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1 Tuning with Oracle’s SQL Trace David Kurtz Go-Faster Consultancy Ltd.

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1 1 Tuning with Oracle’s SQL Trace David Kurtz Go-Faster Consultancy Ltd.

2 2 Message from the SIG management Keep filling in the critique forms Keep suggesting topics –This is session was a requested topic Offer to talk on topic about which you know

3 3 Who am I? DBA –Independent consultant –Performance tuning

4 4 Tuning with Oracle’s SQL Trace Overview of Tuning Explain Plan Enabling SQL Trace TKPROF Interpreting Execution Plans

5 5 Rules of Engagement Interrupt me: –if you think I have got something wrong –if you have a question –if you can’t hear me

6 6 What is Tuning? It is a much abused term What does a person mean when they say ‘Tuning’

7 7 Oracle Designing and Tuning for Performance Manual New name in Oracle 8i Used to be the ‘Tuning’ manual A good place to start Always there Free

8 8 Oracle Designing and Tuning for Performance Manual Chapters 4.The Optimiser 5.Using Explain Plan 6.Using SQL Trace and TKPROF

9 9 When should I start to Tune? NOW is already too late from ‘Oracle Designing and Tuning for Performance’

10 10 Tuning occurs at Different Levels business design data design application design logical structure of the database database operations access paths memory allocation I/O and physical structure resource contention platform

11 11 Tuning is a search for lost time Identify problem SQL Find out why it is a problem –SQL execution plan

12 12 Explain plan Explain plan for –PLAN_TABLE set autotrace on

13 13 Rule -v- Cost Based Optimiser select /*+RULE*/ * from dual; Execution Plan SELECT STATEMENT Optimizer=HINT: RULE 1 0 TABLE ACCESS (FULL) OF 'DUAL' select /*+ALL_ROWS*/ * from dual; Execution Plan SELECT STATEMENT Optimizer=HINT: ALL_ROWS (Cost=1 Card=1 Bytes=2) 1 0 TABLE ACCESS (FULL) OF 'DUAL' (Cost=1 Card=1 Bytes=2)

14 14 SQL Trace Whole database –SQL_TRACE=TRUE Current Session –ALTER SESSION SET SQL_TRACE=TRUE; –sys.dbms_session.set_sql_trace(true) A different session –sys.dbms_system.set_sql_trace_in_session (,,TRUE);

15 15 USER_DUMP_DEST Trace file written to directory –USER_DUMP_DEST Default –$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/log/ System level –ALTER SYSTEM SET USER_DUMP_DEST=newdir

16 16 MAX_DUMP_FILE_SIZE Maximum size of trace file –Kbytes / OS blocks –Shadow process will stop writing when maximum reached –grep "DUMP FILE SIZE IS LIMITED” Beware –Truncated trace file –Full File System

17 17 Timed Statistics Enable to get statement and other timings Initialisation file –TIMED_STATISTICS=TRUE Ad-hoc –ALTER SYSTEM SET TIMED_STATISTICS=TRUE; Small performance overhead

18 18 Trace File (Unix) Difficult to read, but useful information Dump file /PS/oracle/app/oracle/product/8.0.5/rdbms/log/psperf_ora_20437.trc Oracle8 Enterprise Edition Release Production PL/SQL Release Production ORACLE_HOME = /PS/oracle/app/oracle/product/8.0.5 System name:SunOS Node name:hqmain01 Release:5.6 Version:Generic_ Machine:sun4u Instance name: PSPERF Redo thread mounted by this instance: 1 Oracle process number: 30 Unix process pid: 20437, image: oraclePSPERF *** SESSION ID:( )

19 19 Trace File (NT) Dump file c:\user\ppt\tuning with Oracle Trace\demo\ORA00298.TRC Tue May 16 20:02: ORACLE V Production vsnsta=0 vsnsql=e vsnxtr=3 Windows NT Version 4.0 Service Pack 6, CPU type 586 Oracle8i Enterprise Edition Release Production With the Partitioning option JServer Release Production Windows NT Version 4.0 Service Pack 6, CPU type 586 Instance name: f75do81 Redo thread mounted by this instance: 1 Oracle process number: 9 Windows thread id: 298, image: ORACLE.EXE

