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State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Emergency and Contingency Planning www.kfsd.gov.kw - O.Hernandez1.

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Presentation on theme: "State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Emergency and Contingency Planning www.kfsd.gov.kw - O.Hernandez1."— Presentation transcript:

1 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Emergency and Contingency Planning - O.Hernandez1

2 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Orlando P. Hernandez Senior Fire Protection Specialist -NFPA Graduate of Eastern Kentucky University 21years Life Safety Programs 19 years of experience in Fire Investigation 19 years in Law Enforcement 9 years experience in Emergency Management International IMT Responder Managed 6 National Declarations of Disaster - O.Hernandez2

3 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 General Pop Shelter Warehouse Cooking & Eating 435,000 Sq ft - O.Hernandez3

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12 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Planning & Developing Emergency Mgmt Plan Using NFPA 1600 Standard on Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Objectives - O.Hernandez12

13 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 O BJECTIVES Risk Assessment Planning Process Strategic Planning Common Plan Requirements Risk assessments Business Continuity and Recovery Prevention Resource Management Emergency Response Plans Threat Analysis Worksheet Hazard Assessment Worksheet Incident Management - O.Hernandez13

14 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Scope This standard shall establish a common set of criteria for all hazards disaster / emergency management and business continuity programs. NFPA 1600: Disaster / Emergency Management and Business Continuity - O.Hernandez14

15 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Purpose - NFPA 1600 This standard provides the fundamental criteria to develop, implement, assess, and maintain programs for prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response, continuity, and recovery. NFPA 1600: Disaster / Emergency Management and Business Continuity - O.Hernandez15

16 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Risk Assessment: Process of hazard identification, probability analysis, vulnerability analysis, and impacts analysis. Risk Assessment (NFPA 1600) NFPA 1600: Disaster / Emergency Management and Business Continuity - O.Hernandez16

17 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 The program shall follow a planning process that develops strategies, plans, and required capabilities to execute the program. Planning Process (NFPA 1600) NFPA 1600: Disaster / Emergency Management and Business Continuity - O.Hernandez17

18 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Shall define the vision, mission, and goals. The entity shall include key stakeholders in the planning process. Strategic Planning NFPA 1600: Disaster / Emergency Management and Business Continuity - O.Hernandez18

19 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Identify Functional Roles & Responsibilities Identify Lines of Authority Identify Lines of Succession Common Plan Requirements NFPA 1600: Disaster / Emergency Management and Business Continuity - O.Hernandez19

20 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Identify logistics support and resource requirements. Address the health and safety of personnel. Common Plan Requirements NFPA 1600: Disaster / Emergency Management and Business Continuity - O.Hernandez20

21 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 The scope shall be determined using an “all-hazards” approach, and the risk assessment. The program requirements shall include prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response, continuity, and recovery. Planning and Design NFPA 1600: Disaster / Emergency Management and Business Continuity - O.Hernandez21

22 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Identify hazards and monitor hazards & the chance of occurrence. Risk Assessment NFPA 1600: Disaster / Emergency Management and Business Continuity - O.Hernandez22

23 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 GeologicalMeteorological Earthquake Tsunami Volcano Landslide Mudslide Glacier Iceberg Flood, flash flood Drought Fire Snow Ice Hurricane Tornado Extreme temperatures Lightning strikes NFPA 1600: Disaster / Emergency Management and Business Continuity - O.Hernandez23

24 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Biological Human Caused Plague Smallpox Anthrax West Nile SARS Pandemic disease Hazardous material Explosion/fire Transportation accident Fuel/resource shortage Environmental contamination Dam/levee failure NFPA 1600: Disaster / Emergency Management and Business Continuity - O.Hernandez24

25 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Human CausedTechnologically Terrorism Sabotage Strike or labor dispute Enemy attack Insurrection Civil disturbance, Public unrest Central Computer, mainframe, server, (internal/external) Telecommunications hazards Energy & Utility Hazards NFPA 1600: Disaster / Emergency Management and Business Continuity - O.Hernandez25

