Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

CHAPTER 4 Copyright © 2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 4 Copyright © 2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 4 Copyright © 2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

2 Inserting a topic sentence Dividing and combining paragraphs Rearranging and deleting sentences for clarity Maintaining a consistent tone and diction CHAPTER 4: Organization paragraph A paragraph is a group of sentences that communicates one idea. Paragraphs can be made more effective in several ways:

3 Copyright © 2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CHAPTER 4: Organization Which sentence below would be most effective at the beginning of the paragraph? (1) It cost a fortune to go to college even 60 years ago. (2) The G.I. Bill was one of our government’s best investments. (3) Four in ten World War II veterans wouldn’t have gone to college without the G.I. Bill. (4) World War II veterans don’t know how lucky they were. (5) World War II veterans risked their lives for freedom. Choose the one best answer to the question below. (1) The U.S. Congress passed the G.I. Bill in (2) It gave millions of soldiers returning from World War II the opportunity to go to college almost for free. (3) Most veterans received full tuition support and stipends. (4) By 1952, the federal government had spent $7 billion sending veterans to college. (5) About 40 percent of them would never have gotten a college education without the G.I. Bill. (6) Each dollar spend educating that 40 percent produced a $6.90 return in national output.

4 Copyright © 2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CHAPTER 4: Organization The main idea of this paragraph is that the G.I. Bill was a good investment--answer choice (2). The G.I. Bill was one of our government’s best investments. The G.I. Bill was one of our government’s best investments. (1) The U.S. Congress passed the G.I. Bill in (2) It gave millions of soldiers returning from World War II the opportunity to go to college almost for free. (3) Most veterans received full tuition support and stipends. (4) By 1952, the federal government had spent $7 billion sending veterans to college. (5) About 40 percent of them would never have gotten a college education without the G.I. Bill. (6) Each dollar spend educating that 40 percent produced a $6.90 return in national output. (Continued)

5 Copyright © 2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Dividing Paragraphs:Dividing Paragraphs: When a paragraph contains two main ideas, it needs to be divided into two paragraphs. Rearranging or Combining Paragraphs:Rearranging or Combining Paragraphs: Sometimes a piece of writing will be more effective if sentences are moved around or combined with another paragraph. CHAPTER 4: Organization Sometimes paragraphs need to be divided or combined to effectively express a main idea.

6 Copyright © 2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CHAPTER 4: Organization Which revision would make the paragraph more effective? (1) move sentence 1 to the end of the paragraph (2) move sentence 5 to follow sentence 6 (3) move sentence 4 to the beginning of the paragraph (4) remove sentence 3 (5) remove sentence 6 Choose the one best answer to the question below. (1) The middle-school play this year will be Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. (2) We’re looking for students to play four children (the winners of the Golden Tickets), their parents, chocolate factory owner Willy Wonka, and of course the Oompah-Loompahs. (3) Gene Wilder, who played Willy Wonka in the movie, has been quite a success in Young Frankenstein. (4) Tryouts will begin next Thursday after school in the auditorium. (5) Interested students can pick up scripts from Ms. Mikulski in Room 308 anytime after Monday. (6) Students can also request help from the drama coach in preparing for their auditions.

7 Copyright © 2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CHAPTER 4: Organization Option (4) is the best answer. Sentence 3 is true, but it still does not belong in the paragraph. (1) The middle-school play this year will be Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. (2) We’re looking for students to play four children (the winners of the Golden Tickets), their parents, chocolate factory owner Willy Wonka, and of course the Oompah-Loompahs. (3) Gene Wilder, who played Willy Wonka in the movie, has been quite a success in Young Frankenstein. (4) Tryouts will begin next Thursday after school in the auditorium. (5) Interested students can pick up scripts from Ms. Mikulski in Room 308 anytime after Monday. (6) Students can also request help from the drama coach in preparing for their auditions. (Continued)

8 Copyright © 2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. toneThe tone of a piece of writing is its general style: formal or casual, serious or upbeat, scholarly or for a general audience. DictionDiction is word choice, which contributes greatly to tone. Different tones are appropriate for different pieces of writing and different audiences, but the tone should stay the same within a piece of writing. If a sentence has an inconsistent tone, it should either be deleted or rewritten to be consistent. CHAPTER 4: Organization

9 THE END Chapter Review QuizGED Practice Quiz Practice the skills you learned in this chapter by taking the Chapter Review Quiz or the GED Practice Quiz. CHAPTER 4: Organization Copyright © 2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


Download ppt "CHAPTER 4 Copyright © 2002 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google