Presentation on theme: "English Simple Perfect Tenses By Yung-Chen Chung."— Presentation transcript:
English Simple Perfect Tenses By Yung-Chen Chung
Present Perfect Tense Past Perfect Tense Past Perfect Tense Quiz on the simple perfect tenses
Present Perfect Tense have/has (not) + VERB-ed2 An action or emotion started in the past and has continued into the present. Example ~ I have read that book. A moment in the past The present moment
Actions that are more long-term in nature are used more in the present perfect tense than in the present perfect continuous tense. Example~ Wendy has made a lot of money since 2002.
An action is complete. Example~ I have washed the dishes. (The job is finished.)
An action has been done several times. Example~ Joe has read this book few times. Note: The time of an action is not specified. Example~ The teacher has corrected it. When specified, simple past is used. Example~ The teacher corrected it last night.
Past Perfect Tense had (not) + VERB-ed2 An action happened in the past before another action in the past. Example~ Kevin had waited for an hour when he decided to leave. Time 1Time 2 The present moment
The past perfect tense is often used with by + a time. Example~ By five o’clock Dr. Lee’s lecture had ended.
If it is not clear which action happened first, it is necessary to use the past perfect. Example~ When Dr. Lee had given her lecture, she sat down. (She stood and gave her lecture; then she sat down.) Compare the following sentence~ When Dr. Lee gave her lecture, she sat down. (She was speaking and sitting at the same time.)
Future Perfect Tense will (not) + have + VERBed2 An action starting in the past, present or future will be finished at some time in the future. Example~ Mark already has his Masters, and he will have gotten his Ph.D. before he’s 30. The pastThe present moment A Future time
The future perfect is often used with by + a time, before + a time in + a time. Example~ Mary will have gotten her new car in three weeks.
Practice Choose the best answer Question 1: David _________ five books so far. a.) publishes b.) is publishing c.) has published d.) has been published Click for the answer key: (c)
Practice Choose the best answer Question 2: _____ you ever _____ that man? a.) Are; seeing b.) Have; seen c.) Were; seeing d.) Did; see Click for the answer key: (b)
Practice Choose the best answer Question 1: When I woke up this morning, my parents ______ already. a.) leave b.) had left c.) were leaving d.) left Click for the answer key: (b)
Practice Choose the best answer Question 2: John _________ a panda before he moved to Si Chuan, China. a.) had never seen b.) has seen c.) never saw d.) never sees Click for the answer key: (a)
Practice Choose the best answer Question1: She __________ enough Chinese to communicate before she moves to Beijing. a.) will learn b.) learns c.) is learning d.) will have learned Click for the answer key: (d)
Practice Choose the best answer Question 2: By the time I finish this course, I __________ ten tests. a.) will take b.) will have taken c.) will be taking d.) have taken Click for the answer key: (b)
Quiz Complete the following sentences using the correct simple perfect tense 1.) By next Saturday you _____ (stay) with us for three weeks. will have stayed 2.) Mrs. Wang _____ (teach) English for more than 20 years. have taught 3.) It was he who _____ (give) us the piano. had given 4.) They _____ already _____ (go) when we arrived. had already gone 5.) We shall _____ (grow) old before we learn it really well. have grown Click for the answer key
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§128.6. English as a Second Language (ESL), Grade 4. (30) Second language acquisition/writing. (A) use basic capitalization and punctuation correctly such as capitalizing names and first letters in sentences and using periods, question marks, and exclamation points. (E) employ increasingly complex grammatical structures in writing. (i) demonstrate knowledge of verbs, tenses, and auxiliaries, wh-words, and pronouns/antecedents; (iii) demonstrate knowledge of parts of speech; (F) construct correct sentences, including a variety of sentence types and styles.