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1. Where is Britain? a) Western Europe b) Eastern Europe c) Scandinavia d) America.

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Presentation on theme: "1. Where is Britain? a) Western Europe b) Eastern Europe c) Scandinavia d) America."— Presentation transcript:

1 1. Where is Britain? a) Western Europe b) Eastern Europe c) Scandinavia d) America

2 Where is Britain? Britain lies off the west coast of mainland Europe. Britain (UK) is part of the European Union (yellow).

3 2. What does EU stand for? a) Environmental Unit b) Eastern Union c) European Union d) Everything Undone

4 Where is Britain? Britain lies off the west coast of mainland Europe. Britain (UK) is part of the European Union (yellow).

5 3. The United Kingdom is… a) England, France, Ireland, Northern Ireland b) England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland c) England, Wales, Germany, Scotland d) England, Denmark, France, Germany

6 What is “Britain”? The United Kingdom is the name for England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. This is a “political” name for those countries ruled from London.

7 4. The British Climate is… a) Just like Taiwan b) Generally mild c) Very cold and wet d) Tropical

8 The British Climate Very variable – changes so frequently that it is difficult to forecast. Britain does not experience “extreme” weather. Not “very” hot – not “very” cold. Summers generally cool. Winters mild Does not rain all the time. September to January are wettest. 4 distinct seasons

9 The British Climate: Rainfall

10 The British Climate: Winter Temperatures

11 The British Climate: Summer Temperatures

12 5. Which is correct? a) Shire < Region < County b) Region > Country > County c) County < Region < Country d) County > Region > Country

13 Today Today’s counties are a mix of the old shires and the old counties. Boundaries have changed a lot. Some old shires and counties have disappeared. There are some “new” counties

14 Regions of England North West West Midlands South West North East Yorkshire East Midlands East of England Greater London South East

15 What is “Britain”? The United Kingdom is the name for England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. This is a “political” name for those countries ruled from London.

16 6. Where would you find Derby? a) Derbyshire b) Devonshire c) Derby Town d) France

17 Some Counties still retain the name “shire” as a suffix. E.g. the city of Nottingham is in the county of Nottinghamshire e.g. Nottinghamshire

18 7. The capital of the UK is… a) England b) Roman c) London d) Leeds

19 London London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England. Worldwide influence and a major financial centre. Population of Greater London is 7,421,228 (a population of over 12 million in the wider metropolitan area). The largest city in the European Union. A very diverse range of peoples, cultures, and religions. It has a great number of important buildings, including world-famous museums, theatres, concert halls, airports, railway stations, palaces, and offices.

20 8. Scotland is… a) East of England b) Beside Wales c) North of England d) Below Ireland

21 Scotland Consists of a mainland area and several island groups, including Shetland, Orkney, and the Hebrides 3 main geographical areas make up the mainland: From north to south 1.The mountainous Highlands. 2.The low-lying Central Belt. 3.The hilly Southern Uplands.

22 9. In order of size… a) Wales > England > Scotland b) Scotland > Wales > England c) England > Wales > Scotland d) England > Scotland > Wales

23 Side by side

24 10. The capital of Ireland is… a) Dublin b) Belfast c) London d) Leeds

25 Ireland Northern Ireland is unofficially known as 'Ulster'. Northern Ireland is a region of the United Kingdom. The Republic of Ireland, with its capital in Dublin. This state is also called "Ireland" or "Éire".

26 11. The Thistle is the symbol of… a) England b) Wales c) Scotland d) France

27 Flags & Symbols - Scotland The cross of St Andrew The Scotch Thistle

28 12. The Flag of Scotland is… a) a white cross on blue b) a red cross on white c) a white cross on red d) a red dragon on green and white

29 Flags & Symbols - Scotland The cross of St Andrew The Scotch Thistle

30 13. The population of the UK is about… a) 39,000,000 b) 49,000,000 c) 59,000,000 d) 69,000,000

31 Demographics PartPopulation% England50,093, Scotland5,078, Wales2,952, Northern Ireland1,710, United Kingdom59,834,900100

32 14. Most people in England… a) were born overseas b) were born in the UK c) are from India d) are from Ireland

33 Demographics Population (England) – male: 23,922,144 – female: 24,216,687 – total: 49,138,831 Place of birth – UK: 90.7% – EU: 2.3% – Outside EU: 6.9% Ethnicity – White: 90.9% – Indian: 2.1% – Pakistani: 1.4% – Mixed: 1.4% – Black Caribbean: 1.1% – Black African: 0.9% – Chinese: 0.4% – Black Other: 0.2%

