Presentation on theme: "English II 15 to 19 December. 15 December Warm Up – Grammar – Sentence Structure Essential Question: How does fate play a role in Greek Drama? Today’s."— Presentation transcript:
English II 15 to 19 December
15 December Warm Up – Grammar – Sentence Structure Essential Question: How does fate play a role in Greek Drama? Today’s Agenda Complete Part I of Oedipus the King Complete Reading Questions Oedipus the King Crash Course Oedipus the King Quiz 3 Tomorrow’s Agenda Test Oedipus the King Part 1 Begin Part II
Sentence Combining Combining Ideas – join two or more short sentences by using compound subjects or verbs, by using phrases, or by writing compound, complex, or compound-complex sentences. Example: Westfield won its game last night. Branford also won. (separate) Example: Both Westfield and Branford won their games last night. Example: The boy screamed for his mother. He realized that he was lost. Example: When the boy realized he was lost, he screamed for his mother.
Combine the sentences in each question into a single sentence 1.Broadway musicals are often difficult for amateurs. They have large casts and elaborate production numbers. 2.My favorite breakfast is pancakes. I like to have bacon with my pancakes. 3.It is a quality magazine. It is intended for people interested in science. 4.Timmy made the birdhouse himself. He just followed the directions. 5.Today’s editorial was quite alarming. It was about toxic waste. 6.He is a very gifted athlete. He works hard in practice. He is the best player on the team. 7.The band members wanted to leave the stage. The crowd implored them to continue. They played another song. 8.Gerri’s children were grown. She went back to school. She became a physical therapist. 9.Sean never does well on standardized tests. He gets good grades in school. He works very hard. 10.The ice storm lasted for two days. The roads were treacherous. School was canceled for the week.
Oedipus the King Part 1 – Pg Review 1.In what ways does Oedipus seem heroic and in what ways does he seem flawed? 2.Why does Creon return? 3.What flaw in Oedipus’ character is suggested by his choosing to accuse Creon? 4.What does the chorus want Oedipus to do? ( ) 5.Is Oedipus’ interpretation of his own situation justified? Why? 6.How does Oedipus want to punish Creon? 7.In what ways do Jocasta’s actions parallel those of her husband earlier in the play? 8.How does Jocasta’s “proof” that oracles are meaningless and should not be heeded actually prove the opposite of what she intends? 9.What meaning is evident in Jocasta’s concluding statement that Apollo shows what he wants to reveal by himself? 10.Oedipus comments on Jocasta’s ( ) in lines are a different response than what he should have responded. Why? What key words should have caught his attention?
Oedipus the King Part 1 – Pg According to Jocasta what did the oracle say would happen to Laius? 12.Why is Jocasta frightened? What is Oedipus’ deadly fear ( )? 13.What does the servant ask of Jocasta when he sees that Laius is dead and Oedipus is king? 14.How does Oedipus’ story about growing up in Corinth relate to Jocasta’s description of Lauis’ murder? 15.What aspects of Oedipus’ character are reinforced by the way he tells the story in lines ? 16.On what details in the tale of Laius’ murder does Oedipus base his hope that he is innocent? 17.What did Oedipus do to avoid fulfilling the horrors he was told awaited him? 18.How do you think this ode may have affected the audience (lines )? 19.In what wasy do the second strophe and the antistrophe present two different viewpoints about the relationship between the gods and humanity? 20.Paraphrase the words of the chorus in the first strophe.
Oedipus the King – Quiz 3 1.What physical ailment afflicts Teiresias? 2.How does Oedipus react to the information that Teiresias gives him? 3.Of what does Oedipus accuse Creon in the scene beginning at line 576? 4.Why does Creon return? 5.What does Oedipus accuse Creon of doing? 6.How does Oedipus want to punish Creon? 7.According to Jocasta what did the oracle say would happen to Laius? 8.What does the servant ask of Jocasta when he sees that Laius is dead and Oedipus is king? 9.What did Oedipus do to avoid fulfilling the horrors he was told awaited him? 10.On what details of Laius’ murder did Oedipus base his hope that he is innocent?
