Presentation on theme: "What did the conflict between"— Presentation transcript:
1What did the conflict between Pope Gregory VII and Henry IV, the Holy Roman emperor have to do with?
2Pope Gregory VII excommunicated King Henry IV because they disagreed about who should choose church officials. Concordant of Worms says emperor loses power.
3The conflict between Pope Gregory VII and Henry IV, the Holy Roman emperor, had to do with the appointment of high-ranking Church officials.The Concordat of Worms limited the emperor’s power.Pope Gregory VII forbade kings from appointing church officialsHenry IV was the Holy Roman emperor who was excommunicated by Pope Gregory VII
4was often constrained by the actions of During the medieval period in Europe, the political power of the kings and great nobleswas often constrained by the actions ofa.elected parliamentb.high church officialsc.the growing middle classd.organized groups of serfs
7King Richard fought against the Muslim general named Saladin The Crusades were a holy war launched by the Catholics against the Muslim Turks.King Richard fought against the Muslim general named Saladin
8How did the Crusades affect the economies of Central and Western Europe?
9The Crusades helped increase trade between Europe and the Middle East. It also helped end feudalism, gave kings more power, and increased technology.
16Who were the clergy?The clergy are people who had been ordained as priests
17Medieval cities were?very crowded.often run by a city council.dirty, smelly, and polluted.
18With a strong government in place, people in medieval Europe felt safer. As a result, trade, banking, and business prospered.A good economy meant more money to support learning and the arts and to pay for new churches and other buildings.
19Church leaders and wealthy merchants and nobles paid to build large new churches called cathedrals. Cathedrals were built in the Romanesque style or Gothic style.
21Gothic Cathedrals were famous for their stained glass windows Gothic Cathedrals were famous for their stained glass windows. These windows were picture Bibles for Christians who could not read.
22EUROPE’S FIRST UNIVERSITIES Two of Europe’s first universities were in Bologna, Italy and Paris, France.
23Universities were created to educate and train scholars. Oxford UniversityI repeat, universities were created to educate and train scholars.
24In medieval universities, students studied grammar, logic, arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy.
25(Do you like taking notes?) Students did not have books because books were rare before the European printing press was created in the 1400s.(Do you like taking notes?)
26Students studied their subjects for four to six years. Then a committee of teachers gave them an oral exam.If they passed, they were given their degree.
27A doctor’s degree could take 10 years or more to earn. After obtaining a basic degree, a student could go on to earn a doctor’s degree in law, medicine, or theology.A doctor’s degree could take 10 years or more to earn.
28During this time period, great universities were created to train and educate scholars.
29University students would learn theology or the study of God and religion.
30Thomas Aquinas was a friar who believed that you could combine church teachings with the ideas of Aristotle.
31He also taught that humans has certain rights that the government could not control. These rights were called Natural Law.
32People began to read more as more and more books were written in their own vernacular, or language of the day.