Presentation on theme: "CHURCH HISTORY II Lesson 4 “The Clarity & Certainty of the Word of God”: The Life & Theology of Ulrich Zwingli."— Presentation transcript:
1CHURCH HISTORY II Lesson 4 “The Clarity & Certainty of the Word of God”: The Life & Theology of Ulrich Zwingli
2Church History Ca. 30AD 590 AD 1517 AD Ancient Church History Medieval Church HistoryModern Church HistoryApostolic ChurchThe First Medieval PopeReformation &Counter ReformationApostolic FathersThe Rise of the Holy Roman EmpireRationalism, Revivalism,& DenominationalismChurch CouncilsThe CrusadesRevivalism, Missions,& ModernismGolden Age ofChurch FathersThe Papacy in DeclineThe Pre-Reformers?
4“I felt as if someone was lifting me by the hair right up into the sky” Thomas Platter
5Zwingli’s First 35 Years January 1, 1484 Swiss peasant family “Adam was the first peasant”B. Influenced by HumanistsErasmusWhen did Zwingli become a Protestant?“I felt as if the gates of heaven were open and I had been born anew” LutherMore gradual process-Zwingli
61506 Became priest at Glarus Chaplin to monasteryAccompanied mercenary soldiersWaste of youthWaste of ‘morals’1516 Moved to EinsiedenLuther “propelled me to eagerness”“I do not want to be called Lutheran, for I did not learn theteaching of Christ from Luther, but from the Word of God”
7II. The Reformer of Zurich A. The Pastor1. The plague of 1519
8Help me, O Lord, My strength and rock; Lo, at the door I hear death’s knock. Uplift shine arm, Once pierced for me, That conquered death. And set me free. Yet, if thy voice, In life’s midday. Recalls my soul, Then I obey. In faith and hope Earth I resign. Secure of heaven. For I am Thine.My pains increase; Haste to console; For fear and woe Seize body and soul. Death is at hand. My senses fail. My tongue is dumb; Now, Christ, prevail. Lo! Satan strains To snatch his prey; I feel his grasp; Must I give way? He harms me not, I fear no loss, For here I lie Beneath thy cross.My God! My Lord! Healed by the hand. Upon the earth Once more I stand. Let sin no more Rule over me; My mouth shall sing Alone to thee. Though now delayed, My hour will come. Involved, perchance. In deeper gloom. But, let it come; With joy I’ll rise, And bear my yoke Straight to the skies.
9II. The Reformer of Zurich A. The Pastor1. The plague of 15192. Theological Disputation of January 1523Sixty-Seven Articles“vigorous expression of theReformed faith”“custom should yield to the Bible”
102nd Disputation October 26-28, 1523 “Shepherd”RevelationReconciliationRevolution
113. Zwingli’s theologya. The Theologian of the BibleThe Clarity and Certainty of the Word of God“I began to try every doctrine by this touchstone (of Scripture). If I saw that a teaching could bear the test, I accepted it; if not, I rejected it”
12WORSHIPLuther-we may do what the Bible does not forbidZwingli-we may not do what the Bible does not commandZwingli and the RadicalsZwingli and Luther: The Lord’s SupperMarburg Castle
13The Lord’s SupperLuther’s answer: Text does not apply to the Lord’s Supper; the Spirit acts inwardly when we act outwardlyLuther’s text: “This is my body” (Luke 22:19)Presence of Christ: PhysicalPurpose of the sacrament: Strengthening of faith and remission of sinsLuther’s conception of the Zwinglian view: A rational emptying of the Lord’s SupperZwingli’s text: “It is the Spirit who gives life, the flesh is of no avail” (John 6:63)Zwingli’s answer: “is” = “signify”Presence of Christ: “Spiritual”Purpose of the sacrament: Thanksgiving for the death of Christ (memorial)Zwingli’s conception of the Lutheran view: A return to ceremonies and works
14“I would rather drink blood with the Papists than mere juice with the Zwinglians” M. Luther Difference in interpretation not authorityB. The patriotRule of God extended over allof lifePolitical alliances are necessary topreserve and extend the worshipof God3. Death in battle at age 46