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By the students of the 4th class A ET of “ITI Monaco” - Cosenza coordinated by their teacher Paola Lico A fig tree that was born from a wall of a private.

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Presentation on theme: "By the students of the 4th class A ET of “ITI Monaco” - Cosenza coordinated by their teacher Paola Lico A fig tree that was born from a wall of a private."— Presentation transcript:

1 By the students of the 4th class A ET of “ITI Monaco” - Cosenza coordinated by their teacher Paola Lico A fig tree that was born from a wall of a private house and that has been magically reproducing for many many years. Ficuzza

2 How To Get There What to SEESEE What to DO What to eat " To call the town picturesque is to use an inadequate word. At every step, from the opening of the main street at the hill-foot up to the stern medieval castle crowning its height, one marvels and admires.." George Gissing, By The Ionian Sea, 1901 History ( If you want to enjoy some video of the old town click on the following address : )

3 By plane Lamezia Terme Airport is reachable by direct flights from many European cities. Travellers from the America's and Asia change make connections in either Milan or Rome with promotions available throughout the year. km 75 public transport links with trains, bus, taxi Crotone airport: direct coach to Cosenza. By train Ferrovie dello Stato - direct or change at Paola By car Autostrada A3 exits - Cosenza nord - Cosenza sud (km 520 south from Rome) Altitude: mt 238 osl Inhabitants 75.000

4 The Origins Cosenza, the ancient capital of the Italic tribe of the Bruttii, was a bulwark of the Italic people against the Hellenic influences of the Ionians. Over the centuries Cosenza maintained a distinctive feature which marked it out among the inner cities of the region. Later, under the Emperor Augustus (27 b.C. - 14 a.D.), Cosenza became an important halting place along the via Popilia, the Roman route which connected Calabria with Sicily. During the same period the town benefited some municipal privileges, although it was a colony. Cosenza belonged to the III Region of the Roman Empire until its fall (476 a.D.), therefore its destiny was strictly connected with the history of Rome. The legend of King Alaric In 410 a.D. the town was besieged by Alaric, king of the Visigoths, but it escaped devastation thanks to the king’s sudden death, probably caused by malaria. The story tells that, according to their habits, the invaders diverted the flow of the river Busento, buried the king in its riverbed and later returned the river to its original path.

5 Cosenza is considered the “Athens” of Calabria as it was particularly marked by strong humanistic influences and cultural fertility which determined future developments. This new fervour surrounding humanism, turned the town into the liveliest and most active centre of the region, of European importance and capable of competing with Naples. In 1478 the art of printing was introduced to Cosenza by Salomonio di Manfredonia, in spite of the orographic difficulties, developing into considerable traditions over the centuries; no less important, however was the birth of the Accademia Parrasiana, founded at the beginning of the 16th century by Giovanni Paolo Parisio This literary coterie made up of humanists from Cosenza was to become through the works of Bernardino Telesio, Sertorio Quattromani and the Archbishop Costanzo, the Accademia Cosentina which is the oldest of those existing today in Italy. The “Telesian generation” was fundamental in renewing thought. Of course Cosenza’s most famous son, mentioned by Bacon as a “new” man and a central figure of the Renaissance is Bernardino Telesio. He can certainly be considered the initiator of modern thought. His work upturns Aristotelian concepts, “since we are lovers and promoters of a wholly human knowledge”, and cancels any kind of conditioning, establishing “libertas philosophandi”

6 MUSEUMS The National Picture Gallery Open air museum Municipal Museum of Archaeology The Remembrance Museum San Domenico “Chiesa delle Vergini” San Francesco of Assisi San Francesco of Paola

