2Quiz on the simple perfect tenses PastPerfectTensePastPerfectTensePresentPerfectTenseQuiz on the simple perfect tenses
3Present Perfect Tense have/has (not) + VERB-ed2 An action or emotion started in the past and has continued into the present.Example ~ I have read that book.A moment in the pastThe present moment
4Actions that are more long-term in nature are used more in the present perfect tense than in the present perfect continuous tense.Example~Wendy has made a lot of money since 2002.
5An action is complete. Example~ I have washed the dishes. (The job is finished.)
6An action has been done several times. Example~ Joe has read this book few times.Note: The time of an action is not specified.Example~ The teacher has corrected it.When specified, simple past is used.Example~ The teacher corrected it last night.
7Past Perfect Tense had (not) + VERB-ed2 An action happened in the past before another action in the past.Example~Kevin had waited for an hour when he decided to leave.The present momentTime 1Time 2
8By five o’clock Dr. Lee’s lecture had ended. The past perfect tense is often used with by + a time.Example~By five o’clock Dr. Lee’s lecture had ended.
9If it is not clear which action happened first, it is necessary to use the past perfect.Example~When Dr. Lee had given her lecture, she sat down.(She stood and gave her lecture; then she sat down.)Compare the following sentence~When Dr. Lee gave her lecture, she sat down.(She was speaking and sitting at the same time.)
10Future Perfect Tense will (not) + have + VERBed2 An action starting in the past, present or future will be finished at some time in the future.Example~ Mark already has his Masters,and he will have gotten his Ph.D. before he’s 30.The pastThe presentmomentA Future time
11Mary will have gotten her new car in three weeks. The future perfect is often used withby + a time,before + a timein + a time.Example~Mary will have gotten her new car in three weeks.
12Practice Choose the best answer Question 1:David _________ five books so far.a.) publishesb.) is publishingc.) has publishedd.) has been publishedClick for the answer key:(c)
13Practice Choose the best answer Question 2:_____ you ever _____ that man?a.) Are; seeingb.) Have; seenc.) Were; seeingd.) Did; seeClick for the answer key:(b)
14Practice Choose the best answer Question 1:When I woke up this morning, my parents ______ already.a.) leaveb.) had leftc.) were leavingd.) leftClick for the answer key:(b)
15Practice Choose the best answer Question 2:John _________ a panda before he moved to Si Chuan, China.a.) had never seenb.) has seenc.) never sawd.) never seesClick for the answer key:(a)
16Practice Choose the best answer Question1:She __________ enough Chinese to communicate beforeshe moves to Beijing.a.) will learnb.) learnsc.) is learningd.) will have learnedClick for the answer key:(d)
17Practice Choose the best answer Question 2:By the time I finish this course, I __________ ten tests.a.) will takeb.) will have takenc.) will be takingd.) have takenClick for the answer key:(b)
18Quiz Complete the following sentences using the correct simple perfect tense 1.) By next Saturday you _____ (stay) with us for three weeks.will have stayed2.) Mrs. Wang _____ (teach) English for more than 20 years.have taught3.) It was he who _____ (give) us the piano.had given4.) They _____ already _____ (go) when we arrived.had already gone5.) We shall _____ (grow) old before we learn it really well.have grownClick for the answer keyClick for the answer keyClick for the answer keyClick for the answer keyClick for the answer key
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20§128.6. English as a Second Language (ESL), Grade 4. (30) Second language acquisition/writing.(A) use basic capitalization and punctuation correctly suchas capitalizing names and first letters in sentences andusing periods, question marks, and exclamation points.(E) employ increasingly complex grammatical structures inwriting.(i) demonstrate knowledge of verbs, tenses, andauxiliaries, wh-words, and pronouns/antecedents;(iii) demonstrate knowledge of parts of speech;(F) construct correct sentences, including a variety ofsentence types and styles.