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CHURCH HISTORY II Lesson 4 “The Clarity & Certainty of the Word of God”: The Life & Theology of Ulrich Zwingli.

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Presentation on theme: "CHURCH HISTORY II Lesson 4 “The Clarity & Certainty of the Word of God”: The Life & Theology of Ulrich Zwingli."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHURCH HISTORY II Lesson 4 “The Clarity & Certainty of the Word of God”: The Life & Theology of Ulrich Zwingli

2 Apostolic Church Apostolic Fathers Church Councils Church History Ca. 30AD590 AD1517 AD Golden Age of Church Fathers Reformation & Counter Reformation Rationalism, Revivalism, & Denominationalism Revivalism, Missions, & Modernism ? Ancient Church HistoryMedieval Church HistoryModern Church History The Pre-Reformers The First Medieval Pope The Rise of the Holy Roman Empire The Crusades The Papacy in Decline

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4 “I felt as if someone was lifting me by the hair right up into the sky” Thomas Platter

5 I.Zwingli’s First 35 Years January 1, 1484 A.Swiss peasant family “Adam was the first peasant” B. Influenced by Humanists Erasmus When did Zwingli become a Protestant? “I felt as if the gates of heaven were open and I had been born anew” Luther More gradual process-Zwingli

6 1506Became priest at Glarus Chaplin to monastery Accompanied mercenary soldiers 1)Waste of youth 2)Waste of ‘morals’ 1516Moved to Einsieden Luther “propelled me to eagerness” “I do not want to be called Lutheran, for I did not learn the teaching of Christ from Luther, but from the Word of God”

7 II. The Reformer of Zurich A. The Pastor 1. The plague of 1519

8 Help me, O Lord, My strength and rock; Lo, at the door I hear death’s knock. Uplift shine arm, Once pierced for me, That conquered death. And set me free. Yet, if thy voice, In life’s midday. Recalls my soul, Then I obey. In faith and hope Earth I resign. Secure of heaven. For I am Thine. My pains increase; Haste to console; For fear and woe Seize body and soul. Death is at hand. My senses fail. My tongue is dumb; Now, Christ, prevail. Lo! Satan strains To snatch his prey; I feel his grasp; Must I give way? He harms me not, I fear no loss, For here I lie Beneath thy cross. My God! My Lord! Healed by the hand. Upon the earth Once more I stand. Let sin no more Rule over me; My mouth shall sing Alone to thee. Though now delayed, My hour will come. Involved, perchance. In deeper gloom. But, let it come; With joy I’ll rise, And bear my yoke Straight to the skies.

9 II. The Reformer of Zurich A. The Pastor 1. The plague of Theological Disputation of January 1523 Sixty-Seven Articles “vigorous expression of the Reformed faith” “custom should yield to the Bible”

10 2 nd DisputationOctober 26-28, 1523 “Shepherd” Revelation Reconciliation Revolution

11 3. Zwingli’s theology a. The Theologian of the Bible The Clarity and Certainty of the Word of God “I began to try every doctrine by this touchstone (of Scripture). If I saw that a teaching could bear the test, I accepted it; if not, I rejected it”

12 Luther-we may do what the Bible does not forbid Zwingli-we may not do what the Bible does not command WORSHIP Zwingli and the Radicals Zwingli and Luther: The Lord’s Supper Marburg Castle

13 The Lord’s Supper  Zwingli’s text: “It is the Spirit who gives life, the flesh is of no avail” (John 6:63)  Zwingli’s answer: “is” = “signify”  Presence of Christ: “Spiritual”  Purpose of the sacrament: Thanksgiving for the death of Christ (memorial)  Zwingli’s conception of the Lutheran view: A return to ceremonies and works  Luther’s answer: Text does not apply to the Lord’s Supper; the Spirit acts inwardly when we act outwardly  Luther’s text: “This is my body” (Luke 22:19)  Presence of Christ: Physical  Purpose of the sacrament: Strengthening of faith and remission of sins  Luther’s conception of the Zwinglian view: A rational emptying of the Lord’s Supper

14 “I would rather drink blood with the Papists than mere juice with the Zwinglians” M. Luther Difference in interpretation not authority B. The patriot 1.Rule of God extended over all of life 2.Political alliances are necessary to preserve and extend the worship of God 3. Death in battle at age 46

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16 III. Zwingli’s Successor: Heinrich Bullinger Bullinger ( ) Greatest influence: Writings Letters-over 12,000! The Decades: 50 groups The Second Helvetic Confession


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