Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Key to Variation  “No two people speak exactly the same.” (Holmes, 127 c)  AND no one person speaks exactly the same all the time. 1/14.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Key to Variation  “No two people speak exactly the same.” (Holmes, 127 c)  AND no one person speaks exactly the same all the time. 1/14."— Presentation transcript:

1 Key to Variation  “No two people speak exactly the same.” (Holmes, 127 c)  AND no one person speaks exactly the same all the time. 1/14

2 Crystal, David. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987, p /14 Dialect vs Language

3 Schematic Dialect Continuum Crystal, David. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987, p /14

4 Dialect Continua in Europe Crystal, David. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987, p /14

5 Dialect Chain: Understanding your Neighbors “The [vernacular] varieties of French spoken in the border towns and villages of Italy, Spain, and Switzerland, have more in common with the language of the next village than the language of Paris. From one village and town to the next there is a chain or continuum.” 5/14 Holmes, Janet An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 4th edition. London: Pearson, pp

6 What is a Language? “So a language can be thought of as a collection of dialects that are usually linguistically similar, used by different social groups who choose to say they are speakers of one language which functions to unite and represent them to other groups.” 6/14 Holmes, Janet An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 4th edition. London: Pearson, p. 138.

7 Social and Regional Accent Variation Regional variation Highest class: RP Lowest class: local accents Social variation 7/14 Holmes, Janet An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 4th edition. London: Pearson, p. 139.

8 British Social Dialect Vocabulary 1 (1950s) U non-U have a bath take a bath bike, bicycle cycle luncheon dinner riding horse riding sick ill knave jack mad mental looking-glass mirror writing-paper note paper jam preserve Crystal, David. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987, p. 39. From A.S.C. Ross, /14

9 U non-U wirelessradio table-napkin serviette lavatory-paper toilet-paper richwealthy vegetables greens pudding sweet telegramwire EnglandBritain ScotchScottish Crystal, David. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987, p. 39. From A.S.C. Ross, /14 British Social Dialect Vocabulary 2 (1950s)

10 Syntax Differences and Dialect (a) I’ve not washed the dishes yet today. (b) I haven’t washed the dishes yet today. [Both standard] (c) They have got along well for many years. (d) They have gotten along well for many years. [Regional Variation] (e) I don’t have any money. (f) I don’t have no money. [Social Variation] 10/14

11 [ h ]-Dropping 11/14 Holmes, Janet An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 4th edition. London: Pearson, p. 146.

12 -ing / -in Table 6.2: Percentage of vernacular [in] pronunciation for four social groups in speech communities in Britain, America, and Australia Social group Norwich West Yorkshire New York Brisbane Note 1: 1 is the highest group; 4 the lowest. Holmes, Janet An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 4th edition. London: Pearson, p. 146.

13 Post-Vocalic [ r ] 13/14 Holmes, Janet An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 4th edition. London: Pearson, p. 148.

14 Vernacular 3rd Person Present Tense (she walks / she walk) 14/14 Holmes, Janet An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 4th edition. London: Pearson, p. 152.


Download ppt "Key to Variation  “No two people speak exactly the same.” (Holmes, 127 c)  AND no one person speaks exactly the same all the time. 1/14."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google