which is a symbol of grace, joy, beauty and love is the national bird of India. Peacock occupies a respectable position in Indian culture and is protected not only by religious sentiments but also by parliamentary statute. Lotus is the National flower of India. The Lotus symbolizes spirituality, fruitfulness, wealth, knowledge and illumination. The most important thing about lotus is that even after growing in murky water it is untouched by its impurity.

7 Government India is a federation with a parliamentary system governed under the Constitution of India. It is a constitutional republic and representative democracy. The Constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950.

8 Money

9 Religion India is the birth place of four of the world's major religious traditions; namely Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism. Throughout its history, religion has been an important part of the country's culture. Hinduism accounted for 80.5% of the population of India. Islam (13.4%), Christianity (2.3%) and Sikhism (1.9%) are the other major religions followed by the people of India.

10 Languages Hindi and English are the official languages of India. The government also recognizes 17 other languages (Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Nepali, Manipuri, Konkani, Kannada, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu). Apart from these languages, about 1,652 dialects are spoken in the country

11 India experiences six seasons:
Autumn Spring Winter monsoon Winter

12 Interesting facts about India:
India is the birthplace of chess. The original word for “chess” is the Sanskrit chaturanga, meaning “four members of an army”—which were mostly likely elephants, horses, chariots, and foot soldiers

13 Introduced by the British, cricket is India’s most popular sport.
Hockey is considered the national sport, and the Indian field hockey team proudly won Olympic gold in 1928

14 Indians made significant contributions to calculus, trigonometry, and algebra. The decimal system was invented in India in 100 B.C. The concept of zero as a number is also attributed to India

15 The largest employer in India is the Indian Railways, employing over a million people.

16 India has the largest number of Post Offices in the world
India has the largest number of Post Offices in the world. But letters never come in time.

17 The world's first university was established in Takshila in 700 BC
The world's first university was established in Takshila in 700 BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education .

18 “IIT = Harvard + MIT + Princeton”
“IIT = Harvard + MIT + Princeton” , says CBS ‘60 Minutes’. “IIT may be the most important university you've never heard of.“ "The US imports oil from Saudi Arabia, cars from Japan, TVs from Korea and Whiskey from Scotland. So what do we import from India? We import people, really smart people." There are “cases where students who couldn't get into computer science at IIT, they have gotten scholarships at MIT, at Princeton...”

19 Bollywood India has the world’s largest movie industry, based in the city of Mumbai (known as the “City of Dreams”). The B in “Bollywood” comes from Bombay, the former name for Mumbai. Almost all Bollywood movies are musicals.

20 The most famous Bollywood stars

21 Sights


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