7 What to see:The CATHEDRAL The cathedral was built in the middle of the 11th century, but destroyed by the earthquake of 1184. The archbishop Luca Campano rebuilt it in Gothic-Cistercian (or Provençal Gothic) style. Consecrated on the occasion of Swabian emperor Frederick II's visit to the city in 1222; in 1242 his son Henry was buried there.. The interior is a mixture of Romanesque, Gothic and Baroque styles. In the north transept visitors can see the beautifully carved sepulcrhal monument of Isabella of Aragon. In the right aisle there is the ancient sarcophagus of Meleagro which contains the mortal remains of Arrigo, one of the sons of Federico II (the rebellious one). Nearby is a Roman sarcophagus carved with a hunting scene. Fort the faithful, the cathedral's most venerated item lies in the first chapel on the left - a copy of a 13th century Byzantine icon, the Madonna del Pilerio, which was once carried around the country during times of trouble (like plague). The Madonna del Pilerio's Chapel and the one of the brotherhood "DeIl'orazione e morte" still keep their Baroque style.

8 What to see: The sepulchral monument of Isabella of Aragon The fine sepulchral monument of Isabella of Aragon, wife of Philip III the Bold, king of France and daughter-in-law of Saint Louis IX.. It’s historically proved that queen Isabella had set out with her husband on a crusAde (VIII) to Africa that ended up in a tragic way. In fact Louis IX and his son, the Earl John Tristano, died because of the plague. As a consequence Philippe inherited the crown and had to leave to France. But on the journey home Isabella fell off her horse as she was crossing a river near Martirano and carried back to Cosenza she died in premature childbirth in January 1271 Her body was boiled, according to a medieval funerary custom: the corruptible organs were buried here while the bones were moved to France and buried, together with the King Louis and John Tristan’s ones, in the Church of Saint Denis in Paris. But the King sent some very skilled French artists who, using the local tuf, made the only monument of its kind in Italy

9 It is dedicated to the Cosentino pianist and composer Alfonso Rendano, renowned for the invention of the independent third pedal for the piano, to allow the prolonging of the vibration of only some cords. It is a “traditional theatre”, because of the qualified cultural and artistic activity and the fostering of the local artistic and musical traditions. It is entitled to host both “Opera season” and “Prose season”. (Piazza 15 Marzo)

10 “Villa Vecchia” This lovely park offers a welcome, shady respite after tackling the steep streets of medieval Cosenza. Picnics and gatherings are often enjoyed on Villa Vecchia's green lawns. ( Enter from the historic Piazza XV Marzo).

11 What to see: the church of San Domenico It was founded in 1448. The church has a pointed arch vestibule and two Renaissance chapels, a square apse with a pointed arch double lancet window and the remains of the holy arch, though the most interesting element is the wonderful rose window made up of 16 tuff little columns. The wooden portal (1614) shows intaglio with floreal motifs, figures of saints and coats of arms. Inside the church, there are works of art by A. Granata, of Cosenza, which date to the end of the eighteenth century: Santa Rosa, Santa Caterina, San Ludovico, San Giacinto and San Domenico. The high altar is made of polychrome marble and it dates back to 1767. In the transept there is a Deposizione and a San Vincenzo Ferreri (end of 1700), whose author is anonymous. The sacristy is noteworthy for its ribbed vault, a double lancet window with a narrow arch and a wooden choir created in 1635. In the Cappella of San Matteo there is the precious altar with the statue of the Madonna della Febbre. In the Oratorio del Rosario there is a decorated and carved wooden ceiling (1600). In the middle of the oratory there are four paintings: Gesù tra i dottori, Natività, Morte di Maria, Circoncisione; two paintings are placed on each side of the holy arch: Angelo Annunziante and Annunziata. On the left wall you can see the Visitazione, and between the large windows there are wooden framed frescoes: Natività, Presentazione al Tempio, Gesù tra i dottori, Gesù nell’orto; on the right side of the room: Crocifissione, Resurrezione, Trasfigurazione, Discesa dello Spirito Santo, Assunzione. On the choir is placed a carved and painted wooden organ which date to 1700, and on the walls there are also some wooden stalls and a wooden pulpit belonging to the same period. On both sides of the holy arch there are two wooden statues representing San Tommaso d’Aquino and Beato Enrico Susone. In the two side chapels there is a wooden painting of the late XVI century: Eterno Padre and a painting dedicated to Santa Liberata. On the apse wall there is another painting attributed to A. Granata: Madonna del Rosario e Santi and on the big dome there is a large fresco representing San Domenico in gloria tra i santi.