34 15. Most foreigners in Britain live… a) overseas b) in the South West c) in the South East d) in Ireland

35 7.5% of people living in Britain were born abroad. The non-native-born population tends to be strongly attracted to London and the South East region 1.7 million foreign-born live in London, representing 25% of the city's total population, although 52% of Wembley's population was born abroad. Location of foreign-born population

36 16. Where is the Gaelic language spoken? a) England & Scotland b) Scotland & Ireland c) Ireland & Wales d) Wales & England

37 Regional Languages Welsh is spoken by about 20% of the population of Wales (~600,000 speakers). However, not all speakers are 100% fluent. Many Welsh people are proud to speak Welsh. Scottish Gaelic has about 60,000 speakers (~1% of Scotland). In Northern Ireland, ~7% speak Irish Gaelic (~110,000 speakers) and 2% speak Scots (~ 30,000 speakers). Cornish is spoken by ~3,500 people (0.6% of Cornwall). Scots is spoken by 30% of Scottish people (~ 1.5 million). British Sign Language (for the deaf) is understood by less than 0.1% of the total population of the UK.

38 17. The correct order is… a) Bronze age  Neolithic  Iron age b) Iron age  Bronze age  Neolithic c) Neolithic  Iron age  Bronze age d) Neolithic  Bronze age  Iron age

39 Overview of Early British History Stone Age – The Neolithic Bronze Age Iron Age The Romans The Invasions – Anglo Saxon, Jutes, Vikings

40 18. The Romans left Britain because a) Rome was under attack b) The Britons made them leave c) It was too cold d) All of the above

41 Roman departure from Britain Because Rome was being invaded, the Roman soldiers were moved from Britain to defend Rome The Romans had left Britain by 410. The inhabitants were forced to look to their own defences and government

42 19. Britain was invaded by… a) Anglo-Saxons, Vikings, Romans b) Spanish, Vikings, Welsh c) Anglo-Saxons, English, Normans d) Vikings, Normans, Irish

43 The Romans Britain is a land of agricultural and mineral wealth In 43AD, the Roman Emperor Claudius invaded Britain with approximately 50,000 men. They quickly occupied the South East and then moved inland. Within 25 years much of England and Wales had been absorbed into the province of Britannia.

44 Anglo-Saxons They left their homelands in northern Germany, Denmark and northern Holland and rowed across the North Sea in wooden boats. The Angle, Saxon, and Jute tribes who invaded Britain in the 5th and 6th centuries are known as the Anglo-Saxons.

45 Vikings Many Vikings were great travellers and sailed all over Europe and the north Atlantic Ocean in their longships.longships Some went as fierce pirate raiders: they stole treasure and attacked local people. But most Vikings who sailed overseas were simply searching for better land for their farms. The Viking Age began about 1,200 years ago in the 8th Century AD and lasted for 300 years. The Vikings came from three countries in Scandinavia: Denmark, Norway and Sweden. They were also known as the Norse people. They were mostly farmers, but some worked as craftsmen or traders.

46 20. The Normans invaded in… a) 1056 AD b) 1066 AD c) 1076 AD d) 1086 AD

47 The Norman Conquest (1066) In 1066 the Anglo-Saxon King of England died without an heir Two people claimed the Kingdom: 1.Harold, The Earl of Wessex 2.William, The Duke of Normandy Harold had himself crowned King but his position was not secure. By August 1066 William had assembled a force of about 5,000 knights for invasion William defeated Harold at the Battle of Hastings (Oct ). This resulted in profound political, administrative, and social changes in the British Isles.

48 21. The Normans brought with them… a) Religion, French b) Feudalism, Religion c) French, Feudalism d) Feudalism, Ice-cream

49 What the Normans did… There were considerable changes in the social structure of the British kingdoms as a new aristocracy was introduced However, the Anglo-Saxon central and local governments and judicial system were retained The “English” language disappeared in official documents, it was replaced by Latin, then by Norman-French. Written English slowly reappeared in the 13th century.

50 Knights & Feudalism Feudalism originated in France, and was brought to England by the Normans The obligations and relations between lord, vassal and fief form the basis of feudalism 1. Lords (Land owners), 2. Vassals (Knights) 3. Fiefs (Land). In exchange for use of the fief, the vassal would provide military service to the lord. Knights were supported by peasants who worked to produce food and ideologically supported by the church.