16 December Warm Up – Writing Prompt #23 Essential Question: How does attempting to avoid fate affect the characters in Oedipus the King? Today’s Agenda: Test – Part 1 Tomorrow’s Agenda: Notes Part II Begin Reading Part II
Writing Prompt #23 Please choose one of the following prompts to respond to. Your response should be at least one full page. 1.What’s one thing you did last year during the holidays you hope to do again this year? 2.What will you miss most about school when you’re on winter break? 3.If you could wish for just one thing this holiday season, what would it be? Name Date English II WP23
TEST – Part 1 Oedipus the King 5 Complete Sentences for each response MIMIMUM. Include Line Numbers where appropriate 1.The leading figure in a tragedy is usually a person of high birth or noble status who also possesses outstanding personal traits. In what ways does Oedipus meet these requirements? 2.Based on Part 1, which of Oedipus’ choices have determined his destiny? 3.In greek tragedies, the chorus often comments on universal issues raised by the action. Create a chart in which you cite at least 3 examples. Chart Headings: Action or Event/Issue or Question/Choral commentary. 4.Trace the motif, or idea, of the search for knowledge in Part I by noting three moments in which Oedipus persists in a quest for knowledge. Indicate your answer using TEXT BASED CITATIONS AND INCLUDE LINE NUMBERS. 5.How does the chorus try to modify Oedipus’ insistence on acquiring knowledge? 6.How does Oedipus respond? How does his response affect his status as a tragic hero? 7.What negative traits do Oedipus demonstrate? Are any of these traits a tragic flaw? 8.Stage directions supply key information in drama. List and explain the significance of three separate details that appear in the stage directions in Part I. 9.Identify two examples of dialogue in Part I that provide hints about a character’s body language or tone of voice. Describe the significance of these examples. PROVIDE LINE NUMBERS. 10.Identify at least three specific qualities that a leader must possess in times of crisis and explain how Oedipus either does or does not possess these traits.
17 December Warm Up: Writing Prompt #24 Essential Question: What is dramatic irony? Today’s Agenda: Notes Part II Begin Reading Part II Reading Comprehension Part II Tomorrow’s Agenda: Continue Reading Part II Quiz Part II
Writing Prompt #24 Please choose one of the following prompts to respond to. Your response should be at least one full page. 1.Who is the one person you hope to spend time with during the winter break? 2.What would you do if you saw Santa Clause in your living room? 3.Would you like to have a pet reindeer? Why or why not? Name Date English II WP24
Notes – Introduction to Part II Irony – the result of a pointed contrast between appearances or expectations and reality. Verbal irony – the use of words to suggest the opposite of their usual meaning Situational irony – when the outcome of an action or situation directly contradicts expectations. Dramatic Irony -readers or audience members are aware of truths that the characters themselves do not perceive. In Part I the people of Thebes beg Oedipus to save them from a disastrous plague. When Creon, the brother of Queen Jocasta, reports that the Delphic Oracle demands the punishment of King Laius’ killer, Oedipus commits himself to solving the crime. He becomes enraged with the prophet Teiresias who tells Oedipus that he himself is the murderer. Teiresias adds that Oedipus will suffer a terrible destiny blinded and outcast from society.
Oedipus the King Part II – Pages Which aspects of Oedipus’ behavior have motivated Jocasta to visit the god’s temple? 2.To which god does Jocasta direct her prayers? 3.In what ways is Jocasta’s change of heart toward the oracles an example of situational irony? 4.In what ways is Jocasta and Oedipus’ discussion about the Messengers news an example of dramatic irony? 5.What news does the Messenger bring from Corinth? 6.How has the Messenger’s demeanor changed since his first appearance? What might he expect from Oedipus in exchange for his “good news”? 7.In what ways does the audience’s knowledge about Oedipus’ infancy create dramatic irony and add to the suspense? 8.Where was the infant Oedipus found? 9.Why does Jocasta suddenly discourage Oedipus from pursuing information about his birth? 10.How do the speculations of the chorus both create dramatic irony and increase suspense?
Oedipus the King Part II – Pages What knowledge does Jocasta pray Oedipus will not learn? 12.Is the Herdsman an honest man? 13.What does Oedipus hope to learn from the Herdsman? 14.Is Oedipus’ sudden anger and threatening behavior surprising? 15.How does Oedipus try to make the Herdsman talk? 16.Why does the Herdsman beg Oedipus to allow him to be silent? 17.In what ways does the Herdsman’s pity for the infant Oedipus present an example of situational irony? 18.Do the words of the chorus suggest that Oedipus did anything to deserve his fate? 19.What fear drove Jocasta to give her child to the Herdsman? 20.What news about Jocasta does the Second Messenger report?