12 Built between 1515 and 1520 by the Cistercian nuns it still has its Renaissance courtyard with two orders of Ionic columns. (Initially only noble and bourgeois women were admitted to the convent, while later entry was limited to the former. The convent was severely damaged by the 1639 earthquake and suppressed in 1808. It later became an orphanage). The church has an external tufa portal and a fine wooden carved door. Inside, on a 1576 wooden altar to the right of the nave, is an Annunciazione, a 16th century work by an anonymous southern artist. On the opposite side, a Madonna col bambino, an interesting painting of the 13th century Apulia school, possibly by Giovanni da Taranto. Other works kept in the church include a large altar piece dated 1570, depicting the Assunzione della vergine, by an anonymous southern artist, presumably the Neapolitan Michele Curia.

13 According to the tradition it was founded by Blessed Pietro Cathin of Sant’Andrea from Faenza, who was a disciple of San Francesco. The interior has a Latin cross and it has a nave and two aisles. In the nave stands the impressive wooden high altar built in 1700. Above it there is a painting of Daniele Russo representing the Perdono d’Assisi (1618).The same author painted a crucifix, in the cymatium. In the left aisle there is a wooden crucifix from the XVII century, the altar of the Madonna della Febbre and the statue of the Madonna col Bambino. This work is made of marble and dates back to 1500. In the Cappella dell’ Immacolata you can admire a marble altar from 1777 and in the frontal there is the Immacolata and above it the Immacolata ed Eterno Padre, both painted by D. Russo. On the side walls you can find the Incredulità della presenza Eucaristica, and San Pasquale Baylon which is a work by G. Cenatiempo (1721). At the back there is a wooden choir (1505), some wooden statues, some paintings, a fifteenth-century wooden crucifix and, in a wooden sarcophagus from 1619, the corpse of Blessed Giovanni from Castrovillari. In the sacristy you can see a painted wooden ceiling, a wooden closet representing episodes from the Passion of Christ and pictures of saints and Franciscan monks. On the stone arch, there is the painting of San Francesco from Paola. On the walls there are some frescoes representing San Basilio, Sant’Antonio Abate, Santa Caterina from Alessandria from the beginning of the XV century. In the gorgeous Cappella di Santa Caterina d’ Alessandria there is, on the apse ceiling, the Gloria di Santa Caterina painted by Guglielmo Borremans. On the farthest wall, there is a painting of the Martirio di Santa Caterina. On both sides of the apse two wooden sculptures represent Santa Agnese and Santa Lucia, while on the side walls there are the statues of Santa Caterina from Alessandria and the Madonna de le Salette together with six remarkable paintings by Guglielmo Borremans in 1705 and inspired by events in the life of Santa Caterina. The pulpit and the choir from 1700 are made in gilded engraved wood. There is a painted organ positioned on the chancel, while on the ceiling you can admire a painting of Santa Chiara.

14 What to see : the Church of San Francesco of Paola It was built in 1510. On the door some bronze panels represents episodes from the life of San Francesco di Paola. On the left, a square bell tower constructed in 1600. The interior has a nave without an aisle and it houses the tomb of Ottavio Cesare Gaeta. On the right wall there are two eighteenth-century paintings: Sacra Famiglia and Madonna con San Francesco e Sant’Agostino. On one altar you can see a wooden statue of San Francesco of Paola while on the left side of the nave, on another altar, there is a wooden statue of the San Michele Arcangelo. In a little aisle there is the Trasfigurazione which is a work of art by D. Guinaccia, in very poor condition. You can admire The Pietà, a group in wood with some paintings. You can also see a famous work of art by Pietro Negroni from 1551 – Madonna con Bambino in gloria e i Santi Paolo e Luca. In the apses there is a triptych made in the early XVI century by Cristoforo Faffeo, which represents the Madonna con Bambino in gloria e i Santi Caterina e Sebastiano. At the back of the altar you find a wooden choir built in 1679 by M. Domenico Costanzo da Rogliano. On the wall of the sacristy you can see remains of frescoes dating to ‘550-600. On the vault you can see some pastels representing scenes from the life of the Saint from Paola