51 22. The bubonic plague… a) started the industrial revolution b) was invented by the French c) is good for acne d) killed many people

52 The Black Death (1348) In 1348, the bubonic plague arrived in Britain through the southern coast ports. Known as the Black Death, the disease was spread by fleas living in the fur of rats. The plague reached London by September 1348 and Scotland, Wales and Ireland in the winter of Between 10-30% of the population died The plague returned periodically until the seventeenth century. The first few outbreaks severely reduced the fertility and density of the population. Labour became scarcer Poorer land was simply abandoned, and many villages were never re- occupied.

53 23. Henry VIII started… a) a new fashion in hats b) break dancing c) the Church of England d) running for fun

54 Tudors (1485 – 1602) Known as the “Early Modern” period of British history. The Tudors ruled in England and the Stuarts in Scotland. In both realms, as the century progressed, there were new ways of approaching old problems. Henry VIII of England and James IV of Scotland were both cultured, educated Renaissance princes with a love of learning and architectural splendour. Henry broke away from the Catholic Church to form the Church of England (of which he had himself proclaimed Head). The early modern period was an era where women exercised more influence: Catherine de Medici in France, Elizabeth and Mary in England and Mary in Scotland ruled as their male counterparts had done before them.

55 24. Francis Drake is famous because… a) he became King b) he sailed around the world c) he invented printing d) he discovered America

56 Circumnavigation of the globe On 13 December 1577, Francis Drake, on board his ship the Pelican, left Plymouth on a voyage that would take him round the world. In August 1578, Drake passed through the Magellan Strait (the south of South America) and entered the Pacific Ocean. By June 1579, Drake had landed on the coast of modern California (which he claimed for England as 'New Albion'). On 26 September 1580, the navigator returned to Plymouth in his ship, renamed as the Golden Hind. The following April, Drake was knighted by Elizabeth I on board ship.

57 25. The Industrial Revolution began in Britain… a) because of the cold weather b) because it is in Western Europe c) because France was too busy d) because of its many natural resources

58 Why the Industrial Revolution started in Britain Britain was able to succeed in the Industrial Revolution because of its plentiful resources. Britain had a dense population for its small geographical size. The agricultural revolution made a supply of labour readily available (urbanisation). Local supplies of coal, iron, lead, copper, tin, limestone and water power, resulted in excellent conditions for the development and expansion of industry. The stable political situation in Great Britain from around 1688

59 26. World War I started in… a) 1913 b) 1914 c) 1915 d) 1916

60 What Started World War I ? World War I was sparked by a single event… On June 28, 1914 Serbian fanatic, Gavrilo Princip, assassinated Archduke Franz- Ferdinand of Austria in Sarajevo. Archduke Franz- Ferdinand was heir to the Austrian thrown

61 27. World War I started because… a) Germans don’t like ice-cream b) Austria hates England c) an Archduke was assassinated d) Serbia wanted to be in the EU

62 What Started World War I ? World War I was sparked by a single event… On June 28, 1914 Serbian fanatic, Gavrilo Princip, assassinated Archduke Franz- Ferdinand of Austria in Sarajevo. Archduke Franz- Ferdinand was heir to the Austrian thrown

63 28. The “Blitz” was… a) the bombing of England by Germany b) the end of World War II c) the Battle of Britain d) a new kind of ice-cream

64 The Blitz The Blitz killed ~43,000 people and destroyed over a million houses It failed to achieve the Germans' objectives of knocking Britain out of the war or rendering it unable to resist an invasion. The Blitz was the sustained and intensive bombing of the United Kingdom by Nazi Germany during 1940–1941. It was carried out by the Luftwaffe against a range of targets across the UK, particularly concentrating on London.

65 29. The Allied leaders during WW2 were… a) Thatcher, Hitler, Stalin b) Roosevelt, Stalin, Bush c) Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin d) Stalin, Churchill, Hitler

66 In June 1941, Hitler invaded the Soviet Union, thereby making war on two fronts. The war increased in December 1941 when America declared war on the Japanese after they bombed Pearl Harbour. World War 2 Hitler's declaration of war on America was his big mistake. With American entry, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill felt sure of victory. Churchill Roosevelt Stalin

67 30. India became independent in… a) 1937 b) 1947 c) 1957 d) 1967

68 India and Pakistan gain Independence 1947 India was the most valuable part of the British Empire, its possession was proof of British world power. The war had strained Britain's ability to govern its empire so it was decided that India would self-govern. However the two factions in India (the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League) could not agree on a constitution. As a result, India was divided into the modern states of India and Pakistan.


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