20 20 Trace file Lists every statement PARSING IN CURSOR #1 len=33 dep=0 uid=21 oct=42 lid=21 tim= hv= ad='809c49a4' ALTER SESSION SET SQL_TRACE=TRUE END OF STMT EXEC #1:c=0,e=2,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=0,og=4,tim=

21 21 Trace file Contains the execution plan END OF STMT PARSE #1:c=44,e=45,p=42,cr=1821,cu=4,mis=1,r=0,dep=0,og=4,tim= *** EXEC #1:c=15661,e=16023,p=164769,cr= ,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=0,og=4,tim= EXEC #2:c=0,e=3,p=4,cr=1,cu=3,mis=0,r=1,dep=0,og=4,tim= STAT #1 id=1 cnt=0 pid=0 pos=0 obj=0 op='SORT UNIQUE ' STAT #1 id=2 cnt=0 pid=1 pos=1 obj=0 op='FILTER ' STAT #1 id=3 cnt=0 pid=2 pos=1 obj=0 op='NESTED LOOPS ' STAT #1 id=4 cnt=8 pid=3 pos=1 obj=0 op='NESTED LOOPS ' STAT #1 id=5 cnt= pid=4 pos=1 obj=0 op='NESTED LOOPS ' STAT #1 id=6 cnt=360 pid=5 pos=1 obj=0 op='NESTED LOOPS ' STAT #1 id=7 cnt=10 pid=6 pos=1 obj=0 op='NESTED LOOPS ' STAT #1 id=8 cnt=10 pid=7 pos=1 obj=10009 op='TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID PS_PP_PAYMENT_TMP ’...

22 22 TKPROF Processes the trace file –removes recursive SQL –generate execution plans –aggregate duplicates –sort by criteria –top n statements

23 23 Plan Table $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/ utlxplan.sql –builds plan table either make it local to a user, or create a public synonym and issue grants $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/ utltkprf.sql

24 24 TKPROF Command Usage: tkprof tracefile outputfile [explain= ] [table= ] [print= ] [insert= ] [sys= ] [sort= ] table=schema.tablename Use 'schema.tablename' with 'explain=' option. explain=user/password Connect to ORACLE and issue EXPLAIN PLAIN. print=integer List only the first 'integer' SQL statements. aggregate=yes|no insert=filename List SQL statements and data inside INSERT statements. sys=no TKPROF does not list SQL statements run as user SYS. record=filename Record non-recursive statements found in the trace file. sort=option Set of zero or more of the following sort options:... execnt number of execute was called execpu cpu time spent executing exeela elapsed time executing exedsk number of disk reads during execute exeqry number of buffers for consistent read during execute execu number of buffers for current read during execute exerow number of rows processed during execute exemis number of library cache misses during execute...