15 What to see: The CASTLE The castle stands on the top of Pancrazio Hill. It was built by the Saracens on the ruins of the ancient Brutium fortress. Ruggero II of Altavilla, king of Sicily, improved the whole structure in 1130 but in 1184 a strong earthquake damaged the castle again. Then, in 1239, the Swabian emperor Frederic II added the castle two octagonal towers. He loved number "8" and built similar towers all over the southern Italy including– Castel del Monte. The Castle or what left from it is in Svevo-Normanno (Norman – Swabian) style with the towers in hexagonal plan. The Angevins built the upper floor and a chapel. In 1432 the wise King Louis III of Anjou settled in the Castle with his wife Margaret of Savoy. Later the Aragonese used the Castle as a mint, as an armory and then as a prison. Another terrible earthquake in 1638 and the new technologies in weapons and defense decreed the end of the castle's greatness. During the 18th century the archbishop of Cosenza built a seminary in the castle, while in the 19th century it became a prison. Today the interior of the castle is bare, but you will enjoy the superb view over Cosenza and the surrounding mountains.

16'aperto/indexmuseoaperto.htm The main street of the city, “Corso Mazzini”, sort of “enjoyable sitting room", has become recently a pedestrian island and now it houses an “Open Air” Museum”. It consists of a collection of sculptures by very famous artists, that has been given to the city by a wealthy collector (Charles Bilotti, born in Cosenza and resident in Florida). It is possible to admire, among the others, the Bronzes by Sacha Sosno, the Large Bather by Emilio Greco, St. George and the Dragon by Salvador Dalì, Ettore and Andromaca by Giorgio De Chirico, Giacomo Manzù’s Cardinal, four Roadside Stones by Pietro Consagra. ”The Sila’s Wolf” by Mimmo Rotella (recently died), will be placed in a few months.

17 The acquisition and conservation of the XVI century important Palace, situated in the historic centre of Cosenza, has been one of the most important events in the south of Italy for the Ministry of Culture over the last 2 decades. Palazzo Arnone has now become a reality and the idea is the second most important and prestigious museum centre in the south of Italy after Capodimonte in Naples. The National Gallery’s collection boasts works by two great seventeenth century baroque artists: Mattia Preti and Luca Giordano. Other works of great interest are “Noli me tangere” by Andrea Vaccaro, “Sofonisba” by Mattia Preti and, by the same artist, the beautiful risen Christ, dressed as a gardener, appearing before Maria Maddalena; some paintings by Pacecco de Rosa, Carlo Maratta, Sebastiano Conca, Corrado Giaquinto and other artists featured in the Calabrian artistic culture. The wealth of works includes the celebrated Reliquary Cross of the Capitolo Cosentino and the exceptional icon of the Madonna del Pilerio. This icon is an effigy of the Patron of Cosenza and is locally revered as it is said to have protected the people of the city during the plague of 1576 and later in the earthquakes of 1638, 1738, 1832 e 1854.

