Presentation on theme: "Words for Production 1. plague [ pleG ] vt. to cause pain or trouble to somebody over a period of time 使困擾，折磨 The bank offered loans to farmers who were."— Presentation transcript:
Words for Production 1. plague [ pleG ] vt. to cause pain or trouble to somebody over a period of time 使困擾，折磨 The bank offered loans to farmers who were plagued by the severe drought. 詞類變化
plague [ pleG ] n. [C] 擾人的事物；傳染病，瘟疫 SARS is said to be a 21st century plague.
Words for Production 2. alcoholism [ `8lk1hOl&Iz1m ] n. [U] the medical condition caused by regularly drinking a large amount of alcohol 酒精中毒 Jane’s father lost his job as a result of his problem with alcoholism. 詞類變化 * a large amount of + 不可數名詞 很多 * as a result of … 的結果
alcohol [ `8lk1&hOl ] n. [U] 含酒精的飲料，酒 His doctor told him not to touch alcohol, or he might get liver cancer.
alcoholic [ &8lk1`hOlIk ] adj. 酒精的，含酒精的 The sale of alcoholic drinks to underage students is illegal.
Words for Production 3. neglect [ nI`GlEkt ] n. [U] the state of not receiving enough care or attention; the fact of giving too little care or attention to somebody or something 忽略；忽視 It is against the law to mistreat little children through neglect. 詞類變化 * against the law = illegal
neglect [ nI`GlEkt ] vt. 忽略；忽視 Parents who neglect their children have no sense of responsibility. * sense of 抽象名詞 ~ 感 sense of responsibility/duty 責任感 sense of honor 榮譽感 sense of humiliation 羞辱感 sense of guilt 罪惡感 sense of superiority 優越感
Words for Production 4. verbal [ `v3bL ] adj. relating to words or using words 言 辭上的，與言辭相關的 Good verbal skills are important to one’s success in any interview.
Words for Production 5. abuse [ 1`bjus ] n. [U] cruel or violent treatment of somebody; the use of something in a way that is wrong or harmful 凌辱；濫用 The government wants to set up an organization to help children who suffer physical abuse at home. Drug abuse has become a serious problem among teenagers. 詞類變化 * set up = establish 設立 * drug abuse 藥物濫用
abuse [ 1`bjuz ] vt. 凌辱；濫用 It is sad to find that those captives were physically abused. The manager abused his power to such an extent that no one wanted to work for him any more.
Words for Production 6. taunt [ tOnt ] vt. to intentionally make people angry or upset by saying something unkind or cruel to them 嘲笑，嘲弄 Kate’s classmates used to taunt her because of her accent.
Words for Production 7. exclude [ Ik`sklud ] vt. to keep somebody from taking part in something 拒絕... 參與 ( 活動 ) ，排斥 於... 之外 He is excluded from all contact sports because of his poor health. 詞類變化 * take part in = participate in 參加
excluding [ Ik`skludI9 ] prep. 除 … 之外，不包括 Since the late 1700s, over half of the wetlands of the United States, excluding Alaska, have been lost.
Words for Production 8. social [ `soS1l ] adj. relating to activities in which people meet for pleasure; connected to society and the way it is organized 社交的； 社會的
Words for Production More than 7% of the population suffers from social anxiety. Such people always feel ill at ease in front of strangers. During the meeting, the officers differed in their opinions on social problems, such as education. 詞類變化 * feel ill at ease 不舒服 ; 不安
society [ s1`saI1tI ] n. [U][C] 社會 The aim of our government is to create a less violent society.
Words for Production 9. interpersonal [ &Int2`p3s1nL ] adj. connected with relationship between people 人與人之間的 Having interpersonal intelligence, the ability to understand other people, is more and more important in today’s world.
Words for Production 10. employ [ Im`plOI ] vt. to give a job to somebody 雇用 Two more engineers were employed to help set up the website. 詞類變化
employee [ &EmplOI`i ] n. [C] 員工，職員 employer [ Im`plOI2 ] n. [C] 雇主 Since the employees and their employer failed to reach an agreement, the strike continued. * fail to + V 未能 …
employment [ Im`plOIm1nt ] n. [U] 就業 unemployment [ &^nIm`plOIm1nt ] n. [U] 失業 Due to the depression, the number of people with employment has dropped. In other words, unemployment is on the rise. * in other words 換句話說 * on the rise 增加中
Words for Production 11. overhear [ &ov2`hIr ] vt. to hear what others are saying accidentally and without their knowing 無意中聽到 Rachel once overheard two men saying they were going to rob a jewelry store.
Words for Production 12. barrier [ `b8rI2 ] n. [C] a problem or situation that keeps someone from doing something or makes something impossible 障礙， 隔閡 The first step to break the language barrier is to wear a friendly smile. * wear a smile 面帶微笑
Words for Production 13. romantic [ ro`m8ntIk ] adj. relating to love 談情說愛的；浪漫的 David is a workaholic and is not interested in any romantic relationship. 詞類變化
romance [ ro`m8ns ] n. [U] 浪漫 ( 的氣氛 ) Paris, a city of romance, attracts many tourists every year.
Words for Production 14. explosive [ Ik`splosIv ] adj. increasing suddenly; able or likely to burst violently 暴增的；爆炸的 Research shows there has been an explosive increase in the consumption of fast food. A few days ago, an explosive device was found in one of New York’s busiest subway stations. 詞類變化 * fast food 速食
explode [ Ik`splod ] vi. 暴增；爆炸 The population of the small town explodes during the tourist season.
explosion [ Ik`sploZ1n ] n. [C] 暴增；爆炸 In recent years, there has been a sudden explosion of growth in the computer industry. The police are trying to find out exactly when the explosion in the factory occurred.
Words for Production 15. popularity [ &pApj1`l8r1tI ] n. [U] the quality of being enjoyed or liked by a large number of people 受歡 迎；普及性，流行 These days, there is a growing popularity of yogurt among young women. * a large number of + 複數名詞 = many
1. cyberspace [ `saIb2&spes ] n. [U] the imaginary place where electronic messages or pictures exist while they are being sent between computers 網 際空間 Words for Recognition
2. chat room [ `tS8t &rum ] n. [C] an area on the Internet where people can communicate with one another ( 網路 ) 聊天室 Words for Recognition * the Internet 網際網路
3. circuitry [ `s3k1trI ] n. [U] a system of electric circuits 電路系統 Words for Recognition
1. look forward to to expect or wait for something that is going to happen, especially with pleasure 期待，期盼 Many people think humans will reach Mars within their lifetimes. Some even look forward to making the trip themselves. Idioms and Phrases
2. get up the nerve (to do something) to have the courage (to do something) 鼓起勇氣 Wilson fell in love with a girl at first sight, but he didn’t get up the nerve to ask her out. Idioms and Phrases * fall in love with ~ at first sight 一見鍾情
3. a bunch of a large number of something 很多 There was a bunch of people crowding around the door, waiting for the superstar. Idioms and Phrases