26 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Initial hazard assessments should always consider what secondary hazards may occur because of the primary hazard. Primary:Secondary: Flood EventDrinking Water Contamination EarthquakeTsunami or Nuclear accident Hazard Identification and Secondary Hazards NFPA 1600: Disaster / Emergency Management and Business Continuity - O.Hernandez26

27 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March O.Hernandez27 Table C.1 Self-Assessment Tool for Conformity with the 2013 Edition of NFPA NFPA 1600 Program ElementsConformingPartially ConformingNonconformingComments Chapter 4 Program Management 4.1* Leadership and Commitment The entity leadership shall demonstrate commitment to the program to prevent, mitigate the consequences of, prepare for, respond to, maintain continuity during, and recover from incidents The leadership commitment shall include the following: (1) Support the development, implementation, and maintenance of the program (2) Provide necessary resources to support the program (3) Ensure the program is reviewed and evaluated as needed to ensure program effectiveness (4) Support corrective action to address program deficiencies The entity shall adhere to policies, execute plans, and follow procedures developed to support the program. 4.2* Program Coordinator. The program coordinator shall be appointed by the entity's leadership and authorized to develop, implement, administer, evaluate, and maintain the program. 4.3* Program Committee * A program committee shall be established by the entity in accordance with its policy The program committee shall provide input, and/or assist in the coordination of the preparation, development, implementation, evaluation, and maintenance of the program * The program committee shall include the program coordinator and others who have the expertise, the knowledge of the entity, and the capability to identify resources from all key functional areas within the entity and shall solicit applicable external representation.

28 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 The vulnerability of people, property, the environment, and the entity shall be identified, evaluated, and monitored. The entity shall conduct an analysis of the impact of the hazards identified on the following: Risk Assessment NFPA 1600: Disaster / Emergency Management and Business Continuity - O.Hernandez28

29 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 (1) Health and Safety of persons in the affected area at the time of the incident (injury and death) (2) Health and safety of personnel responding to the incident (3)*Continuity of operations (4)*Property, facilities, assets, and critical infrastructure (5) Delivery of the entity’s services (6) Supply chain NFPA 1600: Disaster / Emergency Management and Business Continuity - O.Hernandez29

30 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 The analysis shall evaluate the potential effects of regional, national, or international incidents that could have cascading impacts. Risk Assessment NFPA 1600: Disaster / Emergency Management and Business Continuity - O.Hernandez30

31 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Business Continuity Def: An ongoing process to ensure that the necessary steps are taken to identify the impact of potential losses and maintain viable recovery strategies, recovery plans, and continuity of services. - O.Hernandez31

32 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 The entity shall conduct a business impact analysis (BIA). The BIA shall evaluate the potential impacts resulting from interruption or disruption of individual functions, processes, and applications. - O.Hernandez32 Business Continuity

33 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 The BIA shall identify those functions, processes, and applications that are critical to the entity and the point in time when the impact(s) of the interruption or disruption becomes unacceptable to the entity. - O.Hernandez33 Business Continuity

34 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 The BIA shall evaluate the potential loss of information and the point in time that defines the potential gap between the last backup of information and the time of the interruption or disruption. - O.Hernandez34 Business Continuity

35 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 The BIA developed shall be used in the development of plans to support the program. The impact analysis and the BIA shall be permitted to be conducted conjunction with each other or separately. - O.Hernandez35 Business Continuity

36 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Business Continuity and Recovery The continuity plan shall identify stakeholders that need to be notified; critical and time- sensitive applications; alternative work sites; vital records, contact lists, processes, and functions that must be maintained; and personnel, procedures, and resources that are needed while the entity is recovering. - O.Hernandez36

37 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Business Continuity and Recovery The recovery plan shall provide for restoration of functions, services, resources, facilities, programs, and infrastructure. - O.Hernandez37