18 The museum houses documents, furniture and objects concerning life styles, socio-economic and cultural activities of the rural world of the “Calabro-Bruzio” people. “Palazzo Spada” is the home of this interesting museum in the very heart of the historical center of Cosenza. It is run by the Cultural Association "Bernardino Telesio". Many objects of common use of the domestic activity and peasant of XX the century, documents and period photographs of the Italian “Risorgimento” heroes are collected as well. Environmen t. It collects coloured mycological tables, scientific tables of the syndromes of the poisonings from fungi with short and long incubation. Arts and crafts. It includes a complete smithy for blacksmith and horseshoer, powered by leather bellows and equipped with several tools, from loads, saddlebacks to other equine tools. Commerce. It exposes scales and steelyard of epoch, weights and measures for liquids and glass, metal and wood solids. Moreover, in this sector the popular cosentina handicraft “Ciccillo’s Candy” can be tasted Rural and Peasant Civilization. It collects original agricultural tools, metallic and wooden plows, wood unities of measure (“tomolo”, half “tomolo”, etc.), wood wheelbarrows, oak wood press and filter for the wine production from the XIX century. Curiosity. It exhibits old toys, scooters and wood wheelchairs, board with an old electric plant endowed with ceramics accessories, cord and a 1924 meter, sanitary and surgical aids for physicians, chemists and laboratory from the XX century. Modern stuff. On displays some vintage radios, table and portable gramophone, 78, 45 and 33 turns record players, recorders with black coil and black-and-white television sets from the '50s, discs, musical instruments for bands and typewriters. History. It involves photos and Garibaldi, “Fratelli Bandiera”, Mazzini, Cavour, Mussolini, Maria Josè and others’prints, flags of the “Regno Sabaudo” and the Italian Republic, of the first Fascist maniple of Cosenza from 1923, of the “Arma dei Carabinieri”’contigent of Cosenza from 1931. Domestic life On displays a copper brazier, a cloth dryer in wrought iron, vintage little beds, mattresses made of sheep wool and leaves of mile, copper pots, small basins, boilers and several wool-winders and tools for the carding and spinning of the sheep wool. Hobby. A huge and sorted collection of old 1 liter bottles of liqueurs with metallic lead seal and a western barrow are on display. Sport. On display wood ski bindings and nailed boots, XX century bamboo raquets and ' 50s/' 60s photos of some soccer teams.

19 The collection consists of a series of archaeological finds from prehistory to the Roman period and originating from the area of ancient Cosentia. There are several grave goods from the necropolis of San Mauro di Corigliano alongside vases and objects from the necropolis of Torre Mordillo (9th-8th century BC). Memorabilia from the Italian Risorgimento, Garibaldian weapons and uniforms are also on display. The museum will be relocated in the premises of the former Convento di Sant'Agostino in Piazza Spirito Santo.



22 PUB, LOCALI NOTTURNI of Cosenza ART CAFE' P.zza Duomo, 15/17 BEAT PUB Piazza Duomo, 6 o Corso Telesio CHINI C'E' C'E' Corso Telesio, 173/175 EL MOJITO Piazza dei Valdesi, 5 FREE PUB Via Caloprese, 19 GRAN CAFFE' RENZELLI Corso Telesio HANA-BI Portapiana (vicino Castello Svevo) IL CHICCO D'UVO Piazza dei Bruzi, 9 IL MORO Piazza 11 Settembre o Via Calabria, 18 JAMES JOICE (Irish Pub) Via Cafarone, 19 (centro storico) LA BUCA DEI VINI Piazza dei Bruzi, 7 MORRISON'S PUB Via N. Serra, 99 PER BACCO WINE BAR Piazza dei Valdesi SCOTTISH PUB Via Arenella,3 TINA PICA Via Rivocati VIA ROMA 99 Via Roma THE ICE CAFE COCKTAIL BAR Via degli Alimena 50/52

23 La corte dei miracoli Via Romualdo Montagna - Cosenza Akropolis club Via Conciostocchi - Rende Skorpion disco club Via Repaci, 38 - Rende


25 Peace Concert The Peace Concert, held at Cosenza on the night of New Year's Eve, is broadcast live on the Internet on the site created for this purpose and fitting out the live event of the event in the square with the exclusive multilingual presentation of the musical groups so as to exploit to the full the potentiality of the network and overcome the physical frontiers and the linguistic barriers. The site also includes a multimedial photographic album updating in real time the connections and all the situations which have made this performance possible and the videoforum on peace with exceptional testimonials such as, for example, Dario Fo (Nobel Prize for Literature) thus making the Web edition a performance within a performance. The latest New Year's Eve in Cosenza has been ideally tied up to a civil redemption, considering that a possible social and economic development of our region is possible through a far-seeing cultural politics: no bonfires, this time, but some young people from Locri asking out loud for promoting peace with justice: a signal for the town and the entire Nation. Jovanotti’s concert has then sealed the New Year’s Event.