25 25 SQL statement INSERT INTO PS_PP_CUST_TMP2 ( PROCESS_INSTANCE, DEPOSIT_BU, DEPOSIT_ID, PAYMENT_SEQ_NUM, CUST_ID, PAYMENT_AMT, PAYMENT_DT, PP_METHOD, SETID, SUBCUST_QUAL1, SUBCUST_QUAL2, PP_HOLD, PP_MET_SW, PAYMENT_CURRENCY ) SELECT DISTINCT P.PROCESS_INSTANCE, P.DEPOSIT_BU, P.DEPOSIT_ID, P.PAYMENT_SEQ_NUM, C.CUST_ID, P.PAYMENT_AMT, P.PAYMENT_DT, O.PP_METHOD, O.SETID, C.SUBCUST_QUAL1, C.SUBCUST_QUAL2, O.PP_HOLD, 'N', P.PAYMENT_CURRENCY FROM PS_CUST_OPTION O, PS_ITEM I, PS_CUSTOMER C, PS_SET_CNTRL_REC S, PS_PAYMENT_ID_ITEM X, PS_PP_PAYMENT_TMP P WHERE P.PROCESS_INSTANCE = 212 AND S.RECNAME = 'CUSTOMER' AND S.SETID = C.SETID AND S.SETCNTRLVALUE = I.BUSINESS_UNIT AND I.CUST_ID = C.CUST_ID AND I.ITEM_STATUS = 'O' AND O.SETID = C.REMIT_FROM_SETID AND O.CUST_ID = C.REMIT_FROM_CUST_ID AND O.EFFDT = ( SELECT MAX(Z.EFFDT) FROM PS_CUST_OPTION Z WHERE Z.SETID = O.SETID AND Z.CUST_ID = O.CUST_ID AND Z.EFF_STATUS = 'A' AND Z.EFFDT <= P.PAYMENT_DT ) AND O.PP_METHOD <> ' ' AND P.DEPOSIT_BU = X.DEPOSIT_BU AND P.DEPOSIT_ID = X.DEPOSIT_ID AND P.PAYMENT_SEQ_NUM = X.PAYMENT_SEQ_NUM AND X.REF_QUALIFIER_CODE = 'I' AND X.REF_VALUE = I.ITEM

26 26 Statistics … count = number of times OCI procedure was executed cpu = cpu time in seconds executing elapsed = elapsed time in seconds executing disk = number of physical reads of buffers from disk query = number of buffers gotten for consistent read current = number of buffers gotten in current mode (usually for update) rows = number of rows processed by the fetch or execute call … call count cpu elapsed disk query current rows Parse Execute Fetch total

27 27 Execution plan (Oracle 8.1 only) Rows Execution Plan INSERT STATEMENT GOAL: CHOOSE 0 SORT (UNIQUE) 0 FILTER 0 NESTED LOOPS 8 NESTED LOOPS NESTED LOOPS 360 NESTED LOOPS 10 NESTED LOOPS 10 TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID PS_PP_PAYMENT_TMP 11 INDEX (RANGE SCAN) (object id 9329) 20 INDEX (RANGE SCAN) OF (object id 8105) 360 TABLE ACCESS (BY INDEX ROWID) OF 'PS_SET_CNTRL_REC' 370 INDEX (RANGE SCAN) OF (object id 12020) TABLE ACCESS (BY INDEX ROWID) OF 'PS_CUSTOMER' INDEX (RANGE SCAN) OF (object id 4751) INDEX (RANGE SCAN) OF 'PS#ITEM' (NON-UNIQUE) 8 TABLE ACCESS (BY INDEX ROWID) OF 'PS_CUST_OPTION' 16 INDEX (RANGE SCAN) OF (object id 4854) 0 SORT (AGGREGATE) 0 TABLE ACCESS (BY INDEX ROWID) OF 'PS_CUST_OPTION' 0 INDEX (RANGE SCAN) OF (object id 4854)

28 28 Execution plan (if you connect TKPROF to the database) Rows Execution Plan INSERT STATEMENT GOAL: CHOOSE 0 SORT (UNIQUE) 0 FILTER 0 NESTED LOOPS 8 NESTED LOOPS NESTED LOOPS 360 NESTED LOOPS 10 NESTED LOOPS 10 TABLE ACCESS (BY INDEX ROWID) OF 'PS_PP_PAYMENT_TMP' 11 INDEX (RANGE SCAN) OF 'PSAPP_PAYMENT_TMP' (NON-UNIQUE) 20 INDEX (RANGE SCAN) OF 'PSAPAYMENT_ID_ITEM' (NON-UNIQUE) 360 TABLE ACCESS (BY INDEX ROWID) OF 'PS_SET_CNTRL_REC' 370 INDEX (RANGE SCAN) OF 'PSBSET_CNTRL_REC' (NON-UNIQUE) TABLE ACCESS (BY INDEX ROWID) OF 'PS_CUSTOMER' INDEX (RANGE SCAN) OF 'PS#CUSTOMER' (NON-UNIQUE) INDEX (RANGE SCAN) OF 'PS#ITEM' (NON-UNIQUE) 8 TABLE ACCESS (BY INDEX ROWID) OF 'PS_CUST_OPTION' 16 INDEX (RANGE SCAN) OF 'PS_CUST_OPTION' (UNIQUE) 0 SORT (AGGREGATE) 0 TABLE ACCESS (BY INDEX ROWID) OF 'PS_CUST_OPTION' 0 INDEX (RANGE SCAN) OF 'PS_CUST_OPTION' (UNIQUE)