18 December Warm up – Writing Prompt 25 Essential Question – How do a character’s motives affect the action of the play? Today’s Agenda: Continue Reading Part II Quiz Part II Reading Response Questions Tomorrow’s Agenda Test – Part II Oedipus Webquest HOMEWORK: Questions 1-7 Page 524 – Due December 19
Writing Prompt #25 Please choose one of the following prompts to respond to. Your response should be at least one full page. 1.What is your favorite holiday song? 2.What is the best gift you’ve ever gotten and why? 3.What is your favorite holiday food? Name Date English II WP25
Oedipus Part 2 Quiz 1.Why did Jocasta visit the god’s temple? 2.To which god does Jocasta direct her prayers? 3.What news does the Messenger bring from Corinth? 4.Where was the infant Oedipus found? 5.Why does Jocasta suddenly discourage Oedipus from pursuing information about his birth? 6.What knowledge does Jocasta pray Oedipus will not learn? 7.How does Oedipus try to make the Herdsman talk? 8.Why does the Herdsman beg Oedipus to allow him to be silent? 9.What fear drove Jocasta to give her child to the Herdsman? 10.What news about Jocasta does the Second Messenger report? Name Date English II Oedipus Part 2 Quiz
Oedipus the King – Pages Did Oedipus intentionally distract the Messenger to keep him from witnessing Jocasta’s death? 2.What motivates Oedipus to ask for a sword in line 1375? How would his motivation change in lines ? 3.What is ironic about the chorus’s finding the sight of Oedipus too painful to bear? 4.What injury does Oedipus inflict upon himself? 5.Did Oedipus appropriately punish himself? 6.What motivated Oedipus to condemn his past actions – fear, shame, anger, or some other emotion? Explain. 7.Why does Oedipus curse the man who saved him when he was an infant? 8.In what ways is Oedipus’ changed position with respect to Creon an example of situational irony? 9.What information does Creon want to learn from the God? 10.In line 1558, how does Oedipus display awareness of his changed circumstances?
Oedipus the King – Pages What is Creon’s motivation for bringing Antigone and Ismene to their father? 12.What effect might Oedipus expect his statements to his daughters about their future to have on Creon? 13.What plea for his daughters does Oedipus make to Creon? 14.What is Creon’s response to Oedipus’ request? 15.Contrast the results of Oedipus’ willfulness throughout the play to the results of his resignation at the end of the play.
HOMEWORK – Questions 1-7 Page At the end of the play, do you sympathize with Oedipus or blame him? Explain. 2.What is the literal meaning of Oedipus’ name? What clue to Oedipus’ identity does his name contain? 3.What is Oedipus’ reaction to Jocasta’s abrupt exit at line 1177? Why do you thing Oedipus continues his investigation despite Jocasta’s strong objections? What might the playwright be saying about the importance of “knowing thyself”? 4.Whom or what does the chorus address in the strophe beginning at line 1192? What hope does the chorus express here? 5.What facts does Oedipus establish by questioning the Herdsman? Why might this scene be considered the climax, or high point, of the tragedy? 6.What events does the Second Messenger report? Does this speech achieve the goal of dramatic tragedy? That is, does it evoke both pity and fear in you? Explain. 7.What does Oedipus want Creon to do at the end of the play? Why does Oedipus insist that his is better off blind and living than dead? At the play’s end, do you think Oedipus is ennobled by suffering? Explain.
19 December Warm Up – Writing Prompt #26 Essential Question: What are the key elements of tragedy? Today’s Agenda: Test Oedipus Oedipus Webquest
Writing Prompt #26 Please choose one of the following prompts and respond with a minimum of 1 page. The setting is a festive party honoring the holiday of your choosing. But something unexpected happens, and the guests are all drawn into a drama, adventure, or mystery. Some of us don’t think much about the holidays other than the obligations they impose: presents, parties, appearances, and contributions. But holidays exist to remind us of the meaning of something — usually something significant. What does your favorite holiday represent? How did it become a holiday and why do so many people recognize it? If you are one of the many who are mourning the loss of someone dear, think about that person and the memories you have with them, especially your holiday memories. It’s hard to do, but there is joy in those memories and if you can embrace that joy (by writing about it), you may be able to honor your loved one’s life with comfort rather than sorrow. Name Date English II WP26