26 ” (March 19 th ) - T his fair, dating back to 700 years ago, has continually grown and developed, over the years, into a cultural event with new initiatives, new ideas, cultural festivals aiming at launching local tourism again. The streets in which the fair is set up are full of sound and colours, quite steeply angled with plenty of characteristic stalls of hawkers and craftsmen coming not only from Cosenza's province, but even from its neighbouring regions, northern Italy and all over the world. A cultural hence a most important happening from the human point of view, a source of an explosion of energy for its economic development. The fair, where visitors, buyers and travelling parties pour in, lasts more than three days. In 1997, the Fair was changed, attempting with success to transform this Festival into a nightlife event as well, giving it the name “Merchants of Light”. Therefore, in the middle of the old centre, in Piazza del Duomo, two evening concerts were organized where the well-known “Dedalus” group of Cosenza played and the “Novalia” – the genuine interpreters of the new Italian “contaminated” music. This experiment met with such success that a festival called San Giuseppe Rock Festival was launched and the site selected would have been the ex-covered market Arenella, restructured thanks to the Common Market Funds of the “Urban” plan. This is an ideal place for involving visitors and show participants if the project becomes capable of turning the Fair into a perfect Festival as it takes place in the core of the Fair. With the 2000 edition, the Giuseppe Rock Festival becomes multimedial, thanks to “interact technology” because communication has no places or spaces, it creates them and interact is already there, creating ever-new opportunities for meeting and getting together. Since then the musical event has grown a lot, becoming a popular kermesse which can boast the finest music not produced by the big commercial record companies.

27 If one of the most important topos linked to Cosenza history is the Legend of the King Alaric’s Tomb it was necessary to bring it into the present: whereas Alaric was an “invader”, Cosenza is a “multiethnic” town; as a consequence why not recall the legendary warrior king? The council’s Cultural Office has therefore come up with a festival which, takes place in July for a six-day period in all the most important areas of the city of Cosenza and has been called the “Invasion Festival” aimed at encouraging cultural diversity: theatre, music, dance, presented by European and Mediterranean countries. It is a meeting of cultures therefore based on diversity and the remembrance of a legend, in a historic centre discovered once again by the Cosentini. This opportunity offers the possibility of taking part in a new way of combining a show with culture; the means to achieve this will be music, poetry, theatre and philosophy arriving at switching on television or on Internet. The entire city is completely involved. Connecting external situations confirms the international character of an appointment which has become part of local customs. Space doubles between real and virtual city squares, Internet amplifies incredibly by viewing happenings while they are being programmed. The younger as well as the older public takes part actively, without noticing the differences, because this is the Festival of the Invasions – with no frontiers, in Cosenza, on Internet, everywhere. All the images, sounds and words of the innumerable shows and conferences that take place are broadcast on the Internet.

