2 What are the principal parts of a verb? 7.3.5 (701.1.2) Key Learning:Using appropriate grammar in writing and speaking is essential for effective communication.Unit Essential Question:How does proper grammar help us to communicate effectively?Concept:VerbsLesson Essential Questions:Why do we have subject and verbs agree in both tense and number in a sentence? ( )What are the principal parts of a verb? ( )What makes a verb irregular? ( ),How do we determine the proper use of commonly confused words? ( )How do we decide if infinitives and/or infinitive phrases are being used correctly within a sentence? ( )
3 ACTIVATORCircle the verbs that you think are irregular. What are your standards for selection?hope go run wish tell
4 1. Principal Parts of a Verb The principal parts of a verb are the base form, the present participle, the past, and the past participle.BasePresent PPastPast Parttalk[is] talkingtalked[have] talkeddraw[is] drawingdrew[have] drawn
5 1. Principal Parts of a Verb “talk” is a regular verb because its past and past participle forms are created by adding an –ed at the end.“draw” is an irregular verb because its past and past participle forms are created differently.
6 Assessment Prompt1s, tell 2s: Name a verb in base form. With your partner, take turns changing the verb to present participle, past, and past participle?2s, select a new verb and do the same.
7 2. Principal Parts of a Verb and Time The principal parts of a verb are used to express time.Present Time-He draws excellent pictures-Susan is drawing one now.
8 2. Principal Parts of a Verb and Time The principle parts of a verb are used to express time.Past Time-Last week they drew two maps.-She has often drawn cartoons.Future Time-Perhaps she will draw one for you.-By Thursday, we will have drawntwo more.
9 3. Regular VerbsA regular verb forms its past and past participle by adding –d or –ed to the base form.BasePresent PPastPast Partclean[is] cleaningcleaned[have] cleanedhope[is] hopinghoped[have] hopedslip[is] slippingslipped[have] slipped
10 4. Irregular Verbs by changing vowels An irregular verb forms its past and past participle in some way other than adding –d or –ed to the base form.by changing vowelsBasePresent PPastPast Partsing[is] singingsang[have] sung