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Unit 6 – Chapter 17 The Physical Geography of North Africa, Southwest Asia, and Central Asia.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 6 – Chapter 17 The Physical Geography of North Africa, Southwest Asia, and Central Asia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 6 – Chapter 17 The Physical Geography of North Africa, Southwest Asia, and Central Asia

2 I. Section I The Land

3 A. Seas & Peninsulas Seas Red Sea, Dead Sea, Caspian Sea, Aral Sea Peninsulas Arabian, Sinai, Anatolia

4 Bodies of Water  Tigris River Nile River  Euphrates River  Jordan River  Persian Gulf Arabian Sea Mediterranean Sea Indian Ocean Red Sea Black Sea  Gulf of Aden Strait of  Hormuz Suez Canal  Dardanelles Strait  Atlantic Ocean  Gulf of Oman Caspian Sea

5 B. Rivers Major Rivers Nile – longest river in the world The majority of the Egyptian people live along this! Tigris & Euphrates (Iraq) Land in between is called Mesopotamia (“land between two rivers”)

6 Streambeds Wadis – usually dry streambeds until heavy rain

7 Dead Sea: Lowest Point on Earth Highest Salt Content (33%) 2,300’ below sea level

8 C. Plains, Plateaus, & Mountains Coastal Plains Fertile plains along the Mediterranean Sea

9 Highlands Atlas Mountains Caucasus Mountains Hindu Kush Others – Hejas, Asir, Pontic, Taurus, Zagros

10 Mountains & Plateaus  Atlas Mts.  Elburz Mts. Taurus Mts.  Zagros Mts. Iranian Plateau Anatolian Plateau Caucasus Mts. Hejaz Mts.

11 Mountain Ranges in Mid-East Elburz Mts., Iran Zagros Mts., Iran Lebanese Mts. Taurus Mts., Turkey

12 Deserts Sahara Desert Arabian Desert Negev Desert Sinai Desert Libyan Desert Rub al-Khali Kums - deserts

13 Fresh Groundwater Sources

14 Swarms of Desert Locusts! Locusts Swarm the Pyramids Complex at Giza! Israel Hit By Worst Locust Plague Since the 1950s!

15 D. Earthquakes African, Arabian, & Eurasian Plates come together here Because of this, earthquakes (often very serious ones) happen here frequently

16 E. Natural Resources Oil & Natural Gas 70% of the world’s oil reserves 33% of the world’s natural gas Oil Reserves

17 Leading U. S. Oil Suppliers The U. S. imports 30% of its oil needs from the Middle East.

18 Minerals Sulfate Phosphate – Morocco (3 rd in world)

19 II. Section II Climate & Vegetation Vegetation Map

20 Middle East: Climate Regions

21 A. Water: A Precious Resource Look at map on pg. 428 Desert Climate (#1) Sahara – the largest desert in the world 3.5 million sq. mi. Steppe Climate (#2) Pastoralism – the raising & grazing of livestock

22 B. Climate Variations Exports & Tourists Export – citrus fruits, olives, & grapes Tourism – people enjoy the warm climates Rainfall Coastal Areas & Highlands receive the most Dead Sea Tourists


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