28 Cosenza has boasted one of the best Waterpolo Teams in Italy since 2002. As far as Football, the team was founded in 2003 as A.S. Cosenza Calcio Football Club, after the cancellation of the old Cosenza Calcio 1914. In 2004, however, the Cosenza 1914 was readmitted to Serie D in the same round of AS Cosenza, and the two teams played against each other that season. The current club is the merge of these two teams.20032004 Cosenza had a glorious past, having played for a long time in Serie B and having launched several famous players.Serie B l

29 The Plant is made up of two structures: the first, smaller, is entirely covered, and, inside there are a 25 x 16,5 MTs tub, a diving tub with three boards( 1 – 3 – 5 MT heights) and 2 bending diving-boards (1- 3 MT level) and an acclimatization tub. The second, instead, is an outdoor pool, immersed in the green and endowed with a two thousand seats stand facing a 50 x 25 tub with an attached Dive Tower The Stand : it can host two thousands spectators. The uncovered seats provide an elevated and perfect view of the pool from any position. Endowed with a space reserved to the TV operators, it has got wide and comfortable locker rooms and services. Under the stand a lower covered area for people with disabilities Dive Tower Ultramodern in reinforced concrete structure, is made up of a central tower, inside which a comfortable elevator climbs up to the top platform. The diving- board sets are both non-bending and bending; the former are at 3 metres, 5 metres, 7 metres and half and 10 metres levels. The latter are at 1 metre and 3 metres levels.

30 This is a structure in which children are given free rein to enjoy various activities, produce plays, and organise dance performances, concerts and exhibitions. In addition to providing an area where children can experiment with manual and creative activities, the Young People’s City is also a place where they can learn new computer technologies. In other words, it is a genuine place of out-of-school learning, with its own programmes and objectives. Investing in children means investing in the future. Equally, young people who do not have access to interesting activities often turn to petty crime and their potential is easily wasted and a vicious circle begins. This was the case in the city of Cosenza where they have decided to rectify the situation by creating a Children's Town -or Cittá dei Ragazzi. It consists of a park with 13 buildings housing educational and recreational activities. A “ludoteca” is set up in the park The Children's Town will provide young people from two districts with learning and recreational activities as well as linking different communities in the city. The town will be a safe place for children to play and learn. Located within a park between two peripheral neighbourhoods where there is little social service provision, it will have a total of thirteen new buildings that provide 28,000 cubic metres of services for the young. The town will improve both the social and environmental quality of this part of the city. The Children's Town will be structured like a "real" town, with a main road, a "town hall", and a range of recreational, educational, and catering facilities. The children themselves, through schools and youth groups, are involved in designing and managing their "town's" development.

31 Cosenza is a unique place not only in Italy but the whole of Europe. Here in one week you can easily explore mountains and two coasts: the Tyrrehenian, with wide sandy beaches and high cliffs; and the Ionian, where mountains and hills descend slowly towards the sea (where deserted golden or white sandy beaches await for you). The province’s snow-capped mountains will remind you of Switzerland, its three charming lakes will take you back to Canada, its lively streams and waterfalls will remind you of Scandinavia, and its homes are strangely reminiscent of the American log cabins. Add to this picture the ancient ruins, medieval castles and impressive manors too. The city can be a base to explore the surrounding area, particularly the Sila mountains (also called the Sila Massif). Another interesting option - Camigliatello, a classical alpine village, is the most convenient spot for exploring la Sila. It is considered one of Europe's most densely wooded areas, and the most famous woods are the Bosco di Fallistro, just outside of Camigliatello. Here you'll be able to admire the giganti della Sila, trees which are over 500 years old, six feet across and 130 feet tall. In summer you'll find tons of opportunities for hiking (try the 3-mile climb up Mount Botte Donato for simultaneous views of the Ionian and Tyrhennian Seas); in winter, they say, this is one of Italy's best cross- country skiing areas (the 10-mile run from Monte Curcio to Mount Botte Donato is the most popular). If you're persistent or lucky, you may spot a gray wolf or a golden eagle. Be sure to sample some of the local freshwater fish and, in fall, the abundant wild mushrooms. And if there's time, take a side trip to Taverna, where the church of San Domenico houses seven paintings by Calabria's most famous artist, Mattia Preti.