38 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Prevention The entity shall develop a strategy to prevent an incident that threatens life, property, and the environment. The prevention strategy shall be based on the information obtained in Risk Assessment and shall be kept current using the techniques of information collection and intelligence. - O.Hernandez38

39 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 The prevention strategy shall be based on: Results of hazard identification Risk assessment Impact analysis Program constraints Operational experience Cost benefit analysis. - O.Hernandez39

40 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Prevention The entity shall have a process to monitor the identified hazards and adjust the level of preventive measures to be commensurate with the risk. - O.Hernandez40

41 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Develop & Implement mitigation strategy Includes measures to be taken to limit or control the consequences Extent, or severity of an incident that cannot be prevented. - O.Hernandez41

42 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Base Mitigation Strategy on: Results of hazard identification Risk assessment Impact analysis Program constraints Operational experience Cost benefit analysis. - O.Hernandez42

43 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 The mitigation strategy shall include: interim and long-term actions to reduce vulnerabilities. - O.Hernandez43 Mitigation

44 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 The entity shall conduct a resource management needs assessment based on the hazards identified. The resource management needs assessment shall include the following: (1)* Human resources, equipment, training, facilities, funding, expert knowledge, materials, technology, information, intelligence, and the time frames within which they will be needed. Resource Management NFPA 1600: Disaster / Emergency Management and Business Continuity - O.Hernandez44

45 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 (2) Quantity, response time, capability, limitations, cost, and liability connected with using the involved resources. (3) Resources and any needed Partnership arrangements (Mutual Aid) essential to the program. Resource Management NFPA 1600: Disaster / Emergency Management and Business Continuity - O.Hernandez45

46 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Emergency Response Plans Shall assign Responsibilities Identify actions to be taken to protect people property, operations, and the environment and to provide incident stabilization. - O.Hernandez46

47 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 The plan shall include the following: (1) Communication and warning (2) Crisis communication and public information (3) Protective actions for life safety (4) Direction and control (5) Resource management (6) Donation management - O.Hernandez47 Emergency Response

48 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Threat Analysis Worksheet Threat: Potential Consequence: □ Catastrophic (Mass fatalities/casualties, loss of governance and essential services, wide spread damages) □ Severe (Numerous fatalities/casualties, loss of governance, and wide spread damage) □ Moderate (Limited number fatalities/casualties and damage to property) □ Minor (Little or no injuries and isolated damage) Probability of Occurring: □ High □ Medium □ Low Past History: Has this type of incident occurred before □ Yes □ No Areas Likely to be Affected Most: NFPA 1600: Disaster / Emergency Management and Business Continuity - O.Hernandez48

49 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Probable Duration: Potential Speed of Onset (Probable amount of Warning Time): □ Minimal (or no) Warning □ 6 to 12 hours Warning □ 12 to 24 hours Warning □ More than 24 hours Warning Existing Warning System: Does a Vulnerability Analysis Exist? □ Yes □ No NFPA 1600: Disaster / Emergency Management and Business Continuity - O.Hernandez49

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52 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Direct, control, and coordinate response and recovery operations. Describe specific organizational roles Titles Responsibilities - O.Hernandez52 Incident Management shall develop to:

53 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 The entity shall establish procedures and policies for coordinating mitigation, preparedness, response, continuity and recovery activities. - O.Hernandez53 Incident Management

54 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March 2014 Incident Management The entity shall coordinate the activities with stakeholders in the mitigation, preparedness, response, continuity, and recovery operations. Emergency operations/response shall be guided by an incident action plan or management by objectives. - O.Hernandez54

55 State of Kuwait 3rd Intl Fire & Safety Conference & Expo 4-6 March O.Hernandez55 Incident Commander Operations Section Planning Section Logistics Section Finance/Admin Section Safety Officer Liaison Officer Incident Management System

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