29 29 1. Make the statement readable SELECT DISTINCT P.PROCESS_INSTANCE, P.DEPOSIT_BU, P.DEPOSIT_ID, P.PAYMENT_SEQ_NUM, C.CUST_ID, P.PAYMENT_AMT, P.PAYMENT_DT, O.PP_METHOD, O.SETID, C.SUBCUST_QUAL1, C.SUBCUST_QUAL2, O.PP_HOLD, 'N', P.PAYMENT_CURRENCY FROMPS_CUST_OPTION O, PS_ITEM I, PS_CUSTOMER C, PS_SET_CNTRL_REC S, PS_PAYMENT_ID_ITEM X, PS_PP_PAYMENT_TMP P WHEREP.PROCESS_INSTANCE = 212 AND S.RECNAME = 'CUSTOMER' AND S.SETID = C.SETID AND S.SETCNTRLVALUE = I.BUSINESS_UNIT AND I.CUST_ID = C.CUST_ID AND I.ITEM_STATUS = 'O' AND O.SETID = C.REMIT_FROM_SETID AND O.CUST_ID = C.REMIT_FROM_CUST_ID AND O.EFFDT = (SELECT MAX(Z.EFFDT) FROM PS_CUST_OPTION Z WHERE Z.SETID = O.SETID AND Z.CUST_ID = O.CUST_ID AND Z.EFF_STATUS = 'A' AND Z.EFFDT <= P.PAYMENT_DT) AND O.PP_METHOD <> ' ' AND P.DEPOSIT_BU = X.DEPOSIT_BU AND P.DEPOSIT_ID = X.DEPOSIT_ID AND P.PAYMENT_SEQ_NUM = X.PAYMENT_SEQ_NUM AND X.REF_QUALIFIER_CODE = 'I' AND X.REF_VALUE = I.ITEM

30 30 2. Start to draw the query

31 31 3. Put the joins in

32 32 4. Get the order from the plan 0 FILTER 0 NESTED LOOPS 8 NESTED LOOPS NESTED LOOPS 360 NESTED LOOPS 10 NESTED LOOPS 10 (1)TABLE ACCESS (BY INDEX ROWID) OF 'PS_PP_PAYMENT_TMP' 11 INDEX (RANGE SCAN) OF 'PSAPP_PAYMENT_TMP' (NON-UNIQUE) 20 (2)INDEX (RANGE SCAN) OF 'PSAPAYMENT_ID_ITEM' (NON-UNIQUE) 360 (3)TABLE ACCESS (BY INDEX ROWID) OF 'PS_SET_CNTRL_REC' 370 INDEX (RANGE SCAN) OF 'PSBSET_CNTRL_REC' (NON-UNIQUE) (4)TABLE ACCESS (BY INDEX ROWID) OF 'PS_CUSTOMER' INDEX (RANGE SCAN) OF 'PS#CUSTOMER' (NON-UNIQUE) (5)INDEX (RANGE SCAN) OF 'PS#ITEM' (NON-UNIQUE) 8 (6)TABLE ACCESS (BY INDEX ROWID) OF 'PS_CUST_OPTION' 16 INDEX (RANGE SCAN) OF 'PS_CUST_OPTION' (UNIQUE) 0 SORT (AGGREGATE) 0 TABLE ACCESS (BY INDEX ROWID) OF 'PS_CUST_OPTION' INDEX (RANGE SCAN) OF 'PS_CUST_OPTION' (UNIQUE)