32 The Sila becomes, under the snow, exceptional attraction for the lovers of the touring on fund ski and of whom, however wants to come in contact with the nature in the silence of the woods away from the most crowded skiing footsteps, however present in the Park. To have fun and come back to taste the pleasure of simple things is an exigency more and more necessary for our psychophysical rebalancing. The Sila National Park is able to satisfy this need. Many sport activities can be practiced: riding a bike, a horse, skiing, walking, skating, or sailing boat on Sila lakes.

33 Rossano looks out over the Ionian Sea….it sits in the hills filled with olive groves. Don’t be confused — there seem to be 3 very different Rossanos: The one at the sea — Lido Sant’Angelo; the inland town — Rossano Scalo; and the original old town — Rossano. Rossano is known as the "Byzantine Pearl of Calabria"….it was a Byzantine empire for centuries and was the birthplace of St. Nilo (a Byzantine monk). You’ll see evidence of this Byzantine heritage in the old town….do check out the Cattedrale di San Marco, the Chiesa di Panaglia (12th century), the Chiesa di San Bernardino, the Cattedrale di Achiropita and the monastery (Patirion — 11th century) to see the Byzantine "touches" in town and in the area. The town was once a refuge for monks (Basilian) who sought relief from persecution. They lived in cells that still exist and can be seen today. The Cattedrale di San Marco (Byzantine origin/5th to 9th centuries and remodeled several times) has a fabulous 9th century fresco of the Madonna. Right next door to the cathedral is the Museo Diocesano that has a 6th century codex (Purpureus Codex) containing the gospels of St. Matthew and St. Mark — called the Purpureus because of the brilliant purple parchment they are printed on. The St. Angelo Castle dates to 1543 and is well worth a visit. Take time to walk the streets of town — especially the well-preserved historic center. Markets are on the 2nd and 4th Friday of each month.

34 Diamante This historical fishermen's village is situated on a rock, safe from flooding, and - in ancient times - from pirates, too. Today, tourists capture the town instead - thousands of them in the summer, many from northern Italy, but also from other parts of Europe. By early September, most of them are gone - except for the "chileheads", that is. They're here for their event of the year, the Festival del Peperoncino. Amantea ranks high on a list of Calabria's prettiest towns. It is also one of the region's most historically fascinating and most unique. In modern day Amantea, the city is essentially divided into two sections. The historical centre, located on the hill above the "new" city, where shops, restaurants and piazzas line a main boulevard. It's a friendly town and tourists should find no problem in finding their way around here.

35 The local cuisine of Cosenza includes specialities such as Fusilli (made by wrapping the pasta around a metal rod, called a «firrittu» and are the shape of a thick, short piece of spaghetti, with the solid and rough taste of wheat. They are dressed with tomato, ham, garlic, oil and chilli pepper. As well as «fusilli», there are alsousilli «Sagne », which involve lengthy preparation, being filled with artichokes, pork, mushrooms and cheese; Pork cold meats (amongst the most typical salamis is the «soppressata», bright in colour, due to the presence of chilli pepper and pig’s blood and sometimes the «lagrimusa», that is, flavoursome dripping fat), Mazzacorde‘Mazzacorde', a traditional dish made with Goat's stomach filled with tripe, lungs and liver of lamb and goat. Cuddrurieddri (These are simply ordinary flour and water fritters, to which mashed potato is added in Calabria. Cuddrurieddri can be eaten by themselves or covered with fig honey and are also delicious dusted with sugar. A delicacy for adults and children, they are much loved by the local people, who hold festivals and village feasts in their honour).Cuddrurieddri Turdilli and Scalille (small pastries that take their name from their amusing twisted shape, known in Calabrian dialect as "little ladders.“, dipped in “figs honey” or sugar. It is a typical treat for Christmas and New year. Wines ( the Donnici, Savuto and Pollino reds are extremely well known, whilst the Esaro wine can be tasted in both red and white varieties). The moka drink is a wonderful drink that can be bought in Cosenza and is made only with coffee, carbonated water and sugar (mmh… it’s like a coffee- soda). It has a very long story and is very appreciated in Cosenza but it isn’t resold anywhere outside there. LINKS

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