Presentation on theme: "FRAGMENTS, RUN-ONS, AND COMMA SPLICES QUIZ #2, Part 1 of 5 Directions: Write C if the sentence is complete and punctuated correctly. For each fragment,"— Presentation transcript:
FRAGMENTS, RUN-ONS, AND COMMA SPLICES QUIZ #2, Part 1 of 5 Directions: Write C if the sentence is complete and punctuated correctly. For each fragment, run-on, or comma splice, add the missing subject, verb, and punctuation to complete the sentence.
Review… What is a SENTENCE? It can be MANY things – but it MUST have TWO things – a SUBJECT and a VERB. A DO-er and what they DO. The dog ran. The cat sat. The man smiled.
So… What is a FRAGMENT? It TOO can be MANY things. It may even have a SUBJECT and a VERB. If so, it might have a word that makes it a fragment, like: Although the dog ran. The dog ran would have been fine. ALTHOUGH turns it into a FRAG.
What ELSE is a FRAGMENT? Most often, it leaves you thinking, “Huh?” Sometimes a FRAG is missing a SUBJECT, other times it is missing a VERB. Here are a few examples: George Washington, President of the United States, our First President. A FRAG – Where’s the VERB? Running around the house, after the car, and on home. A FRAG – Where’s the SUBJECT? Each leaves you thinking, “HUH?!”
So… What is a RUN-ON? Most often, it won’t shut up! It runs ON and ON and ON. It’s often missing commas before a conjunction. Here’s an example: My family has three dogs but we have four horses. The sentence needs a COMMA before the BUT. Here’s another: We want to ride our horses but we need to have two of them professionally trained and need lessons ourselves. We need a COMMA before the BUT, though NOT before the AND. “…need lessons ourselves” isn’t INDEPENDENT, can’t stand alone, so no COMMA.
Finally… What is a COMMA SPLICE? A COMMA SPLICE is simply a comma in the wrong place. It SPLICES the sentence out of no where, sort of like a splice does in golf. Example: The dog won the race, he beat the cat. – SPLICE – Needs a semicolon instead of a comma
Need more – GOOD! Keep doing your homework in the text. It is the BEST place to get a workout in grammar. It’s like doing sit-ups – they’re a pain, but eventually they make you look great! Doing the homework in the book truly is the workout you need to write like a professional…
2. The cat drank the milk, it acted sleepy. COMMA SPLICE. All of these ARE correct: The cat drank the milk, then it acted sleepy. The cat drank the milk; it acted sleepy. The cat drank the milk. It acted sleepy. The cat drank the milk can stand alone (can end in a period), as can “it acted sleepy”. You need MORE than a simple comma to link them.
3. Only one day at a time. It’s a FRAG. It needs a VERB. Only one day at a time WHAT? Perhaps… Only one day at a time IS the way to live!
4. Three men stood up but no one else volunteered for the project.
4. Three men stood up but no one else volunteered for the project. It’s a RUN-ON. It needs a COMMA before the BUT as both sides can stand alone… Three men stood up. No one else volunteered for the project. If you’re going to use the conjunction (FANBOY) “but” to link them, you need to add a comma.