33 33 5. Put the order in the diagram

34 34 6. This time, the answer is an index CREATE INDEX PSBITEM ON PS_ITEM (ITEM, CUST_ID, BUSINESS_UNIT, ITEM_STATUS) TABLESPACE PSINDEX STORAGE (INITIAL 10K NEXT 98K MAXEXTENTS 110 PCTINCREASE 0) /

35 35 New execution order

36 36 Statistics Before call count cpu elapsed disk query current rows Parse Execute Fetch total After call count cpu elapsed disk query current rows Parse Execute Fetch total

37 37 Theory & Practice Tuning Explain Plan SQL Trace TKPROF Graphical Technique How and what to trace a real system? Do you have access to the source code? Can you alter the code?

38 38 How to SQL_Trace PeopleSoft? Client Query/Crystal & Database Agent SQR Cobol AE nVision

39 39 Client Multithreaded 2-tier, 3-tier –Client trace - SQLcleanup.exe SQL Script Work in SQL*Plus –Small application server no PSQCKSRV or PSQRYSRV enable trace on PSAPPSRV

40 40 PS/Query, Crystal, Database Agent Trace Application Server –PSQRYSRV Cut and paste SQL PS/Query –work in SQL*Plus

41 41 nVision Trace PSQRYSRV Client trace & SQLcleanup.exe Cut and paste the statement directly

42 42 Mass Change

43 43 Application Engine

44 44 SQR session.sqc begin-sql ALTER SESSION SET SQL_TRACE=TRUE end-SQL

45 45 Cobol Difficult to add extra statements Batch Initiated via Process Scheduler –Data driven agent –Table of requests –Each request has a status

46 46 Cobol Trigger on process request table create or replace trigger sysadm.set_trace before update of runstatus on sysadm.psprcsrqst for each row when (new.runstatus = 7 and old.runstatus != 7 and new.prcstype = 'COBOL SQL' and new.prcsname = 'GLPJEDIT' and new.oprid = 'VP1' and new.servernamerqst = 'PSUNX' and new.rqstdttm <= TO_DATE(‘ ’,’DDMMYYYY’)) begin sys.dbms_session.set_sql_trace(true); exception when others then null; end; /

47 47 Trigger with log create or replace trigger sysadm.set_trace before update of runstatus on sysadm.psprcsrqst for each row when (new.runstatus = 7 and old.runstatus != 7 and not new.prcstype IN('Crystal','PSJob','Database Agent')) begin insert into dmk_trace_log (prcsinstance, oracle_shadow, timestamp) select :new.prcsinstance, p.spid, sysdate from v$session s, v$process p where s.sid = (select sid from v$mystat where rownum = 1) and s.paddr = p.addr; sys.dbms_session.set_sql_trace(true); exception when others then null; end; /

48 48 Autonomous Trigger New in Oracle 8.1 create or replace trigger sysadm.set_trace before update of runstatus on sysadm.psprcsrqst for each row when (new.runstatus = 7 and old.runstatus != 7 and not new.prcstype IN('Crystal','PSJob','Database Agent')) declare pragma autonomous_transaction; begin insert into dmk_trace_log (prcsinstance, oracle_shadow, timestamp) select :new.prcsinstance, p.spid, sysdate from v$session s, v$process p where s.sid = (select sid from v$mystat where rownum = 1) and s.paddr = p.addr; sys.dbms_session.set_sql_trace(true); commit; --only allowed & mandatory in autonomous trigger exception when others then null; end; /

49 49 Tuning with Oracle’s SQL Trace Tuning SQL Trace TKPROF Explain Plan Graphical Technique Techniques for enabling SQL Trace

50 50 Any Questions?

51 51 Tuning with Oracle’s SQL Trace David Kurtz Go-Faster Consultancy Ltd.


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