Presentation on theme: "REVIEW: THE BREAKDOWN OF MEDIEVAL EUROPE 03.22.2012p. 26 L/R."— Presentation transcript:
REVIEW: THE BREAKDOWN OF MEDIEVAL EUROPE p. 26 L/R
DO NOW 1. Why did the population of Europe grow rapidly from 1000 to 1300? a. Improvements to medicinec. better food production b. Trade growthd. better diplomacy 2. How did guilds protect craftsworkers? a. They set prices to prevent competition b. They forbade those in other cities from having similar businesses c. They raised prices regularly d. They gave special prices to nobles 3. St. Thomas Aquinas emphasized a. The use of Latinc. vows of poverty b. The use of Greekd. the value of both faith and reason 4. What is the impact of the plague on Europe’s working class? answer in 1-2 sentences!
7.6.3 Understand the development of feudalism Population grows: plow, horse, horseshoe, harness Three-field system: crop rotation, never go hungry, surplus Trade; specialization (wine, olives, grapes) in crops Italians create banking system, use letters of credit Growth of trade=growth of towns; markets, shops, etc. Guilds – group of people with same craft/job/city Protects and regulates business Sets prices, watches the quality
7.6.8 Understand the importance of the Catholic church Mendicant monks – outside in the community (Monastic monks – in the monastery) St. Francis of Assisi – rich, feels called to live the way Jesus lived. Could talk to animals! Inspires St. Clare of Assisi, follows his teachings as a nun Cathedrals built in towns with extra money Gothic style – pointed arches, stained glass, gargoyles, statues First universities, trade leads to more books Thomas Aquinas – combines faith and reason, studies Aristotle Believes in natural law: laws in nature that are basic e.g., right vs. wrong; develops a proof that God exists
7.6.7 Map the spread of the bubonic plague 2 straight years of rain – Great Famine Crops ruined, animals die, not enough food Hundred Years’ War between France and England Edward III (England) says he is the King of France Guns, cannons, longbows used for the 1 st time Joan of Arc leads French to victory 1347 Europe hit by the bubonic plague, comes from Asia Comes from rats, carried on ships/trade routes 1/3 rd of Europe dies Jews are scapegoats for the plague, many were exiled or killed End of feudalism, serfs start getting paid, population drops